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residence is not known, any property that may devolve to him during his absence, is pot out to interest, till he is 70 years of age. If at that period no tidings have been heard respecting him, an advertisement is inserted in the public papers, and, should it not be claimed by the party himself, the money or property is divided among his nearest relations.
The inhabitants of Protestant communities are considered to be more industrious than those of Catholic states; and as the former are the most numerous in Wurtemberg, it would for that reason be richer than Bavaria, if both countries depended for their means of subsistence on the same kind of produce. But in Wiirtemberg the staple commodity generally speaking is the wine, and of this, owing to frost and hail, very little has rewarded the labours of the cultivators for ten or fifteen years past :* so that at present the Bavarian graingrower has the advantage over the Wurteinberg vine planter. On the other hand, the corn farmer in Wurtemberg, through his indefatigable industry, is in superior circumstances to persons of that occupation in Bavaria: although in the latter country the land is not so subdivided as it is in the former. Thus in Wurtemberg almost every inhabitant, in towns as well as in villages, possesses a little land of his own, upon which he and bis family live: but it too frequently happens that this proves of no advantage to the holder, whose means do not
• The vintage of 1825 was a good one: and that of 1826 still better. A letter from Ludwigsberg, dated Aug. 28, says "there will be hardly casks •enow to house the wine, which is expected to prove as good in quality as it is abundant in quantity. They talk of being able to purchase a hogshead *>r a guinea.
permit him to maintain stock sufficient to manure and make the most of his soil. The better description of farmers kill a pig in autumn, and salt the meat for the winter; this is a treat reserved exclusively to grace their Sunday table; it is seldom eaten of oftener, and that sparingly. The reason given for their habitations being so dirty, though large and commodious, is that every one male and female, is obliged to labour in the vineyard or the field from morning to night, and consequently little or no time can be devoted to the preservation of domestic neatness.—They are for the most part very religious, and attend church regularly twice every Sabbath day. They firmly entertain the belief, that if a person acts wickedly and wrongs another, he or his descendants will certainly suffer punishment for it even in this world. When a friend of mine made inquiries among them concerning such and such individuals as he had formerly known, the invariable purport of their reply was either, that the man prospered because he was good, honest, and charitable, or that he came to ruin because he or his father or his grandfather was a bad character. They are very kind and generous one to another, sending food to their very poor and aged neighbours. Each parish maintains its own paupers; but as there are few who apply for relief, the rates are very low.
The extent of the kingdom of Wurtemberg, from north to south, is two degrees, or 30 German miles; its width, from east to west, 21 German miles. The population amounts to about 1,500,000 souls; 4070 inhabitants on an average lo a German square mile, which makes Wurtemberg one of the most populous parts of Germany, and even of Europe. There are moreover several districts which arc in a manner crowded. This is particularly the case with the middle and lower valley of the Neckar, and along the Alp: there, it is calculated, that from 15,000 to 20,000 persons live on a square mile. In such crowded places spade agriculture has become general. The country produces grain of every description, also wine, fruit, and cattle in abundance: it exports a good deal of each, and likewise of common linen. It contains 132 towns, 3600 villages, and about 6000 farm-houses. There are 445,000 Catholics, 2366 Calvinistic Protestants, and 9000 Jews; the rest are Lutherans. There are in all 840 livings and 912 Clergymen: 1400 Protestant public schools, with the same number of school-masters and 562 pro visors— 787 Roman Catholic public schools, with 740 schoolmasters and 224 provisors—all paid by the Government.
uit anyone beli, mortuierit 3 x 7 3 Ironinio para HeilBBONN-German Inns-Roads—Valley of the Neckar-Herr
Delberg--the Town—the Castle—the Great Tunthe Gardens
Uniiersity Students—The Palatinate-MANNHEIM-Palace—Gar** dens-Museum–Jesuits' Church-View from the Observatory
The Bergstrasse-Weinheim--Heppenheim--Bensheim - Mount Melibocus-DARMSTADT-the Ducal Castle--Picture GalleryEvening ride to FRANCFORT-German Theatre Church of Saint Bartholomew Town Hall- Public Library--Cabinet of Natural History-Picture Gallery-Promenades & Gardens—The Ariadne of Dannecker—Monument of the Hessians—General observations.
H EILBRONN, formerly a free city, but now annexed to the kingdom of Würtemberg, is a town of much commercial importance for this country. The church has a fine tower, and its arcbitecture, of the 14th century, deserves to be disengaged from the ugly masses of building which have from time to time been allowed to clog and disfigure it. The town-bouse presents a curious façade, and its clock, a still more curious piece of sculpture, wherein the cock, the rams, the angel with a trumpet, and other things are brought together in a very inexplicable combination. We visited the famous spring, with its seven bronze spouts, whence the place takes its name of Healing or Holy-well. In the market-place a native merchant has just erected a handsome house of wbite stone. With this and a few other exceptions, the edifices, both public and private, are remarkably ancient in their appearance. They have
for the most part painted and carved fronts, upon which, however, no new coats of colouring have been bestowed. In a word, Heilbronn is strongly marked with the peculiar features of a true German town. Even the inn where we stopped was in the noble though heavy old stile. We were ushered into a large saloon, partly wainscotted with oak almost black with age, with handsome glazed folding doors to the bed-rooms on each side, fitted up in the same way; a broad cornice extending into the ceiling, which was gilt and painted. The saloon was much such an apartment as we should expect for a dining-parlour iu our old English houses. A fault, however, there is in these German inns, which any countryman of mine will be apt to deem a thumping one, yet it is a fault common to all on the Continent. When he arrives in a dark, cold, damp evening, and finds not a place in the house, except the kitchen, capable of imparting the genial warmth of a fire; when ushered into the spacious eating-room, he observes a large stove, covered with Dutch tiles, standing unheated in the middle of it; and shuddering and shivering, be shuts himself up in bis bed-room till the table d'h6te is ready; 'tis then that he sighs for the warmer reception afforded at an English inn.
The view of Heilbronn from the Heidelberg road is extremely pleasing: a long range of lofty hills bounds the prospect in this direction behind it; over which we saw the sun rise. Our journey onwards lay across a vast plain, entirely of arable land, from which the crops were all cleared, and the soil was sown again. They grow gre; t quantities of Mangel Wurzel as winter feed for the cattle and sheep, which are both of a fine breed. This root grows here to a very large size, and completely supersedes