Leontius of Constantinople, his time, and testimony to the 109, III, 112, 116; his martyrdom, i. 627, ü, 110, III;
scriptures, iii. 76 10 78

his apology for the Christian religion, 110, 113, 114; a
Leucius, a follower of Marción, and one of the chief of creed ascribed to him, 114; bis opinion upon the doc.

the Ducelæ, iy. 627, 636 ; had different names, 630; trine of the Trinity, 115; many of his disciples Arians,
. his time, ii. 231. iv. 627; his opinions, ii. 230, 231. 116; his character, ibid. ; said to bave been a favourer of

iv. 627, 628 ; not a Mavichee, 630; an account of his Paul of Samosata, or Sabellianism, i. 627; his apology
writings in general, 629, 630 ; author of an apocryphal quoted, iv. 60
book entitled Travels of the Apostles, i. 411; said to be Lucian of Samosata, his time and works, iv. 149; a passage
author of the Gospel of Peter, 415. iv. 636 ; of the History from him concerning Peregrinus, in which is a copious
of the nitivity of the virgin, 632 ; the Protevangelion, or testimony to the Christians of his time, 150 to 152; his
Gospel of James, 632, 633 ; the Gospel of Nicodemus, or account of Alexander, who set up an oracle in Paphlago-
· Acts of Pilate, 635,636; said to have interpolated the Gos nia, 152; passages from his True History, wherein there

pel of the infancy, 634 ; writers who mention bim, ii. seem to be allusions and references to the book of the

230, iv. 625, 626, 630 ; remarks upon his books, ii. 231, Revelation, 152, 153; extracts from the Dialogue Philo.
. iv. 633, 634; these forgeries prove the truth of canonical patris ascribed to him, where are references to the Reve.
scripture, 639

lation and other books of the New Testament, 153 to 156
Leusden, (J.) quoted, ii. 545, 546

Lucifer, Bp of Cagliari, his history, works, opinions, cha-
Libanius, sophist of Antioch, his time, works, and character, racter, and testimony to the scriptures, ii. 449 to 451

iv. 355, 356; averse to Christianity, yet friendly to some Lucius, Bp of Rome, bis history, ii. 42, 43
Christians, ibid. ; flourished many years as an author, i. Lucius, Arian Bp at Alexandria after Athanasius, ii. 318
444; bis letter to Priscian, president of Palestine, con- LUKE (St.) THE EVANGELIST, his history from the New
cerning the Manichees, ii. 144; Theodore of Mopsuestia Testament, iii. 187; who he was, his profession and
and Chrysostom his scholars, 526; extracts out of his country, ii. 371, 380, 406, 418, 548, 550, 552, 553, 622,
epistles, iv. 356, 357 ; out of his other works, 357, 358; 604, 605, 630 ; iii. 39, 86, 87,96; whether the same as
recommends moderation in things of religion, ibid. and mentioned Col. iv. 14. iv. 521, 605, 630 ; and Rom. xvi.
362 ; his Oration for the temples to Theodosius, A. D. 390, 21, iii. 32. Testimonies of ancient writers to his gospel
with remarks, 358 to 369

and the Acts, iii. 188 to 191. Remarks upon those ies-
Liberius, Bp of Rome, bow treated by Constantius, iv. 373 timonies, shewing that he was not a painter, nor a slave;
Libertines, who they were, i. 62, 63

doubtful whether he was a Syrian ; was a pbysician and
Library at Cesarea, repaired by Euzoïus, ii. 317; use of by a Jew by birth, and an early believer, though not one of
· Euthalius, iii. 38. See Pamphilus

the seventy ; may be the same as Lucius of Cyrene; was
Library, Four Letters of Dr. Lardner's published in that a writer of two books divinely inspired, a companion of
periodical pamphlet in 1761 and 1762, v. 465 10 472

Paul, and acquainted with the other apostles, 191 to 199;
Licinius, marries Constantine's sister Constantia, ii. 326 ; . his character, 202 to 203, 7 notei; not certain that he

wars between him and Constantine, 327; his perse died by martyrdom, 199
cution of the Christians, and the time of it, 262; put to The time and place of his writing, ii, 470, 488, 550,
death, 340

ii. 75, 86, 87, 90, 91; his gospel and the Acts written,
Lightfoot, (Dr.) his account of the power of the Jews, con A.D. 63, or 64, 199, 200; he wrote his gospel in Greece,

sidered, i. 56; quoted and commended, iii. 302, 311, 313, 200 to 202
• 314, 316, 397, note €, 548, 549 notes, 553, 555 to He wrote a gospel and the Acts, according to Irenæus,
557, 572

i. 366, 367; and Clement of A. 399, 400; and Tertul.
Limborch quoted, v. 390, 392, 410, 411, 418

lian, 419 to 422 ; his gospel referred to by Justin M. 344;
Linus, one of the first bishops of Rome, i. 291, 368, 374 by the martyrs at Lyons, 361 ; upon what grouods his
Livia, Augustus's wife, called Julia by Josephus, i. 216 and St. Mark's gospels were received by Papias and Clement
Locke, (J.) quoted, v. 390, 391,411, 414, 415

of A. 339, 398, 399; by Irenæus, 376, 377 ; Tertullian,
Logos, a letter concerning the quesiion whether the Logos 420, 421 ; his gospel said to be Paul's, 420 ; said by Oris

supplied the place of a human soul in the person of Jesus gen to have been written for Gentile converts, 532; write
Christ, v. 373 to 431

ten more especially for Gentiles, ii. 553 ; for all in gene-
Lollia Paulina, how her head when cut off was examined by ral, 602 ; the occasion of writing his gospel, ii. 229; the
Agrippina, i, 13

third evangelist wrote a gospel, and the Acts his second
Longinian, the correspondence between him and Augustine, book, 371, iii. 51, 52
iv. 491, 492

Observations upon bis gospel, chiefly the Introduction,
Longinus, the critic, disciple of Ammonius Saccas, i. 504; jii. 203 to 206. See also 155 to 157. A Letter from Dr.

his time and character, iv. 202, 203 ; put to death by Morgan (writer of the Moral Philosopher) and Dr. Lard-
Aurelian, i. 624 ; speaks honourably of the lawgiver of the ner's answer concerning the first chapter of his gospel, v.
Jews, iv. 203 ; whether he has mentioned the apostle Observations upon The Acts of the Apostles, iii. 206 to
-Paul, 204; a curious observation upon one of his frag 212; alterations in his gospel by Marcion, iv. 611 to 616.
-monts, received from Mr. Merrick, ibid.

See Four gospels.
Lord's Day, mentioned by Commodian, ii. 73 ; and by Gau. Lysanias, tetrarch of Abilene, i. 13, 14, 18

dentius, Bp of Brescia, 524; appointed to be a day of Lysias, bis good character, i. 40, 104, 122; his post and
rest by Constantine, 339; esteemed a festival by the early power at Jerusalem, 58, 104, 122

Christians, 431 to 434
Lord's Prayer, delivered but once, i. 512 ; how read by
Origen, 565, 566; the doxology wanting in soune copies,

513, 566. See Matt. vi. 13, in the list of various readings.
Lowman, (M.) quoted, iii. 451, v. 386, note. 419

Maccabees, those books how quoted by. Cyprian and others,
Lowth, (W.) corrected, i. 546 ; quoted, v. 397, 403.

ii. 29, 30 ; not a part of the Jewish canon, according to
Lucanus, said by Origen to have corrupted the scriptures, Origen, i. 556; not received as canonical by Jerom, ii.,
i. 563

540, 541 ; nor by Rufinus, 573 ; see 579; por by Gre-
Lucian, preslyter of Antioch, bis history, ji. 109 to ill; gory, Bp of Rome, iii. 69 ; see also 80; the first book

his editions of the Seventy and of the New Testament, accurate history, the second not so, V. 467. Inquiry into

the truth of the history of the seven brothers in the second clesiastical constitution, with an account of their Elect,
book, 467 to 472

and Auditors, 155 to 158; their manners vindicated from
Machærus, John the Baptist said to have been beheaded there, aspersions, 158 to 160; how they were persecuted, 161,
iii. 534, 536; how taken by the Romans, 528

162 ; their opinions in divers points the same as those of
Macknight, (Dr.) quoted and commended, iv. 238 in the other Christians, 176, 177; their belief of the divine per-
Notes, v. 184, 459, 460, 484

fections, 186, 187 ; they believed God to be almighty,
OBSERVATIONS upon DR. MACKNIGHT'S HARMONY, but denied his immensity, 187 ; whether they believed
so far as relates to the history of our Saviour's resurrection, two gods, ibid. ; they believed God creator, and a consub.
V. 522 to 543 ; concerning the time of the application to stantial trinity, 187, 188; whether they worshipped the
Pilate for a guard to the sepulchre, 522, 523 ; the visit 10 sun, 188; they believed two principles, 188 to 191; sup-
the sepulchre attempted by some of the women, 524 to posed the creation of the world to be occasional, 191,
528; their preparation of the spices, 528 10 531; their jour 192 ; their account of the creation of the world, and the
ney to the sepulchre, and the appearances of our Lord on the formation of man, 191 to 194; they condenined mar.
day of his resurrection, 531 to 543

riage, 195 ; whether they held free will, 196, 197; be-
Macrina, Basil's grandmother, i. 598, 605

lieved the transmigration of souls, 198; denied the resur.
Macrobius quoted, i. 183, 184; was a beathen, ibid. and iv. rection of the body, ibid.; believed a future judgment, 199;

392, 393 ; his time and works, 392 ; his testimony to the. whether they believed the eternity of hell iorments, ibid. ;
slaughter of the infants at Bethlehem, 393, 394; what he their true character, 184, 185, 235 ; vindicated from
says of Numenius, 205

charges brought against them, 240 to 243 ; their notion
Macrobius, a Donatist writer, ii. 299

of Christ, see the word Christ; their worship, see Wor-
Madaura, the correspondence between the people of that ship; their doctrine concerning the scriptures, see Scrip-
place and Augustine, iv. 489 to 491

Maffei, (Scipio) rejects the fragments ascribed to Irenæus, Manichæism, the time of its rise, ii. 140, 168 to 170; its
i. 376 ; quoted, iii. 61, 62

character, 184, 185, 235 ; form of abjuring it, 153
MAGDALEN Houses, a Letter to Jonas Hanway, Esq. on Manton, (Dr. T.) quoted, v. 321

this subject, v. 459 to 464 ; Mary Magdalene not the MARC; his time, country, and sect (called Marcosians), iv.
woman mentioned, Luke vii. 37, 459 to 461; not only 577 ; accused of magical arts, 578; observations on the
most protestants are of this opinion, but also the learned accusation, 579; the Marcosians unjustly accused of being
Benedictine editor of Chrysostom's works and Du Pin, 463. Docetæ, and holding two princip'es, ilid. ; Irenæus's ac-
It was not Mary the sister of Lazarus, 462. A book re count of their opinion of Christ hardiy intelligible, 580;
ferred to, entitled Thoughts on the plan for a Magdalen they received the scriptures of the Old and New Testa-
house, 464, note

ment, believed the facts recorded in the gospel, and prac-
Magians, or wise men from the East, did not find Jesus in a tised baptisen and the Lord's supper, 580 to 582 ; what
stable but in a house, iii. 88

books of ihe New Testament they acknowledged, and their
Magic often imputed to Heretics, ii. 513, 514, 559; what apocryphal books, 582
makes a magician, 514

Marcella, wife of Porphyry, her character, iv, 210
Maimonides quoted, v. 395

Marcella, mother of Potamniæna, and martyr at Alexandria,
Majorinus, first Bp of the Donatists at Carthage, ii. 295, 297 in the time of Severus, iv. 166
Malala, an historian of no great credit, iv. 30

Marcellinus, Ammianus, his time, and work, avd character,
Malchion, presbyter of Antioch, bis history, ii. 74; remarks iv. 371, 372 ; extracts from his history, 372 to 374 ; his

upon it, 75; he directed in the council of Antioch, when character of Constantius, 373; of Julian, 374, 375, 378;
Paul of Samosata was deposed, 75, 76; his opinion upon of the Christian religion, 373 ; his account of Julian's de-
the doctrine of the Trinity not ceriainly known, 76; his sign to build the temple at Jerusalem, 325, v. 44; bis
testimony to the scriptures, ibid. ; he convicted Paul of Sa credulity, iv. 328, 329
mosata, i. 621,623, 624

Marcellus, sent into Judea by Vitellius, i. 49
Mamertinus, his panegyric upon Julian, iv. 315, 316

Marcellus, Bp of Apamea, in Syria, his remarkable zeal in
Mammoen, mother of the en: peror Alexander, sends for Ori. demolishing heathen temples, iv. 473 to 475
gen, i. 523 ; said to have been a Christian, iv. 179

Marcellus, an eminent Christian in Mesopotamia, ii. 143;
Man, his excellence, according to the Manichees, ii. 194, whether the letter from Mani to him be genuine, ibid. 174

195 ; how made, ibid. ; said by them to have two souls, ib. Marcellus, Bp of Ancyra in Galatia, a Sabellian, i. 598 ; how
MANI, his history and doctrine, from Socrates, ii. 140, 141; treated by Eusebius, ii. 359 ; his time, opinions, charac-

was put to death by a king of Persia, 142, 144, 166, 168; ter, and testimony to the scriptures, 395 to 397
the anniversary of his death kept by his followers, 142, Marcia, concubine of Commodus, said to have been favour-
207 ; his dress, 143 ; lived under several kings of Persia, able to the Christians, iv. 186
142 ; his name and his parents, 163 to 165 ; whether he Marcian, Bp of Arles, favoured the Novatians, ii. 53
ever was a slave, 165; his qualifications, 165, 166; be- Marciun, a Novarian Bp, and a learned man, ii. 54, 55
Jieved antipodes, 166; the accounts given of him by Marcianus, to whom Irenæus inscribed one of his works, i. 364
Eastern writers, and remarks upon them, 166, 167 ; his MARCION, what Polycarp said to him, i. 325. See the con-
time, 168 to 170; his predecessors, 170, 171; his works, tents of his chapter in vol. iv.; a general account of bim
171 to 175; the genuineness of a saying ascribed to him from Irenæus, iv. 588, 589; and Epiphanius, 590, 591; lhe
disputed, 175; his followers had many large books, ibid. ; time in which he lived, 589, 590 ; Epiphanius is suspected
his opinions, 176 [and see Manichees); his pretensions, of inventing the story of his deceiving a young woman,
and whether he was an impostor, 177 to 179; reasons for 591, 592; his opinions, his notion of the Creator, and
thinking him an impostor, with remarks, 179 to 182 ; ad. distinction between good and just, 594 to 598
ditional observations, 183 to 186; called himself apostle, The character of Marcion, what books of the New
181 ; his three chief disciples, 150, 151; whether he had Testament were received by him, and how he treated them,
twelve disciples, 180

iii. 357 to 361, 462 to 464, iv. 610 to 624. Rejected the
MANICHEES, passages of ancient authors concerning them, Old Testament and the God of the Jews, 608 to 610; the

ii. 139 to 144 ; authors, who wrote against them, 144 to genealogy and baptism of our Saviour, 611, 612; the
148; they were in many places, but not numerous, 144, Acts of the Apostles, 617; the epistles to Timothy, Titus,
148; eminent men among them, 149 to 155 ; their ec- and the Hebrews, and the Catholic epistles, i. 424, iv. 618;


and the Revelation, i. 420. He received the epistle to Marriages, Second, condemned by the Novatians, 49, 50.
Philemon, i. 424; his New Testament consisted of two Marshal (N.) quoted, ii. 8, 21, 22, 30; his edition of Cy-
books, a Gospel (that of Luke) and an Apostolicon, ten prian's works in English commended, 10 ; corrected, 24.
Epistles of Paul, and these altered, 367, 420, iv. 611,617; Martial, his time and writings, and testimony to the forti-
his alterations in Luke's gospel, 611 to 616; in the ten tude of Christians, iii. 615, 616
epistles he received, 618 to 623 ; asserted that the epistle Martin, Bp of Tours, reproves Ithacius, and intercedes with
inscribed to the Ephesians was sent to the Laodiceans, i. the emperor for the Priscillianists, ij, 501; bis judgment
423, iv. 622

concerning the right manner of treating Heretics, 501,
Authors who wrote against Marcion : Justin M.i. 342; 506, 511; le petitions that tribunes may not be sent into
Dionysius of Corinth, 352 ; Theophilus of Antioch, 383 ; Spain to try Heretics, 506 ; his opinion concerning the sal.
Philip, Bp of Gortyna, in Crete, 439; Irenæus and Mo- vation of the fallen angels, 538
destus, ibid. ; Bardesanes, 441, 442; Tertullian, 419; Hip- Murtyrs, how respected by the Novatians, ii. 50; cruel suf-
polytus, 495, 496

ferings endured by them in Dioclesian's persecution, 118
Marcionites (The) were numerous, iv. 594; they were Ne- to 120; diyers, who suffered with Pampbilus, or near his

cessarians, yet believed a future judgment, and that the time, 119; spoken of as intercessors, iii. 4; excessive re-
souls of the virtuous would be happy, 598, 599; they ad spect shewn them, 15
mitted the miracles and principal facts recorded of our Martyrs at Lyons, a large account of their sufferings, iv. 82
Saviour, and his death and resurrection, 603 to 605 ; they to 91; remarks upon that history, and the uses of it, 91 to
believed that Christ was not a real man, 601, 602; nor 95 ; whether they had among them gifts of the spirit, 94.
the Christ foretold by the Jewish prophets, 603; their Marullus sent into Judea by Caligula, i.49
manners were virtuous, and they had many martyrs, 606; Mary, our Lord's mother, the same as the mother of James
they extolled virginity, 606, 607; they had public wor and Joses, iii. 87, said to be of the tribe of Levi, ii. 229;
ship and ordinances, 607, 608; they were charged with see i. 460; why sbe went to Bethlehem at the time of the
corrupting the scriptures, i. 352, 420, 430, 431, 563 ; an assessment, 147; died in Judea, and did not go with John
argument hence in favour of the authenticity of the New to Ephesus, iii. 219; how aspersed by the Jews, 488, 553
Testament, iv. 624

Olher Maries, three of that name at the foot of the cross of
Marcionite woman, a martyr in Valerian's persecution, Jesus, ii. 476; Mary Magdalene, Mary sister of Martha
iv. 196

and Lazarus, and the woman that was a sinner, supposed
Mariamne, the second daughter of Herod Agrippa, i. 16; di to be all one, iii. 72 ; according to Theophylact there are

vorced her first husband and married the Alabarch of Alex four Maries in the gospels, 87. See Magdalen kouses.
andria, 47, 213 notec

Mary, a woman of good condition in Jerusalem, who killed
Marinus, the remarkable history of his martyrdom in her child for food in the siege, iii. 518, 568
Cæsarea in the time of Gallienus, iv, 199

Massada, the remarkable siege and surrender of that place,
Marinus, successor of Proclus, in the chair of philosophy at iii. 528

Athens, in 485; and author of the life of Proclus; extracts Massuet, the Benedictine editor of Irenæus, quoted, iji. 461,
from that life, iv. 419 to 421 ; his native country, 423

iv. 519; and often elsewhere
MARK (ST.) THE EVANGELIST; his history from the New Maternus, (Julius Firmicus) his history, and testimony to the

Testament, iii. 175, 176; from other writers, 176, 177; scriptures, ii. 408
whether he was John Mark, and nephew to Barnabas, ii. Matter, what powers the Manichees ascribed to it, ii. 190,
551, 603, 626, ii. 84, 86, 174, 175, 179; said to be one 191; names by which they called it, 187, 189
of Christ's seventy disciples, ii. 406, 418; is said to be a MATTHEW (St.) Apostle AND EVANGELIST, was also called
companion and disciple of Peter, i. 338, 368, 394, ii. 367, Levi, ii. 550, 551, 626, iii. 157; said by St. Mark to bave
418, ii. 551, 603; a fellow labourer of Paul, according to been the son of Alpheus, 158 notei; his history, 157 to
the Constitutions, ii. 438; for a while he attended Paul 159; testimonies of ancient writers to his gospel, 150 10
and Barnabas, iï. 175; was acquainted with Peter and 161; seems to be referred to by Barnabas, ii. 289; by
other apostles, ibid. ; was with Paul at Rome, 176; proba. Clement of R. 293 to 294 ; see 302 ; by Hermas, 306, 307;
bly was with Peter afterwards, ibid. ; said to have been referred to in the second epistle ascribed to Clement of
Peter's interpreter, or that Peter dictated the gospel of R. 303 ; referred to by Ignatius, 316; by Polycarp, 328 ;
Mark, i. 339. 420, 532, ii. 367, 548, 550, 551, 552, 560, in the epistle of the church of Smyrna, 333; referred to
603, 604. The occasion, time, and place of writing it, i. by Athenagoras, 378 ; by Theophilus of Antioch, 384 ;
337, 338, 339, 395 to 399, ii. 367, 368, 470, 488, ii. received, and said to have been written in Hebrew, by
551, 603, 606, iii. 51, 74, 75, 86, 91; it was written at Papias, 338 ; by Irenæus, 365; see also 390 ; received
Rome about the year 64, iii. 181, 182 ; testimonies to it by Justin M. 343, 344 ; said by Origen to be universally
with a view of ascertaining the time of it, and the evange received, the first written, and delivered to the Jewish be-
list's station and character, 178 to 180 ; remarks on these lievers in Hebrew, 532; received by Archelaus, ii. 139;
testimonies, 180, 181

what Faustus says of it, 20, 213; it was of great autho-
His gospel referred to by Justin M. i. 344 ; received rity and universally received, 213
by Archelaus, ii. 139; by Titus of Bostra, 147. He is Remarks upon the testimonies for discovering the true
said by Angustine to have followed Matthew as an time of it, iii. 161 to 163; characters of time in the gospel
abridger, ii. 583, 584 ; which sentiment is examined, 584; itself, 163, 164; it was written in Judea, or near it, in 63,
he has things omitted by Matthew and Luke, 626, 627. 64, or 65, p. 163 ; see also 155 ; when it was written, ac-
Observations on his gospel, from which it is evident that cording to Eusebius and others, ii. 388, 389; the time,
he did not epitomize St. Matthew, iii. 184 to 186, 245 according to Irenæus, and said by him to have been written
to 249

for the Jews, i. 365; there was a Hebrew gospel in the
He is said to have been the first Bp of Alexandria ; by time of Hegesippus, 357 ; said by Cosmas to have written
Jerom, ii. 550, by John Cassian, iji. 18; buried at Alex the first soon after the death of Stephen, at the request
andria, according to Jerom, ii. 552. The first commentary, of the Jewish believers, before he left Judea to go abroad,
upon his gospel, 625, 626 See Four gospels

iii. 51; compare that with what is said by the author of
Mark, a Novatian Bp in Scythia, ii. 55

the Imperfect Work, 65; supposed by Isidore of Seville,
Mark, a magician of Egypt, ii.499

to have been written about eight years after our Lord's as-
Marriage, condemned by the Manichetes, ii. 195, 196, 198. cension, 76; to the like purpose Theophylact, 86; and

Euthymius, 89; but Nicephorus says about fifteen years, 91; Melania, how commended by Palladius, ii. 535
said by Epiphanius to have written first, because he had Melchisedechians, supposed to be a branch of the Theodo.
been a publican, that sinners might have encouragement to . tians, followers of Theodotus the banker, iv. 662
repent, ii. 417, 418; to the like purpose another writer, Meletians, their time, i. 129, 130
iii. 65.

Mieletius, his character not rightly given by Athanasius, i.
The language in which it was written, iii. 165 to 167; 129 to 131
the opinion that it was written in Hebrew examined, i. Melito, Bp of Surdis, his history and testimony to the scrip.
338 ; whether Origen was of that opinion ? 573, 574. tures, i. 358 to 360 ; his catalogue of the books of the
This evangelist, as Eusebius says, having first preached to Old Testament recited, ii. 545 ; his apology quoted, iv.
the Hebrews when he was about to go abroad to other 52, 53
people, delivered his gospel to the Hebrews in their own Melmoth, (Mr.) his translation of Pliny's Epistles quoted, iv.
language, ii. 368 ; written in Hebrew, according to Cyril, 13, 23
of Jerusalem, 410; and Epiphanius, 417; said, in the Menoch, a Manichæan woman, i. 174
Synopsis ascribed to Athanasius, to have been written in Mensurins, Bp of Carthage, ii. 296, 297
Hebrew, published at Jerusalem, and translated into Merrick, (J.) a curious observation upon a fragment of Lon-
Greek by St. James, 405 ; by St. Johu, iii. 87, see 80 ; ginus, communicated by him to the author, iv, 204
written in Hebrew, according to Augustine, ii. 583; and Messiah, or Christ, the ground and reason of that character,
Chrysostom, 603; and Isidore, iii. 74; compare that with v. 426 to 429; the expectation of his coming general in
what is said by the author of ihe Imperfect Work, iii. 65; the time of our Saviour, iii. 504, 505, 589; that Jesus is
whether written in Hebrew, and the sentiments of divers the Messiah, 593
learned moderns about it, ii. 390, 391; said by Jerom Methodius, Bp in Lycia, bis history, ii. 98 to 100; omitted by
to have written his gospel in Hebrew, in Judea, for the Eusebius, 98 ; and why? 101; testimonies to him, 102; his
use and at the request of the Jewish believers, 550, 551; martyrdom, 100; his works, 100, 101, he wrote against
his Hebrew gospel said by Jerom to be in the library at Origen, 98, 99, 101 ; against Porphyry, 98, 100; select
Cæsarea and at Beræa, 120, 551 ; nevertheless he did passages from him, 103 ; charged with Arianism, and
not consult it when he corrected the Latin version before in other errors, 103 to 105; whether he was a Millenarian ?
use, 569.

104; preferred to Origen, without reason, 102 ; his testi-
How Matthew quotes texts of the Old Testament, ii. mony to the scriptures, 105 10 107
551, 568, 569; the beginning of bis gospel quoted by Metras, a martyr at Alexandria, before the publication of
Isidore, iii. 8; Theodoret, 12; and Cosmas, 52. A Com Decius's edict, iv, 193
mentary upon this gospel, called The Imperfect Work, 62 ; Michaelis (J. D.) quoted, v. 408 noteb
the occasion, design, and character of this gospel, according Middlelon (Dr.) quoted, with disapprobation, iv. 551.
to the same, 65; this go-pel was received by the Naza Mill, (J.) whai books of the New Testament he supposes
ræan Christians, 485. It is not certain whether this evan to be owned by Clement of Rome, i. 303 ; his opinion
gelist died by martyrdom, 158 note", 159. A Letter con concerning a various reading of Rom. chap. i. in Clement's
cerning the omission of our Saviour's ascension by St. Mal epistle, 296 ; and bis quotation of Matt. xxv. 41, p. 295 ;
thew and St. John, i. p. xxxviii, xxxix

concerning Tatian's altering St. Paul's expressions, 354 ;
The first chapter of this gospel quoted by Justin M. i. concerning a reference in Theophilus, of Antioch, to Acts
344; Tertullian, 421, 422 ; Novatus, ii. 60, 61; the se xv. 20. p. 385 ; says that Clement of A. distinguishes
cond chapter referred to by Ignatius, i. 317; Hegesippus, apocryphal books from canonical, 407 ; that Tertullian did
356; in the Sybilline verses, 452, 453, 454; by Victorinus, not place the epistle of St. James in the canon, 429,
ii. 93 ; the first and second acknowledged by Cerinthus, quoted, 499, 500, 501, 507, 565, i. 647, ii. 14, 18, iii. 100
iv. 570

note; quoted and commended, ii. 219, 231
Matthias, bis Traditions, how quoted by Clement of A. i. Millenarians, their opinions, i. 614, 639, 6.40, iii. 44
410; and see Gospel.

Millennium, expected by Commodian and many orthodox
Maturus, one of the martyrs at Lyons, iv. 86, 88

Christians, i. 641, ii. 73; by Lactantius, ii. 277; crude
Mavilus, a martyr in Africa, in the lime of Severus, iv. 167 notions of it embraced by some, 459, rejected by others,
Marentius favours the Christians, and gives them liberty in 477, 479 See iii. 44
Africa, ii. 297, 333

Miltiacles, author of an apology for the Christian religion, and
Maxinian Herculius, put to death by Constantine's order,
ii. 326

Ministerial office, (The) its value, according as it is performed,
Maximilla, a Montanist prophetess, the time of her death,
i. 489; a report concerning the manner of it, 491

Minucius Felir, his history and character, i. 477, 478; his
Maxinin, Bp of Antioch, successor of Theophilus, i. 414

testimony to the New Testament, 479
Marimin I. or the Thracian, his time and persecution, iv. CHRIST'S MIRACLES, the design of them, v. 339; the evan-

186, 187; bis persecution said to be local, and of the gelists did not record them all, 337, 338; they aimed at
Christian clergy only, ibid.; nevertheless it may have been brevity in relating them, 341; a summary account of them
general of all clergy every where, 300 ; and at ihe same in Arnobius, iv. 249, 254; in Lactantius, 283, 284; in
time there was a persecution of other Christians in Pontus Eusebius, 365 ; were healing and beneficial, iii. 55. See
and Cappadocia, 187

the word Woolston
Maximin II. his letter to Sabinus in favour of the Christians Miraculous gifts and powers said to be in the church, after the

in 312, iv. 288, 289; bis fuller edict in favour of the times of the apostles, i.336, 436, 468. ii. 253, 268, 366, 408,
Christians in 313, p. 292

472, 487, 617, iii. 13, 59. See likewise the chapter of
Marimin, an Arian bishop, ii. 318

Gregory, Bp of Neocæsarea, i. 592, 594, 606; and Dio-
Maximus, an ecclesiastical writer of the second century, i. 413 nysius of A. 610, 611 ; Cyprian, iii. 9; and large extracis
Maximus, Bp of A. after Dionysius, i. 613

relating to this froin Chrysostom, 617. See also iii. 13, 67,
Maximus of Aladaura, the correspondence between him and 73. Accounts of miracles in church history not always to
Augustine, with remarks, iv. 466 to 468

be relied upon, iv. 331, 332 ; miracles had ceased, iii, 66,
dlacimus, the philosopher, and favourite of Julian, his bistory 67, 73,81
and character, iv. 453

MISHNA, the time and author of that work, iii. 547, 548;
Aleir, an eminent Jewish rabbi, iii. 550, 551

extracts out of it, 550 to 552
Melancthon quoted and commended, v. 300

Aloderation commended, especially in great men, iv. 53

jii. 599

Moderation, (Christian) not understood by Greg. Nazianzen, concerning the age of Lucian and his station, iv. 149; and
ii. 471 ; nor by Amphilocbius, 473, 474

concerning the age of the Dialogue called Philopatris, 153
Moderation of Christians to be known to all men ; a sermon, Municipal places, their privileges, and that they could not
v. 297

inflict capital punishments, i. 43
Modestus, an ecclesiastical writer of the second century, i.439 Musaus, a Jewish writer mentioned by Anatolius, iii. 78:
Mærngenes, wrote inemoirs of Apollonius Tyanæus, iv. 256, Musanns, an ecclesiastical writer, i. 439
259, 260

Musonius, Bp of Neocoesareu, his great character from Basil,
Moine, (A. le) quoted, v. 397, 408, 427

i. 600 ;, another Musonius of that city, 594
Mole's (T.) leiter concerniug Dæmoniacs, V.475 to 477
Monasteries, approved by Basil, i. 599; disliked by the Neo-

cæsareans, 606
Monks mentioned with great dislike by Julian, iv. 346, by Narcissus, Bp of Jerusalem, his great age, and other things

Libanius, 360, 361, 365, by Eunapius, 382, 383, and by concerning him, i. 445, 446, 492
Rutilius, 395

Natalis, a remarkable history of bim, i. 486, 487
Montanism, the time of its rise, i. 360, iv. 669. Several who Nathanael, learned, as well as sincere, ii. 611

wrote againt it: the churches of Vienne and Lyons, i. Nativity, see Jesus
360, 361 ; Serapiou, Bp of Antioch, 414; Cl. Apollina. Nazarđan Christians, their opinion concerning Christ, ii.
rius, 439, 440 ; Apollonius, 479; Caius, 482; Asterius Ur. 235, noted; ii. 483 ; v. 387, 388, and notes; and
banus, 489, 499. How described by Firinilian, 577; two the observance of the rites of the Mosaic law, iii. 483,
parties among them, 579 ; they were numerous, and sub 484; received St. Paul and all the apostles of Christ, and
sisted a good while, iv. 669; probably some were in the all the books of the New Testament, iii. 483 to 485, noteb;
Unitarian or Sabellian scheme, 672 ; were very strict, they subsisted in the fourth and fifth centuries, 485;
fasted much, and condemned second marriages, 673; v. 388
would not re-admit those who had been guil;y of great Naxarite, his vow, i, 114, 115
sins after baptism, 673, 674; and were Millenarians, 674; Nebuchadnezzar, two computations of his reign, i. 194
the accounts of their mysteries, a mere calumny, 674, 675; Nectarius, an honourable Gentile, who interceded for tħe
their testimony to the scriptures, 675

people of Calama, when they had transgressed the Imperial.
Montanus, the place of his birth, and the reproaches cast laws, iv. 479

on bim, iv. 670; bis companions and their prophecies, Neocæsareans, their character, i. 597; 598, 606; said to
670 to 672 ; a report concerning the manner of his death, have been Sabellians, 598, 599, 600 ; defended them.
i. 491

selves by the writings of their first bishop, Gregory Thau-
DIontfaucon, (Bernard) his opinion of the Synopsis Scrip. maturgus, 599

turæ, and the Clementine Homilies, i. 472 ; censured, i. Nepos, an Egyptian Bp and Millenarian, his writings and
272 ; quoted, 336; his opinion of Eusebius's Arianism, character, i. 614, 615, 633, 634
362 ; his opinion concerning Marcellus considered, 396; Nero permits the wall raised by the Jews in the court of the
his figures of the gems called Abraxei examined, iv. 549 temple to remain, i. 101; the first emperor who perse-
to 551; it is wonderful that he did not perceive they were cuted the Christians, 107; his persecution, the time of it,
of Pagan origin, 551

iii. 283, 284 ; testified, by Tacitus, 611; Sulpicius Se.
Moon, see Sun and Moon

verus, 612; Martial, 615; Juvenal, 616, 617 ; and Suc-
Moore, (T.) quoted, v. 417

tonius, 619; the time of his death, 511; supposed by
Morris, (J.) his sermons referred to, v.41 note

some ancient Christians to be antichrist, ii. 91, 94, 95 ;
Mosaic account of the creation, and of the fall of man,

v a n inscription concerning the Christians in his time,
446 to 458

jii. 608
Moses, a martyr at Rome, ii. 44; the time of his martyr- Nerva, favourable to the Christians according to Dion
dom, 51

Cassius and Orosius, iv, 185; did not resign the empire to
Mosheim (J. L.) quoted and commended, ji. 272, iii. 251, Trajan, i. 199.

374, 433, 434, 606, 609 notes; his account of the Chris. Nestorius, his opinions, and how treated by Cassian, jii. 18
tian Agapæ, or love feasis, iv. 24. ; some of his observa. Nestorius, high priest of Greece, how he saved Atheos by
tions upon Pliny's epistle concerning the Christians, criti. worshipping Achilles with Minerva, iv. 414
cised, 27, 28, 31 to 33, 40 note. His observations upon Nethinims, who they were, v. 490
M. Antoninus commended, 76; and upon his deliverance Nevita, made consul by Julian in 362, bis character,
in Germany, and the Thundering Legion, 104 10 106; iv. 3.15
his account of the persecution of Severu; examined, iv. New Testament, see Testament
168 to 170; his observations upon the martyrdom of Ma- Newton, (Sir Isaac) an examination of his opinion con-
rinus, 199; upon the edict of Valerius Maximian in cerning the time of the Revelation, and St. John's banish-
favour of the Christians, 283, 284; upon Dioclesian's ment into Patmos, iii. 222 10 225
persecution, 293 to 294; and upon the Christianity as. Nice, (The council of) ii. 336; the occasion of it, 348;
cribed to Philip, 188; receives the Philosophy of Oracles, convened by Constantine, 348 ; the number of bisbops
as written by Porphyry, 238; allow's that in the lives of present, 348, 349 ; were chiefly of the eastern part of the
Pythagoras, written by Porphyry and Jamblichus, he is set Roman empire, 349; who presided in it, ibid. ; it's time
up as a rival with our Saviour, 269 note" ; his opinion and duration, ibid. ; whether the bible was placed before
concerning a disturbance caused in the church by Ammo them, ibid. ; the points debated by them, with their creed,
nius and others, rejected, 238; his fine observation, shew and epistle and canons, 350 ; did not compose any cata-
ing the obscurity of Apollonius Tyanæus, 260, in the logue of the books of scripture, ibid. ; the creed signed by
notes. His observations upon the story of the cross ap almost all the bishops, ibid.; their sentence upon Arius,
pearing to Constantine, 329; upon the treatment given by ibid.; judgments of ancients and moderns upon this council,
Constantine to Gentile people, 438; upon the conduct of 350, 351; their several decisions, with remarks, 356
Christian Magistrates afterwards, 496; and upon Dr. War to 354
burton's Julian, 326, note i

Nicephorus, patriarch of Constantinople, his Stichometry,
Moyle, (Walter) commended, i. 477 ; bis observations upon iii. 47 to 49

the history of the thundering Legion quoted with appro- Nicephorus Callisti, his time, and testimony to the scriptures,
bation, iv. 98, 102, 103, 106, and notea; his opinion ü.90 to 92

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