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cessary. Nothing can bear greater testimony to its merit than the attention which has been bestowed upon the present edition. Mr. Burgess seems to have spared no pains in rendering it, in every respect, as complete as possible. The erudition, fidelity, and diligence which are conspicuous in his Observationes, entitle him to a confiderable share of praise. Though he expresses himself, on every occasion, with diffidence and modesty, yet, when he thinks it necela 'fary to combat the opinions of others, he delivers his sentiments with that manly kind of confidence, which is, at once, both liberat and becoming.

. To accommodate the purchasers of the first edition, that part of the work which more properly belongs to Mr. B. namely, the Observationes, &c. may be had separately.

C.tit. Art. 34. A Marine Proposal for the Advancement of private In

teref upon the honorary Basis of public Utility; or, A Plan for the Equipment and Employment of a powerful Fleet of private Ships of War, on a more patrio:ic, extensive, fecure, and profitable Scale, than ever hitherto attempted : in che Benefit of which, every opulent Individual is invited to participate.

IS. . To change the spirit of adventure, which so strongly characterises

spirit , the present age, from a private vice to a public benefit, is a good thought; but whether the application of it to the scheme here proposed, be practicable or not, TIME, which reveals most chings, will perhaps thew.

Our Projector's general idea, is to raise, by subfcriprion, among the great and the opulent, an associated fleet, consisting of fifty privateers, to cruise in concert, in ten divisions, of five thips each, in various parts of Europe and America. He seciles the disposition, or stations, of the several divisions of this feet, in fuch a manner, that he pronounces it hardly posli ble for the trade of our enemies to escape, as such of their ships as missed one division, would, aimot at a certainty, be intercepted by some or other of them.'

We have not room for the particulars of this plan, nor for the Author's reasoning on any of them. We mall, therefore, only add, that something of the kind here projected, might possibly be accomplished, were a few active people, of consequence and in Auence, carnestly to set about carrying the proposal isto execution. We may see, as this Writer juftly observes, a striking inttance of the efficacy of well-appointed small squadrons, in the success of that commanded by our inveterate enemy Paul Jones:' and he adds, the capture and loss of at least half the privateers that have hitherto been fitted out, and thereby of some thousands of our ablest seamen, is a fatal demonstration of the gross error of the ordinary fyftem of privateering, that is, by fingle ships, without any restriction in point of force.? Art. 35. Memoirs of the Life and Death of the Right Honourable

the Lord. Deputy Wandesforde. Collected from authentic Records and Mys. By his great great Grandson Thomas Comber, LL.D. Rector of Buckworth and Morborne, Huntingdon shire, and Chaplain to the Countess Dowager of Balcarras. Vol. II. izmo. 2 s. 6 d. Cambridge printed. London, fold by Becket, &c. 1778.

This book is to be considered as the second volume of a work, the forf of which was publihed in 1777. The title of that volume is,

• A Book

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• A Book of Instructions, written by Sir Christopher Wandesforde, &c, to his Son, &c.' For some account of which, we refer our seaders to the Monthly Catalogue of our Review for June. (in the year above mentioned), p. 483. Dr. Comber has here added to the Book of Infru&tions, feveral particulars concerning the life of the Author, which are chiefly compiled from memorandums, written by Mrs. Thornton, his daughter, a woman of excellent understanding, and exemplary piety. We apprehend, we cannot give a better view of the nature of the performance, than by extracting the following passage from the dedication of the work to the Marquis of Caermarthen.

• In these memoirs, your Lordship and the public have the faithful portrait of a great man, a great itatesman, and (which is far the greatest and noblest character) a great chriltian. Your Lordship sees him delineated through all the tages of life and fortune.

• You see him from a private school repairing to the univerfity, early leaving that seminary of learning, not to fink among dogs and horses, nor the scarce less brutal pack of drunkards and ele&ioneers, but commencing country gentleman, improver of his lands and of his mind, commencing patriot and orator in the scene, which you, my Lord, adorn, the House of Commons; becoming patriot in oppolition to a most flagitious favourite, and obtaining by dint of natural eloquence the public blessings of the Petition of Right; you see him, my Lord, becoming a courtier at a memorable period, when to have continued in opposition, must have been little better than to have commenced rebel.

" Then your Lordship will survey him discharging the part of a minister, successively the offices of Maller of the Rolls, of Lord Juftice, and finally, of Lord Deputy in Ireland, and going thence happily to heaven; not like Lord Strafford, from a scaffold, but from his bed, whose pillows are ituffed with resolution and patience, the down of content, and the blessings and congratulations of all who wished the prosperity of their country, and apparently like a saint fiated with the foretaste of his Britain's sufferings, from the un. natural union of popery and puritanism. In short, my good Lord, as deservedly happy, as any true Englishman in those critically fad times could be !!

The union of puritanism and popery does indeed seem very un. natural; it is probable, the Author, lately deceased, would have found himself reduced to a perplexing dilemma, if he had been required to prove his assertion concerning it; though it is pofible, that parties, in very different sentiments, may fairly and honourably concur in promoting a particular purpose: Bui on this subject we fhall not contend.

The Lord Deputy Wandesforde appears to have been a man of piety and integrity; and properly recommended as an example, worthy of regard. One intance of his probity deserves particular notice : He was engaged in the management of a chancery fuit, for fome near relations, in which an estate of above 2000l. per annum, was depending : from the account here given, there could be no doubt of his gaining the cause before any impartial judges. ' Qa the day of trial, he was told by an intimate friend,“ ì know cerrainly, that a coach with a bribe of socol. is gone this very morning

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to the Lord Chancellor’s. The weight of this will certainly bear down the equity of your cause, if you do not throw an heavier purse into the other scale." Mr. Wandesforde answered, “ I will omit no lawful means of recovering my own and my relation's rights. But Goce God has declared to the judge, Thou foalt not take a gift, I think it unlawful to give one ; and therefore, if this great ettate could be redeemed with a bribe of 5l. I would not give it. If I cannot recover our rights by fair means, I Mall conclude, that God sees is not good that we mould recover them. If we lose this eltate, God can give much greater. Therefore the Lord's will be done!"

Mr. Wandesforde was constantly connected with Sir Thomas Wentworth, afterwards Lord Strafford, and acted in conjunction with him in Ireland, before he was Lord Deputy himself. Some persons will think it difficult to reconcile this with other parts of his charac-. ter and conduct.

The materials of this work are not put together in the most orderly i and agreeable manner ; but the piecy and virtue which are so laud. ably exhibited in it, call for attention and imirariòn.

Hi. Art. 36. Itineraria Symonis Simeonis, et Willelmi de Worcestre.

Quibus accedit, Tractatus de Metro, in quo traduntur regula a Scriptoribus medii ævi in Verfibus Leoninis observatæ, &c. The Itineraries of Symon, Son of Simeon, and William of Worcester. To which is added, A Tract, exhibiting the Rules observed by the Writers of the middle Age, in their Leonine Verses. Now first published from the Manuscripts in the Library of Corpus Chrifti College, Cambridge. By James Nasmith, A.M. s. A. S. and lately Fellow of the fame College. 8vo. 1os. 6 d. sewed. Cam. bridge, printed. Sold by T. Payne, &c. in London.

These journals are curious, as ancient monuments, though not very instructive or entertaining. That of Symon was written A. D. 1322. It gives an account of his journey to the Holy Land, in company with his brother Hugo. Some few places in England are taken notice of, as well as foreigo parts. He speaks much of the Maho.' metans, and of the treatment he met with among them; of Egypr, and of many places in Canaan, which they visited in a devotional view. The thread of the narration is interrupted for a time, while Symon laments, which he does very pathetically indeed, the death of his brother Hugo, which happened at Cairo in Egypt.

This Latin manuscript is imperfect ; but it is not without some pleafure that we read this old, though short, account of the fate of places, &c. in those days. Symon was a Doctor in divinily, and seems to have been a native of Ireland.

William of Worcester appears to less advantage, in his itinerary, than Symon ; who writes much better, and more to the purpose. He was the author of many writings. This, which is the greatest part of the volume before us, might rather have been called, as the Editor observes, Collectanea, or Advversaria, as things are not placed in any proper order, and some are altogether foreign from his imme diate purpose. It was written in 1478; and contilts of observations made in a journey from Bristol to St. Michael's, Cornwall. He was a native of Briftot; a man of great industry; and feveral matters are related by him, especially regarding the English topography and antiquities, which may be searched for in other works in vain; but,

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says the Editor justly, must we not lament that his style is so rude
and barbarous, that he heaps together a number of trifles, and paffes
by in filence things, an account of which posterity would have re-
ceived with avidity? that whole pages are consumed in the measure-
ment of churches and streets, while no description is given of the
buildings themselves ? We must then regard William of Worcester as
a man moderately learned, of no bright genius, more remarkable for
application than for judgment and acumen. The work before us,
however, certainly has its use in respect to history, as well as to-
pography; and muft, accordingly, be valued by the antiquary.

The little tract concerning Metre, is said to have been written ia
the 15th century; Dr. Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury,
has remarked, on a plain leaf of this manuscript, that no book is so
contemptible but it may prove of some use, and that che method
here pointed out for composing a particular (and fanciful) kind of
verse, may not easily be found elsewhere.

Hi,
COMMERCIAL
Art. 37. Epiftola Commerciales; or, Commercial Letters, in

Five Languages, viz, Italian, English, French, Spanish, and Poro
tuguese, with their respective Idioms diftin&tly pointed out, written
on various interesting Subjects, in the Modern mercantile Style,
as now practised; all which are carefully selected froin original
Letters, as they stand in the Copy Books of the most eminent
Merchants in Europe, and are here exhibited under fi&itious Names,
&c. The whole so methodically digefted as to serve as Models for
a regular Correspondence, &c. To which are added, Mercantile
and Maritine Vocabularies, of each Tongue, &c. &c. By
Charles Wiseman, Notary Public, and Translator of all the
above Languages. Printed for the Author, and Sold by B. Law,
in Ave-Mary Lane. 6 s. boards. 1779.

There is no doubt but many occasions may occur, in which a book
of this kind will be found useful in the accompling-house of a
merchant.

М А тн E м А тiсѕ.
Art. 38. The Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris for

the Year 1785.. Published by Order of the Commissioners of
Longitude. 8vo. 35. 6d. Nourse. 1779.

It is with great satisfaction that we see this useful and laborious
work continued, and conducted in the same careful and accurate
manner as at first. Its superiority in this respect, as well as in the
extent and usefulness of the articles contained in it, over every
fimilar publication in Europe, is obvious to, and confessed by every
judicious astronomer, both of our own and other nations; insomuch
that in the most ancient publications of this kind *, the Editors now
content themselves with copying professediy the calculations from
this work, allowing only the difference between the meridian of
Greenwich, and that of ihe place to wbich theirs is adapted.

To this Almanac, there is added a Collection of Alronomic Problems, useful at sea. By the Rev. John Edwards, B. A. And also,

• Connoissance de Temps, published by order of the Royal Academy of Science at Paris.

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an addition to the logarithmic solar tables, annexed to the Nautical Almanac of 1771.

By the fame.

RELIGIO U 3.
Art. 39. An Enquiry into the Design of the Christian Sabbath, and

the Manner in which it should be observed, to answer iis ima
portant End. 12mo.

15. Dilly. 1779. A plain and serious address to the public, on a subject of acknowledged importance, recommending, not only a conitant attendance on the institutions of religion, but a careful improvement of the leifore which was Sunday affords, in acquiring religious knowledge, and cultivating the principles of virtue and piery, by reading and meditation. Though there is nothing fufficiently original in the Author's ideas to command the attention of the learned, or striking in his manner of writing, to engage the notice of those who are indifa ferent to the subject of which he treats, his reflexions, however, are such as may afford pleasure and improvement to the pious Chriftian.

SERMONS. 1. Preached at St. Mary's, Oxford, July 1, 1779. On the Anni

versary Meeting of the Governors of the Radcliffe Infirmary. By Lewis Bagot, LL. D. Dean of Christ Church. Published at the Request of the Governors, for the Benefit of the Charity, 410. is. Rivington.

A sensible and elegant discourse, judiciously adapted to the occafion on which it was delivered.

E. II. Preached in the Parish Church of Whitby, before the Friendly

Society, at their Anniversary Meeting on Whit-Monday, 1779, and published at their Requeft. By the Rev. Jofeph Robertson, Curate of the said Church. 4to. York, printed; London, Sold by Baldwin, &c.

•'Every member of the Friendly Society,' we are told in a note, .by contributing eight-pence per month, is allowed five shillings a week out of the joint stock, when rendered incapable of working by fickness, lameness, or blindness. On the decease of any member, his widow receives five pounds for defraying his funeral expences : and when any member's wife dies, he is allowed forty Millings for the fame purpose. We conclude also, though we are not directly informed, that a collection is made at the rime of the sermon for supporting this design. Mr. Robertson, in this discourse, urges the exercise of charity by convincing arguments, and pathetic repre-Hi. III. Preached before the President and Governors of the Marine

Society, at St. George's, Hanover-Square, on their Anniversary Meeting, April 13, 1779. By Robert Markham, D. D. Rector of St. Mary's, Whitechapel.

E In this discourse, the preacher infifts ar large on the utility of the Marine Society, and recommends the support of the institution, with much strength of argument, and animation of language. An account of the receipts and disbursements of the Society is subjoined. IV. Preached in Lambeth Chapel, at the Consecration of the Right

Rev. John Warren, D. D. Lord Bishop of St. David's ; Septem,ber 19, 1779. By Benjamin Newton, M. A. Vicar of Sandhurst,

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