Till all the frighted sailors stood like ton, the old minstrel of Orleans, who posts ;

at festivals and weddings struck a silAnd, hopeless to escape impending evil, ver tabor, studded with bits of silver, At times they all seemed praying to the

inscribed with the coats-of-arms of devil, And sometimes praying to the Lord of those he had taught to dance.”

Thus a minstrel might very natuHosts.

rally be a dancing-master ; but a poet Yet still the noble Betsy stood the shock,

has a very different trade, and would No mountain-wave could shake her heart

have said to a minstrel, sus ad lyram. of oak,

Blind Henry, who chaunted his own Till all the fury of the storm was past, verses on Wallace, is a striking exWhen, though the ship was neither hurt or ception, (exceptio firmat regulam ;) batter'd,

but who will call his rhymes poetry, They found their compass all to pieces a term which specially indicates inshatter'd,

vention, united with fire, force, and At which each mariner look'd sore a

beauty? ghast. “ Now, Heaven preserve us! we have lost Mineralogy of Buchanan.

the North, The master cried ; “my skill is little This great master, applauded by so worth,”

many learned men in foreign counWhile freezing horror shook his hardy tries, as the only Latin poet worthy joints.

to be classed with the ancients, is alAt last a sturdy Scotchman op'd his mouth; so a pure and classical historian in re" I'll wager, boys," quoth he, “ I'll find gard to style. The same pen which the South

produced the address to Mary, 'Tis there the Scotchman's compass always points.” &c. &c. &c. Nympha Caledoniæ quæ nunc feliciter ora,

&c. Minstrels.

(which is sweeter than Tibullus or

even than the Attic honey of HymetDe Percy has led Dr Beattie into tus,) has passages worthy of Tacitus, a radical error concerning this order such as “in tantâ famæ prodigalitate, of men. The minstrels never were

exiguæ pecuniæ parci," &c. the authors of the poems they recited, His description of Dunbarton Casany more than' the ballad-singers in tle (lib. 20) is minute and elaborate, the streets compose the ballads. In as he was born in the vicinity. The the middle ages, ecclesiastical music rock, says he, is very hard, and, when bore the sway, and was chiefly used broken, exhales an odour of sulphur. in the minsters or monasteries, (West- Is this true at present, Messieurs the minster, &c. &c.) whence minstrel, Vulcanists? It is surmounted, he who was merely and solely a singing adds, by a saxum magnesii lapidis, musician, and never had any preten- quité coherent, which in modern lansions to the sacred character of a mak

guage would be magnetic rock. er, trouvere, troubadour, "finder," or In the first edition, Edinburgh, * inventor. Other names for the 1582, the Greek words are left blank, minstrels were, chanteurs, conteurs, that type not being then used in Scotand, in contempt, jongleurs or jug- land. In the account of the bold con leurs, from the jingle of their instru- quest of Dunbarton Castle, the Elzements. Even in the earliest times, (Fau- soldier is seized with a fit. The word

virs have put αποπληξιαν, when the chet Poesie Fr. p. 74,) the reward of is too strong, as in apoplexy he would a menestrier or chanteour who had have fallen at once. pleased the lorů of the castle was an old cloak, which would have been a

Resolution of some English Verbs. pretty recompence for a poet or maker, a profession which included kings, We have been favoured with the princes, and barons, among its follow- following resolution of such phrases, ers!

as It rains, it snows, it thunders, it One of the last minstrels on record lightens, &c. &c.—Each of these phrais mentioned by Fauchet, p. 74. I ses constitutes, of itself, an entire proremember to have seen Martin Bara. position. How then, it may be asked, is the pronoun to be resolved in such mencement of the Revolution, and at cases as these, where there is nothing one time had some share in the new to which you can refer as explanatory government of Buenos Ayres; but of the insulated pronominal word the time he began his active career in this unique and peculiar appli- was the period of the Portuguese excation? The difficulty is only appa- tending their territories to the River rent, not real. It is a very common Plate, and it has been his never ceaspractice in language to utter, first, a ing hostility to that power that has most unqualified affirmation or nega- made him known to the world. Upon tion, and immediately to limit, modi- their invading his native territory, he fy, or even neutralise it altogether, by swore eternal enmity, repaired to the qualifying words subsequently Monte Video, and endeavoured to deuttered: Thus, “ I believe--not one fend it against the invaders; it, howword of what you say:"_“ I deny, ever, fell, but he annoyed them in the -nothing:"-" I hate-no man. possession of it, keeping the country, Now, it is most unquestionable, that almost to the gates of the town, unthe meaning of the first part of these der his power. He was indefatigable several sentences is totally altered, in his efforts to rid his native soil of modified, and restricted, by the qua- its enemies, and, with means appalifying clauses subjoined. Let us ap- rently no way proportionate to the efply this principle to the case before fect, kept the power of an extensive us.-(It rains.)-It, by itself, is kingdom at bay. Without any reguindeterminate, but it must refer lar resources, he continually kept the either to what goes before or fol. field, and, with a handful of men, lows, or is immediately understood. harassed an organized army. Defeat Here nothing goes before or follows, to him appeared only to call forth to which it can refer; and hence new exertions.

He disputed every something must be intuitively under- inch of ground, and did all without stood. This being admitted, we have assistance from neighbouring chiefs. next the verb rains a verb descrip- Every chief and government around tive of a state, or condition, which can are his mortal enemies, and he is unionly

, be predicated of one thing, of all versally branded by them with the the things in the universe, namely, epithets of bandit and robber ; but he the sky, or firmament. We cannot is evidently a man of energy and consay the earth, or the sea, rains:-we sistency, and is the only public man can apply the verb only in one way, that has yet appeared in South Ameriwith respect to which no one can be ca, whose character and actions take a mistaken. The object to which it, hold of the imagination. He has altherefore, refers in such phrases as, it ways been a friend to the English, rainsit thunders-it "lightens-it and, during the fiercest war he had snows, and the like, is as apparent as to carry on, the British flag was the if it had been named or affirmed with only one that waved in safety in the the formality of a proposition, and is waters of the Uraguay and Parana. nothing more than one of those neces- In fact, there was a treaty of comsary abbreviations without which merce entered into between him and language would be an imperfect and the British commander, Commodore clumsy vehicle of thought. These Bowles. observations, however, will only apply to phrases of the description which I

Blandine. have just mentioned ; namely, to those

(From the Nederslandsche Muzen-Almanack.) that refer to an object known to all the world the instant the verb is De winter blies hagel en sneeuw op het euunciated. Such phrases, therefore,

land : as it happens it appears, &c. &c. are

Blandine stond blij als een bloempje te nonsignificant, until joined with some

pronken ;

De lente steeht loover aan hester en thing in the shape of a determinate

plant : proposition.

Blandine zit bleeh en ir droef heid ver

zonken; Artigas.

Zij lachte big 't rouwen der velden van

vreugd: ARTIGAS is a native of Monte Video; Nu zit zij en schreit, nu natur zich ver. he took an active part in the com



len ;

uit ;

Wat gingen de buijen des winter's haar To come again and see her soon,

She whisper'd, when I saw her last. Limander zat teêr aan haar zyde te kozen. Wat zijn haar de bloemen, die rondom Ye pleasures go, I love you not; haar staan?

Thou harlot, joy! I'm sick of thee Nu zit zij alleen bij haar bloeijende rozen. My mind is full of one great thought, Des winters beminde. Lizander haar teer ;

The lass I love, and who loves me. "T' is lente, de ontrouwe bemint haar niet Then come thou frae the smoky town, meêr.

And dwell with me the hills among Geen sneuw op de velden, geen ijs in The hills with balmy heath are brown, den oloed

The nights are short, the days are longDoen minnende harten verkleumen en tril. Then come thou frae the smoky town,

The cushat now begins to coo, De liefde zet zielen en zinnen in gloed, The lark blaws shrill his matin horn, Al razen de buijen zoo nijdig zij willen ; And moss-birds chirp for the cuckoo; De liefde geniet als de scepping ont. beerd;

The curlew winds his sithy bill, Dat heeft in den Winter Blandine ge

The plovers: whistle o'er the len, leerd.

Or flighter round the herd's boy still,

AU, all are glad excepting me. Natur stroij' haar schatten in overdaad

Then come thou frae the smoky town, "T is bar zonder liefde, 't is ledig ap aarde ;

r'U lead thee o'er the greeny lea, Laat groenen en richen het loover en

I'll lead thee 'mong the heath so brown, kruid,

A soft, soft bed to thee and me. De liefd maaht enkel de schepping van waarde.

TO AN EYE. Geen rozen zijn schvon die de liefde niet kleunt;

“ It was her e'en sae bonny blue." Dat keeft in de leute Blandine vespeurd. THERE's something in that mild, but N. B.-We trust some of our read

bright blue eye, ers, who, “ in bicipiti somniâsse Par. Sweet as the calm and lovely look of nasso meminerunt," will favour us


When the last sunbeam trembles o'er the with a poetical version of the above.


And lovely sparkling glows the star of THE MIDNIGHT CITY, d Sonnet.

Oh! it distils the ambrosial dews of love: THE stars are blotted from the map of

Its glance reveals a seraph there abiding: heaven ;

When falls the lash, its liquid lustre Beneath, the far-outstretching city lies,

biding, Shrouded in silence, save the watchman's As cower the quiv'ring wings of timid cries,

dove, Which at appointed intervals are heard,

Lapped into languor, dearly, tenderlyTo note the cheerless vigils of the night, the heart does homage, wond'ring at the Now heard distinct and loud, now far

spell, away,

That thus so silently and yet so well Sullen and lonely, sinking to decay.

Has bound it in a trance of ecstasy. A thousand gems of tiny lustre bright, Oh! he on whom tha: eye in kindness Point out, with twinkling ray, the homes


May laugh at faithless men he has a Hushed is the voice of merriment and

world of friends.
mirth ;
The bustle and the businesses of earth;

The living part of life's diurnal span;
Thus all the lustre of existence creep,

TAE snow on Ætna sleeps beside the fire ; One half in weariness, and one in sleep

Why not a Queen, unstain'd by base de


When she a Heroine, wandering o'er the THE SMOKY Town.

main, Why do I climb the hills aloft,

Watch'd by a Trojan of her menial train; And linger on yon pointed rock ?

Sleep, on the deck of the far-famed polacre, Why do I turn my eyes so oft

Returning from Jerusalem and D'Acre, To yonder town, so grey with smoke ?

Chaste as the snow beside the burning

crater? Because in yonder smoky town

The snow defies the power of the volcano, She lives, the lass whom I lo'e best, And so did she the Don Italiano.


of man,


Noble's Arabic Vocabulary. Sometime shake off the moisture deposited. A paraago, Mr James Noble, Teacher of Lan. sitical fungus, did it really exist, could only guages, Edinburgh, published “ Remarks produce militew, by absorbing a quantity on an Index to Richardson's Arabic Gram. of moisture to be evaporated as already mar," by which he has rendered an emi. mentioned. See Dr Wells on Dew. The nent service to Oriental Literature, at experiments detailed in that ingenious present so much neglected in our country. treatise corroborate this explanation of the It is no less novel than interesting to hear phenomenon in question. If our notions of such a work issuing from the press in are well founded, a very simple and effecScotland, where there are no public endow. tual preventive against mildew, in all siments for the encouragement of those in tuations, may very readily be applied. clined to study the languages of the East, Destructive Marine Worm.- Sir R. Ker and where a few meagre lessons in He- Porter, in his Travels in Georgia, Persia, brew have hitherto been dignified with the &c. relates the following remarkable fact : deceptive title of Oriental Learning - -“A dock-yard has been established on The Arabic is known to be the richest the eastern shore of the Ingul, for building and most copious language on earth. ships of war. An arsenal of this kind, and It contains immense, and yet unreveal. to be constantly at work too, is necessary ed, manuscript treasures

history and maintain a navy on these shores; for poetry; and consequently promises a rich the Black Sea possesses a peculiarity more reward to the ambitious and indefatigable hostile to its fleets than the guns of the student. Whether, therefore, we regard most formidable enemy, -nothing more the value and importance of the acquisition, than a worm ; but the progress of that considered by itself, or with reference to worm is as certain and as swift as the run. our gigantic Eastern Empire, and to those ning grains of an hour-glass ; it preys on individuals whose views of interest and am- the ship's bottom, and when once it has bition may attract them to the Land of established itself, nothing that has yet been the Sun;" we cannot but consider Mr discovered can stop its ravages. Even Noble's attempt as likely to prove emi- coppered vessels are ultimately rendered Dently useful, as well as in the highest de- useless, when an opening admits the pergree creditable to his talents and industry. foration of this subtle little creature." In the words of an ingenious correspond.

New Barometer.-Mr Barth of Strasent," Mr Noble is a young man of very burg has just published, in the Gazette of promising talenis, and the most indefatiga- Mayence, his discovery of a New Baromeble industry ; and we hope that the pa- ter, which will announce every change of tronage of a generous and enlightened pub- the weather thirty hours before it happens. lic will encourage him to still greater ex. This instrument, which, in the time of ertions in the study of Oriental Literature.” Galileo, would perhaps have conducted the

Cause of Mildew.- In the Philosophi- inventor into the prisons of the Inquisition, cal Magazine for 1805, Vol. XXI. page will, it is asserted, give notice of thunder 320, there is a paper by the late Sir Joseph storms twelve hours before they occur. Banks on the subject of Mildew or Blight, Literature.--The literary world will be which he ascribes to a minutë parasitical glad to learn, that the long celebrated libfungus, which bas been drawn in its vari- rary of Count Melzi has lately been ous states by Mr Bauer. We are not sure bought at Milan, by Messrs Payne and that the existence of such a fungous forma- Foss of London, by whom it has been retion has been positively ascertained ; but

sold to Frank Hall Standish, Esq. in an granting that it has, the phenomenon in entire state, and is coming over to this question appears to us to proceed from country. This magnificent collection condifferent cause.

Blight takes place tains, among many other rarities of the more frequently in wheat than in other 15th century, the Livii Historia Spiræ, sorts of grain, and generally about the end 1470, printed upon vellum with capitals, of July, or the beginning of August. most tastefully illustrated ; the most perThis we ascribe to the compact formation fect copy known. The Lucretius Brescia of the ear of wheat ; this, during a fog, Ferrandi, of the first edition of which absorbs a great portion of moisture, which, there are only two other copies besides in days when the sun ,docs not break this, which are in the libraries of Lord through till noon, being rapidly evaporate Spencer, and Count Delzi of Florence. In ed, produces cold, and kills the plant. the collection is also the first Virgil of Oats are seldom blighted. The reason is 1469, &c. obvious. The long arms or levers of the Water Velocipede. --The terms, “ Walk. ear, when agitated by the slightest breeze, ing upon Water," applied to Mr Kent's


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recent exhibitions, are improper. The the energy of the horn and bassoon, and apparatus which he uses consists of three yielding a full and rich harmony, resemhollow tin cases of the form of an oblong bling an orchestra of wind instruments. hemispheroid, connected together by three This surprising effect is said to be producraised iron bars, at the meeting of which ed by the most simple combination of a is a seat for the exhibitor. These cases, range of wooden staves! filled with air or some gas, are of such a Remedy for Swelled Cattle.- Mr J.' magnitude, that they can easily support Bligh of Stone, Cornwall, thus communi. his weight; and as the length of the ma cates to the Editor of the Farmer's Jourchine, from the tin case in front, to each nul, a remedy for swelled cattle : “ I have of the two in the rear, is about ten feet, often had cattle prodigiously blown out in and the breadth, between these two, is about the hide, particularly about the flank, by eight feet, he floats very steadily upon the eating turnips or green clover, and tave water. The feet of the exhibitor rest on found hog's lard (either mixed with salt or stirrups, and he attaches to his shoes, by without) an infallible remedy. I have a leather belts, two paddles, which turn couple of lumps, each about the size of a round a joint when he brings his foot for- pullet's egg, put down the throat with the ward to take the stroke, and keep a verti- hand, the person who does it holding fast cal position, when he draws it back against the tongue at the same time rather out of the resisting water. By means of the al- the mouth ; and upon withdrawing it the ternate action of his feet, he is enabled to animal swallows the lard. I generally mix advance at the rate of five miles an hour. about a tea-spoonful of salt with each ball

New Chemical Apparatus.Mr Charles of lard. The effect appears to be the disCameron of Glasgow has invented and su charge of wind upwards, as eructation im. perintended the construction of an apparatus mediately follows; and it is not improbafor Dr M‘Gavin, Nelson Street, Glasgow. ble but that the stomach might be deprived Its purpose is for the manufacture of of the salutary action by the swollen state Soda-water, or of any other mineral water of its contents. requiring to be charged with Carbonic Medical Case.-Professor J. D. HerAcid Gas. The apparatus displays great holdt of Copenhagen, Knight, delivered in ingenuity, having neither gasometer nor the Royal Medical Society at Copenhagen, air-pump, yet a boy is capable of compress. on the 8th of March last, an interesting ing into any vessel thirty or forty atmo Latin dissertation ; it relates undoubtedly spheres of gas in as many minutes as half to one of the most remarkable cases in the a dozen men would with the forcing pump, annals of medicine. A woman, after hav(commonly used,) in as many hours; in ing been subject for several years to viofact, it is the discovery of a new power lent pains and spasms, was freed, by the equal to steam ; more applicable to many ability of this physician, from 273 needles, purposes, although more expensive. An which were cut out in different parts. It apparatus equally effective as a forty horse is a question of great interest how this ex. power steam engine, would occupy a space traordinary number of needles should have of four feet square, requiring neither fire come into her body, and how far the pains

The present price of Sulphuric which she suffered have been caused there. Acid alone prevents it from superseding by. The woman is now doing very well. the steam engine, in its application to the Reading Societies and Literary Institupropelling of vessels. It is, however, to tions in the United Kingdom.-It may be hoped that the progress of the arts will be (a imated that there exist at present not at a future period overcome this barrier. less than 6500 of these useful institutions

Paper Making.--A manufactory, of of various degrees, and for various purposes, paper from straw has been established at in the United Kingdom ; and that, owing Okanion, near Warsaw, the success of to their convenience and proved utility, which is expected to reduce the price of above 1000 new ones have been formed paper. This manufactory will be confin

within the last three years. ed, for the present, to pastehoard and Some of them have permanent and ac

cumulating libraries, and of these there Surgical Cuse. In the lately published are about 260; others circulate the books Transactions of the Literary Society of Bom from member to member, and every to bay is an account of a surgical case, in or three years sell them to augment their which the loss of a portion of bone in the capital ; of these there are not less than arm of an Arab has been supplied, through 500; while others, to the number of 750, the dexterity of a native surgeon, by a sil. are Magazine Societies, for the circulation ver tube.

of Magazines, Reviews, and periodical New Musical Instrument. The Ter. Journals. The 260 permanent libraries podion, a musical instrument of an entire- accommodate about 8000 families with iy novel description, has lately arrived in books and periodical works, that 600 book London from Germany. It combines the societies about 14,000 families; and the sweetness of the fluie and clarionet with magazine societies about 9000 families;

nor water.

thick paper.

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