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off their hats." He would indeed be a catch this gnat” (grasping at the insect pedant and a prig who could refuse a sym- again and again). Then, after a pause, he pathetic smile of approval, even in the opened his hand and said solemoly,“ But sanctuary, to a rebuke so genial, so witty, I have missed it." and so just!
A cunning choice of texts has always Seasonable wit in the pulpit, in the es- been a favorite device with quaint preachtimation of most preachers able to wielders. Of two rival candidates for a lecit, has always ranked high as a remedy for tureship on trial the one preached in the wandering thoughts. The Neapolitan and morning on the "Adam where art thou?” French preachers may have, perhaps, car- His rival, in the evening capped the text ried their sallies too far in this direction, with “ Lo, here am I,” and his ready wit but we must remember that something won him the lectureship. must be forgiven to zealous men who have Rowland Hill's text when ladies wore to contend with excitable but fickle crowds. their topknots ridiculously high has almost
Gabriel Barleite, wishing to illustrate become a matter of history, "topknot come the wool-gathering mind in church, on one down,” i.e., “ Let him that is on the houseoccasion set himself to say the Pater- TOP NOT come down." But nothing but noster in the middle of his sermon thus: the exceeding quaintness of the preacher “Pater noster qui est in Cælis (I say, lad, could possibly excuse such a liberty with saddle the horse, I'm going to town to the sense and sound of the sacred text. day); Sanctificetur nomen tuum (Cathe- I do not for a moment defend the vulrine, put the pot on the fire); fiat voluntas garities into which men of original minds tua (Take care ! the cat's at the cheese); and an overpowering sense of humor have panem nostrum quotidianum (Mind the sometimes been betrayed when placed in white horse has his feed of oats !)” Irrev- difficult situations. The learned author of erent, and out of place, you will probably “ Sketches of the Reformation relates, exclaim; yet it would be difficult more quoting from Bishop Latimer, how a cele. aptly to render or more soundly rebuke brated preacher named Hubberdin, riding the kind of thing which goes on in the by a fair, where he found riotous dancing brains of many listeners who even so in- and sioging, set the church bell a-tolling, terlard the preacher's words or their own and the riotous crew, flocking in to see prayers with snatches of alien thought. what it was all about, found Hubberdin up
The use of dramatic action has some in the pulpit a-singing loudly, first in the times been carried to a ludicrous excess, person of Augustine, then Ambrose, and but also with effective results in the way so on to Hierome, Gregory, and Chrysosof riveting attention. • What's that thee tom. “ All,” he said, were in perfect harsays, Paul, 'I can do all things'? I'll mony and singing the same tune. Now,” bet thee half-a-crown o' that.” So the he continued, “good people, ye shall see preacher took out half-a-crown, and put it them dance together likewise in perfect on the Bible. “However,” he continued, harmony, all in a round ring — all together "let's see what the apostle has to say with up! up! Hubberdin! Now dance, for himself.” So be read on, " through Christ! Now dance, Peter and Paul! Now Christ that strengtheneth me.”. “Oh!” dance, Augustine, etc.; and so," adds Fo says he, “if that's the terms of the bet, the chronicler, " the old Hubberdin, as he I'm off !” and he put the half-crown back was dancing with his doctors lustily in the into his pocket. Profane jester! will you pulpit against the beretics, how he stamped say; but what if the sermon which fol- and took on I cannot tell, but crash goeth lowed on the power of Christian grace was the pulpit, down cometh the dancer, where listened to with breathless attention, and altogether he brake not his neck, but he perhaps never forgotten — who will con- so brake his leg that he never came in demn the witty sally which won for it the pulpit more, and died not long after acceptance ?
the same.” This should surely be revenge Whitfield, one hot summer's day, was enough in the eyes of all censorious perpreaching on the duty yet difficulties of sons on the poor preacher who danced not self-denial, and the necessity of entering wisely, but too well! Yet Hubberdin by the narrow gate, when he perceived the drew his congregation away from the fair attention of the people to be wandering, under circumstances which were too much and he suddenly left off, and began trying for Bishop Latimer, who, with all his wit to catch a gnat that buzzed pertinaciously and wisdom, was baffled on a similar occaabout his face. “ You think it quite easy sion, for he too once came to a church to enter the strait gate, and secure salva- on a popular holiday, and would have tion. Oh! just as easy as it is for me to preached, but the key was lost, and after
he at last got in, “ One of the parish came | most godly, sympathetic, and fearless to me and says, “Sir, this is Robin Hood's fathers of the Reformation, whilst in a day; the parish are gone abroad to gather position to claim that deep love and reverfor Robin Hood, I pray you let them ence due to one who sealed the truth
Unlike old Hubberdin, the good of his reformed Gospel message with his bishop adds, “ So I was fain to give place blood. If wit and humor could ever be to Robin Hood. I thought my rochet consecrated to the glory of God and the should have been regarded though I were good of man, it must surely be the wit
but it would not serve ; it was fain to and humor that fell from the lips of a give place to Robin Hood.”
Christian evangelist and martyr. There are few pulpits that have not at peculiar temperament," writes the author some time or other been invaded by of the “Sketches of the Reformation,” preachers who have startled their bearers "prevented him from hesitating to pro. with quaint similes and sallies of what they duce any anecdote to point a moral." deemed seasonable wit. Even the pulpit Lashing the ignorance of the people who of St. Mary's, Oxford, has rung with the would hear instruction again and again and wit of Richard Taverner, who once opened yet not know the difference between Scrip. his sermon thus: “Arriving at St. Mary's iure and the catalogue of sins enumerated Mount, I have brought you some fine bis. by Romish divines, Latimer says :cuits baked in the oven of charity, carefully conserved for the chickens of the refresh you withal: A limitour of the Gray
I'll tell you now a pretty story of a friar to church, the sparrows of the spirit, and the Friars preached many times and had but one sweet swallows of salvation !" The digni- sermon, which was on the Ten Commandfied Paley, preaching in the same pulpit merits, so he was called Friar John Ten Comto a select audience which numbered Pitt, mandments, whereupon his servant told him then prime minister, and a host of eager thereof, and advised him to preach of some place-hunters, hungry for the loaves and other matter. “ Belike,” says the Friar, fishes of preferment, could not resist an
“thou knowest the Ten Commandments well, irresistibly facetious fling at his audience, seeing thou hast heard them so many times. and after giving out his text: “ There is a
“Yes," says the servant, “I warrant you."
So lad here that hath five barley loaves and the servant began, " Pride, Covetousness, Lech
“Let me hear them,” saith the master. two small fishes," he looked round the
ery,” etc., and so numbered the deadly sins, church and added with a twinkle of keen all the time supposing these to be verily and satire, "but what are they amongst so indeed the Ten Commandments ! many ?” A smart application or a brisk repartee in the pulpit seem to have found Bishop Latimer, like most other popular their apologists in all ages. Burton, in a preachers, was often grossly ridiculed and sermon at Norwich, faced boldly the cant misrepresented ; he cites an amusing insometimes flung at the superior clergy for stance of this in his third sermon preached enjoying large incomes: “Why, say some before the young king Edward VI.: of these men, can you not live as the
A certain man the other day was asked apostles lived ? Why, say I again, let whether he was at the sermon at Paul's Cross; them lay down their goods at the apostles' he said he was there, and being asked what feet, and then let them ask that question." news: • Marry,' quoth he, “wonderful The following application is perhaps a news; we were there clean absolved little too sudden and searching for the mule and all had full absolution." taste of to-day. · He,” said the preacher see by this [continued the witty bishop) that of a charity sermon," he that giveth unto that he was a gentleman. Indeed, his mule
he was such an one as rode on a mule and the poor lendeth unto the Lord. Now,
was wiser than he, for I dare say the mule my friends, if you are content with your never slandered the preacher. Ah! unhappy security, down with the cash !”
chance had this mule to carry such an ass Rowland Hill was not only more urgent upon his back. I was there at the sermon mybut more severe on stingy givers, for he self. Now, saith this gentleman, the mule said of the rich merchants who came to was absolved, whereas the preacher absolved church that he would “as lief hang them only such as were sorry and did relent... Be. all up by their necks till their coins dropt like, then, the mule did repent her stumbling; out of their pockets, since there was no
his mule was wiser than he a great deal means of shaking them out.”
tanquam equus et mulus in quibus non est But it is perhaps in the person of good horses and mules that have no understanding:
intellectus, saith the Scripture – like unto Bishop Latimer that we feel most recon- Yet if it were true that the mule repented of ciled to the employment of wit and humor her stumbling, I think she was better absolved in the pulpit. He was certainly one of the than he. I pray God stop his mouth or else
give him to open it to speak better and more | the impoverishment of their class by rackto his glory!
renters, and the big lords, who robbed the It is difficult to believe that the court soil, but spent their money not in the assembly kept their countenances through country, they owned, but in the towns out the whole of this pungent sally, which which they demoralized, Latimer, preachI have considerably abbreviated; for when ing before the king, relates : Latimer got on a good scent he played My father was a yeoman, and had no lands with his prey and was as one loth to leave of his own, only he had a farm of three or it alone, just as a cat that has lighted on four pounds a year at the uttermost, and herea mouse will dally with it and turn it upon he tilled so much as kept half-a-dozen about with manifold and subtle mouthing men.
He had a walk for a hundred sheep, and pawing.
and my mother milked thirty kine. He was We owe to this freedom of anecdote able and did find the king a harness with himso common with the great Reformation buckled on his harness when we went to
self and his horse. I can remember that I preachers many interesting glimpses of Blackheath field. He kept me at school, or ihe time. Archbishop Whitgift, at Paul's else I had not been able to have preached beCross, waxed amusingly satirical at the fore the King's Majesty now. He married expense of those who were always in my sisters with five pound and twenty nobles search of sensational preachers and new apiece, so that he brought them up in godlidoctrines :
ness and the fear of God. He kept hospitality
for his good neighbors, and some alıms he gave If a man commend the magistrates or con to the poor, and all this did he of the said firm rites and orders established, he shall farm; when he that now hath it payeth sixteen scarcely be heard with patience, but if he nip pound a year or more, and is not able to do at superiors and reprove them in anything anything for his prince, for himself, for his never so untruly, and inveigh against laws and children, or give a cup of drink to the poor. orders established, oh! they flock to him like bees – esteeming him as a god, and extol him
This is, after all, the sturdy preaching up to heaven!. He must either be new of facts and figures, which moves sensible come or new found, or his auditory will not men, and its entire unconventionality and stick to tell him in these days they could have simple force requires no apology or justifound as much themselves, and that if you fication. When listen to the stilted and can acquaint them with no other things they artificial utterances that I am occasionally had as lief hear their own cow low. Tell them condemned to hear when I go out of town where they may hear a godly bishop. Tush! they know what these are – a grave divine. on Sunday, I am often reminded of GarTushl they know what these are - a tempo- rick's advice to a young preacher, and I rizing, formularizing written doctrine such as would it might be more often followed : when a man learns a text he may guess himself what the sermon will be ; but a trim would feel and speak in a matter concerning a
My dear young friend, you know how you young man that will not quote the Fathers friend who was in imminent danger of his life, (and good reason, for his horse never ate a and with what energetic pathos of diction you bottle
of hay at the Universities), and one that would entorce the observance of that which will not stick to revile them that be in authority you really thought would be for his profit.
-oh! for God's sake, where teacheth he? You could not think of playing the orator, To him they will run without their dinners, sit studying your emphasis, cadences, gestures; waiting by his church till the doors be opened, you would be yourself, and the interesting naclimb at the windows, fill the churchyards, ture of your subject in freeing your heart would let him want nothing so long as he is nev, furnish you with the most natural tone of though within two years they will leave him voice, the most fitting language, and the most on a lee land and never heed him more.
suitable gestures. What you would be thus History repeat itself; and I hear some of in the parlor, be in the pulpit, and you will
not fail to please, to affect, and to profit. my nineteenth-century readers exclaim
Adieu, my dear friend. again : “I know that man!”
It has sometimes been thought indeli- Nor could I find any better words where. cate or egotistical for a preacher to recite with to close my remarks on life, spontane
pisodes of his own life in illustration of ity, wit, and humor in the pulpit. "Be his theme; but had this been Latimer's yourself,” said the great actor; only what opinion, we should have lost at least one of comes irom the heart can ever go to the the most exquisite little historical vignettes heart. It is far more what you are than which even that prolific age of anecdote what you say in the pulpit which affects can boast of. Speaking of the simple, your hearers; what a responsibility, what brave manners which were fast going out á solemn function to impart yourself amongst the yeomanry in consequence of you cannot help it, you must do it if you are a preacher at all, and not a mere pup- been spent in hacking the inscriptions and pet. Wit, humor, anecdote, everything paintings with some metal instrument in has to take a back seat. Let them all order to render them illegible. alone to come or go, so only you labor to The tombs and ancient quarries towards be what you seem. In other words, ex. the southern end of Gebel Abu Feda, change self-consciousness for sincerity. which, when I last visited the spot eight Be always receptive, always aspiring, al. years ago, were only partially destroyed, ways acquiring, always sympathizing, al. have now been almost completely blasted ways working, always praying. You need away. The work of destruction is still not fear to preach if you do not dare to going on merrily among the old tombs of deceive. In the pulpit above all things, El-Kharayyib. A little to the south of even though you should be a master of the latter are the cartouches of Seti II. wit and humor, “ be yourself," or you are discovered by Miss Edwards. A year or nothing.
two ago they were saved by Colonel Ross H. R. HAWEIS. from the quarrymen who were about to
blast them away; but his interference has produced but a momentary effect, as I find that considerable portions of the monu
ment have been destroyed since I saw it From The Academy.
last March. LETTER FROM EGYPT.
One of the tombs at Tel el-Amarna, and THE PROGRESS OF EGYPT IN THE DESTRUC
one only, has been placed under lock and
key, now that, along with its neighbors, it Assiout, January 24, 1891. has been irretrievably ruined. The two A SOMEWHAT slow voyage up the Nile "guardians” appointed to look after the in a dahabiah this winter enables me to tombs live at Haggi Qandil
, two miles off. give a fuller report on the progress made They are natives of the place, aod their during the past year in the destruction of efficiency may be judged of from the fact the ancient monuments of Egypt than is that pieces of inscribed stone, freshly cut possible for those who travel by steamer. out of the walls of the tombs, were offered Mr. Wilbour's dahabiah has accompanied to us for sale under their eyes. Any one, mine, and we have stopped at a good many indeed, who is practically acquainted with places between Cairo and Siût, at most of Upper Egypt well knows that the priocipal them, indeed, perforce through want of a use of a native “guardian” is to draw a wind. I find that the interesting tomb at small salary from the government, suppleKom el-Ahhmar, near Minieh, the only mented by bakshish” from visitors. one left out of the many described by For the protection of the monuments he Lepsius and other earlier Egyptologists, does little, unless under the constant su. has shared the fate of the tombs of Beni- pervision of a European inspector. EuroHassan and El-Bersheh. Portions of the peans, however, even though they may inscriptions on the walls, and even the be enthusiastic Egyptologists, cannot be ceiling, have been cut out or hacked off, expected to spend summer after summer and the rest of the tomb has been wantonly in Upper Egypt unless they are paid well. and elaborately defaced; hours must have
A. H. SAYСE.
TION OF ITS ANCIENT MONUMENTS.
An interesting paper on the destruction of At the recent Congress of Americanists at wolves in France appears in the current num- Paris, Dr. Seler showed that the name Ana. ber of the Revue Scientifique. The law in vir- huac had been applied by mistake to the tue of which rewards are given for the killing plateau of Mexico. of wolves was passed on August 3, 1882, and or near water,”and by all ancient writers was during the last four months of that year 423 used in the sense of coast-land. Anauac were destroyed. In 1883 the number killed Ayotlan was the seaboard of the Pacific; was 1316, the sum paid in rewards being Anauac Xicalanco that of the Atlantic. Mo104,450 francs.
The number was 1035 in tolinia alone used the word differently. He 1884; 9oo in 1885; 760 in 1886; 701 in 1887; did not, however, apply it to the plateau, but 505 in 1988; 515 in 1889. The departments to the whole of New Spain. According to in which most animals have been slain are Dr. Seler, this also was a blunder, and was Dordogne and Charente. It is believed that due to the phrase "cem anahuac,” which is very soon no specimens will be left in France used for the whole world.” The original except those which occasionally reach it from meaning was “the entire land down to the neighboring countries.
London Quarterly Review,
Macmillan's Magazine, V. CHAMONIX IN MAY,
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