ויך אלחנן בן יעור ארגים את לחמי satis , את לחמי habuit scriba , cur omitteret אחי גלית

ויך אלחנן בן יערי ארגים בית fratrem Goliath . Vide notam nostram in. הלחמי את גלית הגתי ועץ חניתו

seeing 7393 Kimnor a word ending with the non unum in scriptione priorc. Solus Buxsame letters he had just set down, he writes torfius utramque scripturam tueri se putat on the next word from thence d'7 Oregiin posse, quod quam incassum conetur, et per-OUT 713;= yon bw 42-after which, referring tinacia quanta, vide, si juvat, in ejus Antiagain to his book, and finding his mistake, critica, p. 420. Ego ultimam paral. libri he returns to th lin above, and there scripturam sic puto esse amplectendam, 1o. (without striking out the word ' Oregim, ut tollatur D'am, quod abest in paral. libro, which he had inserted improperly) writes on et quod videtur male iteratum ex vocabulo from 7 Jaor, as he should have done at b'278, quod extat linea inferiore. 20. Ut, first

cum adsciscas ons nx, Lechmi, non tollas "D757 n'a, Bethlehemita, quod hic legitur, ob eam causam, quod in iis verbis occasionem

, , —which words, by the farther carelessness simile, quomodo ex ', quod legitur parof some transcriber or transcribers since, allelo loco, fecit ne, per scribendi errorem : have been corrupted (we see) into the itaque hunc locum sic legendum : 739 ja parte words following

onoga 78 OT ng iyon n'a, (et percussit) Elchanam, filius Jair, Bethlehemita, Lechmi


locum parallelum. Recte hoc loco Clericus

: 027 77393 adversus Buxtorfium hæc observabat: “Qui So Dr. Adam Clarke.

talia negant, aut pertinacia ducti, aut impeBp. Horsley.19 At Gob; read again, ritia, aut præconceptis opinionibus excæcati at Gezer. Where Elhanan-the Gittite.

negant. Putant nonnulli se melius conUpon comparing this with the parallel place, sulere autoritati scripturæ, negando ei ulla 1 Chron. xx. 5, I would read, with Houb- inesse menda. Sed si verum sit menda ei igant, and Elhanan the son of Jair, a Beth- inesse, male profecto illi consulunt, dum lemite, slew Lechami the brother of Goliath veritatem, ope mendacii, defendere conantur. the Gittite.

..Quærendum est quomodo, admissis nonGed.--Again there was a battle with the nullis mendis librariorum, quæ negari nePhilistines at Gob; when Elhanam Ben

queunt, sarta tecta esse queat scripturæ Jair-oregim, a Bethlehemite, slew Lahami, autoritas, non quomodo negemus quod brother to [supplied from 1 Chron. xx. 5) manifestum est. Goliath, the Gathite, the staff of whose

Dathe.-19 Cum iterum prope Gobam spear was like a weaver's beam.

cum Philistæis certaretur, occidit Elhanan, At Gob. Here again forty MSS. have Jairi filius, Lahmæum, fratrem Goliathi, a) Nob. In the different copies of Sep. we cujus hasta erat instar jugi tertorii. find Nob, Rob, and Rom. The words are

a) Sic locus restituendus videtur ex wanting in Syr., Arab., and p. p. 1 Chron. 1 Chron. xx. 5; cf. Hubigantius. xx. 5. Booth. 19 Again there was another

Ver. 21, 22.

, Elhanan, the son of Jair, a Bethlehemite, slew Lahumi, the brother of Goliath, the :? Gathite, the staff of whose spear was like a οι τέσσαρες ούτοι ετέχθησαν απόγονοι των weaver's beam.

γιγάντων έν Γεθ τω Ραφα οίκος, και έπεσαν εν Houb.19 Fuit adhuc bellum cum Phi- xezpi Aavid kaì év teipi Tôv doúhwv autoū. listæis in Gazer, in quo Elchanan filius Jair Au. Ver.-22 These four were born to Bethlehemita percussit Lechmi fratrem the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of Goliath Gethæi, cujus hasta lignum erat ut David, and by the hand of his servants. jugum textorum.

21, 22, Giant. See notes on ver. 16.

In loco Ged., Booth.— These four, of the race of 1 Paral. huic parallelo xx. 5 hodie sic le- the Rephaites of Gath, fell by the hand of gitur: nina in mo's ne 72 ya jantin; quam David, and by the hand of his servants, &c. ultimam scripturam anteferunt critici fere

.—] omnes, neque dubitant, quin mendum sit Ewaldus Gr. crit., p. 597 et Winerus accu

22 אֶת־אַרְבַּעַת אֵלֶה יְלִדְוּ לְהָרָפָה battle with the Philistines at Gob

בְּגַת וַיִּפְלְוּ בְיַד־דָּוִד וּבְיַד עֲבָדֶיי :

.אלחנן בן יערי ארגים בית הלחמי את גלית

vs. 21 refe| the man who was raised up on high , the וַיַּכֵּהוּ ad אֶת־אַרְבַּעַת אֵלֶה sativum

-hos quatuor pepe : יָלְדוּ efferendum esse יִלְדוּ

) , rendum censent, quam constructionem verba anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet vix admittent. Equidem existimaverim, pro psalmist of Israel, said, :

2 '

The Spirit of the LoRD spake by ine, rerant sc. mulieres (impers.) Raphe Gath- and his word was in my tongue. ensi. Masorethis fraudi fuisse videtur, quod 3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of

Israel spake to me, IIe that ruleth [or, be

thou ruler, &c., Ps. cx. 2] over men must be CHAP. XXII. .

just, ruling in the fear of God. See notes on Psalm xviii.


4 And he shall be as the light of the

morning, when the sun riseth, even a mornCIIAP. XXIII. 1-7.

ing without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining

,גַּם הוּא יִלֶד לְהָרָפָה vs. 20 ex legitur

5 Although my house be not so with God;

yet he hath made with me an everlasting :,

although he make it not to grow.

6 But the sons of Belial shall be all of

ו וְאֵלֶּה דִּבְרֵי דָוִד הָאַחֲרֹנִים נְאֻם

עָל .after rain דָּוִד בֶּן־יִשַׁי וּבְאֶם הַגְּבֶר הַבַּס

מְשִׁיחַ אֱלֹהֵי יַעֲקֹב וּגְעִים זְמִרוֹת ? covenant

, ordered in all things , and sure יִשְׂרָאֵל : 2 רוּחַ יְהוָה דִּבֶּר־בִּי וּמִלָּתְוֹ ,for this is all my salvation , and all my desire עַל-לְשׁוֹנִי : 3 אָמַר אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לִי

דִּבֶּר צִוּר יִשְׂרָאֵל מוֹשֶׁל בָּאָלָם צַדִּיק

4 וּכְאוֹר בּקֶר them as thorns thrust away , because they מוֹשֶׁל יִרְאַת אֱלֹהִים :

לֹא עָבֿוֹת מִנְגַה

יִזְרַח־שָׁמֶשׁ בּקֶר לְא ;be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear מִפָּטֶר דֶשֶׁא מֵאָרֶץ: 5 כִּי־לא־כֵן בֵּיתִי and they shall be utterly burned with fire in עִם־אֵל כִּי בְרִית עוֹלָם שָׁם לִי עֲרוּכָה

the same place בכל וּשְׁמָנָה כִּי־כָל־יִשְׁעִי וְכָל־חֵפֶץ simply the last that he spoke , but some of כִּי־לֹא יַצְמִיחַ: 6 וּבְלְעַל כְּקוֹץ מִיָּד the last uttered in his last days upon the כָּלֶהָם כִּי־לֹא בְיָד יָקְחוּ : 7 וְאִישׁ יִגַּע

spoke by the Spirit of God , assisting and בָּהֶם יִמָּלֵא בַרְזֶל וְעַץ חֲנִית וּבָאֵשׁ .directing him in an extraordinary manner שָׂרוֹף יִשְׂרְפְוּ בַּשֶׁבֶת :

.1 .v קמץ בז"ק

cannot be taken with hands :

7 But the man that shall touch them must


.v בנ"א מְצָן

The sweet psalmist of Israel ; or, sweet, or,

delightful, or, amiable in the songs of Israel : 1 kai otrol of Odyou havt8 et doxaro: eitlier, first, As the object of them ; he Tiords daui8 vios Icorati, kat Toras dump &w whom the people of Israel mentioned in ανέστησε κύριος επί χριστόν θεου Ιακώβ, και


songs with joy and praise, as when strpetis yanaot Iopan 2 Tweira Kuptow they sung, Saul hath slain his thousands,

,dyos alTov

€ T and Dauidiuis ten thousands ; Or , secondlyג & adinoev y euot


kai? not As the author of them , he who was eminent -גyst

deds Iopan€ג 3

.Adooms Hou

t kaupo concerning me and my house , and theדעTa על עaddyson deerd Hot erotum

BAaorno & Tapavonos . | HIe that ruleth over men must be just , ruling חץ 2eanua

iTi ol

ελάλησε φύλαξ εξ Ισραήλ παραβολήν είπον

and famous among the people of God for ev dy@pdTQ, T6s kparatdomT (63oy Xpigrot, the composing of sweet and holy songs to 4 kai es port deot Tpotas; dvareilat jauos| the praise of God, and for the use of his Torpot, ob cupios Tapidey ex ¢yous, kai | Church in after-ages. ως εξ υετού χλόης από γης. 5 ου γαρ ούτως

3 Spake to me, by way of command; or 6 airds not uerd toxpou, duaenen zap of me, by way of prediction and promise Tedumayukvm dru Taga GoTmpia nou cat Trav Messias who is to come out of my ns. 6 doTep dkavda ejouaeum Tivres oirot, dr: in the fear of God: thus it is a precept or ot xsipt \nbergo/Tal, 7 kai dump oi koTt-declaration of the duty of kings, and pardget év uirots kai Taipes clotpov, kai sinoy ticularly of Solomon his son, (to whom as a αισχύνην αυτών.

successors the kings of God's Israel, for Au. Ver.—1 Now these be the last words whose instruction he gives this rule. And of David. David the son of Jesse said, and so here are the two principal parts of a

rat dying man he gives this advice , ) and of hisע86paros

kai el Tupt katet
kai kauengo



king's duty, answerable to the two tables of Lord; and therefore have not enjoyed that God's law, justice towards men, and piety uninterrupted prosperity which we might towards God, both which he is to maintain have enjoyed; but our morning light, or the and promote among his people.

beginning of that kingdom promised to me Others make it a prophecy of Christ; and and mine for ever, hath been overcast with then the words are or may be thus rendered, many black and dismal clouds, and my There shall be a ruler over men, (or rather, children have not hitherto been like the amony men, as the Hebrew word properly tender grass springing out of the earth, and signifies, to wit, the Messias, who, though thriving by the influences of the sun and he be the eternal and invisible God, yet rain ; but rather like the grass that withereth shall visibly appear and rule among men,) a away, or is cut off before its due time. Yet just or righteous one (a title oft given to he hath made with me an everlasting covenant : Christ, as Isa. liii. 11; Jer. xxiii. 5, 6; notwithstanding

all transgressions xxxiii. 15; Zech. ix. 9), ruling in the fear whereby we have broken covenant with of the Lord, making it his great business to God, and the confusions and civil wars which advance the service, and worship, and glory have threatened our dissipation and utter of the Lord; or, as it is in the Hebrew, destruction; yet I comfort myself with this, ruling the fear of the Lord, i. e., governing that God, to whom all my sins were foreand ordering the worship of God, which is known before I committed them, was graoft called the fear of God. And so this ciously pleased to make a sure covenant, to clause is added to prevent remove give and continue the kingdom to me and scandals and offences which might be taken to my seed for ever, chap. vii. 16, until the at the Messias when he should come, because coming of the Messias, who is to be my son of his changing and abrogating the cere- and successor, and whose kingdom shall monial law; and to insinuate that he should have no end. Ordered in all things ; have no less power in the governing of ordained in all points by God's eternal and God's house and worship than Moses had, unchangeable counsel; and disposed by bis and that he might make such laws as he wise and powerful providence, which doth thought meet.

and will overrule all things, even the sins 4 These words are either, 1. A further and sufferings of my house, so far, that description of the king's duty, which is not although he would punish them for their only to rule with exact justice and piety, but sins, yet he will not utterly root them out, also with sweetness, and gentleness, and nor break his covenant made with me and condescension to the infirmities of his mine; as is said, Psal. lxxxix. 31–34. people; to render his government as pleasant Sure, or preserved, or observed, or kept, to and acceptable to them as is the sunshine in wit, on God's part, or by God's power and a clear morning, or the tender grass which faithfulness, in the midst of all the opposprings out of the earth by the warm and sitions and uncertainties to which it seems refreshing beams of the sun after the rain, to be exposed on our part. Compare Rom. which hath a peculiar kind of sweetness and iii

. 3 ; 2 Tim. ii. 13. For, or therefore, as fragrancy in it. Or rather, 2. A prediction the Hebrew particle chi oft signifies; thereor declaration of the sweet and blessed fore, i.e., because God hath made such a effects of such a government, both to the covenant. This is, or, he is, he who hath governor himself, in that peace, and pros- made this covenant; or, in this is, i.e., it perity, and glory, and happiness which it consists in and depends upon this covenant. brings to him, and to his people; to whom All my salvation ; both my own eternal it is no less grateful, and comfortable, and salvation, and the temporal salvation, or the beneficial, than those great and public preservation of the kingdom to me and mine. blessings of sunshine and rain, and the fruits All my desire, or, every desirable thing; the which they produce; which is true of every word desire being oft put for desired, or a good king or governor, but most eminently desirable thing; as Ps. xxi. 2; lxxviii. 29, 30; of the Messias.

Ezek. xxiv. 16. David being deeply sen5 Although my house be not so with God; sible, and having had large experience, of although God knows that neither I nor my the vanity and uncertainty of all earthly children have lived and ruled as we should things, here declares that the covenant have done, so justly, and in the fear of the made by God with him and his in the Messias, is the only happiness which he his people. Or, 2. By way of caution ; to prizeth and desireth, in which he doth fully show, that notwithstanding the holiness, and acquiesce. Although he make it not to grow, happiness, and sureness of this kingdom, i.e., my house, mentioned before. So the yet there would be sons of Belial in it, who sense is, Although God as yet hath not made would endeavour to disturb and overthrow my house or family to grow, i.e., to increase, it, but to no purpose. or to flourish with worldly glory and pros- 7 The staff of a spear ; so the meaning perity, as I expected; but hath for my sins is, he must fill his hand, or arm himself cut off divers of my most eminent branches, with some iron weapon, whereby he may and sorely afflicted my person and family ; cut them down; or, with the staff of a spear, and although he may for the future deal in or some such like thing, whereby he may like manner with my sons and successors for thrust them away from himself, that they do the like miscarriages, which it is probable him no hurt. Or thus, he will be filled, or they may commit: yet this is my great will fill himself, i. e., his hand, wherewith he support and comfort, that God will constantly attempted to touch and take them, with and inviolably keep this covenant; and thorns, as with iron and the staff of a spear; therefore, in the midst of all the shakings, i. e., he will be as surely and sorely wounded, and confusions, and interruptions which may as if one should run the iron head and part happen in my house and kingdom, will of the wood of a spear into his hand. And preserve my line and family until the coming they shall be utterly burned, or, therefore ; of the Messiah out of my loins, whose king- because men cannot safely touch them, dom is an everlasting kingdom ; who, as he therefore they will burn them up. Or, or, is the desire of all nations, Hag. ii. 7, so in i. e., if they do not cut them down with a special manner is my desire, and the iron, or thrust them away with the staff of a author of all my salvation.

spear, they will burn and consume them. 6 The sons of Belial, or, the men of Belial, In the same place, or, in their place, where as it is expressed 2 Sam. xvi. 7, and elsewhere. they grow or stand; and they will not Having in the foregoing verses described the trouble nor hazard themselves to remove nature, and felicity, and stability of that king- them. Withal, it may imply that they shall dom which God himself had by a sure and be destroyed when and where they thought everlasting covenant settled upon him and his themselves most secure, even in their own seed; and especially, upon the Messiah, who place. And it may possibly intimate, that was to be one of his posterity; he now those children of Belial, the wicked and undescribes the quality, the mischievous believing Jews, who rejected and rebelled nature, the hazardous and miserable con- against the Messiah, David's successor, and dition, of all the enemies of this holy and their lawful King, should be destroyed in blessed kingdom, whom he justly calleth their great, and strong, and holy city Jerusons of Belial, because they rebelled against salem, where the greatest part of that people God's appointment, and against that king were gathered together as fuel for the fire, whom God had set over them; for which and were destroyed together by the Romans reason others are so called, 1 Sam. x. 27; under Titus, where also their wicked pre2 Chron. xiii. 7. As thorns thrust away ; decessors had been destroyed by Nebuchadwhich men do not use to handle, as they nezzar in former times. do other trees, but thrust them away from Bp. Patrick.— These be the last words of themselves, by some instrument chosen for David.] These were the last words that he that purpose. And so will God remove or spake by the Holy Ghost, as Abarbinel thrust away from himself, and from his expounds them. The Chaldee paraphrase people and kingdom, all those who shall takes these words, as if they were a proeither secretly or openly set themselves phecy of the Messiah: for so it expounds against it. And this may be here added, them; “ These are the words of the proeither, 1. By way of prescription to rulers, phecy of David, which he prophesied of the whom, as before he admonished to be just consummation of all things, in the day of and kind to their people, ver. 3, 4; so here consolation, which is to come.” he requires them to be severe in punishing 3 The God of Israel said.] By Nathan or and purging away weak and incorrigible by Samuel. men from about his throne, and from among

He that ruleth over men must be just,


4 o

ruling in the fear of God.) Or, as we ren-, and stable ; in a settled order and sure. For der it in the margin, “Be thou ruler over," the sun arises, but goes down again ; and &c., which the Chaldee expounds of the the morning may be clear, but clouds afterMessiah in this manner,

“ The faithful God wards arise ; and the tender grass springs spake (so he interprets the word Rock), I up, but withers away. Not so, saith he, is will constitute to me a king, he is the my kingdom before God. It is flourishing, Messiah, who shall arise, and reign in the like all these, but perpetual : for he hath fear of the Lord.” But this relates first to made an everlasting covenant with me; David, the type of Christ; who was taught though some afflictions have befallen me; to rule justly, and in the fear of God: that and he hath not made all my salvation and is, in the exact observance of all the Divine desire to grow. So he makes the first caph laws. Or, as Abarbinel interprets it, “When of similitude to stand for three; and to be he that rules men is just, then the fear of the repeated thrice in this manner :Lord will rule and have dominion in the The God of Israel said, the Rock of earth;" for all the people are apt to tread in Israel spake concerning me; The just man the steps of their king: so that when he ruleth among men : he ruleth in the fear of that rules is just, it is as if he did not rule, God. And as the sun ariseth, with a but the fear of the Lord ruled in the earth. shining light: as the morning is without

4 He shall be as the light of the morning, clouds, by reason of its splendour; as from when the sun riseth.] The dominion of the rain the tender grass springs out of the just (as the same Abarbinel interprets it) earth: yet (or truly) so is not my house shall be as the morning light, when the sun with God. Because he hath made an everariseth, and the light continually increases. lasting covenant with me; disposed in all

As the tender grass springing out of the things, and well kept and preserved in that earth by clear shining after rain.) We have order. Although he doth not make all my in this translation quite transposed the salvation and desire to grow (that is, though Hebrew words, where they run thus, “ From some adversities happen to me and my splendour and from rain, grass out of the family), yet that always remains, which, in earth." The sense of which Abarbinel the covenant of God made with me, is in thinks is this, It shall be such a morning, in all things orderly, disposed, and preserved.” which there is sometimes sunshine, and 6 The kingdom of impious men shall not sometimes showers of rain, to make grass be like the kingdom of the house of David : spring out of the earth.

being so far from being like to grass, which Although my house be not so with God.] is useful, that they are rather like thorns ; Which he thus interprets; Although the which are rejected as hurtful and pernicious. kingdom of a just man, by little and little, That is, such wicked men are not fit for grows and increases ; and sometimes is human society. clouded, and sometimes the light shines

the man

shall touch them must upon it: the kingdom of David shall not be be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear.] so, but God hath made a perpetual cove- If any body will meddle with them, it must nant, &c.

be at his peril. For so the word jimmale For this is all my salvation.] Or, as he (which we translate fenced) signifies “shall interprets it, This is all my salvation, and be filled," with the iron and the staff of a my desire, that he would not make it grow spear. Spears are never used to cut down or shoot up (for that supposes it to be buried), thorns ; but iron gives one a sore wound, but that, as was said before, it may always like that which a man receives from a spear, remain in an equal manner ordered and when it runs into his body, iron and wood conserved.

withal. So the same De Dieu very judiIt must be acknowledged, that there are ciously. no words so obscure in this book as these They shall be utterly burned with fire in two verses. The sense of which Ludovicus the same place.] Therefore men burn them De Dieu seems to me to have most clearly with fire, in the same place where they opened :—The stability and perpetuity of grow: and so wicked men are destroyed, his kingdom, saith he, David amplifies by a where they think themselves most secure. comparison with three natural things, which | Which the Targum applies to the judgment are very grateful to men, but not constant of the great day, saying, “Their punish

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