vilege” of Canada is solid ice, which does not United States. We are disposed to think they move wheels but locks them up. A country like will be smaller than to either of the other parties. Lower Canada, with neither iron nor coal, gains Upper Canada will be a valuable acquisition, and nothing by cheap labor. In the poorest part of so will the complete navigation of the lakes and Scotland, Ireland, and Wales, where labor is low- the St. Lawrence. But already over-burthened priced, but where there are no coals-manufac- with territory, “ the masters of the fairest and tures, although tried, have never succeeded, but most wealthy climates of the world” (new) will they flourish where labor is high and coal abun- be apt, we should fancy, to turn with contempt”. dant. Some deduction, too, must be made for from the frozen regions of Canada, as Gibbon

Manufactures in Lower Canada, with Jow- says the Romans did from the mountains of Calepriced wages, supposes Gallican laborers ;- artisans donia. The greatest gain to America, but it is of the age of Louis XIII., and Frenchmen of any one which England will equally share in, will con age, have not as yet been found successful compet- sist in the removal of the only cause of hostile itors with men of the Anglo-Saxon race, in any collision, a conterminous territory, that can exist great branch of national industry, even on a fair between her and the only nation in the world that and equal field, which Lower Canada, compared can do her harm ; the nation of all others, that by with Pennsylvania, is not. In so far as manufac- community of blood, language, laws, and interests, tures are concerned, what the Canadians would it is most for her honor and advantage to live with acquire would be the privilege of buying dear in harmony. manufactures, and what they would lose that of As to England, in our humble opinion, she will purchasing cheap ones.

be the greatest gainer of the three by annexation. Let us, however, suppose a peaceable annexa- She will be relieved at once from the heavy load tion of the Canadas to the Great Federal Republic, of responsibility with which she is now burthened and glance at its probable results, as they would in her impossible attempts, at the distance of 4,000 affect the different parties interested. It must be miles, to govern wisely a free people whom her a peaceable one, brought about by a friendly ne- statesmen never see, and of whom they know nothgotiation. If not, England will assuredly fight, ing beyond what they find recorded in sheets of and whatever be the final issue, the other certain foolscap. Further, England will be relieved of results will be much spilling of blood, and a mulct the whole military, naval, and ordnance charge of of not less than a hundred millions on each of the the Canadas, all paid from the Imperial Treasury, belligerents, with the conversion of Canada into a and the amount of which, we believe, will not be battle-field for several years, retarding its material overstated at a million per annum, contingencies prosperity for some quarter of a century. First, included. Then, with a peaceful settlement, she then, with respect to the Canadians. The long will be repaid for the great sums which she has line of custom-houses on the present frontier will lent for the construction of canals and other public be removed ; the productions, the capital, and the works. Neither will her commerce in any respect population of the Union will enter the Canadas suffer, but on the contrary gain, as it did under freely; and the lumber of the Canadians (they more unfavorable auspices, after the separation of have little else to exchange) will find a market in the old colonies. One of our contemporaries says the Union without payment of any duty, but in that the agitation of annexation by the Canadicompetition with the timber of the present less ans would have been looked on “ in the good old cultivated States, while they will lose all advan- times” as “high treason ;” but “the good old lage in the English market—indeed, the English times,” if that were so, were very foolish old market altogether, for with inferior timber, and a times, and in our opinion Lord Elgin has acted longer carriage, they cannot compete in an equal with perfect wisdom in throwing no impediment market with the nations of the north of Europe. in the way of a fair discussion of the question.

The authors of the Manifesto state that the public service of the United States would be open

The Journal des Débats describes an important to them by annexation. But the civil and military discovery, which occupies the attention of the services of England are also open to thein, for French scientific world. It is a mechanical leech, there is not an office under the crown that a Cana- celebrated for his useful discoveries. All the sci

invented by M. Alexander, a civil engineer already dian may not now hold. No doubt the Canadas entific bodies, after satisfactory trials, have caused would have the additional privilege, under annexa- this leech to be adopted in all the hospitals ; havlion, of sending representatives to the two houses ing proved not only the immense economy of its of the American Legislature ; but the professors use, but, what is better, the decided advantage of ultra loyalism, the leaders of the present move which it has over the natural leech, often so scarce, ment, could hardly expect to be the choice of always repugnant to the patient, and sometimes democratic constituencies, to represent their coun- lic has given orders for the supply of the apparatus

dangerous. The president of the French Repubtry in a republican government.

in every commune where it may be found serviceNext for the advantages of annexation to the able to indigent patients.


edge of the Highland moors, Lord Malmesbury is

of opinion that they are yearly advancing in price, I've tried in much bewilderment to find

and becoming a more important kind of property. Under which phase of loveliness in thee

He saw a list last year of 106 moors let for shootI love thee best; but oh ! my wandering mind

ings, the rent of which could not be averaged at Hovers o'er many sweets, as doth a bee,

less than £300, which makes a total of £31,800. And all I feel is contradictory.

There were twice as many more let at an average I love to see thee gay, because thy smile

of £100, and a third portion unlet, whose value Is sweeter than the sweetest thing I know; may be fairly stated at £17,000, the whole making And then thy limpid eyes are all the while together a rental of 70,000 on the Highland shoot

Sparkling and dancing, and thy fair cheeks glow ings. He adds that this may be looked upon as a With such a sunset lustre, that e'en so

clear gain, as far as respects the grouse-moors, and I love to see thee gay.

an increase of two fifths on deer-ground, called I love to see thee sad, for then thy face

“ forest.”Journal of Agriculture. Expresseth an angelic misery;

The Poison of THE VIPER.—The poison of the Thy tears are shed with such a gentle grace, viper consists of a yellowish liquid secreted in a

Thy words fall soft, yet sweet as words can be, glandular structure, (situated immediately below That though 't is selfish, I confess, in me, the skin on either side of the head,) which is beI love to see thee sad.

lieved to represent the parotid gland of the higher I love to hear thee speak, because thy voice

animals. If a viper be made to bite something Than music's self is yet more musical,

solid, so as to void its poison, the following are Its tones make every living thing rejoice;

the appearances under the microscope :-At first, And I, when on mine ear those accents fall,

nothing is seen but a parcel of salts nimbly floating In sooth I do believe that most of all

in the liquor, but in a very short time these saline I love to hear thee speak.

particles shoot out into crystals of incredible tenuity

and sharpness, with something like knots here and Yet no! I love thee mute; for oh, thine Express so much, thou hast no need of speech! there, from which these crystals seem to proceed,

so that the whole texture in a manner represents a And there's a language that in silence lies, When two full hearts look fondness each to each, spider's web, though infinitely finer and more mi

These spiculæ, or darts, will remain unalLove's language that I fain to thee would teach, tered on the glass for some months. Five or six And so I love thee mute.

grains of this viperine poison, mixed with half an Thus I have come to the conclusion sweet, ounce of human blood, received in a warm glass,

Nothing thou dost can less than perfect be; produce no visible effects, either in color or consisAll beauties and all virtues in thee meet;

tence, nor do portions of this poisoned blood, mixed Yet one thing more I'd fain behold in thee- with acids or alkalis, exhibit any alterations. When A little love, a little love for me.

placed on the tongue, the taste is sharp and acrid, Chambers' Journal. as if the tongue had been struck with something

scalding or burning; but this sensation goes off VALUE OF GAME.—We are inclined to believe in two or three hours. There are only five cases that the real value of game in this country is not on record of death following the bite of the viper ; in general fully understood. It is usually looked and it has been observed that the effects are most upon as kept chiefly for amusement, and its com- virulent when the poison has been received on the mercial importance is little thought of. Yet its extremities, particularly the fingers and toes, at direct value as a marketable commodity, is very which parts the animal, when irritated, (as it were considerable ; and its indirect value, as enhancing by an innate instinct,) always takes its aim.-F. landed property is so great, that it is not easy to form | T. Buckland. a just estimate of it. The prices of ordinary game are pretty well known in Scotland ; in England The War with Mexico. By R. S. Ripley. New they are still higher, and there is always a ready York: Harper & Brotirers. demand. The value of a brace of grouse is, on an Notwithstanding there has been so much pubaverage, 6s. in England ; pheasants, 6s.; par- lished about the American war, there was need of tridges, 3s.; hares, 2s. each; woodcocks, from 6s. a work like the one now before us, which is emto 10s. a pair. The average value of a Highland braced in two elegant octavo volumes ; and perhaps red deer is not less than £5. So much for the all the more need from the multiplicity of hastily direct value of game ; and when we consider its written accounts already before the public. Major importance indirectly, we are first led to think of Ripley seems to have kept in view the great ends the Highland moors which it has rendered so prof- of historical writings—the putting on intelligible itable. For the following facts on this portion of record of well considered and authenticated facts the subject we are indebted to an able letter on the and has fulfilled his purpose with great success. game laws by Lord Malmesbury. A vast number With the entire absence of anything like vaingloryof moors are now let for £400 or £500 a year, ing or national boasting, he evinces a warm and which formerly brought nothing to the proprietor, generous patriotism and professional enthusiasm as they are unfit even for sheep. Large tracts, and a constant aim at impartiality. His introducwhich formerly let as sheep farms, are now con- tory chapter, sketching the history of Mexico and verted into deer forests, and pay at least one third, the movements towards the annexation of Texas and even one half, more than they did formerly. will prepare the well informed reader for confiFive hundred deer may be kept on a space of dence in those parts of the work which treat of the ground that will feed 1200 sheep. Valuing the exciting times when the sword was unsheathed sheep at the average price of 188. each, these and the conflict raged. We commend the volwould be worth £1080 ; but the deer would real- umes cordially as just the work which every citiize nearly double that sum-namely, £2000; for zen will desire to have for his own information, the average price of stags in summer and hinds in and desire to see circulated for the honor of his winter is fully £4. From a long-standing knowl-Icountry.- Com. Adv.

1. Miss Pardoe's Francis the First,



580 2. Herman Melville's Redburn, 3. Hudson's Bay Territory,

583 4. Humboldt's Aspects of Nature,

North British Review,

587 5. Life and Correspondence of Robert Southey, Examiner,

605 6. Ode for the Peace Congress, 1849,

For the Living Age,

612 7. Scenes from the Life of an Unprotected Fe.

male; Scene 2, 8. Louis Napoleon his own Master,

Eraminer, 9. The Hungarian Exiles,

Examiner, 10. The Most Effectual Securities for Peace, Examiner, 11. Canadian Annexation,


617 SHORT ARTICLES. Sir Walter Scott, 586. - Deer; Ivory, 614. — Mechanical Leech, 618.

Value of Game ; Poison of the Viper; War with Mexico, 619. Poetry.- An Old-fashioned Ditty, 619.

} Punch,

613 615 615 616

PROSPECTUS.- This work is conducted in the spirit of now becomes every intelligent American to be informed Littell's Museum of Foreign Literature, (which was favor- of the condition and changes of foreign countries. And ably received by the public for twenty years,) but as it is this not only because of their nearer connection with our. twice as large, and appears so often, we not only give selves, but because the nations seem to be hastening, spirit and freshness to it by many things which were through a rapid process of change, lo some new state of excluded by a month's delay, but while thus extending our things, which the merely political prophet cannot compute scope and gathering a greater and more attractive variety, or foresee. are able so to increase the solid and substantial part of Geographical Discoveries, the progress of Colonization, our literary, historical, and political harvest, as fully to (which is extending over the whole world,) and Voyages satisfy the wants of the American reader.

and Travels, will be favorite matter for our selections ; Thé elaborate and stately Essays of the Edinburgh, and, in general, we shall systematically and very fully Quarterly, and other Reviews; and Blackwood's noble acquaint our readers with the great department of Foreiga criticisms on Poetry, his keen political Commentaries, affairs, without entirely neglecting our own. highly wrought Tales, and vivid descriptions of rural and While we aspire to make the Living Age desirable to mountain Scenery; and the contributions to Literature, all who wish to keep themselves informed of the rapid History, and Common Life, by the sagacious Spectator, progress of the movement--to Statesmen, Divines, Law. the sparkling Examiner, the judicious Athenæum, the yers, and Physicians-10 men of business and men of busy and industrious Literary Gazette, the sensible and leisure-it is still a stronger object to make it attractive comprehensive Britannia, the sober and respectable Chris- and useful to their Wives and Children. We believe that tian Observer; these are intermixed with the Military we can thus do some good in our day and generation ; and and Naval reminiscences of the United Service, and with hope to make the work indispensable in every well-inthe best articles of the Dublin University, New Monthly, formed family. We say indispensable, because in this Fraser's, Tait's, Ainsworth's, Hood's, and Sporting Mag- day of cheap literature it is not possible to guard against azines, and of Chambers' admirable Journal. We do not the influx of what is bad in taste and vicious in morals, consider it beneath our dignity to borrow wit and wisdom in any other way than by furnishing a sufficient supply from Punch; and, when we ihink it good enough, make of a healthy character. The mental and moral appelite ise of the thunder of The Times. We shall increase our must be gratified. variety by importations from the continent of Europe, and We hope that, by "winnowing the wheat from the ìom the new growth of the British colonies.

chaff,” by providing abundantly for the imagination, and The steamship has brought Europe, Asia and Africa, by a large collection of Biography, Voyages and Travels, into our neighborhood ; and will greatly multiply our con- History, and more solid matter, we may produce a work Dections, as Merchants, Traveliers, and Politicians, with which shall be popular, while at the same time it will all narts of the world ; so that much more than ever it I aspire to raise the standard of public taste.

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WASHINGTON, 27 Dec., 1845. Of all the Periodical Journals devoted to literature and science which abound in Europe and in this country, this has appeared to me to be the most useful. It contains indeed the exposition only of the current literature of ine English language, but this by its immense extent and comprehension includes a portraiture of the human mind in the utmost expansion of the present age.


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