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nourable and right honourable gentlemen had not, in those days, to legislate upon bills for the construction of rail-ways.

Letters of Marque.—-Letters of marque and reprisal were first issued in 1295. A merchant of Bayonne, in Gascony, where Edward I. then was, had gone with a ship to Barbary, where he took on board a quantity of almonds, raisins, and figs; and on his voyage back from England, he and his ship and cargo were seized by some armed force from Lisbon, as he lay at anchor on the Portuguese coast, and were carried into Lisbon, where the captors paid the king of Portugal a tenth share (the ship and cargo being valued at seven hundred pounds sterling), although Peace then subsisted between England and Portugal. King Edward therefore granted the merchant letters of marque against the subjects of Portugal, where he could seize their effects, and especially against those of Lisbon, forfiveyears, or until he shall reimburse himself for his losses, on condition that he accounted to the king for any surplus he might take over and above his real damages and expenses.

Drunkenness in Kings.—Sully, in his memoirs, vol. ii. page 90, says, "that James's custom was never to mix water with his wine." Sir Edward Peyton informs us, "that when the king of Denmark (brotherin-law to James) was first in England, both kings were so drunk at Theobald's, that one king was carried in the arms of the courtiers, when one cheated another of the bedchamber, by getting a grant from king James, for that he would give him the best jewel in England for a pearl of 100/. he promised him; and so put king James in his arms and carried him to his lodging, and defrauded the bedchamber man, who had much ado to get the king into his bed.

The Bishops in 1641.—It was th*» constant aim of that united and "compact phalanx," the bishops, to prevent all reformation in church and state during the reign of Charles I., and to support him in all his arbitrary views and artifices. It was this which induced the Presbyterians and Puritans to get a bill passed through both houses of Parliament for the exclusion of the Bishops from their seats in the House of Lords;—the question of their right to sit there, having indeed long previously been agitated. This memorable bill passed the Commons on the 11 th March, 1640-1, and passed the Lords on the 27th May following. The Act was repealed in 1661.

Source of Mortality in Russia.— In Russia the common people are frequently deprived of sensation, by vapours arising from the following cause. Persons of rank in that country have double windows to their houses in winter, but those of the poorer classes are only sing-le. During frosty weather an incrustation is formed on the inside of those windows, from a condensation of the breath, perspiration, &e. of a number of persons living together in the same chamber. This mephi tic crust is mixed with the noxious fumes of candles, and of the stove with which the chamber is heated. When a thaw succeeds, and this plate of ice is converted into water, a deletrious principle is disengaged, which produce? effects similar to those arising from the fumes of charcoal. The method of recovering persons affected by this effluvia, is as follows :—They are immediately carried of doors und placed on the snow, with no other covering than a shirt and linen drawers. Their temples and stomach are then well rubbed with snow, and cold water is poured down their throats. The friction is continued till the livid hue of the skin disappears, and the surface ac • quires its natural colour.

INDEX

SECOND VOLUME OF THE MONTHLY REVIEW FOR 1833.

NEW AND IMPROVED SERIES.

A.

Abattoirs, account of 290

Abiponians, account of ib.

Academies, curious Italian ones ib.

Actors, a letter on the morality of the

life of 479

hints to 446

Acts of Parliament, beauties of...... 4W

Africa, our possessions in 290

the slave trade of the western

coast of 81

African Institution, origin of 521

conduct of 528

Agricultural produce of England .... IIS
Aikin, Miss, her Court of Charles I.. 440
Airy, Professor, his paper on astro-
nomy 338

Albanese, character of 53

Alliteration, remarks on 216

Ambassadors, rank of, 245; claims

on 249

America, independence of scholars in. 319 Penitentiary system, 1 ; trea-
ties of with England," 246,253,255;
Indians of the north of, 509; Lieut.

Coke's travels in .. i 408

American Indians, account of, 509;

their colour 610

Amusement, an Indian one 42

Anagram, remarks upon 408

Andirons, account of 170

Anger, observations on 94

Animal Kingdom, English version of. 423
——Magnetism, account of experi-
ments on 291

Animals, observations on cruelty to.. 92

remarks on 506

structure of their habitations.. 188

Vol. ii. (1833) No. iv.

Anne, Queen, remarks on the reign of 106

Annuities, the long 106

Anobona, anecdote of the present K:ng

of i 35

Applegath and Cowper's improvement

in printing engines 174

Archers'Guide 285

Archer, Major, his Tours in Upper

India 36

Arctic Expedition, account of that in

search of Captain Ross 208

Aristocracy, picture of 534

Annihilation, Goethe's notions of.... 810

Arms, stands of 16S

Army, British, in America ......... 419

reform of 535

Artists,longevity of 350

Arundel, Earl of 451

Astrology, state of, in the reign of

Charles 1 459—462

Astronomers, curious fact in the lives

of 389

Astronomy, Professor Airy upon, 338;

progress of English in, 340; history

of; 405

Atmosphere, remarks on 502

Auburn, account of the Penitentiary of 7
Austin J. his work on Jurisprudence. 78
Australia, see New Holland, climate of,

486; account orthe natives of.... 488

Austria, system of, in the Tyrol 203

Australian Colonies 585

Authors on law, longevity of 349

... B-

Back, Captain, his expeditions in search

of Ross 267

Bailing, tiger 142

2 R

Bakers in Paris........... . . . . . . . . 446
Bakewell, R. his geology...... .337–345
Balsain of Copaiba, use of in printing

ink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bank of England ............. 105—108
—— early history of .... 109

Bank stock, strange mode of selling in
America ............. ... 470
Bankers, chartered, transactions of ... 113
Barker, Captain, account of his death. 495
Barometer, remarks on............. 503
Barrels for guns, manufacture of .... 165
Basil, St. his poetical address to a
fallen virgin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Bassnett, Rev. B. on the Liturgy .... 440
Bavaria, state of crime in, 194; social
condition of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 197
Beattie, Dr. on slavery............. 234
Bedford, earls of, see Russell,—1st.
earl, 395; 2nd earl, 397; 3rd earl,
398; dukedom of created ........
Beer, sale of... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Begum, an Indian, strange history of
a female one . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Berlin decree, account of........... 260
Berzelius, analysis by, of inorganic
bodies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Biography, general ............... 425
Birds, account of the nests of........
Birmingham, manufactures of, 164;
un trade of ...................
Bishop Toby's Pilgrimage. -
Blind, advice to .................. 288
Bliss, Henry, his statistics of Canada. 277
Boaden, James, his Memoirs of Mrs.
Inchbald . . . . . . . . . . . . . .........
Bulwer, E. L. his England and the
English . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Buonaparte, his hatred of Pitt, 257;
curious anecdotes of, 259—263; his
dialogue with Lucien ........... 265
Boats, Virginia .................. 549
Bones, use of in the arts............ 507
Books, sale of in America .......... 414
Bossuet, anecdote of............... 90
Botanical Magazine ............... 128
Bourbons, cost to England of restoring 105
Boyle, legacy of.................. 378
Brain, physiology of .............. 501
Brass, remarks on ............... . 159
Bridgewater Treatise; that by Dr.
Chalmers, 378; by Dr. Kidd ..... 499
Britannia, the composition of Thom-
son, the poet ................ ... 107
Bristol, Lord, anecdote of .......... 523
British Association for the Advance-
ment of Science, account of its laws 343
— Empire, resources of, 98; capi-
tal of . . . . . . . . . . * - - - -
Brougham, Lord, on slavery........
Brown Bess, meaning of ........... 166
Browning, account of the process of..
Buckingham, Duke of ... ........... 451
Burial-ground fees, condemnation of.
Burial, mode of, amongst the Indians. 520

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Cabinet Dinner, description of one... 243
Calumet, account of ............... 515
Camel, structure and habits of....... 507
Camp-meeting, account of one ...... 414
Canada balsam, use of in printing ink. 227
Canada, sketches of, by Mackenzie . . 411
remarks on as a place for emi-
gration, 323; origin of its name .. 445
Canoe, account of the manufacture of,
512; working of on the waters. ... 513
Capital, account of the amount of in
England. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -- . 115
Capodistrias, death of.............. 56
Caravanserai, account of ........... 37
Carmignani, M. G. on criminal law... 333
Castlereagh, the late Lord, anecdotes
of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
Catechism, the Political Union one... 439
Catholic Emancipation, poetical re-
flections on .................... 2
Chain cables, remarks on........... 559
Chalmers, Dr. his Bridgewater Trea-

tise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 379
Change-alley, remarks on .... . . . . . . lo
Charities, public abuses of......... - 53's

Charles I. anecdote of, 131; court of,
449; his queen, 453; his extraor-
dinary vow, 461 ; his trial ....... 463
example of his arbitrary
conduct .......... . . . . . . . . . . ... 399
XII. saying on his death .... 93
Charter, the first for liberty......... 2SS
Chenevix, his practice of Mesmerism. 292
Cheyne, Dr. saying of ............. SS
Children of Peace, account of ....... 415
China, the great wall of............ 2S3
Chippewas, account of............ - 5 12
Chippeyaus, account of . .......... 515
Chronometers, remarks on.......... 152
Church of England, satirical account
of its origin, 373; its clergy...... 375
—— Mr. Overton's
Poem on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - ot
vow of Charles 1.
respecting it. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461
Cinnamon, curious fact about ....... 445
Civilization, remarks on ........... 553
Climate, remarkable fact respecting ... 341
of Australia.......... ... .. 4S5
Cliques, account of........ . . . . . . . 535
Cloquet, Jules, his case of magnetism. 297

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Clothing, anecdote of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Clubs, lemarks on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 536
Cochrane, Lord, anecdote of........ 15)
Cocoa-nut tree, account of.......... 504
Coke, Lieut. his Subaltern's Fulough. 466
Colocotroni, account of the residence
of, 56; life of... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Colquhoun, J. C. his Animal Magne-
tism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291
Colour, that of the American Indians. 510
Columbian press, account of........ 171
Commercial relations of England in
the time of Elizabeth........... . 450
Conder, Josiah, his work on Slavery. . 231
Confession, auricular doctrine of .... 66
Congreve rocket, application of...... 550
Conscience, account of the influence
of, in the human mind .......... 381
Contentment, observations ou ....... 94
Conyngham, Mrs. G. L. her Dream,
and other poems... . . . . . . . . . . ... 429
Copying machines, account of ...... 174
Corn Laws, operation of ........... 283
Cosmo II. anecdote of...... . . . . . . . . 86
Costume, that of the American Indians 510
Cotton, cultivation of in Guzerat .... 50
manufacture . . . . . . . ....... 113
Court of London, residence at, by
Rush, 240; of France under Napo-
leon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
Cowper, the poet, account of his mad-
ness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 855
Creation, testimonies of the wisdom of,
(see Bridgewater) .............. 187
Creighton, the admirable ........... 91
Crews of ships, remarks on ......... 145
Crime, state of in Bavaria .......... 194
Criminals, reform of........
Cruelty, observations upon it . 93
Cuba, slave settlements in .......... 237
Cunningham, G. G. his Lives of Emi-
nent Men...................... 425
Curry, receipt for making .......... 135
Cuvier, Baron, translation of his Regne
Animal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423

D.

Damascus blades............ ...... 16'.
Dance of the Gods, account of ...... 43
account of the French Quad-
rille ....... -------------------
Danegeld, nature of the tax of....... 101
Death, punishment of, considered.... 303
Death, supposed enlightenment of the
mind on the approach of, 851, 353;
absence of pain in........ ....... 853
Debt, the national, 106–108; plan
for paying off. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Denton, H. B. on the Small Courts
Bill. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288
De Rohan, saying of .............. 88
Dick, Dr J. sermon on the death of... 286
Dinner, a Tyrolese one ..... . . . . . . . 202
Piplomatic agents, remarks on the re-

lative rank of ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245
Distillation, nature of the destructive

sort of . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - -
Dogs, Goethe's antipathy to ........ 310
Douglas's, Sir H. naval in provements 149
Doyle, M. his Treatise on Gardening. 277
Drafts, commercial method of prevent-

ing forgery of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230
Drama, remarks on .... ... 176—219
Dramatists, longevity of............ 349
Dream, the, and other poems ....... 429
Drums, origin of.......... . . . . . . . . 546
Dukedom of Bedford, creation of .... 403

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Earth, speculations respecting....... 406
Earthenware manufacture .......... l I4
East India Companies ............. 105
East India Company, administration of
45 et seq 48
East, Flowers of .................. 542
Ecclesia Anglicana, a poem, so called. 269
Edgeworth, Miss, her letter to Mrs.
Inchbald . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
remarks on her omis-
sion of religion in her writings ....
Emigration, early, from England . . . 451
Emigrants, advice to............... 418
Encyclopædia of cottage, &c. archi-
tecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 489
Encyciopedie des Gens du Monde.... E87
England, her commerce in the time of
Elizabeth......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450
English character abroad, remarks on 193
English, remarks on .......... 533–538
English houne, tales for an.......... 435
Enthusiast, the young ............. 586
Eskdaleside, the hermit of .......... 582
Etiquette, diplomatic .......... 245–249
Eucharist, doctrine of............. . 66
Exchequer Bills, their origin..... ... 103
Exposition of the false medium exclud-
ing men of genius from the public.. 569

F.

Felton, Lieut. curious anecdote of.... 160
Female, first appearance of one in a
theatrical character ......... . . . . . 454
sex, remarks on ............ 88
worthies, lives of.......
Females, English marketing of ....
Fergus’s, Rev. H. work on the Creation 187
Fernando Po, remarks on .......... 35
, account of ........... 557
Fiddler, Rev. J. his visit to America... 817
Field Book, the dictionary, so called. 278
Fig-tree, account of ............... 447
Firemen, those of Philadelphia...... 468
Fire-places, historical account of .... 169
Fire-alarm, ingenious..

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Fish, the Chippewas fed exclusively

upon.. • 512

Fixed air, explanation of 608

Florence, proof of its climate being

stationary for two centuries 841

Food, nature of that of the Indians ... 611 regulations of the Jews respect-
ing • 123

Forgery, means of preventing 230

Forks, manufacture of 160

Fortitude, examples of, among Indians 616

Franklin, Dr. on slavery 234

Freetown, remarks on, 25,26; curious

establishments in 28—30

French Commission, investigates it,
293; mode of performing it, 294;

remarkable case of..... 295

French, hatred of the English 533

Friends, the yearly epistle of 496

Funding system, account of Ill

Fuseli, anecdote of 621

G.

Galileo, discoveries of 407

Gall, Dr. his theory of the brain .... S01

Gardening, Martin Doyle on '277

Gas-light, account of 289

Gassendi, anecdote of 90

Geddes, Dr. A. a letter from 479

Generosity, instance of 470

Genius, infirmities of 347

Geographical Society, journal of .... 267
Geology, Bakewell's introductions to . 887
Mantel's geology of the south east,

ib.; present state of 841

r-, new discovery in 132

George 1. loans of, 103; George II.
loans of, ib.; George III finance

instructions in the reign of 103

Germany, stale of religion in 74

Ghent, treaty of.... 246—255

Ghosts, Dr. Johnson's belief in 354

Giavella, Gen. anecdote of 62

Girard, Stephen, a benefactor of Phi-
ladelphia, account of 470

Glass, manufacture of 114

Glauber's salt, account of 608

Glazing, account of 161

Godwin, Mr. bis quarrel with Mrs.

Inchbald +82

Goell.e, characteristics of, 307; anti-
pathy of to dogs 310

— , happy temperament of 359

Goldsmid, A. anecdote of 124

Gravitation, theory of 409

Greece, sketches of 51

Gregory, Dr. O his remarks on inven-
tions 172

Grind ill, poetical account of 273

Grinding stones, account of 163

Guitar, origin of 546

Gunnery, naval, art of I4#

Guns, manufacture of, 16t; gun trade 167

H.

Hall, Capt. B., his Third Series of

Fragments 133

, Rev. Robert, biography of.... S60

Hall, account of the salt mines of.... 5O0

Happiness, treatise■on 85

Hardware manufacture 114

Hawking, Indian practice of 38

Henrietta, queen of Charles L, impo-
litic conduct of . . 458

Henry 1., anecdote of K>f

Hindoos, superstitions of 138

Histriomastrix, account of

Hofer, account of his residence in the

Tyrol

, his career • 'Alb

Hook, Theodore, his new novel ..... 32*
Hope, illustrations of the power of .. 96
Horses, attempt to improve them in

India 4 45

Howitt, W., his calumnious history of

priestcraft 870

Hufeland, Professor, his description of

death 352

Human action, tendency of 79

Hume on slavery 233

Humming-birds, anecdotes of 181

Human Knowledge, nature of 5S6

Hutton, Bishop, poetical account of .. 274
Hypochondria, the disease of literary
men 854

i.:

Illinois, government of 413

Imagination, cultivation of, and effects

on lougevity 350

Immortality, conclusive argument in

favour of 386

Imperial press, account of 171

Impressment, remarks on, 262; right
of England to impress American

vessels 253

Improvidence of literary men 353

Inchbald, Mrs., Memoirs of, 476; her

personal appearance 482

India, Tours in Upper, 36; adminis-
tration of, 46; remittances from,
113; mothers in, 131; palankeens

of 189

Indians, North American, full account

of 509

Indigestion, the disease of literary men 354

India, marriage in - 512

Industry, examples.of great 87

Inez de Castro, affecting account of .. 44J
Inelis, H.D., his travels in the Tyrol . 192
Ink, for printing. Mr. Savage on,221;
receipts for, 2i4; best method of

making 2"28

Impediments of speech, observations ou 5S7
Imprisonment, account of one of ten
years' duration 10

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