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two letters, the one bearing date the roth, the 500l. a year on him. And who are you?' other the 13th, of this present month, both asked Johnson, that talk thus liberally? containing great information and amusement, I am, said the other, “Sir Thomas Robfor which I promise to pay at sight my sin- inson, a Yorkshire baronet.' • Sir,' re. cerest thanks and acknowledgments. Wit

CHESTERFIELD. ness my hand,

plied Johnson, 'if the first peer of the

realm were to make me such an offer, I He hints, however, that Robinson is not would show him the way down-stairs.”” a good hand at business. He writes to The showing down-stairs seems only him :

conditional, and perhaps Long Sir Thomas Since you are your own steward, do not was allowed to stay, for it was some years cheat yourself, for I have known many a man after this that Boswell found the two men lose more by being his own steward than he together in friendly talk. Dr. Maxwell, would have been robbed of by any other. the assistant preacher at the Temple, reTenants are always too hard for landlords, cords how he was one day present when especially such landlords as think they under- Robinson objected that the Irish corn stand those matters and do not; which, with laws might be prejudicial to the corn submission, may be your case.

trade of England. "Sir Thomas,' said Horace Walpole was surprised at learn- Johnson, 'you talk the language of a saving of the long correspondence that had age. What, sir, would you prevent any existed between the two men, for “he people from feeding themselves, if by any thought that Lord Chesterfield only used honest means they can do it?!The Long Sir Thomas as a butt to shoot wit at.” comparison with a savage must have cut How good a butt he must have been is him to the quick. Mrs. Thrale describes shown by the following story told of him “the profusion of words and bows and by Sir John Hawkins :

compliments that he made,” while, acSir Thomas Robinson was a man of the

cording to Horace Walpole," he was alworld, or rather of the town, and a great pest praise seems to have been ironical, for he

ways propriety itself." Yet Walpole's to persons of high rank or in office. He was very troublesome to the Earl of Burlington, gives it when he is recording one of his and when in his visits to him he was told that blundering speeches. In another letter his Lordship was gone out, would desire to be dated October 22, 1741, writing of a ball admitted to look at the clock, or to play with which the baronet was going to give,“ to a monkey that was kept in the hall, in hopes a little girl of the Duke of Richmond's,” of being sent for in to the Earl. This he had he says, “ There are already two hundred so frequently done that all in the house were invited, from miss in bib and apron to my tired of him. At length it was concerted lord chancellor in bib and mace.” A among the servants that he should receive a few days later he describes the party at summary answer to his usual questions; and, accordingly, at his next coming the porter, as

some length : “There were an hundred soon as he had opened the gate, and without and ninety-seven persons at Sir Thomas's, waiting for what he had to say, dismissed him and yet it was so well conducted that no: with these words: “Sir, his Lordship is gone body felt a crowd. He had taken off all out, the clock stands, and the monkey is his doors, and so separated the old and dead."

the young that neither were inconvenDr. Doran, in his “ Life of Mrs. Mon- ienced with the other. The ball began tagu," whose cousin Robinson was, quotes with his partner, and then began coun

at eight; each man danced one minuet some lines which show that he bad the reputation of a parasite :

try dances. There were four-and-twenty

couple, divided into twelve and twelve ; You I love, my dearest life,

each set danced two dances, and then reMore than Georgey does his wife;

tired into another room, while the other More than Carlisle those who cheat him, set took their two, and so alternately. More than Long Tom those who treat him.

We danced till four, then had tea and cofHawkins describes him further as a fee, and came home.” A month later he specious but empty man, whose talent was writes of a second hall, also given by Sir fiattery.". Lord Chesterfield, he says, sent Thomas, at which he got a violent headhim to Johnson" to apologize for his lord-ache, and with good reason too. “The ship's treatment of him, and to make him ball broke up at three; but Lincoln, Lord tenders of his future friendship and pa. Holderness, Lord Robert Sutton, young tronage. He was profuse in his commen. Churchill, and a dozen more grew jolly, dations of Johnson and his writings, and stayed till seven in the morning, and declared that, were his circumstances drank thirty-two bottles.” Robinson must other than they were, himself would settle have been given to hospitality, for eleven

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years later Walpole writes : “ Did you hear For a Duke of Normandy to affect a desire

а Captain Hotham's bor-mot on Sir Thomas of playing with a nobleman's monkey Robinson's making an assembly from the would be indeed, a sad falling off. It was top of his house to the bottom? He said perhaps in remembrance of the glorious he wondered so many people would go to position which he for this one day held Sir Thomas's, as he treated them all de that he was buried in that abbey which haut en bas." On one occasion Walpole had seen him in all his greatness. There attacks him in words which might be taken can be little doubt that Fielding has a as a motto by the Society for the Preser- laugh at him in the account that he gives vation of Ancient Monuments. Robinson of the cudgel with which Joseph Andrews had persuaded the possessor of Pope's came to the rescue of Parson Adams, garden "to improve it.” "It is a pity," when he was attacked by the squire's continues Walpole, “ that they who love bounds. " It was a cudgel which his fato display taste will not be content with ther had of his grandfather, to whom.a showing their genius without making al- mighty strong man of Kent had given it terations, and then we should have more for a present in that day when he broke samples of the styles of different ages." three heads on the stage. Onits head

Long Sir Thomas may have thought was engraved a nose and chin, which that he had some kind of a family claim might have been mistaken for a pair of to taste, for his brother was Archbishop nutcrackers. The learned have imagined Robinson of Armagh, whose name is in- it designed to represent the Gorgon; but scribed on the Canterbury Gate of Christ. it was, in fact, copied from the face of a church, Oxford, as the chief contributor certain long English baronet of infinite to the restoration of that part of the wit, humor, and gravity." house. Richard Cumberland, the dram- Southey five-and-thirty years after his atist, speaks of him as a prelate “who left death visited Rokeby Hall, which had many noble monuments of his munificence once been his property. "Long Sir in brick and stone.". He was as long as Thomas,” he writes, " found a portrait of his brother, if not indeed longer; for Čum- Richardson in the house. Thinking Mr. berland calls him “a colossal man.' An- Richardson a very unfit personage to be other brother, Sir William, imitated the suspended in effigy among lords, ladies, archbishop in everything, even in the size and baronets, he ordered the painter to of his shoes. “With the pleasing con- put him on the star and blue riband, and sciousness of putting on the same frater- then christened the picture Sir Robert nal shoe, he had not by many degrees the Walpole. This, however, is not the most same foot to put into that enormous case, extraordinary picture in the room. That and so was fain to shove it on before him, is one of Sir' T.'s intended improvements, like a boat upon dry land.". Though his representing the river, which now flows constitution was altogether different, “yet over the finest rocky bed I ever beheld, he followed step by step the same regi- metamorphosed by four dams into a piece men, observed the same diet, took the of water as smooth and as still as a canal, same physic, swallowed the same number and elevated by the same operation so as of rhubarb pills, and fought off the bile to appear at the end of a smooth-sbaven with raw eggs and mutton broth, mixed green." up with Muscavado sugar." Cumberland With this anecdote our store is ex. describes how the archbishop used to go hausted. We live, however, in the hope to the cathedral of Armagh in a chariot that further researches may be rewarded drawn by six horses, with three footmen by further discoveries, and that we may bebind, and how he entered by the great some day or other be able to write a continwestern door in high prelatical state. In uation of the history of Long Sir Thomas person he was one of the finest men that Robinson. could be seen. Perhaps Long Sir Thomas was somewhat stately too, for he was selected at the coronation of George III. to represent “in proper mantle " the Duke of Normandy. In the procession he and

From St. James's Gazette. a knight who represented the Duke of

OLD AGE IN ANIMALS. Aquitaine, following next to the Arch- STATISTICIANS assure us that the mean bishop of Canterbury, advanced just in duration of life in man has increased by front of the queen. We hope that it was fully seven years in the last half-century. before he acted this noble part that he Whether our domesticated animals share paid his calls on the Earl of Burlington. I in this advance is a point not easily as.

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certainable ; though they must certainly ago had a ring through its lower jaw, on benefit from the greater care generally which it was recorded that the bearer was bestowed upon them, and from the in placed in a particular water in 1618. This creased efforts made to understand and appears hardly credible; but there is little supply their wants. The ancients were doubt that many carp have lived for upinclined to attribute length of days to such wards of a hundred hears. beasts or birds as they specially venerated; A notice lately appeared of the death of but fabulous as many of their assumptions a brown water-spaniel at the age of twendoubtless were, they yet seem to have ty-eight years. She had belonged to the been founded upon a true recognition of same owner from a puppy, and died litthe classes or types of animals which often erally of "sheer old age. A few months attain to a great age.

before, a cat died at the age of twenty-two Ravens, parrots, and among fishes the years and two months. These are very carp, have in modern times gone far to unusual ages, though it is probable that justify the former belief in their longevity. some individuals have lived still longer. There is at the present time in the Zoo- Herbivorous animals are generally thought logical Gardens of Philadelphia a cockatoo to outlive carnivorous ones; and of the known to be above eighty-five years old, former class those dedicated to labor the bird being still sprightly and thriving appear to furnish the largest number of

very garrulous and very cross.” Until instances of longevity. Two years ago a some two years ago the oldest inhabitant donkey died at Cromarty that was known of our own collection was a black Vassa to be at least one hundred and six years parrot from Madagascar, whish died after a old. It could be traced back to the year residence of fifty-four years in the Regent's 1779, when, at an unknown age, it came Park gardens. This was an adult bird into the hands of the then Ross of Crowhen received there, but its age at that marty; and it lived in the same family, time was unknown. Another parrot died “hale and hearty,” until a kick from a last year in Paris at the reputed age of horse ended its career. No horse is known one hundred and three years; and since to have attained to anything like such an it was handed down by will to several age as this; but a few have lived to ages successive owners, its longevity, may be varying from forty to fifty years. A faaccepted as a fact fully established. In mous old barge-horse died at Warrington France ravens have been known to live in his sixty-second year; and the oldest more than a hundred years; and there is horse known in New York was, until quite one well-authenticated instance of an oc- recently, doing steady work there at thirtytogenarian pelican. Geese are naturally eight years of age. A few months ago, a long-lived family, and there are several also, a mule forty-six years old died at records of birds attaining to sixty or sev. Philadelphia. enty years. A skylark is known to have Obviously there can be but few reliable lived twenty-four years in a cage; and the data for determining the average ages of death of a ring.dove was lately chronicled wild animals; and our nearest approximawhich had lived twenty-six years in con- tions must be founded upon the observafinement.

tion of similar creatures in a state of capCarp are commonly regarded as the pa- tivity. Some of the reptiles undoubtedly triarchs of fresh-water fish, though there live very long. Gilbert White, who had is no actual proof that they outlive the personal knowledge of a tortoise thirty members of some other species. Last years old, records the tradition of another year

the famous lake on the Duke of New supposed to be a hundred. Our knowledge castle's estate at Clumber, which had not of the duration of certain forms of insect been emptied for two hundred years, was life is very inadequate ; and it was a gen. drained off, when thousands of pike were uine surprise to most of us to hear that found, some of which from their enormous Sir John Lubbock had been on friendly size were probably of unusual age; but in terms with a queen ant” for fourteen the absence of means of identification it is years. impossible to speak positively on this Of all aged animals the horse and the point. The extreme tameness and docil-dog appeal most nearly to human symity of carp led to the fashion of keeping pathies. It is not merely that they have them as pets, in which condition particular been our faithful servants and friends, but individuals came under closer scrutiny; there is a gravity, and almost a dignity, in and the records of very aged fish — from their bearing which is very touching. one to two hundred years old are nu- Many agencies are now at work for teach

One taken in Germany a yearling the policy as well as the duty of kind



ness to animals; and of these, the sight profit. The care of our four-footed friends of an old servitor loyally bestowed in pad- in their declining years may furnish many dock or kennel is not the least instructive. valuable hints for the treatment of their Nor need a charge of this kind be without still serviceable fellows.

THE MALSTROM. — In the Ciel et Terre is a legendary Malström, is the Saltström, which short article on this popular myth; for although is also a tidal current running through the there is a current between the small island of narrow inlet by which the Indre Saltenfjord, Moskenæs and the still smaller islet or rock a considerable inland lake, communicates with of Vaerö (two of the Loffodens), which is the sea.

Hardwicke's Science-Gossip. fairly described as a Malström or millstream, the stories describing a horrible whirling chasm in the sea are pure inventions. On my first visit to this region in 1856, I innocently asked the captain of the old steam packet An Oculist's Test. — In a large factory Constitutione whether we were near the dread. in which were employed several hundred perful whirlpool. He replied with cool irony sons, one of the workmen, in wielding his that, being only a Norwegian sailor that had hammer, carelessly allowed it to slip from his spent his life in the neighborhood, he could hand. It flew half way across the room, and tell me nothing about it, but referred me to struck a fellow-workman in the left eye. The English and French geography books, as the man averred that his eye was blinded by the source from which Norwegians like himself blow, although a careful examination failed to obtained all the information they possessed reveal any injury, there being not a scratch respecting it. He might subsequently have visible. He brought a suit in the courts for learned further particulars had he consulted compensation for the loss of half of his eyethe Leisure Hour of November, 1883, wherein sight, and refused all offers of compromise. there is an account of the visit of an American Under the law the owner of the factory was captain, who ran along the edge of the whirl responsible for an injury resulting from an pool “in one of its calmer intervals.” He accident of this kind, and although he beestimates its diameter as about a mile and a lieved that the man was shamming, and that half, describes it as "foaming, tumbling, and the whole case was an attempt at swindling, rushing to its vortex,” hissing, roaring, and he had about made up his mind that he would dashing, presenting, "the most awful grand be compelled to pay the claim. The day of and solemn sight" he ever experienced. He the trial arrived, and in open court an eminent was near it about eighteen minutes and in oculist retained by the defence examined the sight of it two hours. He"should not doubt alleged injured member, and gave it as his that instant destruction would be the fate of a opinion that it was as good as the right eye. dozen of our largest ships were they drawn upon the plaintiff's loud protest of his inabil, in at the same moment. The writer in Cielity to see with his left eye, the oculist proved et Terre describes the simple current to which hím a perjurer, and satisfied the court and jury these absurd stories have been attached in of the falsity of his claim. And how do you nearly the same terms as I did in “Through suppose he did it? Why, simply by knowing Norway with a Knapsack.” It is simply a that the colors green and red combined made run of the tide through a channel with a black. He prepared a black card on which sloping bottom. The only times when it is at a few words were written with green ink. all dangerous, even to a fishing-boat, is during Then the plaintiff was ordered to put on a severe storms or complete calms. In the lat- pair of spectacles with two different glasses, ter case the boat, having no way through the the one for the right eye being red and the one water, does not answer to her helm, and there for the left eye consisting of ordinary glass. fore is at the mercy of the current, and thus Then the card was handed him and he was may strike some of the rocks which there ordered to read the writing on it. This he abound. With a gale blowing against the did without hesitation, and the cheat was at stream the navigation is also difficult and dan- once exposed. The sound right eye, fitted gerous for sailing vessels. The name by with the red glass, was unable to distinguish which the current is best known in Norway is the green writing on the black surface of the the Mosköström. There are many other card, while the left eye, which he pretended similar currents in the neighborhood, the most was sightless, was the one with which the formidable of which, far more so than the reading had to be done. Pottery Gazette

Fifth Series,
Volume LX.


No. 2267.- December 10, 1887.

From Beginning,


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Westminster Review,

Macmillan's Magazine,


Contemporary Review,

Temple Bar,
Part XXIX.,

Chambers' Journal,

Chambers' Journal,

606 618

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578 | MIZPAH,



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