the infant to understand that the Articles, when used, are for the purpose of connecting words, and that the Article the refers to the door which is opened, or, as in the next example, to any particular door or thing. I

In writing short sentences for the Deaf and Dumb, to be explained by the action of another, always write the sentence full, although you may not be able to explain every word at the time, yet, by a constant repetition of the subordinate words, the Deaf and Dumb will become acquainted with them the same as other children, without knowing them grammatically; so as to understand a language, the same as other children, before they are taught grammar. · Thomas, shut the kitchen door.-Thomas obeys your order, and the child understands what is meant by the door of the kitchen, and by this means the Article the is clearly understood. The child will be so pleased with this information, that he will not rest till he knows the names of all the doors in the house, and by these means you will soon teach him the names of all the rooms in the house; and by such means you may teach the child the windows and cupboards, and every visible thing. By the same means open the door, open the kitchen door. Open the window or window shutters, box, drawer, &c.

John, sit down.--John obeys, and the action of sitting down shows that the words signify the natural sign used by the Deaf and Dumb to express this action, which is the same as is used by every person,

Thomas, stand, or rise up.-Thomas obeys, and the action explains the words, the same as in the last example, * In the same manner kneel down, walk down or up the steps, run up or down the garden, &c. and suit an action to each word which no person can be ignorant of, and when the Deaf and Dumb child


On the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb. 499 knows how to spell the words with his fingers, or o'write them in sand, or on a slate, make the sign or any or all the words, and desire him to spell heni with his fingers, or write them down without seeing the letters: this will enable the child to explain his own, or your signs, and will inevitably mpress upon his mind a thorough knowledge of a anguage, by signs, writing, printing, or dactylology *, which must stand for ideas, the same as the motions of the organs of speech.

Under the word Professions, put


Divinity. Lord Chancellor, Physicians, Bishops, Judges,

Surgeons, Rector, Counsellors, Apothecaries, Vicar, Attornies.

Curate, &c. 1. Under the word Trades, put

Baker, Butcher, Carpenter, Shoemaker, Grocer, 8c. i Under the word Coach, put the words

Body, Door; Carriage, Wheels, fc. at the same time show the different parts of the Coach. Under the words, Man's Clothing or Clothes, put . Coat, Waistcoat, Hat, Shoes, Boots, &c. and show them. i

Under the words Woman's Clothes, put · Bonnet, Hat, Cap, Gown, Stockings, &c.

Under the word Meals, put Breakfast, Dinner, Tea, Supper.

Thus you may proceed to any length, and lessons will suggest themselves, never forgetting to shew the object designated by the word, either by a drawing or otherwise.

It would be advisable for every Deaf and Dumb child to keep a book, in which he should be made to copy every lesson from his first commencement, as soon as he can write a legible hand. This book

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he would be very fond of, because it would be likea dictionary to him in future, to which he would refer whenever at a loss for a meaning of the word.

I, P. A.


(From the Footman's Directory.) The Footman enters into more minute particulars, in the following extract, than we should have thought necessary. Such advice, however, may, in some cases, be needful, and we therefore present it to those of our readers whom it may concern.

“ It forms an important part of an in-door servant's business to keep himself clean and well dressed; indeed it is thought so much of by some families, that they will not take a person into the house who has not a smart and clean appearance. Every servant, therefore, should be allowed money and clothes sufficient to do it witb; but he must not bestow so much time and thought on bis person as to turn his attention from his work. I have known some, whose appearance has given the greatest satisfaction, yet who were so slovenly in their business, that their employers have been forced to send them away; and others who baye done their work well, yet have so far neglected cleanliness in their own person, that they were obliged to be discharged also. There must be cleanliness and neatness of person, and likewise diligence and attention to your business, if you would make a good servant. Recollect, howerer, that respectability does not consist in having a large gold chain and bunch of seals, or in our cra. vats being tied so tight that we cannot move our heads without turning the whole body, nor even in letting a pocket-handkerchief hang out of the pocket a foot long; nor does it consist in wearing

A Man-Servant's Dress. 501 clothes which are too expensive for the situations we are in, although we may ape the dandy, and strut about like persons of consequence. I shall endeavour to point out to you wherein I consider true respectability of appearance to consist. In the first place, you must consider that, when you go out to service, you must dress to please others rather than yourself. Steer clear of either a slo: venly habit, or a foppish and extravagant one.-Take heed that what you wear may be becoming the situation you are in, and never try to outvie your master in dress. I have seen this done, and I have also seen the same servants afterwards like vagrants, when they have been out of place for a little while, having spent in extravagance and follý what they ought to have saved for their support in the time of necessity and affliction. You should have proper things for changing; enough to last a fortnight without washing, particularly if you travel. Let your shirts have frills to them; or have your neckcloth so long that you can fold it neatly over your breast; which is the fashion now, and looks very neat, if properly done: in this case, you will want no frills to your shirts. Have white cotton stockings, and white cravats to wait on the family, and never wear black or any coloured neckcloths after the morning; you can, however, have coloured stockings and neckcloths to do your dirty work in. If you have a livery found you, of course you will have sufficient to appear clean and creditable in, with hats, and wash-leather gloves; but, if you find your own clothes, let them be well made, and of good quality, but never in the extreme of the fashion. Tie or pin your neckcloth neatly, and use a stiffener in it; turn up your hair in front, and let the other part be kept smooth. If you have to wear hair powder, be very particular in keeping your hair neat, and in adjusting it again when rumpled, as the respectability of a servant's appearance greatly depends on his hair being in order, and his neckcloth neatly put on. Never put your stockings on with holes in them, as they make a wretched contrast to a fine coat. Be particular in having your linen well washed. Never wear your things too long, or make them too dirty before you have them washed. Always have drawers in. stead of linings to your small-clothes, that you may have them washed ; likewise keep your feet clean, and often change your stockings ; particularly in the summer, if your feet are inclined to be damp; for if you do not, they will be very disagreeable to people about you; but you must not soak them much in water, for that will make them very tender: keep a towel for this purpose, and dip it into water, and rub a little soap on, and wipe them every day as often as you change your stockings. Keep your person clean altogether, and change your linen frequently.—You will find it necessary to have several pairs of shoes, as you will want thick ones for the carriage, or to walk about in, and light ones to wait at table in. You ought not to wear boots unless you are travelling, nor should you wait at table in gaiters. If you have time, always change your things, and wash yourself before dinner : but, in some families, you will find it impossible to do so, as they are unthinking enough to keep the servant out till dinner is ordered, and ready to be put on the table. If you find this the case, let it make you more alert in having your things all laid ready, so that, if you can find a moment, you may slip them on without loss of time, as it is always desirable to appear neat and clean in waiting at dinner.

" You will find it difficult to do well without a watch, as you will often be ordered at a particular time, when you may not be able to get to look at a clock; besides which, clocks frequently differ, and a few minutes is sometimes of great consequence.

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