DISTRICT COURTS IN MASSACHUSETTS. (Corrected Sept., 1885 Legislature meets in January, and may make changes.) No, Berkshire. For Adams, No. 1st of S. Middlesex. For Ashland, Adams, Cheshire, Clarksburg, Florida, Frainingham, Holliston, Sherborn, Sudand Savoy, at No. Adams, crim., daily, bury, and Wayland, at S. Framingham, 9 A.M. ; civil, weekly; at Adanıs, crim., crim., daily ; civil, every Mon. daily; civil, 1st and 3d'Wed. each month. E. Norfolk. For Randolph, Brain

Central Berkshire. For the towns tree, Colasset, Weymouth, Quincy, of Dalton, Hancock, Hinsdale, Lanes- Holbrook, and Milton, at Quincy,crim., borough, Peru, Pittsfield, Richmond, daily, 9 A.M.; civil, every Mon. Washington, and Windsor, at Pittsfield, 1st of Plymouth. [Abolished. Pocrim., daily, 9 A. M.; civil, every Sat. lice court established at Brockton.)

So. Berkshire. For Alford, Egre- 2d of Plymouth. For Abington, mont, Great Barrington, Monterey, Mt. South Abington, Rockland, Hingham, Washington, New Marlboro', and Shef- Hull, Hanover, Scituate, So. Scituate, field, at Great Barrington, crim., daily, and Hanson, civil and crim, at Abingat 9 A. M. ; civil, every Sat. at 10 A. M. ton, every Mon., Wed., Th., and Sat.;

1st of Bristol. För Taunton, Reho at Hingham, every Tu. and Fri. Writs both, Berkley, Dighton, Seekonk, Attle- returnable on Wed. borough, Norton, Mansfield, Easton, 3d of Plymouth. For Plymouth, and Raynhanı, at Taunton and Attle- Kingston, Plympton, Pembroke, Duxborough, crim., daily ; civil, every Mon. bury, and Marshfield, at Plymouth,

2d of Bristol. For Fall River, Free-crim., daily ; civil, every Mo. town, Somerset, and Swansea, at Fall 4th of Plymouth. For MiddleborRiver, crim., daily; civil, every Mon. (20 and 31 Dist. Courts of Bristol have concur- Mattapoisett, and Rochester, civil and

ough, Wareham, Lakeville, Marion, rent jurisdiction in Westport and Fr 3d of Bristol. For New Bedford; Wed., and Sat., and at Wareham,


crim., at Middleborough, every Tu., Fairhaven, Acushnet, Dartmouth, and Westport, 'at New Bedford, crim., daily; at Middleborough, 1st and 3d Tu., at civil, every Monday.

1st of Essex. For Salem, Beverly, Wareham, 2d and 4th Th., each month. Danvers, Hamilton, Middleton, Tops

1st of N. Worcester. For Athol, field, and Wenham, at Salem, crim., Templeton, Gardner, and Hubbardston,

Petersham, Fhillipston, Royalston, daily, 9 A. M. ; civil, every Wednesday.

E. Hampden. For Palmer, Brim-crim. at Gardner every Mon., Wed.; field, Munson, Holland, and Wales, at

and Fr.; at Athol every Tu., Th., and Palmer, crim. daily, 9 A. M.; civil, 1st Sat; civil, return days for writs, at and 3d Sat, of each month,

Gardner, 1st and 3d Wed., at Athol, 2d Hampshire. For the towns of Hamp

and 4th Th. every month.

1st of So. Worcester. For Sturshire Co., at Northampton, on Mo. and Tu. each week; at Amherst, ist and 3d bridge, Southbridge, Charlton, Dudley, Wed. each month ; at Cummington, 24 Oxford, and Webster, crim., at SouthWed. each inonth; at Belchertown,'1st bridge, Mo., Wed., and Fri., at Webster, and 3d Th. each month ; at Huntington, Tu., Th., and Sat., civil,

at Southbridge. 2d and 4th Th. each month; at Ware, 1st, Mo., Webster, Tu., weekly. 2d, and 3d Fri. each month; at East

2d of S. Worcester. For Blackstone, hampton, 2d and 4th Sat. each month.

Uxbridge, Douglas, and Northbridge; (The terms at Cummington may be held or

for trials by jury, in Blackstone or Uxnot, at the discretion of the justice.)

bridge, at such times as the public conist of N. Middlesex. For Ayer, venience may require; when not in sesGroton, Pepperell, Townsend, Ashby, sions for trials by jury, the court shall Shirley, Westford, 'Littleton, and Box. be held for crim. business in Blackstone borough, at Ayer, crim., daily, 9 A. M.; every Mo., Wed., and Fri.; in Uxbridge, civil, 18t' and 3d Mon, of each month, every Tu., Th., and Sat. ; for civil busi

Central Middlesex. For Acton, ness, in Blackstone, every Mo., in UxBedford, Carlisle, Concord, Lincoln, bridge, every Sat. Maynard, Stow, Lexington, at Concord, 3d of s. Worcester. For Milford, crim., daily; civ., 1st and 34 Wed. ea. mo. Mendon, and Upton, at Milford, crim.,

1st of Ė.' Middlesex. For Wilming- daily; civil, 1st and 3d. Wed. each mon. ton, No. Reading, Reading, Stoneham, Central Worcester. For WorcesWakefield, Melrose, Malden, Everett, ter, Millbury, Sutton, duburn, Leicesand Medford, crim., at Malden every ter, Paxton, w. Boylston, Boylston, Mo., Tu., Fri., an: Sat., at Wakefield Holden, and Shrewsbury, at Worcester, every Wed. and Th. ; civil, weekly, at crim., daily, 9 A.M.; civil, every Sat. Malden, Sats., and Wakefield, Weds. 1st of E. Worcester. For North

2d of E. Middlesex. For Water-borough, Southborough, Westborough, town, Weston, and Waltham, at Wal- and Grafton; crim., Westboro', ev. Mo., tham, crim., daily ; civil, every Sat. Wed., and Fri.; at Grafton, every Tu.,

3d of E. Middlesex. For Cambridge, Th., and Sat., civil, at Westborough, Arlington, and Belmont, at Cambridge, every Mo., at Grafton, every Tu. crim., daily; civil, every Th.

2d of E. Worcester. For Clinton, 4th of Ė. Middlesex. For Woburn, Berlin, Bolton, Harvard, Lancaster, and Winchester, and Burlington, at Wo: Sterling, at Clinton, crim., daily ; civil, burn, crim., daily ; civil, every Sat., 2d and 4th Sat. of each month, 10 A.M.

PROBATE COURTS IN MASSACHUSETTS. (Corrected September, 1885, Legislature meets in January, and may make changes.), EF When the appointed day falls on every mo. except Nov.; Northtiéld, 2d a holiday, or day of national or state | Tu. May, and Sept. ; Orange, 2.1. Tu. election, the court will be held on the Mar. and Dec., and 3d Tu. June ; Connext secular day thereafter.

way, 3d Tu. May ; Shelburne Falls, 2d Barnstable. At Barnstable, 2d Tu. Tu. Feb., 4th Tu. May, and 4th Tu. Oct. Jan., Feb., Mar., Aug., Sept., Dec., and Hampden. At Springfield, 1st. Wed. 3d Tu. Apr. and June ; Harwich, 2d every month except Aug. ; at Holyoke, Mo. after 1st Tu. May, and Mo. after 3d Wed. Jan., Mar., 'June, and Oct.; 3d Tu. Oct. ; Wellfeet, 3d Tu. May and at Palmer, 2d Wed. Feb., May, and 4th Tu. Oct.; Provincetown, Wed. Sept., and 4th Wed. Nov. į and, at after 3d Tu. May and Wed. after 4th Westfield on the 3d Wed. Feb., May, Tu. Oct. ; Falmouth, 3d Tu. Nov. Sept., and Dec.

Berkshire. At Pittsfield, 1st Tu, in Hampshire. At Northampton, 1st Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., May, June, Sept., Tu. of every ino.; Amherst, 2d Tu. Jan., Oct., and Dec., ju Ta. July, and Wed. Mar., June, Aug., and Nov.; Belcheraft. 1st Mo. Nov.; Lee, Wed. aft. 1st town, 2d Tu. May and Oct., and WilTu. in Jan., Apr., and Oct., and Wed. liamsburg, 3d Tu. May and Oct. after 3d Tú. July ; Adams, Th. after Middlesex. At Cambridge, 1st, 2d, 1st Tu. Jan. and Oct., Wed. after 1st and 4th Tu.ea. no, ex. Aug. ; Lowell, 3d Tu. Mar., and Th. after 3d Tu. in July ; Tu. Jan., Mar., May, July, Sept., Nov. Gr. Barriugton, Wed. after 1st Tu. iu Nantucket.' At Kantucket, on Th. Feb., May, Sept., and Dec.

after 2d Tu. of every month. Bristol. At Taunton, 1st Fri. Mar., Norfolk. At Dedham, 1st and 3d June, Sept., Dec.; New Bedford, 1st Fri. Wed., Quincy, 20 Wed., Hyde Park, 41b Feb., May, Aug., and Nov.; Fall River, Wed. every month except Aug. 1st Fri. Jan., Apr., July and Oct.

Plymouth. At Plymouth, 2d Mo. Dukes Co. At Vineyard Haven, 32 each mo. except Feb., July, and Aug. ; Mo. Apr. and 1st Mo. Sept. ; Edgar- Abington, 4th Mo. Feb., Mar., Sept., and town, 3d Mo. Jan. and July, and 1st Dec.; Brockton, 2d Mo. Feb. and July, Mo. Mar. and Dec.; W. Tisbury, 1st and 4th Mo. May and Nov.; MiddleborMo. June, and 3d Mo. Oct.

ough, 4th Mo. Jan., Apr., Aug., and Essex. At Salem, 1st Mo. each mo., Oct. , Hingham, 4th Mo. in June. and 3d Mo. each mo. except Aug. ; Suffolk. At Boston, every Mo. in the Lawrence, 2d Mo. Jan.,. Mar., May, year, except 1st, 2d, and 4th Mo. Aug. June, July, Sept., and Nov.; Haver- Worcester. At Worcester, 1st and hill, 2d Mo. Apr. and Oct. ; Newbury- 3d Tu. of every mo. except Aug.; Fitchport, 4th Mo. Jan., Mar., May, June, burg, 4th Tu. ev. mo. ex. July and Aug.; July, Sept., Nov. ; Gloucester, 4th Mo. Milford, 2d Tu. Apr. and Sept. ; Temple. April and oct.

ton, 2d Tu. May and Oct.; and Barre, Franklin. At Greenfield, 1st Tu. in Wed, aft. 2d Tu. of May and Oct.

Courts of Insolvency in Mass. are held by the Judges of Probate and Insol-

vency in each county, at times appointed by themselves.

(Corrected Sept., 1885.)
Barnstable, H. P. Harriman, Wellfeet. Hampden, W. S. Shurtleff, Springfield.
Berkshire,'J. T. Robinson, No. Adams. Middlesex, Geo. M. Brooks, Concord.
Bristol, Wm. E. Fuller, Taunton. Nantucket, T. C. Defriez, Nantucket.
Dukes, Joseph T. Pease, Edgartown. Norfolk, G. White, Newton L. Falls.
Essex, George F. Choate, Salem. Plymouth, Jesse E. Keith, Abington.
Franklin, C. C. Conant, Greenfield. Suffolk, John W. McKim, Boston.
Hampshire, W. G. Bassett, Easthamp'n. | Worcester, Adin Thayer, Worcester.

COUNTY COMMISSIONERS' MEETINGS IN MASSACHUSETTS. (Corrected September, 1885. Legislature meets in January, and may make changes.) Barnstable, at Barnstable, on the 2d | Tu. of Apr., the 1st Tu. of Oct., and the Tu. of Apr. and Oct.

4th Tu. of June and Dec. Berkshire, at Pittsfield, on 1st Tu. Hampshire, at Northampton, on 1st Jan., Apr., July, and Oct.

Tu. of Mar., Sept., and Dec., and on the Bristol, at Taunton, on 4th Tu. Mar. Tu. aft. the 2d Mo. of June. and Sept.

Middlesex, at Cambridge, on the 1st Dukes Co., at Edgartown, Wed, aft. Tu. of Jan. and the 1st Tu. June ; and 3d Mo. May, and Wed, aft. 2d Mo. Nov. at Lowell, on the 1st Tu. Sept.

Essex, at Ipswich, on 2d Tu. of Apr.; Nantucket, 1st Wed. of each month. at Saleni, on the 2d Tu. July; at New- Norfolk, at Dedham, on the 3d Tu. buryport, on the 2d Tu. of Oct.; and at of Apr., the 4th Tu. of June and Sept., Lawrence, on the last

Tu. of Aug.; and and the last Wed. of Dec. on the 4th Tu. of Dec., at Ipswich, Plymouth, at Plymouth, on the 1st Salem, or Newburyport, as they shall Tu. of Jan., the 3d Tu. of Mar., and the order at their next preceding term.

1st Tu. of Aug. Franklin, at Greenfield, 1st Tu. Mar. Worcester, at Worcester, on the 4th and Sept., and 2d Tu. June and Dec. Tu. of Mar., the 3d Tu. of June, the 2d

Hampden, at Springfield, on the 2d | Tu. of Sept., and the 4th Tu. of Dec.

GRASS MIXTURES. It is a serious mistake to mix early and late grasses together indiscriminately, or to confine our selection to one or two kinds. It is well settled, both practically and scientifically, that the highest nutritive value of the grasses is reached at the period of blossoming, and that to obtain the best results and to make the most valuable hay, it ought to be cut and cured at that time. If allowed to stand beyond that stage it becomes more or less woody and innutritious, and, of course less pálatable and less digestible.

It is easy to see that if a considerable portion of the grass in a field blossoms in advance of the rest, as will be the case if early and late grasses are mixed together, all that portion will be too mature and comparatively worthless when the balance of the field comes into condition. It is the source of serious loss.

The early grasses ought to be kept by themselves, and the late ones by themselves, that is, the mixtures ought to be made so as to bring the period of blossoming of most of the plants at the same time. There is a further and great economy in this, in that it spreads the work over a longer season. It avoids the hurry otherwise incident to this busy season. The haying can begin on the early grasses by the middle of June, or even earlier, while with the late grasses it can safely be delayed till the first of July. To contribute something to promote this great improvement, we suggest the following:

Orchard grass

6 lbs. 1-2 bushel.
Tall meadow oat grass

: 6 lbs. 1 bushel, nearly. Perennial rye grass

6 lbs. 1-3 bushel. June (or Kentucky blue) grass 4 lbs. 1-3 bushel. Meadow fescue grass

7 lbs. 1-2 bushel. Red clover

5 lbs. Alsike clover

5 lbs. Perennial clover

5 lbs. This mixture is designed for mowing-lots, and for hay. All thesë are early grasses. Most of them, under ordinary circumstances, will blossom by the middle of June. They are all rich and nutritive, and will make the best of hay, if cut in season and properly cured.

Timothy grass

11 lbs. 1 peck.
Red-top grass

6 lbs. 1-2 bashel Tall fescue grass

5 lbs. 13 bushel. Rough-stalked meadow-grass

5 lbs. 1-3 bushel. Rhode Island bent grass

4 lbs. 1-2 bushel. Perennial clover

5 lbs. Red clover

5 lbs. Alsike clover

lbs. All these are late grasses. Timothy and red-top are both late, and rarely come to blossom before July. They will not suffer if the scythe does not go into them till after the 4th. These seeds can be procured of any first-class importing seedsman, and they should be sown about the middle of August if the ground is in suitable condition, if not, as soon thereafter as may be. . If a farmer has, say, ton agres to lay down, let him sow one half of it with the early mixture and the other halt with the late. If he will keep an eye on the result of the experiment for two or three years, considering the quality and quantity of the hay and the value of the aftermath, he will find that, though the mixtures may cost a trifle more than he would pay for the ordinary mixtures of timothy and red-top, his outlax, for these mixtures will be worth to him more than ten times the cost of the Old Farmer's Almanacť.

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LOCATION OF WELLS. If you are about to dig a well to obtain water for domestic use, and put it far enough from the sink-drains and the vaults to give you pure water. Most soils are leachy, and carry the poisons arising from impurities considerable distances. It is a settled fact that a well is liable to drain a cone of earth the diameter of the base of which at the surface of the earth is three times the depth of the well. A neglect of this precaution is the fruitful source of typhoid and other fevers and diseases which greatly increase the doctor's bills. Many wells dug years ago, before sanitary science and the laws of health were so well understood as they are now, were located too near the sources of impurity, and the use of water from them for drinking purposes ought to be given up.

This will in many cases be attended with expense, of course; but the possession of health, and avoiding danger from contamination of the water for a whole family, are important enough to justify any reasonable outlay.

TIME TO HARVEST GRAIN, AMONG the numerous mistakes that lead to enormous wastes on the farm, few are more worthy of attention than that of letting grain, oats, rye, wheat, etc., get too ripe before harvesting. No one can ride about the country in summer without being struck and amazed at the prevalence of this error. You will notice field after field that has reached, or is approaching, the period of dead ripeness, and that ought to have been harvested several days ago.

The loss arising from this source is more appreciable and more easily estimated, perhaps, in wheat, of which we cultivate comparatively little, than it is in the other grains, like rye and oats, but the same general principle applies to all. If wheat is cut two weeks or so before it is fully ripe, it contains more starch and gluten; a bushel of it will weigh more, and it will make a larger quantity and a better quality of flour, with a less quantity of bran or middlings, than if it were allowed to ripen. This is by no means a matter of theory. It is the result of long experience, careful observation, and accurate experiment. The straw will begin to change color slightly two or three weeks before the grain comes to complete maturity. In the best and most favorable seasons it will begin to ripen and change color from the bottom; in some less favorable seasons the upper joints turn first.

In the great wheat-growing sections of the West and in England, where wheat-growing is carried on to a much greater extent than it is with us in New England, they have studied this point more carefully than we have. The best farmers begin to cut while a portion of the stalk is still green, as soon as the kernel has passed from the "milky” to the "doughy" state. The stalk has then begun to change color, sometimes from the bottom, sometimes for three or four inches below the head. A most careful and accurate experiment was made to ascertain the difference, taking wheat, first, when it was green ; second, a week after, when it was changing color; and third, when fully ripe. The result was, in the first case, 19 3-4 bushels per acre ; in the second, 23 1-3 ; in the third, 22 3-4; and the same difference was found in the straw. The total value per acre was found to be, in that cut green, the 8th of August, $62.30; in that cut one week after, when the stalk was yellow below the ear, $64.61 ; in that cut still å week later, when fully ripe, $56.13. The first two produced more fine flour and less bran than that cut last, showing that the gluten is converted into starch in standing to get fully ripe. When either end of the stalk turns yellow, the sap ceases to flow, and the covering or shell of the kernel thickens and becomes harder, and of course gives a larger proportion of bran and less fine flour. Besides, in early cutting there is less loss from shelling-out in handling, and from high winds, which involve a very considerable loss in ripened grain.

Now what is true of wheat is, in the main, also true of other small grains. We raise rye and oats. If we raise them for seed to sow again, they ought to be allowed to ripen, but if for grinding, or for feed for animals, they should be cut early, if we would have them in their best and most nutritive condition.


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THE PUBLIC DEBT, Sept. I, 1885.

(Not including bonds issued to Pacific Railroad companies.) Debt bearing interest

At Four and one-half per ct. $250,000,000
At Four per ct.

737,733,400 At Three per ct.

194, 190,500 Refunding Certif. at 4 per ct. 229,500 Navy Pension Fund at 3 per ct. 14,000,000

$1,196,153,400 Debt on which interest has ceased

$3,921,765 Debt bearing no interest

Old Dem’d and Leg. Tender . $346,738,916
Certificates of Deposit

31,560,000 Gold and Silver Certiticates. 279,283,906 Fract. Currency (less amount

estimated as lost or destroyed)


$664,513,985 Total principal

$1,864,619,150 Total interest accrued and unpaid

10,263,409 Total Debt

$1,874,882,559 Cash in the Treasury :

492,065,330 Total debt, less cash in the Treasury, Sept. 1, 1885 $1,382,817,229 Total debt, less cash in the Treasury, Sept. 1, 1884

1,437,514,096 Decrease the past year


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TIDE TABLE. The tides in the Calendar page are for the port of Boston, in standard time.

The following table contains the approxiinate difference between the time of High Water at Boston and several other places. The reader is warned that this table will not always give the exact time of the tide, as the difference varies from day to day. It is hoped, however, it will be near enough to be useful.

The difference, if preceded by t, is to be added to, or if preceded by, subtracted from, the time as given in the Calendar pages.

h. m. Baltimore, Md.. .+ 7 30 New Bedford, Mass. . .-330 Portsmouth, N.H. Bath, Me.

- 096 +44 Newburyport, Mass. . - 007 Salem, Mass.

0 16 Beaufort, N.c. 403 Newcastle, Del. + 0 29 Sundy Houk, N.Y.

3 88 Bridgeport, Conn. 0 18 New Haven, Conn.

- 013 Savannah, Ga., Dry Dock 3 16 Cape Henry, Va. 3 34 New London, Conn. . - 206 St. Augustine, Fla.

-308 Cape May N.J.. 3 10 Newport, R.I.

-344 Stonington, Conn. Charleston, S.C. 4015 New Rochelle, ni.

- 007 Vineyard Haven, Mass. +014 City Point, Va..

+ 308

New York, Gov. Island
Cold Spring, N.j.

-322 Washington, D.C., Navy
-357 Norfolk, Va..
-2 16 Yard

+841 Eastport, Me. -021 Philadelphia, Pa. +2 13 West Point, NY.

- 027 Edgartown, Mass. +0 47 Plymouth, Mass.

-010 Wilmington, Del..

2 23 Key West, Fla..

- 1 59

Point Judith, R.I. -357 Wood's Holl, north side 3 36 Nantucket, Mass.. .+ 0 53 Portland, Me.

- 012

south side 2 53

h. m.

2 22

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CARRIAGE FARES IN BOSTON. For one adult, from one place to another within the city proper (except as hereinafter provided), or from one place to another in East Boston, or from one place to another in South Boston, or from one place to another in Roxbury, 50 cents. Each additional adult, 50 cents.

For one adult, from any place in the city proper, south of Dover Street and west of Berkeley Street, to any place north of State, Court, and Cambridge Streets, or from any place north of State, Court, and Cambridge Streets, to any place south of Dover Street and west o Berkeley Street, One Dollar. For two or more passengers, 50 cents each.

Children under four years with an adult, no charge.
Children between four and twelve years old, with an adult, half-price.

From twelve at night to six in the morning, the fare is 50 cents above the preceding rates for each passenger.

No charge for one trunk; each additional trunk, 25 cents.

By the Carriages of the Herdic Phaeton Co., and by any of the one-horse cabs you can ride for 25 cents for ordinary trips.

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