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rapprochement was still more easily but never in reality confer. We effected ; and I could myself tell of have our Law-courts and our Unichanges of opinion acquired in this versity; they are not necessarily way, which a rash press and a rasher shams because they are in Ireland. public ascribed to very different Why not have our Court-receptions agency.

also? It is not the Queen's pleasure This, it may be said, is taking to visit us. More's the pity ; but low ground for the defence, and I when she does, let us not lose the agree with you—but I do so in de- habits which may fit us for her ference to the attack, since nothing presence. could possibly be lower than that. I When the foreman of an Irish want the Viceroy to be maintained, jury, in a case where an English as a dinner-giver the more, in a nobleman of large fortune was the city which, hospitable as it is, defendant, was asked how the jury is not over rich. I want a house ever had the conscience to award where I can sit next the Grand- such a sum in damages as forty master, who drinks the Glorious thousand pounds ? “ It was a great and Immortal Memory, on one hand, deal, sure enough,” he said, and Father Cullen on the other. I we all agreed it was a fine thing to want to dine as well as I could bring all that money into Ireland.” in Belgrave Square, with a far Now, is it not a fine thing to wittier and more genial society than bring five-and-twenty thousand anall the Squares for ten miles round nually into a city not overburdened Belgrave could compass. And more with cash, and “take it out” afterthan all, I want to hear how an wards in dinners and evening parEnglishman of mark and note, in ties? the favour of his sovereign and Look at it even as a normal school the confidence of his party, thinks of politeness, and it has much in its of us, and talks of us; for let him favour. Imagine her Majesty com

as reserved as he may, his judg- ing over to Dublin and holding a ment of Irishmen will ooze out as levee, and not an alderman able to the claret goes round, and even his kneel down without prostrating very concealments will have their himself on his face,” as a Lord significance.

Mayor called it; or a drawing-room Now, why grudge us this? Do where, as the same civic authority you not every month of your lives observed, “none of the ladies could spend more money on that endless advance backwards.” Think of the lawsuit of "Armstrong versus Whit- distractions of Gold-sticks and Bedworth and others” than would main- chamber people at the untrained tain a Viceroy for Ireland in double demonstrations of a very demonsplendour ? Is there a cupola ship strative people. It is but fair to changed to a broadsider, or an un- let us have as much annual trainserviceable three-decker converted ing as you accord to the Yeomanry. into an impossible frigate, without Now, having said so much for recosting the nation the charge of taining the office, a word for the many Viceroys ? Why, you expend- man who is to hold it.

There are ed more money t'other day in run- two or three small changes I should ning away from the King of Da- like to suggest. First, I would abohomey than would have kept up lish the privilege

of knighting. No the Irish Viceroy for ten years.

one, no matter how high his staMind, I do not affect to say that tion in a free country, should have I want the Viceroy

as a Governor the power to make another manin the same sense that you send even a Lord Mayor-ridiculous. one to India. I ask for him as a Secondly, I would do away with measure of that equality you are

the kissing—we ought to do that always pretending to extend to us, for ourselves. To be sure, it is not

be

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all to the credit side of the Vice- whatever it is, if it be good for us ; roy's book. There are now and don't despoil us of the small modithen Celtic specimens of beauty in cum of gold we used once to be so the shape of austere mothers that proud of when we had gingerbread; might make his Excellency doubt and as you have deprived us of whether he had not better have re- Donybrook Fair, at least leave us mained in the “ Colonies ;” but he our St Patrick's Ball. must take these with the lot.

If, however, it be the intention This reminds me of what his of our rulers to abolish the office, Majesty George IV. said, as he saw what could have induced them to a twinkle of malice in a waiting- mark its approaching extinction by lord's eye, when a very old and ill- naming Lord Carlisle to the post ? favoured countess had just been Why accompany its decline and fall submitted to the royal embrace: by regrets all the more poignant? “Never mind,” said the King, in a Why join to the loss of certain whisper, “I had my revenge; I material benefits the greater loss kissed her daughter twice yester- that attaches to the rupture of ties day.” I say, I'd do away with this, of affection and deep regard ? I and I'd give a compensation—say have never been in Ireland since two thousand a-year if the Viceroy his Viceroyalty; but I am told on was an old man, five if young; but all sides, and by men of all parties, in return I should insist on more such traits of his kindliness, his dinners. Lastly, I would suggest generosity, and his goodness, -I that one-half of the gentlemen-in- have heard of such instances of his waiting should be briefless barris- thoughtful benevolence, that I can ters, the pleasantest class in the feel what Ireland must have lost by country, and well worthy of some his departure—a sorrow all the sort of recognition.

deeper from the cause that proLeave us, therefore, leave us what duced it. the Prussian calls our“Hegemony." If it be a policy to extinguish I trust I am employing a decent the Viceroyalty, Lord Carlisle should expression, but I am not quite clear never have been amongst the last to on the subject. Leave it to us, hold it.

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OF all the salutations that ever height would justify, saw the danwere devised to express hearty ger, and would have prevented it. good-will and large substantial His keen eye detected the confriendship, recommend us to that spirator and assassin under the unof the Orientals—“May your sha- wholesome skin of the ascetic; but dow never be less !” Maceration, Antony, who was somewhat pudas a rule of life, is suitable only for ding-headed, and whom a liberal hermits, anchorites, and suchlike diet of quails and venison had recluses, who have faith in the lulled into a chronic habit of goodefficacy of parched pease, and whose nature, felt no suspicion, and even type of beatitude is the scarecrow. tried to vindicate the character of Orthodoxy is allied to plumpness, the leanest villain of the age. and a certain breadth of beam is We therefore, being anxious that most becoming to a high dignitary good men should abound, have a

of the Church. In the man of kindly feeling for the corpulent. ! portly presence we expect to find It is a notable fact in criminal

and rarely indeed are we disap- statistics that no fat man was ever E pointed in our expectations - a convicted of the crime of murder.

warm heart, a kindly benevolent Stout people are not revengeful; disposition, comprehensive charity, nor, as a general rule, are they and a conscience void of offence. agitated by gusts of passion. Few We feel that in such a man we can murderers weigh more than ten repose implicit trust—we can make stone. There are, however, excephim the depositary of our secrets tions, which justify us in assuming without fear of betrayal—we can eleven as the utmost limit of the depend upon his good offices when sliding-scale, but beyond that there we need the assistance of a friend. is no impulse towards homicide. Very different are our sensations Seldom has such a phenomenon as when we chance to encounter a a fat housebreaker been paraded gaunt herring-gutted individual of at a criminal bar.

It is your the human species, who, like the lean, wiry fellow who works with evil kine seen by royal Pharaoh in the skeleton-keys, forces himself his dream, will not fatten upon the through closet-windows which seemfairest pasture.

His sharp looks ingly would scarce suffice for and low-set hungry jaw instinctively the entrance of the necessary cat, beget distrust. He has the eye of steals with noiseless step along the a usurer, the yawn of an ogre, the lobby and up the stairs, glides into gripe of a bailiff; and being utterly the chamber sacred for more than destitute of bowels, he yearns not half a century to the chaste repose for the calamities of his kind. of the gentle Tabitha, and with Shrewd was the observation of husky voice, and the exhibition of Cæsar,

an enormous carving-knife, com“Let me bave men about me that are fat

mands silence on pain of instant Sleek-headed men, and such as sleep death, and delivery of her cash and night.

jewels. It is your attenuated thief Yon Cassius hath a lean and hungry look; who insinuates himself under beds, I like him not-such men are dangerous.”

skulks behind counters, dives into Julius, who was in perfect training, tills, or makes prey of articles of and did not weigh a single pound commerce arrayed at shop-doors for more than the standard of his the temptation of the credulous

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'Letter on Corpulence, addressed to the Public.' By William Banting.

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passenger. A corpulent burglar is none of the exotic terms or techas much out of place and as little nical phrases with

hich medical to be feared as was Falstaff at men so commonly Gadshill—and what policeman ever meaning as to render it utterly obs is yet gave chase to a depredator as scure, but writes in plain, homely bulky as a bullock? Corpulence, English, without any scientific nowe maintain, is the outward sign menclature, he has found a ready seas to not only of a good constitution, and numerous audience. In vain but of inward rectitude and virtue. do members of the Faculty — not

There is, however, such a thing unjustifiably incensed by the accuas over-cultivation ; and we should sations levelled at their order by be sorry

if any one, misled by these this intruder into their own pecuour preliminary remarks, should liar walk-insist that there is no think that we are attempting to novelty in the system, though its apelevate pinguitude to the rank of a plication may be of doubtful expecardinal virtue. Men are not pigs, diency. Mr Banting replies that to be estimated entirely by the for thirty years and upwards he has standard of weight; and though, been in search of a remedy against in a certain sense, the late Daniel increasing corpulence, and has reLambert was one of the greatest ceived no salutary counsel from any men that ever lived, we certainly physician save the last, who regudo not hold him forth as a suitable lated his diet. example for imitation. cannot give in to the theory that

“None of my family,' plumpness is a positive misfortune; the side of either parent, had any tenand we are decidedly opposed to a

dency to corpulence, and from my system which proscribes as deleteri- dread of such a calamity; so, when I

earliest years I had an inexpressible ous and unwholesome such articles

was between thirty and forty years of of food as are the best known and

age, finding a tendency to it creeping most universally accepted—which upon me, I consulted is essentially coarse and carnivor- surgeon, now long deceased—a kind ous, and though possibly well ad- personal friend—who recommended in. apted for the training of a brutal

creased bodily exertion before my ordi. gladiator, is in every respect unfit- rowing an excellent plan. I had the

nary daily labours began, and thought ting for the nutriment of a reason- command of a good heavy life-boat, able Christian.

lived near the river, and adopted it for Seldom has fame descended with a couple of hours in the early morning. such amazing rapidity upon the It is true I gained muscular vigour, but shoulders of any man as upon those

with it a prodigious appetite, which I of Mr William Banting, late of No. 27

was compelled to indulge, and conseSt James's Street, Piccadilly. Lit- Kind old friend advised me to forsake

quently increased in weight, until my tle more than a year ago his name the exercise. He soon afterwards died; was unknown beyond the limited and as the tendency to corpulence rebut respectable circle of his ac- mained, I consulted other high orthodox quaintance; now it has become a authorities (never any inferior adviser),

but all in vain. I have tried sea air household word, and the doctrines which he has promulgated in his much walking exercise ; taken gallons

and bathing in various localities, with pamphlet have been adopted by of physic and liquor potassæ advisedly thousands who acknowledge him and abundantly; riding on horseback ; their instructor and guide. the waters of Leamington many times

, Though not professing to be the as well as those of Cheltenham and actual discoverer of a dietetic sys- sixpence a-day, so to speak, and earned

Harrogate frequently; have lived upon tem which can cure or at least pre- it, if bodily labour may be so construed ; vent many of the ills to which flesh and have spared no trouble nor expense is heir, he claims to be its first in- in consultations with the best authotelligible exponent; and as he uses rities in the land, giving each and all a

an eminent

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**z fair time for experiment, without any most men, but I have felt those difficul. Tee permanent remedy, as the evil still ties, and therefore avoided such circumgradually increased.”

scribed accommodation and notice, and

by that means have been deprived of charge against the Faculty ; but fomny, advantages to health and com

fort. co when we consider it minutely, it

appears to us that Mr Banting is All that may be perfectly true, somewhat unreasonable in his com- but we cannot see how it justifies plaints. True, he was possessed his accusation of the doctors. Bewith a morbid horror for corpu

cause cabmen and street-boys make lence, and was vehemently desirous impertinent remarks about stature to get rid of some superfluous flesh --because querulous people in the which seemed to be rapidly accum

pit of the theatre object to having ulating ; but we are nowhere told a human screen interposed between that his health had been impaired them and the spectacle—because an in the slightest degree-indeed, the elderly gentleman cannot contrive following passage leads us to the to squeeze himself with comfort into direct opposite conclusion :

an opera stall, or the narrow box of a • When,” says he,“

chophouse,—is it the duty of a phy

a corpulent man Seats, drinks, and sleeps well, has no

sician to recommend such stringent pain to complain of, and no particular measures as will make him a walking organic disease, the judgment of able skeleton ? It is the business of a men seems paralysed; for 1 have been doctor to cure disease, not to minisgenerally informed that corpulence is ter to personal vanity ; and if Mr one of the natural results of increasing Banting ate, drank, and slept well, years; indeed, one of the ablest authorities as a physician in the land told me

and was affected by no actual comhe had gained one pound in weight every plaint, we really cannot understand year since he attained manhood, and why he should have been so pertiwas not surprised at my condition, but nacious in demanding medical asadvised more bodily exercise, vapour- sistance. We are acquainted with baths, and shampooing, in addition to many estimable persons of both the medicine given. Yet the evil still increased, and, like the parasite of bar

sexes, turning considerably more nacles on a ship, if it did not destroy heavier weight than Mr Banting has

than fifteen stone in the scales—a the structure, it obstructed its fair comfortable progress in the path of life.”

ever attained—whose health is unThe "obstruction” to which Mr to scorn the idea of applying to a

exceptionable, and who would laugh Banting alludes, seems to have been doctor for recipe or regimen which nothing more than an extreme dis- might have the effect of marring

like to be twitted on the score of their developed comeliness. What 1 in punchiness. He says, with unde

right, we ask, has Mr Banting to niable truth, that

brand Obesity as one of the most “Any one so afflicted is often subject “distressing parasites that affect

" to public remark; and though in con: humanity," while, by his own conscience he may care little about it, I fession, he has never reached that am confident no man labouring under point of corporeal bulk which is obesity can be quite insensible to the sneers and remarks of the cruel and in- generally regarded as seemly and judicious in public assemblies, public suitable to Bishops, Deans, Mayors, vehicles, or the ordinary street-traffic; Provosts, Aldermen, Bailies, and nor to the annoyance of finding no ade- even Dowagers of high degree ? quate space in a public assembly, if he We deny that a man weighing but should seek amusement or need refresh

a trifle above fourteen stone is enment; and therefore he naturally keeps titled to call himself obese. It may away as much as possible from places where he is likely to be made the object be that such a one is not qualified of the taunts and remarks of others. I to exhibit himself as a dancer on am as regardless of public remark as the tight rope, or to take flying

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