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in their representations, should have their load, to come and tell uz' a very different eff &, and in rea- that we had not bisherto made a lity afforded room for reflections of provision for the crown adequate the most serious, and apprehen- to its grandeur, and that we must lions of the most alarming nature. , now find new funds for the increase The cause of that poverty and of its splendor ? Is the real luttre distress, and the manner in which which it has unhappily lost, to be fo immense a revenue was diffipated fupplied by the falle glare of pro. without dignity or magnificence, futon ? and the oftenlive expences were furely objects of the utmost of government, to encrease in a importance, and which required due proportion to its poverty and the closett enquiry, and claimed weaknels? It will be a new dirthe utmost consideration of parlia. covery in the policy of nations, ment.

tbar ihe only means of replacing The opposition concluded, with the loss of half an empire,' is by representing it as a matter of the the boundless prodigality of the regreatest impropriety and indecency, mainder. to bring in such a demand, in such As to the afperfions thrown by a !eason of public calamity and ministers on the minority, and danger. They said, that nothing their motives to oppofition, they but a confidence in the servility, said, that they had only to appeal and an experience in the careless- to heaven and their own conness of the public interests, which feiences for the purity of their inwere now prevalent, could have en- tentions ; but they could appeal to couraged the ministers to hazard fo the present itate of things for the desperate a measure. They have, foundness of their judgment confaid they, plunged us in a fatal ci- cerning the conduct of public vil war, which has already cost the affairs. That if they attributed nation twenty millions of money; the majorities in parliament to the they have severed the empire, de influence of the crown, they oniy froyed our commerce, funk the deduced effects froin their natural revenue, and given a mortal blow and obvious causes. What other to public credit. We have lot cause, faid they, can be aligned thirteen floarishing and growing for the fupport of minifters, wheprovinces, fome of which were ther the prelent plan of politicks already, in point of importance, be wrong or right? If wrong, they if noc of power, nearly equal to ought not to be supported, who ancient kingdoms, and we advised an improper scheme of now engaged in a destructive and policy ; if right, they ought not to hopeless attempt to recover by be supported, who hew themselves force what our folly and violence wholly unable to conduct measures have lost. Is this then a season, right in themselves, and necessary when we shall be under a necessity for the nation. That it was noc of taxing every gentleman's house true, that the ministers were supin England, even to the smallest ported by the landed interest. domestic accommodation, and to The greater part of the country accumulate burden upon burden, representatives were in cppofition Do a people already siaking under to their American schemes; and

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perhaps the weight of the pro- country, experiencing all the effects perty, not connected with places of a&ual banilhment; and instead and emolumen:s in the gift of the of commanding that respect and atcrown, in the House of Peers, tention due to his rank and virtues, would be found in ihe same scale. exhibiting to the world the idea of But whatever the character and a distrefied and fugitive prince of motives of the majority or minority England, and exciting only the were, it was evident beyond a compassion of foreigners.

The doubt, that under the support of second, after experiencing the fame the former, the national dignity, disagreeable situation abroad, repower, and' dominion, were duced to live within the limits of duced, and the royal splendour an economy, which however betarnished, whilst every expence was coming his neceficy, and suited to infinitely increased. It is, said his income, is equally unworthy of they, from such undoubted matters his merit, and unfitting for the of fact, and not from declamations rank which he holds in this or invečiives, that the publick will, country. or ou ht, to judge of the motives The amendment was seconded, of those who fupport or oppose bat it being represented, that any the present lyftem.

amendment made to a report was Upon receiving the out of rule, and unparliamentary, April 18. re;ort in the House of

no debate ensued, and it Commons from the committee of agreed to refer the subject to future supply, the debate was renewed confideration. The quettion upon with great warmth, and a com- the second resolution of the committee of enquiry was again pro- mittee, being put about midnight, poied, and abiy fupported. The was carried by a majority of 231, question upon the firit reiolution of

to 109.

Though the numbers the com:nittee, for the


of were fewer on both sides, 19 genthe standing debt, of '618,340 1. tlemen voted against the present was carried without a division. queftion, who were

not included Upon reading the second resolu. in the former division. tion for the additional grant of The royal meflage to the House 100,cool. a year to the royal re- of Lords was debated on the róth venue, an amendment was moved of April, when an address of conby a gentle.nan in opposition, that currence having been moved by the the words in the 'refolution “ for Earl of Derby, and seconded by the better fupport of bis Majelty's Lord Onslow, was opposed by the houshold.” should be immediately Marquis of Rockingham, who followed by thefe, “and for the moved for an amendment of very different branches of the royal confiderable length, being an adfamily."

dress directly counter to that proThe gentleman described, in very posed, and which was afterwards pathetic terms, the diftressed fitua- entered without addition as a kion, in point of circumitance, of protest. The noble Marquis enthe two Royal and Brother Dukes. iered very diffusely, and with The one, from the narrowness of great knowledge of his ground, into J.is income unable to live in this the subject, and stated several of those arguments and facts which we every appendage to royalty, exbave already laid down. He was cepting that only which miniopposed and supported with great fters mistakenly thought necessary, eagerness, and the debates were that of obtaining, through the long, various, and very interesting. means of corrupt influence, an


In the course of this contention, unbounded power and controol the Duke of Gratton said, that over the will and resolutions of his regard to the noble Marquis parliament. should prevent his moving the The question being at length previous question, upon both the put upon the motion of amend. address and the amendment ; but ment, it was rejected by a majohe conjured their lordships, as rity of g6 to 20 only. A letie belt proof of their loyalty cond_division took place upon and aifection for bis Majesty, that the Duke of Grafton's previous they would consent to have the question, which was also rejected original motion postponed, and by a majority of 90 to 26. The agree to appoint å committee tu main queition on the address was enquire into the expenditure ; but then put, and carried on a divimore particularly to enquire what Gon. parts would best admit of a reduc- The rejected amendment, which tion; and when that was finally was entered as a proteft, infers settled, proceed to a vote of con- the necessity of the utmost ecocurrence, for the amount of the re- nomy, from the increase of pubduced eftimates.

lic debt, and the decrease of the If they agreed to this propo. empire ; and expresses astonish{al, he offered to prove to their ment and indignation, at a profatisfaction, that the estimate so fusion in minillers, which the e{tablished, would not exceed the greatest prosperity could scarcely present revenue; and that at the excuse. After Itating and exa, jame time, it should nor bear mining various matters, it con. upon a single article, which cludes in the following terms, and hould be thought by those who was signed by fourteen Lords. professed themselves to be his “With regard to the further warmest friends, to administer to increase of your Majesty's civil his Majesty's ease or satisfaction ; list revenues, we must decline any or that was necessary to sustain concurrence therein, not solely with splendor and dignity, his from motives of economy, (tho' elevated rank and situation. The at no time more strictly requir. noble Duke finally, pledged him. ed) but from a dread also of felf to the house, that if they the effect of such an augmentawould go into the proposed com- tion on the honour and integrity mittee, he would demonstrate of parliament, by vesting such from the mot clear, authentic, large sums without account in and inconteftible documents, that the hands of ministers.

When 801,000l. a year would answer an opinion is known to prevail, every end of private ease, per

and which we have no means of fonal dignity, and royal fplen. contradicting, that your Majesty's dour; in a word, would furnih civil lift revenues are employed

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in creating an undue influence increase of the overgrown inin parliament, it would be ex- fluence of the crown, would be tremely unbecoming of to a treacherous gift from parlia. vote, without manifest reason, inent even to the crown itself, as great sums of money out of the it will enable the ministers to carry property of your Majesty's sub- on those delusive systems which jects, which are supposed to be have been fatally adopted, and applied to our private emolu- which, if pursued, must lead to

It is our duty to attend the ruin, as they have already to the reputation of parliament; produced the distraction, of this and we beg leave to represent once great empire." 10 your Majesty, that a farther


2 H A P. VÌ.


U ar

Motion by the minister for the payment of a demand made by the
Landgrave of H1, on an unliquidated hospital account of the laft

Debates. Motion carried in the committee of supply upon a division. Debetes renewed on receiving the report. Quiftion carried upon a divifioit. Motion for an addrejs to the throne relative to the Royal Brobers. Prezjicus question carried on a division. Debate on the Speaker's Speech. Mr. Fox's motion. Motion of adjournment.

The latter with. drawn, and the former carried. Vote of thanks to the Speaker for his jpeech. Revolution at Madrass. Transactions previous or relative to the depofing and imprisonment of Lord Pigot. Tranfactions in Leadenhallfireet. Rejolutions on India affairs, moved in the House of Commons by Governor Jobnfione. Debates. The resolutions rejected upon a division. Earl of Chatham's motion for an address relative to a reconciliation with America. Motion rejected. Speech from the throne.


May 7th. A

Resolution which to go with the court in all ques

was moved in the tions. committee of supply by the mi- It was objected to the resolunister, for the payment of above tion, that a commission had been forty thousand pounds to the Land- appointed and carried into effect grave of Heffe, under a rejected, upon the late peace, for the fole or dormant claim, for the ex- purpose of examining, settling, and pences of foreign hospitals in the liquidating the German claims. jalt war, was productive of very That after long labour, and painwarm debates, and was not only ful investigation, these were found vigorously opposed by the oppo- to be lo shamefully exorbitant fition, properly so called, but it and unjust, that a discount of 60 excited an unusual degree of dif

or 70 per cent. was not unusual, satisfaction among such of the on those which even seemed to country gentlemen as still con- be the fairest and best supported. tinued in town, which was That at the same time, the pretended even 10 some of those fent claim, with several others who had been most accustomed of the same nature, were utterly



& caft off and rejected, and all for last hand to the ruin or extermina

the same individual cause, that tion of the British nation on both they were in the whole, and in sides of the Atlantic. every part, totally unfounded and

They also arraigned the miniunjuft. And they infifted, that it fer for surprizing the huule with was a thing unheard of, when any such a demand, and bringing in claim or account had been once set- a matter of such consequence at tled and liquidated, more especially a season, when he knew that it under the legal formality and fanc. was, and must be, very thinly tion of a particular and public attended. They contended, that commifiion, to bring such a matter if this demand, after ileeping for agaia forward, unless it was lup- fourteen years, was now admitted, ported by some new documents or it would rouze all Germany into proofs, which the claimant must action, in the framing of new, also demonstrate, not to have or the reviving of old claims ; been originally within his reach or and that they should never ge power.

quit of the German chancery, The ministers were charged, in whilst they had a thilling left unqualified terms, with a shame

to grant.

They concluded by ful profusion of the public money, lamenting and execrating those and with the most scandalous fatal measures, to which they atmeanness, in submitting in every tributed cur present unhappy fiinttance to the insatiate rapacity tuation, and all those humiliating of the German princes.

Nor and disgraceful circumstances in did parliament escape its share which they said we

inof the censure, for, what was volved. termed, their tame acquiescence On the other hand, the miniin every proposal, however fter acknowledged the staleness reasonable or absurd, that of the claim; he wished the delaid before them, and their grant- mand had been made earlier ; ing the property of the people but he urged the length of its to supply every demand, how- standing to be the only objection ever annecessary, extravagant, or that could be reasonably made unjoft. This demand, they said, to it. He infifted that the accould be confidered in no other count was clearly and fairly light than that of a foreign tri. flated ; that the demand was just; bate, exacted from us in the mo- that it consequently ought to be ment of our distress, through a paid; and that length of time full conviction of our distracted did not weaken the claiin in fituation, and the unhappy state point of justice or equity. The of cor public affairs. "The na- good faith, ihe credit, the justice, tion was to submit to every shame- and honour of the nation, were fol imposition, proposed, or prac- all said to be deeply concerned tifed upon it by the petty states in the exact observance of its of Germany, left they should with contracts with foreigners, and the draw their mercenaries from the punctual discharge of its foreign fupport of our fatal ministerial debts.

debts. Any failure in these recivil war, before they had put the spects must be productive of the




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