« ElőzőTovább »
to the rest of the community. “ Never" (says | bishop of~of~” “Of Canterbury," said I. "Yes! Mr. C.)
was any one more welcome to his of Canterbury; for I do not see how he who is only money, though I left but litile to pay my ex
an archbishop can by any possibility be the head of penses back to Corfu. Such books would be a Christian hierarchy; bul as you come from the
British embassy I will give my letters, which will treasures in the finest national collection in Eu
ensure your reception into every monastery which rope.” In some of the other nests near St. Bar- acknowledges the supremacy of the orthodox faith laam, he was lucky enough to make further of the Patriarch of Constantinople.” acquisitions, but still he contrived to get back in honor and credit to the mess-table at Corfu, where
In a few days the patriarchal firman was received, without question he found hearty sympathy in and the fees thereon duly discharged. With this respect of the exquisite semi-uncials, the purple authoritative epistle* in his hands, Mr. Curzon (harvellum, the tri-color miniatures, and the Palæo- ing safely weathered sundry squalls and outsaided one logical filagree.
or two supposed pirates) arrived amongst the narWe must make a brave skip from 1835 to 1837, vels of the holy peninsula, and visited in succession and from Meteora to Mount Athos. In starting for all its monasteries, save one, renowned for its figs, this, annong the last of his Levantine battues, Mr. but supposed to have lost long before all its precious Curzon had uncommon advantages. He had been vellums. These establishments are in number twenpassing some weeks at Constantinople as the guest ty-one--and of all sizes ; in some, he found one of Lord Ponsonby, and, merely as the English am
hundred monks, with accommodation for as many bassador's friend, might well have counted on the more; but half of the brethren are usually absent patronage of the Byzantine patriarch ; but he was on agricultural duty, located for the time in outlymoreover provided with a letter from Archbishoping cells—that is, comfortable little farm-houses Howley.
among the glens of the inner region ; others are of
comparatively small consequence, the whole fraterWhen we had smoked our pipes for a while, and all the servants had gone away, I presented the nity not exceeding perhaps a dozen, besides the letter. It was received in due form ; and read agoumenos. All or most are still well endowed, aloud to the patriarch, first in English and then and in fair condition, despite innumerable heavy translated into Greek. "And who," quoth the blows and great discouragements in former ages of Patriarch of Constantinople, “who is this arch- the Turkocracy; and though severely injured and
Why, the Archbishop of Canterbury.” | plundered, many of them, but yesterday during the “ Archbishop of what?" said the patriarch. “Can: wars of the Greek revolution, when the Christian yes! and who is he?" Here all my English friends patriots were not very particular as to their selecand myself were taken aback sadly ; we had not tion of spots on the Ottoman seaboard for a forayimagined that the high priest before us could be nor the Ottoman soldiers in distinguishing between ignorant of such a matter as the one in question. Greek rebels and Greek victims of the license of The Patriarch of the Greek Church, the successor rebellion. The scenery is most charming. Mr. of Gregory Nazianzen, St. John Chrysostom, and Curzon lingers with fond memory orer the “ rocks the heresiarch Nestorius, seemed not to be aware of white marble” garnished with shrubs and flowers, that there were any other denominations of Christians besides those of his own church and the Church the sight of which would make Mr. Paxton gape of Rome. But the fact is that the Patriarch of and Mrs. Lawrence sigh-the gorgeous woods Constantinople is merely the puppet of an intriguing the majestic central peak, which would not, he faction of the Greek bankers and usurers of the thinks, have been improved by being hewn into an Fanar, who select for the office some man of straw image of Alexander the Great. This paradise of whom they feel secure they can rule, and whose monks includes some tracts of very rich soil. Their appointment they obtain by a heavy bribe paid to farms yield good revenues ; they are active timberthe sultan ; for the head of the Christian church is merchants, and supply quantities of corn, fruit, oil, appointed by the Mahomedan Einperor!
We explained, and said that the Archbishop of and beef to the Constantinople markets. Neither Canterbury was a man eminent for his great learning and his Christian virtues ; that he was the pri- resentatives of the Holy Community of the Holy Moun:
*" To the blessed Inspectors, Officers, Chiess, and Repmate and chief of the great reformed Church of tain, and to the Holy Fathers of ihe same, and of all England, and a personage of such high degree that other Sacred Convenis, our beloved Sons. We, Gregohe ranked next to the blood-royal ; that from time rios, Patriarch, Archbishop Universal, &c. &c. &c. Peace immemorial the Archbishop of Canterbury was the be to you. The bearer of the present, our patriarchal sheet, great dignitary who placed the crown upon the the Honorable Robert Curzon, of a noble English family! head of our kings—those kings whose power persons, intending to travel, and wishing to he instructed
recommended to us hy most worthy and much-honored swayed the destinies of Europe and of the world ; in the old and new philology, thinks to satisfy his curiosand that this present archbishop and primate had ity by repairing to those sacred convenis which may have himself placed the crown upon the head of King any connection with his intentions. We recommend his William IV., and that he would also soon crown person, therefore, to you all: and we order that you not our young queen. “Well,” replied the patriarch, give him precise and clear explanations to all his inter
only receive him with every esteem and hospitality, but but how is that? how can it happen that the head rogations relative to his philological examinations, oblig. of your church is only an archbishop? whereas 1, ing yourselves, and lending yourselves, in a manner not the patriarch, command other patriarchs, and under only fully to satisfy and content him, but so that he shall them archbishops, archimandrites, and other digni- approve of and praise your conduct.' This we desire and taries of the church? How can these things be? and with Our Blessing.
require to be executed, rewarding you with the Divine I cannot write an answer to the letter of the Arch
Gregorios, Universal Patriarch."
meat nor smoking is allowed within the pression of his face, must be very nauseous articles sacred region, but in some of the colleges the fish- of food. He stands up to his middle in a red pool dinners seem almost to rival Greenwich, and Mr. which is intended for fire, and wherein numerous Curzon speaks with awful admiration of their wine- little sinners are disporting themselves like fish in cellars—he “never saw such tuns except at Hei- alarmed or unhappy. On one side of the picture
all sorts of attitudes, but without looking at all delberg." In several the libraries are still consid- an angel is weighing a few in a pair of scales, and erable, but the sprinkling of anything but Byzantine others are capering about in company with some divinity is small in the best of them. Only one of smaller devils, who evidently lead a merry life of the heads of houses seems to have impressed Mr. it
. The souls of the blessed are seated in a row Curzon as a man of any pretensions to learning, but on a long hard bench very high up in the picture ; several were well-bred, gentlemanlike Amphitryons. with hair, others richly clothed, anchorites and
these are all old men with beards : some are covered Among the Fellows he found three or four of some
princes being the only persons elevated to the attainments ; one could speak French, one German, bench. They have good stout glories round their several a sort of Italian—the effects of housing now heads, which' in rich churches are gilt, and in the and then foreign wanderers who relished the fish- poorer ones are painted yellow, and look like large pot and swallowed the vows. Where the abbot straw hats. These personages are severe and grim was also librarian, or had the officer so designated of countenance, and look by no means comfortable in his special confidence, Mr. Curzon found little or at home; they each hold a large book, and give difficulty about buying such books as smit his fancy. ihey would be much happier in company with the
you the idea that, except for the honor of the thing, In general, when such transactions must take place wicked little sinners and merry imps in the crimson with the concurrence of the brotherhood at large, lake below. This picture of the Last Judgment is it was hopeless to deal—their childish ignorance as much conventional as the portraits of the saints ; and extravagant expectations baffled the Frank. it is almost always the same, and a correct repreHe brought away two saddle-bags and a trunk well sentation of a part of it is to be seen in the last stuffed with literary prizes, for the enumeration and print of the rare volume of the Monte Santo di laudation of which we have not at present room, known: it would almost appear that the print must
Dio, which contains the three earliest engravings and also some few pieces (for one or two of the have been copied from one of these ancient Greek
heads were over tempted) of church-plate-gob- frescos. It is difficult to conceive how any one, · lets and pateræ of rare Byzantine workmanship, even in the dark ages, can have been simple
probably among the oldest articles of the class now enough to look upon these quaint and absurd in existence. But his mouth watered in vain at paintings with feelings of religious awe; but the sight of the grandest, and, of course, most cele- some of the monks of the Holy Mountain do so brated objects—things too sure to be missed and they saw me smile.
even now, and were evidently scandalized when inquired about-for example, the “glorious triptic" at St. Laura-pure gold, eighteen inches high
Mr. Curzon here adds a note showing that, set over externally “with emeralds, pearls and however Franks may smile, one of these picrubies as large as sixpences, and a double row of tures was really the cause of a whole nation's diamonds—the most ancient specimens of this stone embracing Christianity : that I have seen;" in the interior “wholly covered Bogoris, King of Bulgaria, having written to with engraved figures of saints which were full of Constantinople for a painter to decorate the walls precious stones”-altogether a superb work of of his palace, a monk named Methodius was sent art,” and the undoubted gift of the Emperor Nice- to him—all knowledge of the arts in those days phorus Phocas, the founder of the monastery. This being confined to the clergy. The king desired great convent has two churches, besides separate terrible picture that he could imagine; and, by
Methodius to paint on a certain wall the most chapels. The architecture is like that of the build- the advice of the king's sister, who had embraced ings erected in Constantinople between the fifth Christianity some years before whilst in captivity and twelfth centuries—that Byzantine of which St. at Constantinople, the monastic artist produced Marc's at Venice is the finest specimen in the so fearful a representation of the torments of the West ; but he thought the resemblance was still condemned in the next world, that it had the effect closer to the ehapel in the ancient palace at Paler- of converting Bogoris to the Christian faith. In
There are, however, few mosaics on Mount consequence of this event the Patriarch of ConAthos, the churches and chapels depending for baptized the king by the name of Michael, in the
stantinople despatched a bishop 10 Bulgaria, who decoration on fresco paintings of the Saints and the year 865. Before long his loyal subjects, following Last Judgment. This last emblazons every porch, the example of their sovereign, were converted or Galilee, in the peninsula :
also ; and Christianity from that period became
the religion of the land.-p. 365.* In these pictures, which are often of immense size, the artists evidently took much more pains the most remarkable peculiarity about the art of
We noticed, near the beginning of our paper, to represent the uncouthness of the devils than the beauty of the angels, who, in all these ancient * We may observe that in some of the grandest churches frescos, are a very hard-favored set. The chief of Rome, two or three years ago, we saw many new picdevil is very big; he is the hero of the scene, and tures of Purgatory, with every horror that red and black is always marvellously hideous, with a great mouth daubing could represent, stuck up in conspicuous places, and long teeth, with which he is usually gnawing lent Christians, to subscribe liberally for masses to hasten
with placards inviting relations, Triends, and all benevotwo or three sinners, who, to judge from the ex- the day of deliverance.
the Greek Church. It is to be regretted that Mr. and active creatures who have the audacity to Curzon had not read, before he published his bring their wives and large families within the volume, the very instructive and curious work of very precincts of the monastery I soon discovered MM. Dindron and Durand : “ De l'Iconographie
to my sorrow, and heartily regretted that the law Chrétienne, Grecque et Latine,” (Paris, 1845.) well on my divan, and at sunrise received a visit
was not more rigidly enforced; nevertheless I slept It includes a translation of a Byzantine treatise, from the agoumenos, who came to wish me good ' Ερμενεια INS Zwoyqu Qians, which Father day. After some conversation on other matters, Joasaph, a monk of Athos, and the chief artist I inquired about the library,
The agoumenos of that peninsula, communicated in 1839 to M declared his willingness to show me everything. Dindron, on finding the Frenchman astonished But, first,” said he, “ I wish to present you with with the rapidity of his pencil in the decoration something excellent for your breakfast ; and from of a new church for the convent of St. Esphig-tinguished a guest, I shall prepare it with my own
the special good will that I bear towards so dismenou, and the exactness with which he was hands ; for it is really an admirable dish, and one reproducing the usual type of every saint in the not presented to all persons.”. “Well,” thought calendar. In this work, which begins with 1, " a good breakfast is not a bad thing;” and the quoting the Nicean Canon—" Art belongs to the fresh mountain-air and the good night's rest had painter of Holy Objects, but not Invention”—M. given me an appetite ; so I expressed my thanks Dindron found the code so familiar to Joasaph's sitting down opposite to me on the divan, proceeded
for the kind hospitality of my lord abbot, and he, memory that he but rarely had occasion to reopen to prepare his dish. This," said he, producing
Here not only is the length of nose, a shallow basin half-full of a white paste, " is the and lip, and brow for every particular prophet principal and most savory part of this famous dish; and martyr set down, with the tint of hair, the it is composed of cloves of garlic, pounded down, arrangement of robes to the smallest fold, and the with a certain quantity of sugar. With it I will text of the Bible to be inscribed on his skirt, but now mix the oil in just proportions, some shreds the rule is equally precise for the proportions and of fine cheese”-it seemed to be of the white acid color of the ass of Balaam, the cock of Peter, which almost takes the skin off your fingers—" and
kind called caccia cavallo in the south of Italy, and the whale of Jonah, the apes and peacocks of now it is completed !” He stirred the savory mess Solomon, and every animal in holy writ. M. with a large wooden spoon until it sent forth over Dindron dwells on the apple of Eve—always the room and passage and cell, over hill and valley, an same, not only in the thousand chapels of Athos— aroma not to be described. “Now," said the (churches, chapels and oratories together consid-agoumenos, crumbling some bread into it with his erably exceed that number)—but wherever the large and somewhat dirty hands, “this is a dish
for an emperor ! Eat, my friend, my muchmosaic or fresco has been executed under the respected guest ; do not be shy. Eat; and when authority of the Greek Church — for he had you have finished the bowl you shall go into the studied well the parallel illustrations of the West, library, and anywhere else you like ; but you shall and knew that in the old churches of Burgundy go nowhere till I have had the pleasure of seeing and Champagne our first mother is usually tempted you do justice to this delicious food, which, I can by a cluster of grapes ; in those of Provence, &c., assure you, you will not meet with everywhere.” by an orange ; while in Normandy and Picardy, have expected so dreadful a martyrdom as this?
I was sorely troubled in spirit. Who could it is the common apple of those districts ;—and Was ever an unfortunate biblioinaniac dosed with that the same sort of variation runs through Spain such a medicine before? It would have been and Italy, unless in particular places where Byzan- enough to have cured the whole Roxburghe Club tine artists had set the early copy. Whenever forever and ever. “My lord,” said 1, "it is a the decorator of a Greek church has put his name fast ; I cannot this morning do justice to this delito his work, it is not as painter that he designates lishmen must not eat that dish in this month. It
cious viand; it is a fast; I am under a vow. Enghimself, but as historizer—as in one splendid would be wrong; my conscience won't permit it, example at Salamis, date 1755 : 'Torogeon ó Delos though the odor certainly is most wonderful! Truκαι πανσεπτος ναος τατος δια χειρος Γεοςγια ly an astonishing savor! Let me see you eat it, Mugue éx ro2015 ’Agyi xui twv pr0ntov úvte / agoumenos !" continued I; “ for behold, I am Nixolue xui 'Avravis.— Iconographie, p. xiii. unworthy of anything so good." “Excellent and M. Dindron adds that the intelligence of Father virtuous young man!” said the agoumenos, no, Joasaph surprised and delighted him.
I will not eat it. I will not deprive you of this sorry that Mr. Curzon did not make acquaintance all such vows are set aside. On a journey it is
Eat it in peace ; for know, that to travellers with this superior specimen of the recluses.
permitted to eat all that is set before you, unless it The convent of St. Laura is the second in is meat that is offered to idols. I admire your magnitude—and it is a rich house every way : scruples ; but be not afraid, it is lawful. Take it, but in its cookery, we are sorry to add, the my honored friend, and eat it ; eat it all, and then schismatical taint is marked :
we will go into the library.” He put the bowl
into one of my hands and the great wooden spoon I was informed that no female animal of any sort into the other; and in desperation I took a gulp ; or kind is admitted on any part of the peninsula of the recollection of it still makes me tremble. What Mount Athos ; and that since the days of Constan- was to be done? Another mouthful was an imtine the soil of the Holy Mountain had never been possibility ; not all my ardor in the pursuit of contaminated by the tread of a woman's foot. manuscripts could give me the necessary courage. That this rigid law is infringed by certain small I was overcome with sorrow and despair. My ser
vant saved me at last ; he said " That English gen-f square letters and of small quarto size. I searched tlemen never ate such rich dishes for breakfast, in vain for the volume in which this leaf belonged, from religious feelings, he believed : but he re- As I had found it in possible to purchase any manuquested that it might be put hy, and he was sure scripts at St. Laura, I leared that the same would be I wonld like it very much, later in the day." The the case in other monasteries ; however, I made bold agouinenos Jooked vexed, but he applauded my to ask for this single leaf as a thing of small value. principles; and just then the board sounded for Certainly!" said the agoumenos, " what do you church.* “I must be off. excellent and worthy want it for?” My servant suggested that, perhaps English lord,” said he ; " I will take you to the it might be useful to cover some jam-pots or vases library and leave you the key. Excuse my aliend- of preserves which I had at home. Oh !” said ance on you there for my presence is required in the the agoumenos, “ take some more;" and, wjihout church." So I got off heiter ihan I expected ; but more ado, he seized upon an unfortunate thick quarto the taste of that ladlefull stuck 10 me for days. I manuscript of the Acts and Epistles, and drawing followed the good agou menos to th- library, where out a knife cut out an inch thickness of leaves at the he left ine to my own devices.-p. 369.
end before I could stop him. It proved to be the
Apocalypse, which concluded the volume, but There were iwo small rooms full of books, and which is rarely found in early Greek manuscripts they were disposed in tolerable order on their of the Acis; it was of the eleventh century. I shelves — but the dust had not been disturbed for ought, perhaps, to have slain the tomeicide for his many years, and almost blinded the intruder. He dreadful act of profanation, but his generosity rec
onciled me to his guilt ; so I pocketed the Apocacounted them, however, and indeed spent several
lypse. days among them. There were, he says, full 5000 volumes; the largest collection extant on
At the monastery of St. Paul Mr. Curzon made Mount Athos. Somne 4000 are printed books, in- the rarest of all his acquisitions. This house was cluding several fine Aldine classics and the Editio founded by an old hospodar of Wallachia, and its Princeps of the Anthologia in capital letters. Of Servian and Bulgarian MSS. amounted to 250. the 900 or 1000 MSS., 600 were on paper-all some of them most curious. One copy of the theology save four, viz., the Iliad, Hesiod, and Gospels was from beginning to end a perfect blaze
of illuminations. two on botany, “probably the works of Dioscorides, and not in good condition, having been I had seen no book like it anywhere in the Lemuch studied by the monks in former days-large vant. I almost tumbled off the steps on which 1 thick quartos.'
Among 300 MSS. on vellum was perched on the discovery of so extraordinary a was one Evangelisterium, of the ninth century
volume. I saw that these books were taken caro a splendid toine ; about 50 gospels, of the eleventh of, so I did not much like to ask whether they and twelfth ; many huge folios of St. Chrysostom, munity was evidently a prosperous one, and had no
would part with them ; inore especially as the com&c., equally ancient. “ Not one leaf of a classic need to sell any of their goods. author on vellum."
After walking about the monastery with the At St. Laura nothing could be done in the way monks, as I was going away the agoumenos said of bargain—the monks were too many, or the he wished he had anything which he could present abbot too honest. At Pantocratoras—a small to me as a memorial of my visit to the content of house-there would probably have been no ob- St. Paul. On this a brisk fire of reciprocal complijection to treat; but when now, after years of take a book. “Oh! by all means!” he said ; “
ments ensued, and I observed that I should like to forgetfulness, the principal explored his book- make no use of the old books, and should be glad tower, behold all the volumes and rolls had been if you would accept one.” We returned to the piled in a heap together at the bottom during library; and the agoumenos took out one at a hazsome alarm of the Philhellenic war, and the Turk- ard, as you might take a brick or a stone out of a ish cannon having injured the roof, and no repair pile, and presented it to me. Quoth I, of a mere library having been thought of, the rain don't care what book it is that you are so good as had by this time reduced the whole collection of and, so saying, 1 took down the illuminated folio
to give me, let me take one which pleases me ;' paper and vellum to one black layer of stinking of the Bulgarian Gospels, and I could hardly bepaste.
Another of the smaller convents, with an lieve I was awake when the agoumenos gave it autocratic abbot, is that of Caracalla.
into my hands. Perhaps the greatest piece of im
pertinence of which I was ever guilty was when I The library I found to be a dark closet near the asked to buy another; but that they insisted upon entrance of the church ; it had been locked up for giving me also : so I took other two copies of the many years, but the agoumenos made no difficulty Gospels, all three as free-will gifts. I felt ashamed in breaking the old-fashioned padlock by which the at accepting these two last books; but who could door was fastened. I found upon the ground and resist it, knowing that they were utterly valueless upon some broken-down shelves about four or five to the monks, and were not salable in the bazaar hundred volumes, chiefly printed books; but amongst at Constantinople, Smyrna, Salonica, or any neighthem, every now and then, I stumbled upon a manu- boring city? However, before I went away, as a script ; of these there were about thirty on vellum salvo to my conscience, I gave some money to the and fifty or sixty on paper. I picked up a single church.-p. 424. loose leaf of very ancient uncial Greek characters,
One of the last convents visited was Simopetra. part of the Gospel of St. Matthew, written in small
A monk who had just arrived from one of the * A board and a hammer served these schismatics for farms could speak a little Italian, and was deputed a bell.
to dine with Milordos.
He was a magnificent-looking man of thirty or one remains intact : every one but this has been thirty-five years of age, with large eyes and long violated, destroyed, or carried away; the ashes of black hair and beard. As we sat together in the the Cæsars have been scattered to the winds. This evening in the ancient room, by the light of one dim is now known by the name of the chapel of St. brazen lamp, with deep shades thrown across his Nazario e Celso, at Ravenna ; it was built by Galla face and figure, I thought he would have made an Placidia, the daughter of Theodosius; she died at admirable study for Titian or Sebastian del Piombo. Rome in 440, but her body was removed to RavenIn the coursc of conversation I found that he had na and deposited in a sarcophagus in this chapel learnt Italian from another monk, having never been in the same place are two other sarcophagi, one out of the peninsula of Mount Athos. His parents containing the remains of Constantius, the second and most of the other inhabitants of the village husband of Galla Placidia, and the other holding where he was born, somewhere in Roumelia—but the body of her son Valentinian III. These tombs its name or exact position he did not know—had have never been disturbed, and are the only ones been massacred during some revolt or disturbance. which remain intact of the entire line of the Casars, Su he had been told, but he remembered nothing either of the Eastern or Western empires.—p. 27. about it; he had been educated in a school in this or one of the other monasteries, and his whole life Our readers will hardly quarrel with the extent had been passed upon the Holy Mountain ; and this, of our quotations, but we may as well confess that he said, was the case with very many other monks. one main temptation was the pure, unaffected EngHe did not remember his mother, and did not seem lish of the book. In many respects the largely quite sure that he ever had one; he had never seen foreign training of the young men of rank in these a woman, nor had he any idea what sort of things
We women were, or what they looked like. He asked me
our later days has produced serious evils. whether they resembled the pictures of the Panagia,
ascribe to this cause, in no trivial measure,
the the Holy Virgin, which hang in every church. melancholy aspect of our domestic politics. The Now, those who are conversant with the peculiar old national spirit was essentially blended with the conventional representations of the Blessed Virgin old national taste. The results in our literature in the pictures of the Greek Church, which are all have been equally marked, and in their place and exactly alike, stiff, hard, and dry, without any ap- degree are equally to be regretted. It is very much pearance of life or emotion, will agree with me that to the credit of our younger aristocracy that so many they do not afford a very favorable idea of the grace or beauty of the fair sex; and that there was a dif- of them have aspired to distinction by the use of the ference of appearance between black women, Cir- pen; but how few of these have escaped the forcassians, and those of other nations, which was, eign tinge-how few feel it as their peculiar duty however, difficult to describe to one who had never to guard uncontaminated the proud inheritance of seen a lady of any race. He listened with great the native speech! Lord Brougham does not fall interest while I told him that all women were not within our category; but, exercising as he does exactly like the pictures he had seen, but I did not
a command over the resources of French diction think it charitable to carry on the conversation further, although the poor monk seemed to have a
that astonishes French people, what an examstrong inclination to know more of that interesting ple he sets of stern and rigid rejection of all outrace of beings from whose society he had been so landish embroidery when he unfolds his plain entirely debarred. I often thought afterwards of strong web of the vernacular! Lord Mahon too the singular lot of this manly and noble-looking is rather of older standing than the class we almonk; whether he is still a recluse, either in the luded to ; but in him they see master of French monastery or his mountain-farm, with its little moss-grown chapel as ancient as the days of Con- style, who is so severely native in his English stantine; or whether he has gone out into the that he has sometimes been sneered at, by such world and mingled in its pleasures and its cares.- critics as such an author may accept placidly, as
We were delighted to see Mr. Curzon From this spinny no bag reported. At the following these worthy examples. Few, of his Dext, Coutloumoussi, the wallet opened and closed years, have been greater travellers, and there is on several rich morsels—especially a matchless not one foreign word used in his volume when an. folio of St. Chrysostom—“who seems to have English one was at his service. been the principal instructor of the monks of Mount
A new book of another kind, which also from Athos, that is, in the days when they were in the internal evidence must have been written by a perhabit of reading; a tedious custom which they
son constantly mingling in the highest English have long since given up by general consent.
society, reaches us when this sheet is in the press, (p. 430.)
and the rest of our pages are all bespoken ; otherIn leaving this singular peninsula, still so rich wise on many accounts, but especially because it in monuments of the piety and munificence of the is another instance of manly, unpolluted English, Byzantine Cæsars, we must lay our hands on one
we should have much wished to make it the subparagraph more from Mr. Curzon's Introduction : ject of a separate article in this number. That is
now impossible, but we beg to call our readers' The bodies of the Byzantine emperors were en attention, in case the novel has not come in their closed in sarcophagi of precious marbles, which were usually deposited in chapels erected for the
Rockingham, or the Younger Brother." purpose--a custom which has been imitated by the We think the writer has made two serious missultans of Turkey. Of all these magnificent sar- takes—first, in selecting for his main subject the cophagi and chapels or mausoleums where the re- very painful one of fraternal rivalry in love ; secmains of the imperial families were deposited, only ondly, what is moreover very bad in an artistical CCLXIX.