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considerable Christians to consult together what was best to be done. It was agreed on all hands, that the Arch-Deacon shou'd go and wait upon his Lordship, who was a Person of that Authority as to be able to undo them all at once, by depriving them of their Pepper-Trade, if they should disoblige him, and besides, he was able to oblige their Kings, who were all very much at his Devotion, to Sacrifice all their Lives and Eftates to his displeasure ; and what made them the willinger to comply with him therein, was, their being confident that they should be quickly rid of his Company, since Winter was at band, which they thought would certainly call him to Goa.

Upon all which considerations it was agreed, . That they should give way to his saying of Mass, and his Preaching in their Churches, which their Books told them was a common Civility, that is every where paid to Bishops, tho' out of their own Diocesses; but as for any Acts of Jurisdiction, such as Visiting, Conferring Orders, Excom: municating, and the like, if he should pretend to exercise any such Acts, as it was to be feared he would, that they shou'd then put him off as well as they cou'd with delays, until he returned to Goa, which they thought he would in two Months at farthest ; by which means they might, without embroiling themfelves with so powerful a Prelate, wait till they had a Bishop sent them by the Patriarch of Babylon, to whom they had writ for one ; of all which they made a pub

lick Instrument, and for their further Security, brought together a Body of 3000 brave Men, who were all well Armed ; the Christians of St. Thomas being, by, much, both the stoutest and best Firemen in the Indies, as the Portyguezes knew very well, which made them be the more zealous to reduce them to the Roman Church, in order to make them Subjects to the King of Portugal.

The Arch-Bishop fent also at the same time to some of their Paniquais, some of which have 4000, some 6000 Men at their Command, to come and speak with him at Cochim ; but they, instead of going thither, took an Oath folemnly

to make themselves Amouços, after the Custom of · the Malavars, against him, in case he offer'd any

violence to their Arch-Deacon, or to any other of their Priests. When the Malavars devote themselves to be Amouços for any cause, they defend it to the last drop of their Blood, with, out either fear or wit.

With two of these Paniquais , and 3000 Men well Armed, the Arch-Deacon came to wait upon the Arde-Bishop at Cochim. Don Antonio de Noronha, the Governour of the City, met them without the Gates, and conducted them to the Arch-Bishop's Palace. The Arch-Deacon, when he came before the Arch-Bishop kneeled down and kiss'd his Hand, as did all the other Caçanares that were in his Company ; the two Paniquais were also presented to his Lordship by the Arch-Deacon, who when the Arch-Bishop, and the Governour,

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and the Arch-Deacon came to sit down, placed themselves at the Elbows of the Arch-Bishop's Chair, where they stood all the while with their

broad Swords naked over his Head. The door i of the Room where they were being shut, to

keep out the Crowd, those that stood without : imagining that it was done to make their Arch. : Deacon a Prisoner, said to one another, this is

the time to die for our Arch-Deacon, and for the Church of St. Thomas , but being assured that

their Arch-Deacon was in no danger, they were i quieted. .

After the hubbub was over, and they had difcoursed together for some time, it was agreed,

that the Arch-Bishop should go next day to Vaipi. icotta, which upon the account of its having a

College of Jesuites in it, should be the first

Church he should Visit, and that the Arch-Dea.. S con with his Caçanares, should repair thither immediately. .

The Arch-Bishop having furnished himself with all Necessaries for his Voyage, embarked with all

his Retinue upon seven Tones or Gallies,and Roque i de Mello Pereyro, who had been Governour of

Malaca, attended him with two Gallies more, and 3 Joan Pereyra de Miranda, who was afterwards

Governour of Cranganor with one. iii
S. Being arrived at Vaipicotta, he was conducted

by the Jesuites, and their Scholars, and the whole e Village to the Church, where, with his Mitre

on his Head, and his Crosier in his hand, he gave them a long Sermon. His Text was, He that


entereth not in by the door, &c. on which words he told them at length, That none were truc Pastors, but what entered in by the door of the Roman Church, and were sent by the Pope, who was Christ's Vicar ; which none of their former Prelates having

been, who had been all fent to them by the Schisma.: tical Bishops of Babylon, they were all Thieves and

Murderers of the Flock. When he had done his Sermon, he bid them.come next day to the Church to be confirmed, which some did ; to whom, after he had confirmed them, he told the news of Purgatory, a place most of them had never heard of before.

All this while no Arch-Deacon appeared, who came not to Vaipicotta, till two days after the arrival of the Arch-Bishop. He had delayed his coming on purpose, that he might not by his prefence, seem to consent to any of those things, which he knew the Arch-Bishop would offer to do at that place.

Tho' the Arch-Bishop knew well enough what it was that had made the Arch-Deacon loiter.fo behind, yet he dissembled so far as to receive him very kindly, treating with him about the course he was to take in the reduction of the Church, who seemed to approve of every thing that was proposed to him.

The Arch-Bishop went daily to Matins and Vespers, which were sung by those of the Seminary in Chaldee, but coming to understand at last,

for he understood Chaldee no more than he did · Malavar, that they prayed therein for the Patri


arch of Babylon, stiling him the Universal Pastor ; of the Church, a Title that all Patriarchs, as

well as the Pope, have assumed to themselves for some Hundred of Years (nay, by what Gregory I. has said of that Title, I do not know but the Pope might be one of the last that assumed it ) he resolved not to permit so wicked a thing to be done any longer, notwithstanding all that the good Jesuites, who' out of Policy had all along complyed with it, could say to disswade him; and so having one Evening, without communicating his design to any one, called all the Jesuites, Masters of the Seminary, and the ArchDeacon, and his Caçanares, together at his Lodgings, having first made a Speech to them to prove, That the Pope was the only Head of the Church on Earth, and that the Bishop of Babylon was a Heretick and Schismatick, he pulled out of his Pocket an Excommunication lată fententiæ, commanding bis Secretary to read it with an audible Voice, and his. Interpreter to declare it to those that did not understand Latin, in Malavar, by which he Commanded, That no Person Secular or Ecclefiaftick do from henceforward presume to pray for the Patriarch of Babylon. He Commanded the Arch-Deacon and Caçınares to sign it, and finding the Arch-Deacon had a great mind to have shufe: fled it off, he said to him, Sign it, Father, for it is full time the Axe were laid to the Root of the

Tree; to which the Arch. Deacon returned no an| swer, but Signed it without saying a. word, as did all the other Caçanares, after which

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