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point of view, in having introduced about the mid-1 has not yet been completed. Prussia indeed is dle certain.“ Fragments” of a second tragedy on quiet, but Germany is disturbed ; and from Dusexactly the same unhappy theme. But the work seldorf all round in a circle to Munich, insurrecabounds in interest—and, indeed, we should be at tion, if not republicanism, triumphs. a loss to name another recent novel that shows any- To deal with this state of things, the King of thing like the same power of painting strong pas- Prussia has two sets of advisers. The one consion or rather we should say the strong passion sists of the absolutists, who would have him march of gentle natures, and this too under all the habit- his armies, at all hazard, to put down insurrection ual restraints of education, principle, and self-con- in the Palatinate, in Baden, and Wurtemberg, and trol. It was, however, the beautifully pure even in Bavaria. The monarch hesitates. The English that we especially desired to dwell upon, task is serious, the region in insurrection vast, the and that is the more noticeable because the episode population numerous, and a defeat would risk his above condemned is wholly in French ; and, as we
What is to gain, moreover, by treading say on far higher authority than our own, such South Germany under the bayonets of his soldiers ? French as was never before published by an Eng- He thereby breaks into the liberal party, affronts lishman. In Lord Brougham's French writings, the popular sentiment of Germany, and does the in Lord Mahon's, and also in Mr. Beckford's, it dirty work of absolutism without remuneration. was, we believe, the judgment of Paris, that, ex- His other advisers are the constitutional party, traordinary as their correctness was, a native eye who recommend the king not only to reëstablish could not fail to detect some mixture of the French the constitution in his own dominions, but to ocof different epochs. How could it be otherwise, troyer a liberal one for all Germany, a constitution we may well ask. But so much the more won- in accordance with the spirit of the age and the der if, as we are assured, it is the fact that the requirements of the people, and one that would miniature romance framed into “Rockingham” is convey to himself the supreme command of the as completely in the best French of the present German empire, even though the name of emperor time as the bulk of the work is in its best Eng- did not at first appear. The man who chiefly lish.
presses this bold counsel on the king is one of the The history of the patch we conjecture to have ablest men in Germany, Von Radowitz, chief of been this. The author originally designed a French the right or conservative party in the Parliament novel on the full scale-perhaps he finished it. of Frankfort ; a statesman who entered that assemHe by and bye saw reason to think that he could bly an absolutist, but who has left it a fanatic conbring out his general conception better with the use stitutionalist, though of the Chateaubriand school. of English manners
s—and, dominus utriusque lin- Von Radowitz, however, more inclined by nature gue, penned Rockingham, interweaving much mat- to absolutism and to Austria, sees that neither will ter from the discarded Royaulmont. When he do; that the spirit of constitutionalism must be had done, he found he had been forced to omit propitiated ; and he strongly advises the King of some of the best scenes of the French piece. No Prussia to be its champion and promulgator. In skill could amalgamate those plums with the news this Von Radowitz is joined by the leading men in pudding—so he served up as a side dish a few Germany, by Gagern, by Camphausen, who all slices of the old one. And we sympathize with insist that without such a change of policy in the his reluctance to throw away altogether such pas- king, Germany must become, as Bonaparte desages as Marie Antoinette's ball at Versailles, and clared it would, either republican or Cossack. the execution of the too tender Marquise de Roy- Even if Russian troops should succeed (a matter aulmont—in truth we think them even better than next to impossible) in putting down the present the best in the loves of his English “younger movement in Southern Germany, the mere fact of brother,” and his (of course quite correct) English that suppression by Russian bayonets would infalMarchioness.
libly throw the whole South German population
into the arms of France, laying it open to French From the Examiner, 2 June,
influence at all times, and to French invasion
whenever a fitting time might offer. THE NEW IMPERIAL CONSTITUTION FOR GER
The King of Prussia is said to have admitted MANY.
the justice of these views and the prudence of the All Central Europe is in suspense to see what counsel based upon them; and he was prepared to the King of Prussia will do. What he decides follow it when Austrian influence and intrigue, both upon at this moment is almost more important than at Munich and at Frankfort, completely deferred the march of Russian armies or the success of if not defeated his plans. The King of Bavaria French intervention. It is no secret that the Prus- has set himself in direct opposition to them, as nulsian king has been coquetting with the constitu- lifying his influence in Germany; and the new tional party; and that he has allowed it to be Frankfort ministry has hitherto counteracted the known as his sentiment, that his present ministry, conciliatory and constitutional views of Prussia. whom he employs as instruments of coercion, are The archduke has declared that he wanted soldiers, far from being the statesmen of his taste and not constitutions, from Berlin ; that it was better choice. But the constitutionalists refused to do to allow the Suabian republic to have its fling, than the work of coercion ; and unfortunately that work merely to half put it down; and that what Prussian bayonets refused to do now, Austrian bayonets is one of the gravest inconveniences which warwould do more effectually hereafter, when Hun- fare brings in its train; and though a commander, gary was subdued and Italy pacified.
responsible for the success of a campaign and the It remains to be seen whether Prussia will rest safety of an army, must at times provide for both contented with this state of suspense, or whether at the expense of these necessary conditions of the king will boldly trust himself to the constitu- humanity, he may lament that the very act of war tionalists, and appeal to the moderately liberal sen- itself can only be perfected by inhuman means. timents of the better class of Germans. Many But surely the right of thus isolating communities, motives deter him. One is, no doubt, the fear of and snapping short the channels of commercial Russia, which threatens daily to interfere in Den- and social intercourse, can only be exercised, wich mark. Another is, that it would be a breach be-justice, within the actual sphere of warlike optween him and the ultra-royalist party of the army erations. * Absolute barbarians--as cultivated and of Pomerania, on whom he was able to fling Austria and other cultivated states have no doubt himself for support against the Berlin population, often called Mehemet Ali's Egyptians—suffered when the constitutionalists would not undertake to the Indian mails to pass even while Napier was put it down by force. Wrangel and Brandenburg engaged in battering down the Syrian fortresses. did this without scruple, and it may not be safe as The most unscrupulous of English ministers never yet to dispense with these Bugeauds of Prussia. thought of putting London under martial law be
Meantiine the rumor is, that the new imperial cause Wellington complained that the English constitution is in print, and that Saxony, and Han- newspapers often gave the French the first intiover, and several smaller states have accepted it. mation of his own operations. Many people look every morning to the official How, then, are we to understand the “ State of paper for its appearance. Some think it will Siege” which has been declared in the several never appear. Some say it will only appear with cities of the Austrian empire ? How is it that such conditions, in a monarchic or absolutist sense, Prague, the capital of the Bohemians—that as will completely nullify all hopes of its content- Agram, the metropolis of Croatia—that Viening the constitutionalists. Others, again, confi- na, that Trieste—are all subjected to the irredently assert, that were it a model-mixture of sponsible will of a brutal soldiery? Prague,
the liberty and wisdom it ought not to be accepted, head-quarters of protesting Czechish nationality! because octroyed in defiance and disruption of the Agram, the seat of government of Ban Jellachich former parliament. The latter sentiment, how- himself? ever, is not very prevalent at Berlin, where jeal- Certainly the happy Constitution Octroyée may ousy of Frankfort exists even in the most radical explain a good deal ; for no one now doubts that classes, and is a feeling that the imperialists might that suicidal measure has rent every bond between well turn to account.
the bureaucratic centre in Vienna, and the outlyWe had written thus much when certain tidings ing nationalities which were to be first played off reached us that the imperial constitution would be against one another, and then destroyed. But certainly promulgated, and that the princes would months have elapsed since the publication of that sanction it. The difference between this new con- insane piece of doctrinaire folly called forth the stitution and that voted by the German parliament indignant remonstrances of every insulted provconsists in four principal points.
ince; and it is only within a few days, in short The first is the suffrage, which remains indeed since the march of the Cossacks to Hungary, that universal, but which is to be indirect—not an alter- these increased measures of severe surveillance ation for the better.
have been adopted. Two satisfactory explanaThe second change is the establishment of a tions are all that offer themselves. council of princes, to preëxamine and pre-sanction Absolutism works in the dark; its deeds fear, all ministerial propositions.
as they will not bear, the light. Provident AusThe third change is the substitution of the ab- tria, conscious of the character of the new allies solute for the suspensive veto in the chief of the she has invoked—or, rather, of the new masters empire.
to whom she has bent her neck—desires that EuThe fourth fixes the title of that chief to be, notrope may not look too closely into the means by Kaiser, but Reichsvorstand.
which anarchy is to be subdued, monarchy re
placed in its pristine splendor, and patemal govFrom the Examiner, 2 June. ernment again restored to gladden the hearts of WHAT DOES THE STATE OF SIEGE” MEAN? filial dependants. These are the only objects she
proposes to herself! Or it may be, that, in some The spread of information and facilitation of uncertainty as to the result of this last tremendous intercourse are not unjustly reckoned among the experiment, she desires to keep off curious, pitygreatest blessings and surest evidences of true ing, or insulting eyes; and, like the dying Cæsar civilization. Post-offices, newspapers, highways, of old, folds her robe decently before her face that and railroads, belong to advanced periods in the her death pangs may not be witnessed. Perhistory of individual nations and of the world, and haps, too, she desires in this moment of her to none but advanced periods. The miserable necessity of interrupting such civilizing communion * Grotius, De jure belli, bk. iii., cb. 17,5 1
agony that no intrusive spectator shall scrutinize them; that the Polish officers have become arrotoo closely the difference that exists between her gant, and are supplanting the Hungarians ; that public acts and those of her high-hearted antago- the latter have refused to cross the frontier, and nist. The savage proclamations and savage deeds that the Austrians are continually victorious. All of her officers stand in pitiful contrast with the these assertions are nothing more than notorious dignity and humanity of the Hungarian leaders. official lies, dating from the time of WindischThe convulsive struggles of her financial board, grätz; and we only wonder that calumnies so resting to the very last upon the rotten reed of frequently exposed can still find credit enough to protection, must not be exposed to comparison make it worth while to repel them.
There are with the liberal and enlightened measures of K.os- no more than 5,000 Poles with the Hungarian suth's ministry.
army, and all of them are officered by their own The first object, then, of the “State of Siege” countrymen ; conflict, therefore, with the Hunis to prevent information from being given to Eu- garians is out of the question. There is no rope ; to continue the system of mystification, sup- shadow of dissension, and it is on paper only that pression of the truth, suggestion of the false, by the Austrian victories are to be found. Up to this which Austria has hitherto only too well succeed- moment, in spite of Russian assistance, the Aused in imposing upon certain classes of society in trians have not gained ground an inch. every country. Even in these last moments she An engagement has taken place near Bartfield remains true to her old instincts—the genuine, between the Russians and Dembinski's corps, in universal instincts of absolute bureaucracy; and which the former had 600 men killed ; but this since she cannot any longer spread abroad a lie, fact was of course withheld by the Austrians, who she is determined that the truth shall not be said that the Russians were poisoned; as if it were spread. This is one suggestion as to the mean- probable that the Hungarians, who up to the presing of the “ State of Siege.”
ent moment have maintained their chivalrous But there is another, pregnant with deeper re- character, were likely, when everywhere slicsults. It may be--as it is more than suspected— cessful, to have recourse to the weapons of cowthat even the Austrian provinces themselves fall ards. But the Austrians have not forgotten the off in disgust at the treasonable acts of their gov- maxim of their favorite allies the Jesuits, “Caernment. The Czechs, and Crotians, and Ser- lumniare audacter semper aliquid hæret." On the vians, have not only discovered the fraud that has other hand, however, even the Austrian papers been put upon them, and whose meaning the pre- admit that a party favorable to the Hungarians has mature publication of the constitution first re- formed itself amongst the Servians. But they also vealed; but they will not consent to have the add that Karageorgvich, Prince of Servia, a vas selfish Camarilla of Vienna degrade the empire, sal of Turkey, openly enrolls soldiers for Austria of which they are members, into a pachalic of in Servia itself. How is this to be reconciled Russia. The honorable feeling of nationality, with the declared neutrality of the Ottoman Porte ? which was used as an instrument of division between Is it in consequence of any secret articles to the race and race, has not been suppressed ; and the recently concluded treaty between Russia and TurMoravian or Bohemian can now look with terror key, which English diplomacy has not been able and repentance upon the course into which he was to prevent? If so, we may perhaps soon hear seduced on false pretences. Better, far better, for that even in Paris the cabinet of St. Petersburg is him to have remained the friend of the Magyar more potential than that of London. than to become the tributary of the Cossack. He We learn, and with certainty, from a traveller does not like the allies or the masters the Cama- who left Pesth on the 9th ult., that no political prosrilla propose to give him.
ecutions whatever take place in Hungary, and that This, then, is probably the second reason why all the reports of the Austrian papers are in this the “ State of Siege” exists. And if so, what respect, too, so many falsehoods.
M. Pazziazi, a is left of the Austrian empire ?
Greek, formerly in the service of the Hungarian government, is now in Vienna, exclusively on
gaged in fabricating extracts from the Hungarian From the Examiner, 2 June.
papers in order to provoke hatred among the THE WAR IN HUNGARY.
people against Hungary ; and as the Hungarian SINCE the press has been subjected to military newspapers are absolutely prohibited, no one can control in all parts of Austria we have no informa- collate M. Pazziazi 's extracts from the originals. tion from Hungary in continental newspapers, ex- Pazmandy, formerly president of the Hungarian cept Austrian official reports, “cooked up” for diet, went over to the Austrians in January last, the purpose of destroying sympathy for that coun- for which he was proscribed at Debreczin. He try in other nations of Europe. These reports has lately presented and disculpated himself at partake in every instance of the same character as Debreczin, whereupon the proscription was immethe assertions that 20,000 Poles were in the Hun- diately withdrawn. On the other hand, M. Von garian army; (one of our contemporaries has even Betöcz, Vicegespon (sheriff) of Presburg, has been had the hardihood to aver that the majority of the shot by order of General Welden, on account of Hungarian army consists of subjects of the Em- his attachment to the Hungarian cause. The peror of Russia !) that dissensions exist among Hungarians will probably at length be forced, by
such repeated acts of barbarity committed by the ernment. Certainly we shall be prepared in AmerAustrian generals, to have recourse to measures ica to hail the advent of such a journal with cordialof reprisal ; abhorrent as such measures have ity and gratitude. Two of the most active writers always been to them, as well as opposed to the Tupper. Of the former we are yet to know more
of the Anglo-Saxon are Mr. Brereton and Mr. determination they have hitherto acted upon to in this country ; nor will it be long before he takes conduct the war with every possible regard to the his place in our libraries as one of the best and claims of civilization and humanity.
most generous of Englishmen. Tupper has long We can at length announce with certainty that been throughout America a household word. He is Buda, (or Ofen,) the ancient capital of the king- read in all of our thirty republics—he has among us a dom, the fall of which was prematurely announced score publishers—he has millions of readers. They, by some of our contemporaries, and by others is with other noble and humane men in the fatherstill denied, was stormed and taken by the Hun- under the fairest auspices, and will not unlikely soon
land, have begun this quarterly. It has sprung up garians on the 22d of May. General Hentzy, the lake its place among the first of those great journals commander of the fortress, so much lauded by the which now constitute the ornament of British literTimes, was formerly in the Hungarian service ; ature. and he, like all other foreign officers, was permitted to leave it when the war broke out, on giving
A WORD TO THE YANKEES : his word of honor not to bear arms against Hungary. The knowledge of this fact probably in
PHY,” &c. duced the Austrian general-in-chief to invest
FRIENDS AND BROTHERS : General Hentzy with the command of a place which it was important to hold to the last extrem
I am bold to call you Yankees—Yenghees— ity. He is severely wounded, and a prisoner to Englishmen! Not that this word would seek to the Hungarians.
rob you of a separate nationality, that wholesome The fortresses of Arad and Karlsburg have pride of independence, undoubtedly your right as been for these three weeks in the hands of the your boast ; nor that, among your multitudinous Hungarians, though the fact has not been men- array, your gatherings from many countries, we tioned by the Austrian papers.
can claim numerically for all a strictly British certainly expect to receive in a few days the news
origin. Germany-our honest, cousin-germane of a decisive engagement.
Germany—has great part among your swarming millions; and, more to your cost than your advan
tage, that poor unwelcome wanderer the Celt; New York, 25 June, 18-19. and many other mingled stocks and races swell To the Editor of Littell's Living Age.
your mighty multitude ; but it is still a proud and Dear Sir—Having been favored by Mr. Tupper, a pleasant matter of fact for us to note, that the the distinguished author of “ Proverbial Philos- mass of you are sons of merry England ; that you ophy," with some of the proofs, in advance of pub- are near kith and kin with us, Briton-bred, if not lication, of the July No. of the new quarterly, The Britisher-born ; and, although some distinctions ANGLO-Saxon, I send for your use the following “ Word to the Yankees," which will be read i may be reasonably drawn between the two, there doubt not with delight by thousands. We have are still so many more similarities to be noted, not had many such addresses sent over to us from that we seem but (as we are) brothers of one nurEngland; and in fact, so far as my observation ex- sery. Young Columbia, full of vigorous health tends, it is the most cordial and generous greeting and masculine virtues—what is she but the conan English author has ever penned. It will be as tinental phase of England? And dear Old Enggenerously responded to. The day has gone by land, though robed in ermine, and imperially when English authors can make capital out of the crowned ; in spite of pride and prejudice ; in Hall and Trollope style of writing. A better spirit is growing up between the Anglo-Saxons of the old spite of faults and failings all her own, because and new world.
distinctively John Bullism; England, the land of I have not yet observed in your invaluable eclec- our common ancestry, whose freedom is the germ tic any extracts from this new and noble journal. of yours; masqued though she may be in antique As it is possible you have not yet received it I send paraphernalia of aristocratic differences, (rooting you the first two numbers, from which I hope you oftentimes in reason, and founded on antiquity, will transfer some of the best portions. No literary project has ever been started in England in which pregnant too of many uses, though now and then our nation has been so deeply concerned ; none corrupt, as human nature wills)—that dear old which has ever promised to result in so much good. home of ours, and of yours—what is she but an
The object of the Anglo-Saxon is to bring the Island America ? scattered sons of the great Anglo-Saxon family I will not ask you if you love her; I will not closer together—to record what is most worthy of touch that tender spot upon your hearts which remembrance in the history of this greatest of all throbs with the thought, how dearly! As the races to make mankind more familiar with Anglo-needle to the magnet, as the flower to the sun, as Saxon history and progress.
with the kindest spirit' towards this country. It is purely
the hart to the waterbrook, as the child to its international in this sense that it is devoted to the mother-instinctive nature and intelligent affection interests of the Anglo-Saxons throughout the world have forged those secret chains that bind us un-without distinction of country, or clime, or gov- alterably together.
O yes! your recollections
| illustrate this position? Why attempt, with feeble Look back with streaming eye,
pen, to throw off rounded periods in record of those
world-known names, the minted gold of either na-
tion, interchangeably at a premium with the other?
Oye mighty intellects of the Anglo-Saxon race,
who, each in his own orbit a particular star, shine
out upon our brilliant modern harvest-night in a Ah! need I tell of places
constellated galaxy, let me not invidiously linger You dream and dwell on still?
to detail your earthly individual titles, but in one Those old familiar faces
telescopic sweep survey your mingled fires. ReOf English vale and hill;
member-each and all-remember for yourselves, The sites you think of, sobbing,
gratefully and reverently, the poets, philosophers And seek, as pilgrims seek,
and teachers, the orators, saints and sages, the heWith brows and bosoms throbbing,
roes and the heroines, the noble, learned, pious, And tears upon your cheek?
master-minds, who, through an English tongue, Yes, Anglo-Saxon brother,
bless and teach and fertilize the world. Have we
not both reaped liberally from each other? and who
can count up our mutual obligations? We are
partners, not rivals, in the best and wisest of manTo Continental State,
kind; in everything excellent and ennobling, no And we Columbia, glowing
less than in the more earthly fields of commercial With all that makes you great.
enterprise ; we glean knowledge from each other's Verily, no common ties are these around us from each other's keenness, perfection from each
learning, taste from each other's art, inventior: two. It is not merely in the general, as descend
other's skill. Time and space would fail me for ants of Adam, believers in Christianity, or sons of
a catalogue of instances. civilization ; but nearer, dearer, than so: as blood
No two nations under heaven, are more natrelations, called by the same name, stirred by the
urally united, more providentially allied than we same sympathies, sons or grandsons of the same
In truth, foreigners can discern no difference stock, yearning towards each other across 3,000 between us, and are puzzled that we can see any. miles of sea and land : as fellow-countrymen, Ask a Spaniard, a Swede, or a Greek, to distinspeaking the same language, brought up in the same faiths, traditions, memories, and principles : lish one, between John Bull and Jonathan, when
guish between an American gentleman and an Engas mates and neighbors from infancy till now, in
they meet in any company; nay, if it were not every nursery game, school contest, and college for the star-spangled banner” floating from yonrecollection ; in all the business, cares, perils, and pleasures of human life ; conversing always in the naval uniforms, not foreigners, merely, would be
der flagstaff, and for the queen's button on these same kindly English tongue ; in every ethnological found at fault, but the Yankee and the Britisher mark, idiosyncrasy, and power, moral, intellectual, would mutually wonder which is which. And, or physical, the same ; cherishing a Briton's pride call yourselves republican, if you will; you are in the past, an English sense of duty in the pres- not French republicans ; let us be counted monent, and an Anglo-Saxon confidence of all things archists; we are not Russian serfs, nor Arab honorable and successful for the future : energized fellahs, but jealous freemen still—clinging, not alike, featured alike, charactered alike; with brotherhood stamped on all we are, and on all we Both of us are well agreed in giving the greatest
less sturdily than you, to a glorious constitution. do. Go to ! there is country-love between us, possible amount of liberty to every man, thing, and home love :
thought that are good ; and in only making govThere's nothing foreign in your face
a terror to the evil.” Order, justice,
with you as with us; honor and duty, philanthro-
py and godliness, are watchwords to us both; and
the inviolable principles of our common race are Still true it is, young Jonathan,
everywhere bubbling up, as living waters, to reMy fathers fathered you !
fresh the wilderness of this world, sparkling from
the well-spring of that heaven-stricken rock, OUR In what department, friends, of art or of sci
Anglo-Saxon heart. ence, of literature or religion, are we not continually
Aye, let party-men quarrel as they must ;-let interchanging benefits? We Anglo-Saxons, on either side of the Atlantic, are both of us but half tenth-rate authorship elaborate its falsehoods, to satisfied with the love and admiration of a single tual good will;—let electioneering placemen, to
earn lucre and notoriety at the expense of our muhemisphere ; we claim and yearn for the other also; we are each other's echo of fame, each and set down much in malice :- let diplomacy,
serve some petty purpose, exaggerate, extenuate, other's reflection-of glory!
with the best intentions and reciprocal assurance What need of an array of modern instances to of the very highest consideration, embroil govern