ledge," and stands out in proud and striking contrast with her spurious rivals. For it is her business to inculcate by training, as well as teaching, the principles of charity, fidelity, justice, honesty, truth; and she corrects the mistakes of statesmen, by reminding them that "security against fraud is (not) free competition," for we are under the moral government of God, and none but the honest will see that honesty is the best policy, or "discover the preference which, in the long run, the honest trader must gain over the fraudulent dealer "." These speculations, coming from an "ecclesiastic," are not likely to meet with any favourable reception, but I wish that statesmen would consider Church principles with reference to these results. At all events, as things will never be set right by any theories of free trade, by any alterations in the tariff, or by any continuance of a Poor Law Commission, our very difficulties we may hope will turn thoughtful minds in the right direction; and we may yet learn that there is no cure for our social evils, without an increased attention to our social duties.

I remain, my dear Sir,

With every sentiment of esteem and respect,

Your sincere and obliged friend,

Harlow Vicarage,


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June 28, 1842.

Sir Robert Peel's Speech. Debate on Mr. Ferrand's Motion, April 19, 1842.


In the absence of debates upon this important subject, may I hope that my readers will carefully ponder over the contents of a petition?

To the Right Honourable THE LORDS SPIRITUAL AND TEMPORAL in Parliament assembled.

The Humble PETITION OF Charles Miller, M.A., Clerk, Sheweth,

1. That your Petitioner is Incumbent of the living of Harlow, in the Diocese of London.


2. That your Petitioner desires to call the attention of your Right Honourable House to an Act called “ An Act for the Commutation of Tithes in England and Wales,” 6 and 7 William IV. c. 71.

3. That your Petitioner regards the provisions of this Act as injurious to the best interests of the Church and the country. 4. That Bishop Andrews has observed, that “two Patriarchs, as many Prophets, — CHRIST, —- His Apostles, — the whole Church, Fathers,-Councils,-history,-both laws civil and canon,—Reason,—the imperfect pieces and fragments of the heathen,—and finally, experience itself, have brought in their evidence for Tithes." (De Decimis, 1629.)

5. That in accordance with these authorities, your Petitioner believes the payment of Tithes to be obligatory upon all, as an essential part of Christian worship, and as the appropriate practical thanksgiving for that Divine blessing through which "the earth brings forth her increase."

6. That Lord Coke, in commenting upon the provision of Magna Charta, observes, "When anything is granted for God, it is deemed in law to be granted to God; and whatsoever is granted to His Church, for His honour and the maintenance of His religion, is granted for and to God." Quod datum est Ecclesiæ, datum est Deo. But tithes have in this country been given to His Church, and therefore are due on grounds doubly sacred.

7. That the present rights of the Clergy to the Tithes have been secured almost from time immemorial by successive Acts of Parliament.



Divinity Determination in the Publike Divinity
Schools of the University of


By the Right Reverend Father in God


Late Lord Bishop of Winchester.
When he proceeded Doctor in Divinity.

Translated for the benefit of the Publike.

1 COR. ix. 13. "Do ye not know that they which minister about holy things, live of the things of the Temple? And they which wait at the Altar, are partakers with the Altar?

Vers. 14. Even so hath the Lord ordained, that they which preach the Gospel, should live of the Gospel."



Printed for Andrew Hebb, at the Bell, in St. Paul's



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The ensuing Tract, originally written in Latin, and entitled "De Decimis," was first printed in the posthumous Opuscula of Bishop Andrews, and dedicated by the Bishops of London and Ely to Charles I. 1629.

This translation, now reprinted, was published 1647.

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