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periods in affifting the freebooters with his advice, and participating in their plunder, when, at that time, fuch expeditions were esteemed both legal and honourable.

"The many rules laid down in the 20th chapter, for the prefervation of domeftic authority to the husband, are relics of that characteristic difcipline of Afia, which facred and profane writers teftify to have exifted from all antiquity; where women have ever been the fubjects, not the partners of their lords, confined within the walls of a haram, or bufied without doors in drudgeries little becoming their delicacy. The Trojan princeffes were employed in washing linen; and Rebecca was firit difcovered by Abraham's fervant with a pitcher upon her shoulder to water camels.

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Two women fhall be grinding at the mill," fays the prophet; but the notoriety of this fact obviates the neceflity of quotations: it may just be obferved, that Solomon, in praising a good wife, mentions, that She rifes while it is yet night," which we must fuppofe to be before her husband; and we find this to be one of the qualifications for a good Gentoo wife alfo.

"The latter part of this chapter relates to the extraordinary circumftance of women's burning them

felves with their deceased husbands The terms of the injunction as there fet forth are plain, moderate, and conditional: "It is proper for a woman to burn with her husband's corps ;" and a proportionate reward is offered in compenfation for her fufferings. Notwithstanding the ordinance is not in the abfolute style of a command, it is furely fufficiently direct to ftand for a religious duty; the only proof that it is not positive is the propofal of inviolable chastity as an alternative, though it is not to be taken for an equivalent. The bramins feem to look upon this facrifice as one of the firft principles of their religion, the caufe of which it would hardly be orthodox to investigate. There are, however, feveral reftrictions with refpect to it, as that a woman must not burn herself if he is with child, nor if her husband died at a distance from her, unless the can procure his turban and girdle to put on at the pile, with other exceptions of the fame nature, which they clofely conceal from the eyes of the world, among the other myfteries of their faith: but we are convinced equally by information and experience, that the cuftom has not for the most part fallen into difuetude in India, as a celebrated writer has fuppofed."

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CHA P. I.

Retrospective view of American affairs in the year 1776. Preparation in
Canada for the armament on Lake Champlain. State of the American
force. Engagement near the ifle Valicour. Arnold retires; pursuit;
overtaken; burns his veffels, Crown Point deftroyed and abandoned.
General Garleton lands there with the army. Motives for not attacking
Ticonderoga. General Carleton returns with the army to Canada.
Situation of affairs to the fouthward. General Lee taken. Perfeverance
of the Congrefs. Measures for renewing their armies. Lands allotted

for ferving during the war. Money borrowed. Addrefs to the people.

Petitions from the inhabitants of New-York, and from thofe of Queen's

county in Long Island, to the Commiffioners. Critical State of Phila-

delphia. Congress retire to Baltimore. Divifions in Pennsylvania.

Defertions. Surprize at Trenton. Lord Cornwallis returns to the

Jerfeys. Prevented from attacking the enemy at Trenton by impediments

of fituation. General Washington quits his camp, and attacks Colonel

Mawhood, near Princetown. Lord Cornwallis returns from the Delaware

to Brunswick. Americans over-run the ferfeys. British and Auxiliary

forces keep poffeffion of Brunswick and Amboy, during the remainder of

"the winter. Indian war. Articles of confederation and perpetual union

between the thirteen revolted Colonies.
[p. 1

CHA P. II.

State of affairs previous to the meeting of parliament. New peers. Change
in the department for the education of the Royal Brothers. Extraordinary
augmentation of the peerage in Ireland. Diftreffes of the Weft-India
iflands. Depredations of the American cruizers. Conduct obferved in
the French and Spanish parts. Armaments. Several men of war com-

miffioned.

misioned. Prefs. Difpute between the city of London and the Admiralıy.
Account of John the Painter; he burns the hemp-boule at Portmouth;
fets fire to jeme hrajes at Bristol. Speech from the throne. Addre
Amendments moved. Great debates.

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CHA P. III.

Debates upon a proclamation ifjued in America by the Commoners. Main
for a revijul of the American laws by Lord John Cavendish. Motion re
jected by a great majority. Seffion. Arguments urged for and again
the propriet of a partial fecelion. 45,000 feamen voted. Debate on naval
afairs. Supplies for the naval and the land fervice. Recefs. [4:

CHA P. IV.

Bill for granting letters of marque and reprifal, passed, with a small
amendment in the title, by the Lords. Bill for fecuring persons charged
with high treajon, brought in by the Minifter. Great debates upon the
fecond reading. Question of commitment carried by a great majority.
Amendment paffed in the committee. Second amendment rejected. Debars
renewed on receiving the report. Petition from the city of London again?
the bill. Amendment moved and agreed to. Second propofed clause of
amendment rejected. Great debates on the third reading. Claufe propel
by way of rider, is received with an amendment. Question upon the third
reading carried upon a divifion. The bill paffes the Lords without any
[53

amendment.

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CHAP. V.

Accounts laid before the committee of Supply. Motions by the minifer.
Contracts animadverted on. Payment of an unexpected demand mait
by the Landgrave of Heffe for levy-maney. Debates. Meffage from the
1brane. The meage referred to the committee of Supply. Motion by Lord
John Cavendijh, that the order of reference be difcharged. Great
debates. The motion rej &ed upon a divifion. Refolutions poffed in the
commitice of jupply for the discharge of the debts incurred on the cred
lift establishment, and for an annual augmentation of that reverse.
Debates renewed upon receiving the report from the committee of jupy.
First resolution paffed without a divifion. Amendment moved to the
fecond refolution. Amendment rejected. Second rejolution carried upon
a divifion. Miffage debated in the Heufe of Lords. Address of con
currence moved by the Earl of Derby. Amendment moved by the
Marquis of Rockingham. Amendment rejected upon a divifion. Pr
vious question moved by the Duke of Grafton, and rejected. Addres
carried upon a divifion. Proteft.
[67

CHAP. VI.

Motion by the minister for the payment of a demand made by the
Landgrave of Hife, on an unliquidated hospital account of the left

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near. Debates. Motion carried in the committee of fupply upon a divifion.
Debate renewed on receiving the report. Quiftion carried upon a divi-
fion. Motion for an address to the throne relative to the Royal Bro-
thers. Previous question carried on a divifion. Debate on the speaker's
Speech. Mr. Fox's motion. Motion of adjournment. The latter swith-
drawn, and the former carried. Vote of thanks to the Speaker for
bis fpeech. Revolution at Madrafs. Tranjactions previous or relative to
the depofing and imprisonment of Lord Pigot. Tranjactions in Leadenhall-
Street. Refolutions on India affairs, moved in the House of Commons by Go-
vernor Johnstone. Debates. The refolutions rejected upon a divifion. Earl of
Chatham's motion for an addrejs relative to a reconciliation with` America.
Motion rejected. Speech from the throne.
[88

CHAP. VII.

State of affairs at New-York previous to the opening of the campaign. Loyal

provincials embodied, and placed under the command of Governor Tryon.

Expedition to Peck's Kill. To Danbury, under General Tryon. Maga-

zines deftrayed. General Wooler killed. Vefjels and provifions deftroyed

at Sagg Harbour, by a detachment from Connecticut under Colonel Meigs.

Advantages derived by General Washington from the detention of the

army at New-York through the unt of tents. Different fchemes fug-

gested for conducting the operations of the campaign, ali tending to one object.

General Sir William Howe takes the field; fails in his attempts to bring

Washington to an action; retires to limboy. Turns juddenly and advances

upon the enemy. Skirmishes. American: under Lord Sterling defeated.

Washington regains his frong camp. Royal army pass over to Staten-

Illand. Alarm excited by the preparations for the grand expedition.

General Prejcet carried off from Rhode Island. Rate of intereft upon the

public loan, advanced by the Congress. Monuments decreed for the Gene-

rals Warren and Mercer. Fleet and army depart from Sandy Hook.

Force embarked on the expedition. Congress and Washington alarmed by

the loss of Ticonderoga. Fleet arrives at the River Elk, after a tedious

voyage, and difficult paffage up Chejapeak Bay. Army lands at Elk

Ferry. Declaration iffued by the General. Washington returns to the

defence of Philadelphia. Advances to the Brandywine, and to Red-Clay

Creek. Various movements on both fides. Action at the Brandywine.

General Kuyphaufen makes an attack at Chad's Ford. Lord Cornwallis

marches round to the forks of the Brandywine, where he poffes, in order

to attack the enemy's right. Defeats General Sullivan. Pursues his ad-

vantages until topped by night. General Knyphaufen paffes at Chud's

Ford. Enemy every where defeated. Lofs on both fides. Reflections on

the action. Victory not decifive. Foreign officers in the American jervice.

Motions of the armies. Engagement prevented by a great fall of ra n.
Major-General Grey Jurprizes and defeats a party of Americans un 'r
General Wayne. Royal army paffes the Schuylkill, and advances to Ger-
-Town. Lord Cornwallis takes poffeffion of Philade'plia.
Some of

the principal inhabitants fent prifoners to Virginia, upon the approach

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