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of a soul brought to the Saviour by the the Sabbath. The existence of a senior humblest of his servants.
class must exert a constraining influII.. Another object of the senior class ence, and be a constant inducement to is to secure for every youth a familiar the youths of whom it is composed, to acquaintance with God's holy word, and remember the Sabbath day, to keep it to impress on his mind its lessons of holy. The best clothes, the cleanly wisdom and truth. By the study of person, the still day, the cessation from these be will be taught how to enjoy life, labour, become associated with the du. by early beginning with the fear of the ties of a senior class. And the scholar Lord : he will learn what he is and looks forward to the day as one of vawhat he may become. He will further riety and delight. The kind look and understand that to fear the Lord and affectionate welcome of the teacher, the depart from evil is the essence of exercises of devotion, the change of wisdom, the unfailing spring of happi- books, the interesting lesson, and the ness.
attendance at the house of God, give a As the study of any book gives a bias pleasing diversity to the passing hours. to the mind, so the Bible, devoutly read IV. In fine, the senior class is esand studied, becomes as a lamp, a light, tablished as an auxiliary to the ministry a guide, a rule. It forms the mind and of the gospel. It is, perhaps more than controls the actions; not as the stream any other agency, effectual, by the Spiturns the mill-wheel, nor as the sun and rit's blessing, in rousing, animating, and rain produce vegetation, but as it is un inspiring a thirst for religious truth, and derstood, believed, and obeyed. It will in preparing youth for engaging in all also make him a good member of society; that is useful and good. If we desire for in the Bible he will learn his relation that the ministry of the word of God to his fellow.creatures, to love his neigh may have · free course and be glorified,' bour as himself, to obey them that have we shall do well to direct attention to the rule over him; to be loyal to his the youths of the land, and train them sovereign, to render honour to whom up in the fear of the Lord. The minis. honour is due, and to pay all just tri- ter, as a good sower, scatters the seeds bute and custom to the state with which over many minds, if perchapce it may fall he is connected. And if he wish for into good ground. Now, it is essential any change in the constitution or laws that the ground be well prepared. The of the realm, he will learn to use peace- mind of youth is active; it is not as yet ful means only to obtain it, and give rendered rock.like; but as the soft wax, obedience to just laws while they are it readily receives impressions, and, ere the laws of his country.
we are aware, a variety of prejudices are Another result will be, to impress the engendered which are not easily rooted mind with lofty and reverential concep-out. For their removal, individual attions of the character of God, as display- tentions are requisite ; personal converse ed in those histories of the Bible which and free discussion, which would be out manifest his power and justice; and to of place in pulpit discourses. In the excite admiration and gratitude at the senior class, the mind may be trained, gentleness, forbearance, and compassion prejudices removed, and desires awaken. of Jehovah, exbibited in other scripture ed for the enjoyment of divine things histories. The biographies of both pro- with the people of God. If these duties fane and godly men, given in the sacred were more attended to, and a greater histories, are calculated to show the anxiety manifested that our youth might natural depravity of man, and to lead understand and feel the power of Scripyouths therefore to distrust their ownture truth, we should hear of more con. hearts, wbich are deceitful above all versions among them. Then would our things and desperately wicked;' and to sons be “as plants grown up in their trust in God alone for the light and youth,' and our daughters as 'corner strength they require through the peril. stones, polished after the similitude of a ous pilgrimage of life.
| palace.'How glorious the means which III. Another object, already touched conduct to such ends! upon, is to promote practical regard for
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF INTERESTING CHARACTERS.
AONIO PALEARIO. ANTONIO DALLA PAGLIA or, as he religion left in the city.- Why? Bemore generally called himself, Aonio cause, being asked one day, what was Paleario, was born about the year the first ground on which men should 1500, at Veroli, in the Campagna di rest their salvation, I replied, “Christ!” Roma. He studied under eminent Being asked what was the second, I masters, and was soon noticed as an replied, “ Christ !” and, being asked accomplished scholar. He acquired what was the third, I still replied the friendship of many of the learned “Christ!” of his age and country, and also of The charges againsthim were brought those dignified ecclesiastics whose reli. to a point by the publication, in 1543, gious views were esteemed the most of his treatise of the Benefit of Christ's moderate. Among these may be nam Death. The vast reputation which it ed the Cardinals Sadolet and Pole, had, and the eagerness with which it who were thought the last of them was read, being in the Italian lanparticularly to favour the Reforma-guage, increased the virulence of his tion.
opponents. Otho Melius Cotta, above After passing several years in Rome, mentioned, was his most determined Paleario removed to Sienna, where he enemy; and with this person three married a lady, by whom he had two hundred leagued themselves in a reso. sons and two daughters. By the sen. | lution to destroy Paleario. And, in ate of Sienna he was appointed public | order to insure his condemnation, teacher of Greek and Latin, and he twelve of these were selected to bear also lectured on philosophy and the witness against him. He had, in belles-lettres. His diligent study of consequence, to defend himself bethe Scriptures, and of the works of fore the senate of Sienna, which he the German divines, imbued his in- did with so much spirit, that for the structions with a spirit very different moment his defence was successful. from the lectures of his colleagues ; . There are some,' said he, ‘so censoand this, while it gratified his pupils, rious as to be displeased when we provoked the anger of the authori. give the highest praise to the author ties. Cardinal Sadolet represented to and God of our salvation, Christ the him the danger he incurred, and ad- King of all nations and people. For vised him to yield to the times, and at writing in the Tuscan language, to least clothe his notions in more cau- shew what great benefits accrue to tious language. But such advice little mankind from his death, a criminal suited the zealous mind of Paleario ; accusation has been made against me. and he continued to assert his opinions Is it possible to utter or conceive anywith the greatest freedom. His con- thing more shameful? I said that, duct was therefore watched, and every since he in whom Divinity resided stratagem employed to fasten the has poured out his life's blood so lov. crime of heresy upon him. Thus, be- ingly for our salvation, we ought not cause he had exposed the hypocrisy of to doubt the good will of heaven, but an ecclesiastic assiduous in his prostra- may promise ourselves the greatest tions at the shrine of a saint, while tranquillity and peace. I affirmed, evading the payment of his debts, agreeably to the most unquestionable Paleario was represented as an impious monuments of antiquity, that those, wretch, who dishonoured the blessed who turn with their souls to Christ saints. A remarkable proof is afford-crucified, commit themselves to him by ed, in one of his letters, of the real faith, acquiesce in the promises, and ground of opposition to him, “Cotta,' cleave with assured faith to him who says he, asserts that, if I am allowed cannot deceive, are delivered from all to live, there will not be a vestige of evil, and enjoy a full pardon of all their sins. These things appear so, inquisitor, Angelo di Cremona, convey. grievous, so detestable, so execrable, ed to Rome, and committed a close to the twelve, I cannot call them men, prisoner to the Torre Nona. but inhuman beasts, that they judged. The charges against him were disthat the author should be committed posed under the following four heads : to the flames. If I must undergo this -That he denied purgatory; that he punishment for the aforesaid testimony disapproved of the burial of the dead in (for I deem it a testimony rather than churches, and preferred the ancient a libel,) then, senators, nothing more Roman mode of sepulture without the happy can befall me. In such times walls of the cities ; that he ridiculed the as these I do not think a christian monastic life ; and, lastly, that he asought to die in his bed. To be accus-cribed justification solely to faith in ed, to be dragged to prison, to be the mercy of God forgiving our sins scourged, to be hung up by the neck, through Jesus Christ. In his examinto be sewed up in a sack, to be exposedations he appears to have manifested to wild beasts, is little ; let me be great firmness. When questioned by roasted before a fire, provided only the cardinals of the inquisition, he ad. the truth be brought to light by such dressed them (it is an enemy who rea death.'
ports his words): Seeing that your Though disappointed for the time, | eminences have so many credible Paleario's accusers were not inclined witnesses against me, it is unnecessary to let him rest; he was, therefore, for you to give yourselves or me longer soon after obliged to quit Sienna. trouble. I am resolved to act accordBeing invited by the senate of Lucca, ing to the advice of the blessed apostle he repaired to that city, were he taught, Peter, when he says, “Christ suffered and acted on solemn occasions as ora- for us, leaving us an example that we tor to the republic. One of his former should follow his steps, who did no enemies, however, Machus, called Bla- evil, neither was guile found in his terone, (the Babbler)--followed him to mouth; who, when he suffered he this place, and, being anew confounded | threatened not, but committed himself by the eloquence and noble bearing to him that judgeth righteously.”of Paleario, sought revenge on him Proceed, then, to give judgment : prothrough the Dominicans at Rome. nounce sentence on Aonio, and thus But he had friends in the conclave, gratify his adversaries, and fulfil your who for the present stifled the charges office.' Judgment was given, and he of his accuser.
was condemned, after three years' imThe income of his post at Lucca prisonment, to be suspended on a gibappears to have been scarcely sufficient | bet, and his body to be committed to for the creditable maintenance of his the flames ; though according to some family ; and he had the trial of seeing authorities, he was burned alive. his wife endure privations to which The Romanists, according to their she had been unaccustomed. After frequent practice in such cases, preremaining, therefore, for about ten tended that Aonio was repentant, and years in his office he accepted a more died in the communion of their church. advantageous proposal from the senate | And there is a minute to this effect exof Milan. This was to become pro- tant, which purports to be an official fessor of eloquence, with a liberal document of the Dominicans who atsalary and various privileges ; and here tended him in his last moments. But he might have expected to spend the this assertion is refuted by an author, remainder of his life. But the toils of Laderchius, who drew his materials the persecutors were now fast thicken. from the records of the inquisition, ing around the reformer; and Paleario, and who says, 'When it appeared that after several years of peril, was just, this son of Belial was obstinate and in 1566, deliberating about a removal refractory, and could by no means be to Bologna, when, on the accession of recovered from the darkness of error Pius V. to the papal chair, the accusa- | to the light of truth, he was deservedly tion against the author of The Benefit delivered to the fire, that, after sufferof Christ's Death,' was directed to be ing its momentary pains here, he re-heard. He was then seized by the I might be found in everlasting flames
hereafter.' Indeed, the last letters | ing. With the dowry of your mother, which Paleari wrote to his family on bring up your little sister as God shall the morning of his death, sufficiently give you grace. Salute Aspasia and shew the falsity of the pretended re- sister Aonilla, my beloved daughters cantation. They would, we may readi- in the Lord. My hour approaches. ly conclude, have expressed his contri. The Spirit of God console and pretion, had he felt any, for opposing the serve you in his grace. Your father, popish doctrines. These letters to his
AONIO PALEARI.' wife and children are as follows:
ROME, July 3rd, 1570. My dearest wife. I would not wish
The subscription was, “To his dearthat you should receive sorrow from lest wife. Marietta Paleari, and his be. my pleasure, nor ill from my good.
good: loved sons, Lampridio and Fedro PaThe hour is now come when I must leari, at the hill of Valdenza, in the pass from this life to my Lord and
a suburbs of St. Caterina.' Father, and God. I depart as joyfully
After these last farewells, he ren. as if I were going to the nuptials of
dered up himself to the tormentors, the Son of the great King, which I
and entered his eternal rest. have always prayed my Lord to grant me through his goodness and infinite mercy. Wherefore, my dearest wife,
DYING HOURS OF SIR ALEX. comfort yourself with the will of God
ANDER CARMICHAEL, and with my resignation, and attend to the desponding family which still sur
OF SKIRLING. vives, training them up, and preserv.
The following article is from a ' Memo. ing them in the fear of God, and being | rial' prepared by the Rev. Dr. Hanna, the to them both father and mother. I biographer of Dr, Chalmers, and which am now an old man of seventy years, appeared in the Free Church Magazine for and useless. Our children must pro. Dec. last. The subject of the memorial vide for themselves by their virtue and was born in 1812, and died on the 8th, of industry, and lead an honourable life. ) May 1850. God the Father, and our Lord Jesus EARLY in April. that he might be Christ, and the communion of the with his sister's' family, Sir Alexander Holy Spirit, be with your spirit! Thy had
Thy had gone to Brighton. On Sabbath, husband, AONIO PALEARI.!
the 28th of that month, he was at ROME, July 3rd, 1570.
church, complaining only of a slight Lampridio and Fedro. beloved cold, which exhibited no violent or children,-These my very courteous dangerous symptoms; he had been lords do not abate in their kindness to out, however, for the last time. During me even at this extremity, and give me the week which followed, bis illness permission to write to you. It pleases rapidly increased, severe bronchial God to call me to himself by this inflammation having set in, extendmeans, which may appear to you harsh ing at last to the lining membrane and painful; but if you regard it pro of the chest, and to the substance perly, as happening with my full re- of the lungs. Towards the close of signation and pleasure, you will ac- the week, great cerebral excitement quiesce in the will of God, as you have showed itself, and the worst fears as hitherto done. Virtue and industry to the issue were raised. Through the I leave you for a patrimony, along whole of the Sabbath, the 5th of May, with the little property you already the brain remained unaffected, and as possess. I do not leave you in debt: the other dangerous symptoms had many are always asking when they likewise abated, his medical attendant, ought to give. You were freed more Dr. Madden, who watched over him than eighteen years ago : you are not throughout with unwearied assiduity, bound for my debts. If you are called felt considerably relieved, On Monupon to discharge them, have recourse day, however, the hopes thus cherished to his excellency the duke, who will were disappointed, and it became but not see you wronged. I have request too evident that he could not long sured from Luca Pridio an account of vive. On the evening of this day, his what is due to me, and what I am ow- / beloved brother William, the youngest
son of the second Lady Carmichael, leave, asking his brother to remind him who, after completing his education at of them, that he might repeat them Cambridge, is about to enter the before others. “And now,' he added, Church of England, arrived at Brigh- 'I must not think any more of this ton. It was the greatest solace to Sir world. Repeat me some texts. Among Alexander to have one so tenderly other passages cited was the verse, attached to him by his side. He was •If any man sin, we have an advocate then labouring under severe oppres. with the Father, Jesus Christ the righsion of the lungs, and could with diffi-teous.' His thoughts reverted once culty articulate. As soon, however, more to his favourite verse- The as he saw his brother, he exclaimed, blood of Jesus Christ cleanseth from • My dear William, I am so glad you all sin.' The telling how true this are come. I hope you will stay with saying was in his own experience me till the end.' It was too much for seemed to exalt his mind. “Now,' he the affectionate brother to be thus exclaimed, say something glorious !' addressed. Noticing how much he The last verse of the 40th chapter of was overcome, Sir Alexander added, Isaiah was repeated. As his next 'Do not be so distressed-I am so happy utterance was, "Bless the Lord, O my at the thought of dying-all is peace soul,' the 103rd Psalm was read. The - the blood of Christ cleanseth from 3rd, 12th, and 18th verses he repeated all sin. This passage he repeated after his brother. In reading the 91st twice himself, and then he asked his Psalm, he asked that the 14th, 15th, brother to repeat it. He then solemn- and 16th verses should be read twice ly urged him to seek Christ, and if over. The 23rd Psalm, and the 34th, ever enrolled among God's ministers, to verse 7th, were then read. Read to preach Him alone, and not to cling me,' he then said, “some of the Reve. to 'forms and ceremonies. After å lations, but not a hard passage.' The short silence, he began the verse, 'For 5th, 6th, and 23rd chapters were most God so loved the world,' and asked his appropriately selected. •Seasons like brother to finish it. Referring to Lady this,' he said to his brother, "are much Carmichael and the rest of the family, to be valued, and ought to be improved he desired his brother to tell them noti by the dying in proclaiming their faith to grieve on his account, but to let and peace to the living.' The Parathem know how happy he was. At his phrasesuggestion his brother then retired.
"To Him that loved the souls of men, At two o'clock on the morning of Tuesday the 7th, William was sent
And washed us in his blood,' for. After some consultation about had been repeated at his desire, and additional medical advice, Sir Alex- he growing quiet, and seeming inclined ander asked him to kneel by his bed- to dose, his brother left the room. side, and to promise that he would Throughout this interview, he lay with live after God's law, and exhorted him his head almost level with his chest, most affectionately to continue stead breathing and speaking with much fastly holding true doctrine. After difficulty, but constantly asking his speaking of various members of the brother whether the breathing was family, he expresed a wish to be buried unpleasant, or whether it was disagree. at Castle Craig. “Ask dear - he able for him to remain in the room said, to conduct the funeral service, that tender consideration for the feel. and to preach a sermon at Blyth. And ings of others for which he was always will you,' he added, addressing himself so remarkable, showing itself to the to his brother, will you be chief last. mourner?' Seeing his brother greatly On Tuesday forenoon, all restriction distressed, he added, “But I do not as to the admission of his relatives think that I am going to die just now.' was removed, and Mr. Ross, the PresAgain he spoke of Lady Carmichael- byterian clergyman, was sent for at of his sister-of Mrs Hart Davies-his his own express desire. His eldest dear aunt Charlotte, to whom he was niece, Miss Kinloch, saw him first particularly attached. He recounted alone. He told her to dry her tears— certain legacies which he wished to never to weep for him, for all was