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The Strawberry. This delicious fruit is so easily cultivated, so healthful, and so universally popular, that it is worth while for every farmer to raise it in quantities sufficient, at least, tó supply his own family. Indeed why should not all the small fruits receive greater attention in every farmer's garden? They ripen for the most part at a season of the year when other fruits are scarce, and their free use is unquestionably conducive to health.
The old matted bed system, so common a few years ago, is now generally given up for better methods of cultivation. By that method, after the ground was thoroughly prepared, the plants were set out in rows about four feet apart and about fourteen inches in the row, as early in the spring as possible, or as soon as the soil was dry enough to handle. The weeds were carefully kept down till the runners began to spread, when the ground was levelled off, and the runners trained evenly over the bed, and they would entirely cover it by October. The next spring paths a foot wide were cut through the whole, leaving it in beds three feet wide, for con. venience of access in picking. After the crop was taken off the second year, the plough was run through, breaking up the whole bed. That method gave but one crop in two years, but that was a full and very profitable one, and it was claimed that it was less work to plant a new bed than to weed an old one.
But it was very expensive keeping the plants free from weeds the first year, since after the runners spread it was mostly hard work. It is admirably adapted to such varieties as throw up but one fruit stem to a plant, like Hovey's seedling, and others that must be thick to get any crop. That is called the annual system, and has been exteusively adopted by the market gardeners of Belmont, Massachusetts.
A modified form of this system is to plant in rows three feet apart only, and the playts allowed to cover a space only a foot wide. It is subject to the same trouble about weeding.
Another plan is to set in hills in rows three feet apart, and a foot or a foot and a half in the rows, cutting off all runners, and throwing the whole force and vitality into the main stalks. With some varieties, like the Triomph de Gand, and similar growers, it does well, giving fruit of splendid quality
Still another method is to set in rows two feet apart, and a foot apart in the row, cutting off all runners, and doing the weeding by hand culture. With high manuring the plants will bear two or three years without renewal, but it is all hand labor, and too expensive for field crops on a large scale.
A method which has been adopted, and practised with great success by Captain Moore, of Concord, is to plant in spring in rows four feet apart, and twelve to fourteen inches in the row. Weed with horse-hoe and cultivator till the runners start about the 1st of July. The spaces between the rows are then levelled with a rake, and two runners from each plant, one on each side, are laid in at right angles with the row, and one foot from the original plant, and all other runners are kept cut off, both from the old and the new plants. When the new plants are well rooted, the strinys by which they are attached to the old plants are cut off. This leaves a bed with three rows in it one foot apart, with a space of two feet between the beds. The overhanging of the leaves will give a space but one foot for a path for the pickers. Perhaps the following diagram will give a clearer idea of it, where the large stars show the original rows of old plants, and the small ones the new plants taken from the runners and struck in a foot from the old rows:
This plan gives ample room to cultivate with a horse, or to use an onion hoe between the plants. The weeds can be kept down ou four beds, arranged in this way, easier than on one in the annual or matted bed system. By proper care and manuriug it will give three or four good crops without renewing.
Whatever method is adopted clean cultivation is essential to success, and without it no plan will avail to secure good crops. They should be hoed as often as twice in three weeks from the middle of May till the first of October. It is evident that about nine tenths of all the work they require comes in the first year, and the crops to follow will depend almost wholly upon the fidelity with whic that work is ne.
FROM THE PERSIAN.
Sheridan was once staying at the house Lord! who art merciful as well as just,
of an elderly maiden lady in the country,
who wanted more of his company than Incline thine ear to me, a child of dust : Not what I would, O Lord! I offer thee; | day, to take a stroll with him, he ex
he was willing to give. Proposing, one Alas! but what I can.
cused himself on account of the badness Father, Almighty, who hast made me
of the weather. Shortly afterwards she
met him sneaking out alone. “So, Mr. man, And bade me look to heaven, for thou
Sheridan,” said she, “it has cleared up." art there,
“Just a little, ma’ain,” said he, “ crough Accept my sacrifice and humble prayer.
for one, but not enough for two." Four things which are not in thy treasury, I lay before thee, Lord, with this petition :
SELECTIONS. My nothingness, my wants, my sing, and my contritiou.
A thing of beauty is a joy forever.
TABLE CONVERSATION. - A great deal 0, what a tangled web we weave of character is imparted and received at
When first we practise to deceive. the table. Parents too often forget this;
Scott. and, therefore, instead of swallowing your food in sullen silence, instead of We live in deeds, not years; in thoughts, brooding over your business, instead of pot breaths.
Bailey, severely talking about others, let the conversation at the table be genial, kind,
Are often those of whom the world social, and cheering. Don't bring dis
Heary least. agreeable things to the table in your con
Wordsworth. versation any more than you would in How blessed is he who leads a country your dishes. For this reason, too, the
life, more good company you have at your | Unvexed with anxious care, and void of table, the better for your children. Every
Dryden. conversation with company at your table is an educator of the family. Hence the Where men of judgment creep and feel intelligence, and the refinement, and the
appropriate behavior of a family which | The positive pronounce without dismay. is giren to hospitality.
It is better to fight for the good than (Lince found under the pillow of a to rail at the ill. Tennyson. soldier who died in a hospital near Port
I dare do all that may become a man, Royal, South Carolina.)
Who dares do more is none.
The aids to noble life are all within.
Matthew Arnold. A bowing, burdened head
Time, that should enrich the noble mind, That only asks to rest,
Neglected, leaves a dreary waste behind. Unquestioning, upon
Cowper. A loving breast.
Other men's sins we ever bear in mind; My good right hand forgets
None sees the fardel of his faults behind, Its cunning now:
Herrick. To march the weary march,
Care to our coffin adds a nail, no doubt, I know not how.
And every grin, so merry, draws one out.
Angry looks can do no good,
And blows are dealt in blindness;
Words are better understood
If spoken but in kindness.
Any one who can say " Shoes and
ning, may claim a large reward.
THE EVIDENCE OF THE SENSES.
Mamma. Where did she hurt you?
hecause - because my back was turned,
WHY THE PRESIDENT IS IXAUGURA
TED ON THE ATH OF MARCH.
the first Wednesday in February for those
electors to choose a president, and the An' thank 'em, I do veel a little shy.
first Wednesday in March for the govern. WILLIAM BARNES.
ment to go into operation. The last
pamed day fell on the Ith. Hence the Somebody who understands children 4th of Diarch following the election of a gives the following practical advice:
president, is the day appointed for his
Campbell's Concise School
“ I expect,” said a worthy Quaker, “ to
pass through this world but once. if, is capable of giving some chil. therefore, there be any kindness I can dren a great deal of pleasure. an
show, or anything I can do for my fellowounce of party-colored beads, doled out a
let me do it now, Let me not negfew at a time, with needle and thread to
lect or defer it, for I shall not pass this
or boys for many hours. Slate and pen-
PANJANDRUM. -So she went into the
apple-pie; and at the same time, a great
she-bear, coming up the street, pops ita A little girl sent out to hunt for eggs,
head into the shop. “What! no soap ?"
So he died, and canu back unsuccessful, complaining that
she very imprudently " lots of hens were standing around do
married the barber; and there were pres iný nothing."
ent the Picninnies, and the Joblillies, and
the Garyulies, and the grand Panjandrum Whenever you buy or sell, let or hire,
himself, with the little round button at make a clear bargain, and never trust to top; and they all fell to playing the game
of catch as catch can, till the gunpowder
ran out at the heels of their boots.
WHAT KINDNESS WILL DO.- How
the wheels of the old cart creaked! The
Road was quite tired of hearing their
came quiet, and went smoothly on, mak-
no doleful .
hall your load ?"
No," said the Wheels, he hasn't done
lows as coarse ones.
One good turn - is as much as you can
READY FOR EITHER SIDE. ANSWER TO ARITHNETICAL PROBA countryman walked into the office of LEM. -- 442748} hours. a lawyer the other day, and began his ANSWER TO GEOMETRICAL PROBLEM. application.
-178.6 feet. “Sir, I have come to get your advice in
CORRECT ANSWER TO PUZZLE NO.
2, IN ALMANAC FOR 1870:-
“Sue him, sir — sue him, by all means."
A foreign city you must find;
Take from it half a dozen; “But stop," cried the terrified applicant
If you reverse what now is left, for legal advice, “it's I that have built
She then may be your cousin.
A marble wall, a8 white as milk,
Bathed in a flood of crystal tears : “It was a mill-dam."
No entrance in, no gates unfold, " A mill-dam for grinding grain, is it? » Yet thieves break in and steal the gold. “Yes, it was just that."
" And it is a good neighboring mill, is it?"
PUZZLE. “ So it is, sir, and you may well say A father has a square of land. He reso ?”
serves for himself one fourth in the form " And all your neighbors bring their of a triangle; thus grain to be ground, do they?"
“Yes, sir; all but Jones."
" Then it is a great public convenience, is it not?»
"To be sure it is. I would not have built it but for that. It is far superior to
other mill, sir.” “And now,” said the old lawyer," you tell me that man Jones is complaining just because the water from the dam happens to put back into his little spring, and he is now threatening to sue you! He divides the remainder equally among Well, all I have to say is, let him sue, his four sons in such a way that the sons' and he'll rue the day, 88 sure as my name shares are each of the same shape. is B - »
PROBLEMS. A stirring housewife aroused her mald at four o'clock, with, " Come, Bridget, 1. Arrange the figures 1 to 9 inclusive, get up!
Here' 'tis Monday morning in such order that by adding them to. to-morrow is Tuesday, the next day's gether they amount to 100. Wednesday - half the week gone and 2. Place three sixes together so as to nothing done yet ! »
When do 4 and 4 not make 8? ANSWER TO PUZZLE, -NINE Why is the letter k like a pig's tail ? ANSWER TO CONUNDRUMS. – 1. One
What word is that which, by changing 18 hard up, the other soft down. 2. Stone, a single letter, becomes its own opposite? 3. Quick. 4. A ditch.
What is the oldest tree in America ?
UNITED STATES STAMP DUTIES.
(Corrected Sept. 1871.) AFFIDAVITS, exempt.
Certificate of damage or otherwise, and all other
documents issued by any port warden or maAGREEMENT OR APPRAISEMENT.
rine surveyor, or person acting as such...... .25 -- Agreement or contract other than those Certificate of deposit in any bank or trust commentioned in this schedule (or any appraise- pany, or with any banker, or person acting as ment), for every sheet or piece of paper on such, for a sum uot exceeding $100..
.02 which it is written..... .05 Exceeding $100..,
.05 If inore than one agreement or appraisement Certificates other than these mentioned......... .05
is written on one sheet of paper, on each..... .05
orandum relating to the charter of any ves, ASSIGNMENT of lease. (See LEASE.)
bel: if the registered tonnage does not exceed
one hundred and fifty tons... ASSIGNMENT or transfer of mortgage,
From one hundred and fifty to three hundred
From three hundred to six hundred tons....... 5.00 ASSIGNMENT or transfer of insurance pol
Over six hundred tons.......
10.000 icy, saibe stamp as original iustrunient.
Renewal or transfer of charter, same stamp as
original instruinent. BANK CHECKS, DRAFTS, OR ORDERS, for any amount, on any bank, bank
CIGAR LIGHTS, made in part of wood, er, or trust company, at sight or on demand. .02 wax, glass, paper, or other materials, in par For amount exceeding $10, on any person oth
cels or packages containing twenty-five lights er than a bank, banker, or trust company, at
.01 sight or on demand........
.02 In packages of more than twenty-five and not
.02 BILL OF EXCHANGE (foreign), or let.
For every additional twenty-five lights, or fracter of credit, drawn in but payable out of the
.01 United States, if drawn singly or otherwise than in a set of three or more same as in
CONTRACTS. - Broker's note or memoranland bills of exchange or promissory notes;
dum of sale of any goods or merchandise, drawu in scts of three or more, for every bill
exchange, real estate, or property of any kind of each set, where the sum made payable shall
or description issued by brokers, or persons not exceed $100, or the equivalent thereof, in
acting as such, for each note or memoranany foreign currency....... .02 dum of sale....
.10 For every additional $100, or fractional part
(See AGREEMENT.) thereot' in excess of $100...
.02 Bill or memorandum of sale, or contract for
sale of stocks, bonds, gold or silver bullion, BILL OF EXCHANGE (inland), draft, coin, promissory notes or other securities, or order for the payment of any sum of
when made by brokers, banks, or bankers, money, otherwise than at sight or on de- requires stamps equal to one cent on every mand, or Promissory Notes (except bank
$100, or fraction of $100, of the amount of notes and checks), or anya memorandum,
such sale or contract; when made by a percheck, receipt, or other written or printed evo
son, firm, or corporation not a broker, bank, idence of an amount of money to be paid on
or banker, and when property is not his or demand or at a tiine designated, for a sum
their own, for every $100 of value....... .05 less than $100, exempt; for every $100, or
A memorandum of sale or contract must be fractional part in excess of $100......
made by the seller to the buyer, and the
stamps affixed thereto. BILL OF LADING, or receipt other than charter party, for goods and merchandise ex
CONVEYANCE OR DEED OF GRANT. ported to foreign port, euch.
.10 - Each $500 of value or fraction....... .50 (Domestic and to British No. Am., exempt.)
DRAFT. (See BANK CHECKS.) BILL OF SALE.- Bills of sale of any ship ENTRY OF GOODS, at Custom House, or vessel, or any part thereof, for each $500 of
not exceeding in value $100...
.25 value, or fractional part.... .50 Not exceeding &500...
.50 Exceeding $500.
1.00 BONDS, of indemnity, for every $1000, or fraction, recoverable..
For the withdrawal of goods from, bonded
.01 nection with mortgage deeds, and not other- In packages of more than 100, and not more wise charged in this schedule..
1.00 For wax tapers, double the rates herein imPersonal, for security for payment of money. posed upon friction matches. (See MORTGAGE.)
INSURANCE POLICY, on any life or lives, BROKER'S NOTES. (See CONTRACT8.) when the amount insured does not exceed
.25 CERTIFICATES, of measurement or weight Not exceeding $5000..
.50 of animals, wood, coal, or hay, exempt; of Exceeding 85000.
1.00 measurement of other articles..
.. .05 of stock in any incorporated company....
Fire, inland, and marine policies, or renewal, .25
assignment, or transfer of the same, premiof profits, or any certificate or memorandum
um not exceeding $10.
.30 showing an interest in the property or aocu
Premium not exceeding $50........... mulations of any incorporated company, for Exceeding $50.....
.50 an amount not less than $10, nor exceeding
Accident insurance policies are exempt. 850..
.30 From $50 to $1000..
.25 LEASE, where annual rent is 8.980 or less.... 50 Exceeding 81000, for every additional $1000, or Where the annual rent exceeds $300, for each fraction
additional $200, or fraction in excess of $300..50