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CALCULATED ON A NEW AND IMPROVED PLAN, FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD
Being second after BISSEXTILE or LEAP YEAR, and (until July 4) 98th of American Independence.
FITTED FOR BOSTON, BUT WILL ANSWER FOR ALL THE NEW ENGLAND STATES. Containing, besides the large number of Astronomical Calculations and the Farmer's Calendar for every month in the year, a variety of
NEW, USEFUL, AND ENTERTAINING MATTER. ESTABLISHED IN 1793,
BY ROBERT B. THOMAS.
PUBLISHED BY BREWER & TILESTON. Sold by the Booksellers and Traders throughout New England. [Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1873, by BREWER & TILESTON, in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.]
TO PATRONS AND CORRESPONDENTS.
ANOTHER new year brings with it the familiar annual of nearly a hundred years, the "OLD FARMER'S ALMANAC." It was familiar to our grandfathers when they were boys: it will, we hope, hang at the chimney corners of our grandchildren. However, our business is not with the future or the past. Let us address ourselves to the present. We have to do now with this year- -A HAPPY NEW YEAR to all the sons and daughters of New England!
We devote, as usual, a large share of our space to the farming interests, and we trust the agricultural articles will be found interesting and profitable.
We should be pleased to receive from our friends any suggestions that may occur to them with reference to any part of the Almanac, and should be especially obliged for the correction of any errors that may be found.
Thanks are due to various correspondents for suggestions and answers to puzzles, &c., and with the hope that this year's Almanac may be worthy of its predecessors, we close in the words of the founder of this Almanac:
"It is by our works, and not by our words, we would be judged: these, we hope, will sustain us in the humble though proud station we have so long held..
Am B. Thomas."
MEETINGS OF FRIENDS IN NEW ENGLAND.
The Yearly Meeting of Friends is held at Newport, beginning with meeting of ministers and elders, the 2d sixth day in the 6th mo., at 9 A. M. For business on 7th day, at 9 A. M. Public meetings for worship on 1st day at Newport and Portsmouth, at 10 A. M. and 4 P. M. The Yearly Meeting is composed of the Quarterly Meetings of Rhode Island, Salem, Sandwich, Falmouth, Smithfield, Vassalboro', Dover, and Fairfield, held as follows:Rhode Island: 1st fifth day, 2d mo., at Providence; 1st fifth day, 5th mo., at East Greenwich; 1st fifth day, 8th mo., at Newport, and 1st fifth day, 11th mo., at Fall River. Salem: 7th day before 3d fifth day; 1st mo. at Salem, 8th mo. at Lynn, 10th mo. at Weare; and on 7th day before 4th fifth day, 5th mo.,at Amesbury. Sandwich: 1st fifth day, 4th and 12th mos., at New Bedford; 1st fifth day,
7th mo., at Falmouth, and 1st fifth day, 10th mo., at Sandwich, Mass. Fulmouth: 7th day before 1st sixth day in 2d and 9th mos., at Windham; 6th mo. at Westbrook, and 11th mo. at Durham. Smithfield: 2d fifth day, 2d month, at Worcester; 2d fifth day, 5th mo., at Northbridge; 2d fifth day, 8th mo., at Bolton; 2d fifth day, 11th mo., at Smithfield. Vassalboro': 2d sixth day in the 2d and 9th mos. at Vassalboro'; on the last sixth day in the 5th mo., and the 2d sixth day in the 11th mo., at East Vassalboro' Dover: 7th day before 4th fifth day, 1st mo. at Rochester, 4th mo. Dover, 8th mo. at North Berwick, 10th mo. at Sandwich, N. II. Fairfield: 7th day before 2d sixth day, in the 2d and 9th mos., at Manchester; 7th day before the last sixth day, 5th mo., and 7th day before 2d sixth day, 11th mo., at Fairfield.
EXPLANATION OF THE TERMS USED TO DISTINGUISH THE TIDES IN THE ALMANAC. THE heights of the tides are indicated in a general way, by designating them as high and low, very high and very low tides. Whenever the tides have been increasing for several days, and then begin to diminish, the highest one is called a high tide : and when they have been diminishing for several days, and then begin to increase, the lowest one is called a low tide and the dates on which the successive changes occur throughout the year are indicated in this manner. Whenever a low tide is lower than the average of all the low tides of the year, it is called a very low tide and in the same manner, when a high tide is higher than the average high tides, it is called a very high tide. The difference in height between a high tide and a following low one, or between a low tide and a following high one, may be only a few inches; but from a low tide to a very high one, or from a high tide to a very low one,
BOLIPSES FOR 1874.
In the year 1874 there will be four Eclipses, two of the SUN and two of the MOON, and a TRANSIT OF VENUS OVER THE SUN'S Disk.
1.- A TOTAL ECLIPSE OF THE SUN, April 16, visible in the southern part of South America and southern part of Africa; invisible in the U. 8.
- A PARTIAL ECLIPSE OF THE MOON, May 1, invisible in the U. 8.
AN ANNULAR ECLIPSE OF THE SUN, Oct. 10, visible in Europe, Western
A TOTAL ECLIPSE OF THE MOON, Oct. 28, visible in the U. S. At Boston, Moon enters shadow, oh. 58m., morn; total Eclipse begins 2h. 16m., morn; total Eclipse ends 2h. 49m., morn; Moon leaves shadow, 4h. 8m., mort. V. A TRANSIT OF VENUS ACROSS THE SUN'S DISK, Dec. 8, visible in the Pacific Ocean, Asia, and part of Europe; invisible in the U. S.
CHRONOLOGICAL OYCLES FOR 1874.
Lunar Cycle or
FEASTS AND FASTS FOR 1874.
sets 4 8 53 P. M.
rises 11 4 5 A. M.
2 sets 20 8
rises 26 1 5 A. M. Venus will be Morning Star till February 22; Evening Star till December 8; then Morning Star the rest of the year.
Mars will be Evening Star till July 4, then Morning Star the rest of the year. Jupiter will be Morning Star till March 17: Evening Star till October 5; then Morning Star the rest of the year.
Saturn will be Evening Star till January 24; Morning Star till August 3; then Evening Star the rest of the year.
O The Sun,
NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE PLANETS.
d. h. m.
sets rises 11 2 rises 21 h sets 25
7 33 P. M.
DO The Moon.
NAME: AND CHARACTERS OF THE SIGNS OF THE ZODIAC.
2. & Taurus, neck,