Born 1724;


KAMES, LORD. A Scottish judge and eminent

writer : his "Elements of Criucism" established

his literary fame. Born 1696 ; died 1782. KAMPHUIZEN, THEODORUS R. A cele

brated Dutch painter. Born about 1580; died

1627. KANT, IMMANUEL. Founder of the trans

cendental school of philosophy: author of “Kritik der reinen Vernunst," etc.

died 1804 KEATS, JOHN. A poet of great promise, but

his life was unfortunately brief. Born 1795 ;

died 1821. KEBLE, REV. JOHN. The highly-esteemed

and popular author of "The Christian Year.”

Born 1792 : died 1866. KEMPIS, THOMAS A. A German ascetic;

generally regarded as the author of " De Imitatione Christ;" but many assert that the work was merely found among certain beautiful MSS. of his, copied by his brother. Born 1380; died

1471. KEN, BISHOP. An elegant poet and distin

guished theologian: his “ Morning and Evening Hymns" are repeated daily in thousands or dwellings. Born 1637; died 1711. KENNETT, BISHOP. A famous antiquary and

learned divine. Born 1660; died 1728. KENT, DUKE OF. Father of Queen Victoria,

and a liberal patron of benevolent enterprises.

Born 1767: died 1820. KING, BISHOP. Author of “A Poetical Ver

sion of the Psalms." Born 1591 ; died 1669. KING, THOMAS. A popular dramatic writer,

Born 1720; died 1805. KINGLAKE, ALEXANDER W. Author of

"A History of the Crimean War.”. Born 1809. KINGSLEY, REV. CANON. Hypatia"-a


An elegant French preacher, and founder of a new order of Doni. nicans: author of “Sermons at Notre-Dame.

Born 1802 ; died 1861. LAIDLAW, WILLIAM. A British poet. Born

1780; died 1845. LAMARTINE, ALPHONSE DE. A distinguished French historian, poet, and orator. His

History of the Girondinis" is an eloquent and brilliant composition. Born 1792; died 1869. LAMB, CHARLES. “The most original, most

quaint, most simple, most touching of all modein

essayists.' Born 1775: died 1834LAMBERT, JOSEPH. A French prior and

moralist: author of “The Evangelical Year," etc.

Born 1654 ; died 1722. LAVONT. LANDON, LETITIA E. A gifted English

poctess of extensive reputation. Born 1802 ;

died 1839. LANDOR, WALTER S. An English poet and

miscellaneous writer, whose style was original,

antique, and perfect. Born 1775; died 1864. LANGDALE, LORD. An eminent judge. Born

1783 ; died 1851. LANKESTER, DR. An English naturalist and

popular lecturer: author of “Half-Hours with

the Microscope." Born 1814. LANSDOWNE, MARQUIS OF. An able debater, and highly esteemed for his

generous encouragement of iterature and art. Born 1780 ;

died 1863. LARDNER, DR. Author of "The Handbook of

Natural Philosophy," etc. Born 1793; died 1859. LATIMER, BISHOP. One of the principal

reformers of the church. Born 1470 ; burnt 1555. LAUN, THOMAS DE LAVATER, REV. JOHANN C. A distinguished

Swiss theologian and physiognomist : author of “Physiognomischen Fragmente,' etc. Born

1741; died 1801. LAW, REV. DEAN. An eminently Evangelical

writer. LAW, REV. WILLIAM. His “ Serious Call to

a Devout Life" has been immensely useful.

Born 1686 ; died 1761. LAWRENCE, SIR THOMAS. The most

famous portrait-painter of his day.

died 1830. LAYARD, AUSTEN H. An orientalist and

antiquary of wide celebrity: arrhör of “Nincveh and its Remains," etc.

Born 1817 LEDYARD, JOHN. An American traveller of great

daring and fame. Born 1751 ; died 1788. LEE, D. K. LEE, MARY E. An American authoress and

translator. Born 1813; died 1849: LEE, NATHANIEL. An English dramatist :

author of "The Tragedy of Nero," etc. Born

1658; died 1691. LEE, REV. DR. SAMUEL. A most persever

ing student, and a most eminent orientalist : author of "A Hebrew, Chaldaic, and English

Lexicon," etc. Born 1783; died 1852. LEIGH, AURORA LEIGHTON, ARCHBISHOP. A sound theo

logian and an eloquent preacher. Born 1613 ;

died 7684. LEITCH, REV. DR. Author of "God's Glory

in the Heavens.' LEMIERRE, ANTOINE M. A successful

Born 1709;

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philosophical romance-is regarded by many as
the best of his numerous literary productions.

Born 1819.
KIRK, REV. PROFESSOR. A thoughtful

Scottish divine: author of “The Way of Life

made Plain," etc. KITTO, DR. JOHN. An able and well-known

biblical writer. Born 1804 ; died 1854. KLOPSTOCK, FRIEDRICH G. A celebrated

German poet: his reputation rests on “The
Messiah," a poem of extraordinary beauty and
power. Born 1724; died 1803.
KNAPP, DR. An eminent German writer.

He wrote, besides other works, Roman meines Lebens," in four

volumes. Born 1752; died 1796. KNIGHT, CHARLES. A noted publisher, editor, and writer : the biographer of “ William Caxton."

Born 1791. KNIGHT, MRS. CORNELIA. An English authoress, and, for a time, a companion to the

Princess Charlotte. Born 1758; died 1837. KNOLLES, RICHARD. Author of “The

History of the Turks.” Born 1545; died 1610. KNOWLES, HERBERT. Born 1798 ; died 1817. KNOWLES, J. SHERIDAN. An accomplished

dramatist and actor, and, withal, a theologian.

Born 1784 ; died 1862. KNOX, REV. DR. A distinguished writer and popular preacher: author of Essays, Moral

and Literary.” Born 1754; died 1822. KNOX, REV. JOHN. When laid in his grave,

the Earl of Morton said of him-" There lics he who never feared the face of man,"

Born 1505; KOSSUTH, LOUIS. An illustrious Hungarian

statesman, warrior, and orator. Born 1802. KRUMMACHER, REV. DR. An eminent

pulpit orator, and, for some time, chaplain to the
King of Prussia : author of “ Elijah the Tish-
bite," etc. Born 1796; died 1868.

French dramatist. Born 1723; died 1793.
LEO X. Noted as a muniticent patron of litera-

ture and the arts.

T. Author of "The
Handy Book of Property Law."
LESSING, GOTTHOLD E. Surnamed "the

Admirable" for his learning : author of " Letters
on Literature,” which fornied an epoch in Ger-
man literature. Born 1729; died 1781.

died 1572.

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LOVER, SAMUEL. A successful Irish novelist

and poet: author of "Handy Andy," etc. Born

1797; died 1868. LOWE, RIGHT HON. ROBERT. An eminent

English statesman and orator, Born 1811. LOWELL, JAMES R. A celebrated American

poet, critic, and scholar : author of "The Biglow Papers," etc.

Born 1819. LOWER, M. A. LUCAN. A highly imaginative and impressive

Roman epic poet. Born 38; put to death 65. LUCAS, DR. LUTHER, REV. DR. MARTIN. “ The Hero

of the Reformation." Born 1483 ; died 1546. LYELL, SIR CHARLES. A distinguished

geologist : author of “The Principles of Cev

logy," etc. LYNDHURST, LORD. An illustrious English

statesman. Born 1772; died 1863. LYTTLETON, LORD. A most eminent English

statesman, poet, and historian: author of "Observations on the Conversion of St. Paul." Born

1709; died 1773. LYTTON, LORD. After Sir Walter Scott, the most popular of all the English novelists.

bora 1805; died 1873.

Born 1797



partisan writer. Born 1616; died 1704. LÉTTICE, REV. JOHN. An English poet and

pulpit orator. Born 1737 ; died 1832. LEVER, CHARLES J. A very popular Irish

novelist. Born 1806; died 1872. LEWES, GEORGE H. Author of "A Biogra

phical History of Philosophy," etc. LEYDEN, DR. JOHN. 'A celebrated Scottish

physician, poet, antiquary, and orientalist. Born 1775 : died 1811. LICHTWER, MAGNUS G. One of the most

popular fabulists of which Germany can boast.

Bom 1719 ; died 1782. LIDDON, REV. CANON. Author of “The

Divinity of Christ," etc. LIEBER, FRANCIS. A distinguished German

historian and political writer : editor of the

" Encyclopædia Americana." Born 1800. LIEBIG, PROFESSOR. One of the greatest chemists of the present century. His “ Familiar Letters on Chemistry” have been intenscly ad

mired. Born 1203; died 1873. LIGHT, REV. WILLIAM E. Author of “Ser

mons on Personal Religion." LIGHTFOOT, REV. DR. A learned biblical

commentator. Born 1602; died 1675. LILLO, GEORGE. An effective tragic writer.

Born 1693 ; died 1739. LILLY, JOHN. Called "the Euphuist.” Born

about 1553 ; died about 1600. LIMBORCH. VAN LINDSAY, LORD. Author of "Letters on

Egypt, Edom, and the Holy Land.” Born 1812. LINN, REV. DR. An American divine and

poet: his best poem entitled "The Powers of

Genius.” Born 1777 ; died 1804. LIVY. A learned Roman historian. Born 59 B.C.;

died 17 A.D. LLOYD, ROBERT. An English poet and usher.

Born 1733 ; dicd 1764. LOARING, H. J. Author of "Common Sayings." LOCKE, JOHN. A renowned English philoso

pher: his chief work is “An Essay on the

Human Understanding." Born 1632; died 1704. LOCKER, EDWARD H. Author of " Lectures

on the Bible and Liturgy." Born 1777; died

1849. LOCKHART, JOHN G. A distinguished

novelist and critic ; son-in-law and biographer of

Sir Walter Scott. Born 1794 ; died 1854. LODGE, THOMAS. An English dramatist and

versatile writer: Hallam pronounces him one of

the best poets of the age. Born 1556 ;-died 1625. LOFFT, CAPEL. An eminent barrister and

magazinist. He encouraged Bloomfield publish “The Farmer's Boy," etc.

died 1824. LOGAN, REV. JOHN. A well-known Scottish

poet and miscellaneous writer: author of "An Ode to the Cuckoo," and "A Review of the Charges against Warren Hastings.” Born 1748; died 1788. LOGAU, FRIEDRICH VON. A German baron and poet, remarkable for his irony and pathos.

Born 1604 : died 1655. LONGFELLOW, HENRY W. An American poet and scholar of universal renown.

Born 1807 LONGINUS. A distinguished Greek philosopher,

MACAULAY, LORD. A renowned English

historian and essayist. Born 1800 ; died 1859. MACDONALD, DR. GEORGE. Author of

“The Seaboard Parish." etc. MACDUFF, REV. DR. A voluminous theo

logical writer. MACCHIAVELLI. A famous Italian diplo

matist and writer: his most important work is

entitled “Del Principe." Born 1469 : died 1527. MACINTOSH, SIR JAMES. A distinguished

lawyer, statesman, and historian. Born 1765;

died 1832. MACKARNESS, BISHOP. Born 1820. MACKAY, DR. A popular Scottish poet. The

Good Time Coming" is included in his “Voices

from the Crowd." Born 1814. MACKELLAR, THOMAS. An American poet

of some celebrity. Born 1812, MACKENZIE, REV. WILLIAM B. Author of “ Bible Characters," etc.

Died 1871. MAÇLAGAN, ALEXANDER. A Scottish poet :

author of “Sketches from Nature." MACLAURIN, REV. JOHN. A truly cloquent

preacher. MACLEOD, REV. DR.

A popular Scottish divine : editor of “Good Words," and author of “ The Earnest Student," etc. Born 1812; died

1872. MADDEN, REV. DR. An excellent historian and poet.

Born 1687 ; died 1765. MADISON, JAMES. A distinguished American

critic, and teacher : author of "A Treatise on

the Sublime." Born about 213: died 273. LORAINE, REV. NEVISON. Author of

“ Lectures on the Lord's Prayer."
LOUIS XII. Surnamed "the Father of the

People.” Born 1462 ; died 1515.
LOUIS XIV. Surnamed "Le Grand." Born

1633 ; died 1715.
LOVELACE, LADY. The only child of Lord

Byron. Born 1815; died 1852.

statesman and political philosopher. Born 1751;

died 1836.
MAGEE, BISHOP. Celebrated as an orator.

Born 1821.
MAGOON, REV. DR. An American divine of

considerable note : author of "The Orators of

the American Revolution," etc. Born 1810. MAHOMET. The founder of one of the prin

cipal religions of the world: author of "The

Koran." Born 569; died 632.
MALCOLM, SIR JOHN. A British general

and eminent historian. Born 1769 ; died 1833., MALLET, DAVID. A Scottish poet and mis

cellaneous writer. Born about 1700; died 1765. MANGAU. MANN, HORACE. A noted American educa

tionist. Born 1796 : died 1859. MANNING, ARCHBISHOP. Author of "The

Unity of the Church," etc. Born 1809. MANSFIELD, LORD. A British lawyer and

scholar of great merit. Born 1704 ; died 1795


Born 1751;

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Born 1773;

MANSEL, REV. DEAN. Author of "The Limits

of Religious Thought," etc. Born 1820; died MANT, BISHOP. An able theological writer.

Born 1776; died 1848. MANTELL, DR. A distinguished geologist and

paläontologist: author of "The Medals of

Creation," etc. Born 1790 ; died 1852. MANTON, REV. DR. The well-known com

mentator on the cxix. Psalm. Born 1020 ;

died 1677. MANUEL, DON JUAN. A member of the

Spanish Royal Family: author of “ El Conde

Lucanor.” Died about 1350. MARMION, SHAKERLEY. An English dra

matist : his principal work is "The Antiquary.”

Born 1602 ; died 1639. MAROLLES, ABBE DE. A French littérateur.

Born 1600 ; died 1681, MARRYAT, CAPTAIN. A naval novelist of

world-wide popularity. Born 1792; died 1848. MARSH, CATHARINE. Well-known by "Eng.

lish Hearts and English Hands." Born 1815. MARSTON, JOHN. An English dramatist, and

the friend of Ben Jonson. Died about 1634. MARTEN, H. MARTIAL, MARCUS V. A famous Latin epi

grammatic poet. Born 43; died about 105. MARTIN, MARGARET M. Authoress of

“ Christianity in Earnest.” Born 1807. MARTIN, RÉV. SAMUEL. Author of "The

Useful Arts," etc. MARTINEAU, HARRIET. An English mis

cellaneous writer : among her best productions are “Traditions of Palestine," and "Deerbrook."

Born 1802. MARTYN, REV. HENRY. The devoted Indian

missionary, and translator of the New Testament into the Persian language.

Born 1781 ; died 1812. MARTYR, JUSTIN. One of the earliest and

most learned of the Greek Fathers. Born about 103; martyred about 165. MARVELL, ANDREW. Distinguished chiefly

as a senator and political writer. Born 1620;

died 1678. MASON, REV. DR. An American preacher of

rare eloquence. Born 1770 ; died 1829. MASON, REV. JOHN. Author of "Self

Knowledge." Born 1706; died 1763. ALASON, REV. WILLIAM. A divine and poet

of extensive reputation. Born 1725; died

1797. MASON, SIR JOHN. A celebrated statesman,

McCOSH, REV. DR. Author of "The Intuitions

of the Mind," etc. Born 1810. M'CHEYNE, REV. ROBERT. A truly devout

Scottish minister : joint-author of "A Narrative of a Mission of Inquiry to the Jews." Born

1813; died 1843 M'COMB, WILLIAM. An Irish poet: author

of “The Voice of a Year," etc. MELANCTHON, PHILIP. A German philoso

pher, poet, and theologian of pre-eminent abilities. He was the coadjutor of Luther in

the Reformation. Born 1497 ; died 1560. MELMOTH, WILLIAM. Author of "The

Great Importance of a Religious Life." Born

1666: died 1743. MELVILL, REV. CANON. One of the most

eloquent divines of the Church of England, and author of several volumes of Sermons which have met with a most extensive circulation. Born 1798; died 1871. MENAGE, GILLES. A distinguished French

scholar and critic. Born 1613; died 1692. MENNES, SIR JOHN. An English poet. Born

1591 ; died 1671. MERRY, C. M. METASTASIO, PIETRO B. An “ Imperial

Poet of Italy. Born 1698 ; died 1782. M'FARLANE, REV. DR. Author of “The

Mountains of the Bible," etc. MIDDLETON, REV. DR. A celebrated English

scholar and controversialist. Born 1683 : died

1750. MIDDLETON, THOMAS. An English dra

matist, and the contemporary of Jonson, Massinger, and Rowley. Died about 1626. MIELIN, J. H. MILL, JAMES. A political economist and his.

torian: his "History of British India' is prinounced a work of unusual merit.

died 1836. MILL, JOHN STUART. An eminent English

philosopher : author of "A System of Logic,"

etc. Born 1806; died 1873. MILLER, HUGH. The celebrated Scottish

geologist and writer: his last work was “The Testimony of the Rocks." Born 1802 ; died

1856. MILLER, REV. DR. An American professor of

ecclesiastical history. Born 1769; died 1850. MILLER, THOMAS. An English poet and

basket-maker; the friend of the poet Rogers.

Born 1808. MILLHOUSE. MILLINGEN, DR. A distinguished antiquary.

whose favourite maxim was-"Do, and say

nothing.” Died 1566. MASSEY, GERALD. An English poet of

grow ing fame. Porn 1828. MASSILLON, DISHOP. A most eloquent

French preacher. Born 1663: died 1742. MASSINGER, PHILIP. One of the most

illustrious of Shakspeare's successors. Born 1584 ;

died 1640. MATSON, REV. W. T. MAUNDER, SAMUEL. A well-known English

compiler. Born 1790; died 1849. MAURY, LIEUTENANT. A famous American

hydrographer and naval officer: author of “The Physical Geography of the Sea." Born 1806. MAVOR, WILLIAM F. A Scottish writer and

tutor: he published a number of useful compila

tions. Born 1758; died 1837.
MAXIMILIAN II. The unfortunate Emperor of

Mexico. Born 1832 ; shot 1867.
MAY, THOMAS. An eminent historian and

poet. Born 1594 ; died 1650. MAYHEW,

HENRY The first editor of “Punch," and the popular author of “London

Labour and the London Poor," etc. Born 1812. MAYNE, REV. JASPER. An English divine

and poet. Born 1604 : died 1672. MAYNWARINGE, DR.

Born 1774 ; died 1845.

An eminent poet, historian, and divine : author of "The History of Christianity," etc. Born 1791 ; died 1868. MILNER, REV. DR. The celebrated writer of

“The History of the Church of Christ.” Born

1751 ; died 1820. MILTON, JOHN. The immortal author of

“ Paradise Lost." Born 1608 ; died 1674. MING TSONG. A famous Chinese emperor. MIRABEAU, COUNT DE. A remarkable

orator and an eminent statesman ; one of the most notable personages connected with the

French Revolution. Born 1749; died 1791. MITFORD, MARY R. A charming delineator

of English rural life. Born 1786; died 1855. M'NEILE, REV. DEAN. Author of "Lectures

on the Church of England,” etc. MOIR, DAVID M. The highly-esteemed

“Delta" of Blackwood's Magazine. Born 1798;

died 1851. MOLESCHOTT, DR. A Dutch physioloj'st

and naturalist : among his chief works is “ Licht

und Leben." Born 1822. MOLIERE. A distinguished French comic actor

and author: his master-piece is entitled “ The Hypocrite." Born 1622 ; died 1673.

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MURLOCK, MISS. The talented authoress of

“ John Halifax," etc. MURPHY, ARTHUR. An Irish dramatist and

miscellaneous writer : biographer of Johnson and Garrick. Born 1728; died 1805.

died 1741

Born 1793

MONOD, REV. ADOLPHE. An eminent Swiss

Protestant divine: author of “ Lucille," etc.

Born 18 ) : died 1856. MONTAGU, BASIL. Editor of Lord Bacon's

works Born 1770 ; died 1851, MONTAGU, LADY MARY W. Celebrated

specially for her literary correspondence. Born about 1690 ; died 1762. MONTAIGNE, MICHEL. The illustrious

French essayist. Born 1533 ; died 1592. MONTALEMBERT, MARQUIS DE. A volu

minous writer on military subjects. Born 1714;

died 1800 MONTESQUIEU, BARON. Author of “L'Es

prit des Lois," etc. Born 1639; died 1755 MONTFAUCON, BERNARD DE. A wellknown French antiquary and critic.

Born 1655; MONTGOMERY, GEORGE W. Author of

“Bernardo del Carpio." Died 1841. MONTGOMERY, JAMES. "The Moravian

Poet:" author of “The World before the

Flood," etc. Born 1771 ; died 1854. MONTGOMERY,

REV. ROBERT. The talented author of “The Omnipresence of the

Deity,” etc. Born 1807 ; died 1855, MOODY, REV. N. G. Author of “ Lectures on

the Lord's Prayer." MOON, GEORGE W. Author of “The Soul's

Inquiries Answered," etc. MOORE, DR. GEORGE. An eminent physi

cian and devout writer: “The Power of the Mind over the Body" is his best work. MOORE, DR. JOHN. Author of “Zeluco."

Born 1730 : died 1802. MOORE, EDWARD. An English littérateur,

Born 1712 ; died 1757. MOORE, SIR JOHN. The famous military

commander who fell in 1809, by a cannon-shot at the Battle of Corunna, and whose burial was immortalized in a poein by Wolse. Born

1,61. MOORE, THOMAS. The national poet of Ire

land, or, as Lord Byron designated him-“The poet of all circles, and the idol of his own.' Born 1779; died 1852. MORE, HANNAH. Her first work was entitled

“The Search after Happiness;" her last—" The Spirit of Prayer." Born 1745 ; died 1833. MORE, REV. HENRY. A divine of great

genius and immense scholarship. Born 1614;

died 1687: MORE, SIR THOMAS. A famous lawyer and

statesinan. Born 1480 ; beheaded 1535. MORGAN, LADY. The distinguished authoress

of “ Italy." Born 1789: died 1859. MORRIS, REV. CALÉB. An eminent English

preacher. MORRIS, WILLIAM. An English poet : author

of “The Earthly Paradise." MORRISON, REV. DR. CHARLES. Author

of “The Natural Order of Creation." MOSHEIM, REV. JOHANN L. VON. A cele

brated German theologian and historian: his great work is “ The Institutes of Ecclesiastical

History." Born 1694 ; died 1755. MOTTE, DE LA. A French critic, trans

lator, and dramatist of note. Born 1672 ; died

1731 MOTLEY, J. L Author of "The Rise of the

Dutch Republic,” etc. MOULTRIE, REV. CANON. An elegant Eng

lish poet : author of Lays of the English Church," etc.

Rorn 1804 MOZART, JOHANN C. W. A. The world

N. NABB, T. NAIRNE, LADY. A Scottish poetess of ex.

quisite tenderness, as evinced by “ The Land o' the Leal," and other beautiful poems. Born

1766 ; died 1845. NAPIER, LORD. A celebrated British general.

Born 1810 NAPIER, SIR CHARLES J. A renowned

British general : author of “Lights and Shadows

of Military Life." Born 1782 ; died 1853. NAPOLEON I. The scourge and terror of

Europe. Born 1769 ; died 1821. NAPOLEON III. Ex-emperor of the Fiench:

author of “ The Life of Julius Cæsar." Born

1808: died 1873. NARBAL. NEAL, JOHN. An entinent American poet and

miscellaneous writer. NEANDER, REV. DR. The learned author of

“ The History of the Christian Religion and

Church," etc. Born 1789: died 1850. NEAVES, LORD NEELE, HENRY. Author of “The Romance

of History," etc. Born 1798; died 1828. NELSON, LORD. "England's greatest Naval

Hero. Born 1758; fell in battle 1805. NERVAL, GERARD DE. A French littérateur.

Born 1808: died 1855. NEVILE, HENRY. A political writer of note :

author of “Plato Redivivus, or a Dialogue con

cerning Government." Born 1620: died 1694. NEVIN, REV. DR. An eminent American di.

vine and editor: author of “The Mystical Presence," etc.

Born 1803. NEWMAN, REV. DR. Author of "An Essay

on the Development of Christian Doctrine," etc.

Born isoi. NEWTON, REV. DR. A popular Methodist

preacher. Born 1780; died 1854. NEWTON, REV. JOHN. "The Messiah" and

“Cardiphonia” are his chief productions. Born

renowned composer of music. Born 1756 ; died


** Lectures on Language," etc. MULLER, REV. DR. Author of "Religion

and Business."

1725 : died 1807. NEWTON, SIR ISAAC. The discoverer of the

law of gravitation : and, indisputably, the greatest astronomer, philosopher, and mathema

tician of recent tinies. Born 1642; died 1727. NEY, MARSHAL, One of the most valiant of

French heroes. Born 1769; shot 1815. NICOLAS, AUGUSTE. A French judge and

writer. The work on which his literary reputa-
tion is founded is entitled “ Philosophical Studies
on Christianity.

Born 1807.
NICOLE, REV. PIERRE. A celebrated French

philosopher and theologian : his principal work
is published in twenty-three volumes, entitled
“Moral Essays and Theological Instructions."

Born 1625; died 1695.

The heroine of the Crimea: her “Notes on Hospitals " is in

valuable. Born 1820. NORRIS, REV. JOHN. A distinguished philoso

pher and mystical divine: author of "An Essay toward the Theory of the Intelligible World.”

Born 1657; died 1711. NORTON, HON. MRS. A widely-known and highly-esteemed authoress, described by Mrs. Sedgwick as the perfection of intellectual and physical beauty, uniting masculine force with

feminine delicacy." Born 1808. NOVALIS. The assumed name of Friedrich Von

Hardenberg, an eminent German philosopher and mystical writer : author of a remarkable won entitled “Christianity in Europe." Born 1792 ; died 1801.

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died 1707)

Born 1779

O'BRIEN, WILLIAM S. An earnest but un

fortunate Irish leader. Born 1803; died 1864, O'CONNELL, DANIEL. One of the most

gifted and eloquent politicians Ireland has yet

produced. Born 1775 ; died 1847. O'DOWD, CORNELIUS O'HARA, KANE. A popular Irish dramatist :

author of “The Golden Pippin,” etc. Died

1782. OKEN, PROFESSOR. A famous German naturalist and physiologist. He published that remarkable work---" The Elements of Natural Philosophy, the Theory of the Senses, and the Classification of Animals." Born 1779; died 1851, CLDHAM, JOHN. An English satirist; the

friend of Dryden. Bom 1653 ; died 1683. OPIE, MRS. A brilliant writer of fiction. Born

1769; dicd 1853. ORIGEN One of the most eloquent and in

fluential of the early Christian Fathers : compiler of a valuable edition of the Old Testament,

entitled “ Hexapla." Born 186; died 253. OSBORNE, FRANCIS. An English biographi

cal and historical writer. Born 1589; dicd 1659. OSBORNE, REV. LORD S. G. OSBURN, WILLIAM. A well-known writer on

Egypt and her language. OTWAY, THOMAS. An eminent English dra

matist. “Venice Preserved” is considered his

best drama. Burn 1651 : died 1685, OVERBURY, SIR THOMAS. Described as

“one of the most accomplished gentlemen about the Court of James I.' Born 1581; poisoned

1613 OVID, PUBLIUS N. A most famous Roman

poet. Born 43 B.C.; died 18 A.D. OWEN, REV. DR. An able and voluminous

author. His “ Exposition of the Epistle to the Hebrews" is prized by every theological student.

Born 1616; died 16S 3. OXENDEN, BISHOP. An eminent prelate and

successful writer : author of “Portraits from the Bible," etc.

author of “Pensées,” etc. Born 1623 : died

1662. PATRICK, BISHOP. A prelate of rare ability,

learning, and piety. He wrote a Paraphrase and

Commentary on the Old Testament, Born 1626; PATTERSON, MARY PATTERSON, ROBERT. Author of "An In

troduction to Zoology." PAULDING, JAMES K. A popular American

novelist and miscellaneous writer.

died 1860. PAVILLON, ETIENNE. A French poet. Born

1632; died 1705. PAWLET, SIR AMYAS PAYNE, JOHN H. An American dramatist and

actor ; chiefly known by that popular and exquisitely touching poem - "Home, sweet Home.

Born 1792 ; died 1852. PAYSON, REV. DR. An eminent American

preacher of impassioned and all-persuasive eloquence. Born 1783; died 1827. PEABODY, REV. WILLIAM B.'O. An Ameri

can poet and magazinist of considerable note.

Born 1769; died 1847. PEARSON, REV. THOMAS. A prize essayist :

author of “ Infidelity: its Aspects, Causes, and

Agencies." Died 1864. PEEL, SIR ROBERT. Justly regarded as

" the most distinguished statesinan of his age.

Born 1788; died, from a fall from his horse, 1850). PELLISON, PAUL. The historian of the French

Academy. Born 1624 ; dicd 1693. PENAGES. PENN, WILLIAM. The celebrated Quaker ;

founder and legislator of Pennsylvania. Born

1644 ; died 1718. PERCIVAL, JAMES G. A popular American

poet and scholar. Born 1795 ; died 1856. PERCY, REUBEN AND SHOLTO. Joint

editors of “The Percy Anecdotes." PETRARCH, FRANCESCO. An eminent

Italian scholar and poet. Born 1304; died, sitting among his books, 1374. PETRONIUS, ARBITER. A talented Latin

satirist : author of a novel entitled “Satyricon."

Died, by his own hand, 66. PHELPS, ELIZABETH. A favourite American

authoress. Born 1815: died 1852. PHILEMON. A distinguished Athenian poet,

the rival of Menander. Born 360 B.C. ; died

262 B.C. PHILIP OF MACEDON. PHILIPS, JOHN. A successful English poet:

author of “ The Splendid Shilling,"--a mock

heroic poem. Born 1676 ; died 1708. PHILLIPS, EDWARD. A nephew and pupil of Milton. Beside "A Life of Milton," he published “Theatrum Poetarum. Born 1630 ; dicd

1690. PIERSON, LYDIA J. PIERRE, ST. An eccentric but eminently bene

volent French priest and writer ; Rousseau declared that "he was an honour to his age and

his species." Born 1658; died 1743. PIESSE, G. W. S. PINDAR. Said to be “the great lyric poet of

Greece." Born 520 B.C. ; died 442 B.C. PITMAN, ISAAC. The well-known promoter of

the phonetic system of writing. PITT, RIGHT HON. WILLIAM. An illus

trious British statesman and debater. Born 1759;

died 1606. PLAIFERE, REV. DR. PLATO. The immortal philosopher of Athens.

Born 429 B.C; died 347 B.C. PLATT, S. H. PLAUTUS, MARCUS A. A very celebrated

Roman comic poet. Born 224 B.C. ; died 184 B C. PLAYFAIR, DR. LYON. Author of a number

of treatises and lectures on chemistry. Born 1819.


PALAFOX, JOSE. The illustrious governor

and defender of Saragossa. Born 1760; died

1847. PALEY, REV. ARCHDEACON. The cele

brated author of "Moral and Political Philoso

phy." Born 1743; died 1805. PÁLMER, RAY PALMERSTON, LORD. A statesman of won

derful ability and pure patriotism. Born 1784 ;

died 1865. PARDOE, JULIA. A popular English authoress.

Born 1808; died 1862. PAREUS, REV. DAVID. A learned German

Calvinistic commentator. Born 1548; dic 1622. PARK, MUNGO. A famous and enterprising

explorer : author of "Travels in the Interior of

Africa. Born 1771 ; perished 1805. PARKER, REV. DR. Editor of “The Pulpit

Analyst." PARKER, REV. THEODORE. A celebrated

American orator and rationalistic divine. Born

1810; died 1860. PARNELL, REV. DR. A devout Irish poet,

whose poems were introduced to the world by

Pope. Born 1679: died 1717. PARR, REV. DR. An English scholar and

critic, renowned for his learning and colloquial

powers Born 1747 ; dicd 1825. PARTON, SARAH P. W. She published

" Fern Leaves" under the pseudonym of Fanny

Fern. Born 1811 PASCAL, BLAISE. Characterized by Bayle as

"one of the sublimest spirits in the worid :'

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