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ritás may (when convenient) confirm it by a few firm arguments
from the text in hand, and other places of scripture, or from auto the nature of that common-place in divinity, whereof that
truth is a branch,
In confutation of false doctrines, he is neither to raise an fonds old heresy from the grave, nor to mention a blasphemous priest opinion unnecessarily: but, if the people be in danger helt an error, he is to confute it soundly, and endeavour to sa
tisfy their judgments and consciences against all objections.
In exhorting to duties; he is, as he seeth cause, to teach also the means that help to the performance of them.
In dehortation, reprehension, and publick admonition,
(which require special wisdom,) let him, as there shall be the cause, not only discover the nature and greatness of the sin,
with the misery attending it, but also shew the danger his hearers are in to be overtaken and surprised by it, together with the remedies and best way to avoid it.
In applying comfort, whether general against all tempta-. tions, or particular against some special troubles or terrors, he is carefully to answer such objections as a troubled heart. and afflicted spirit may suggest to the contrary,
It is also sometimes requisite to give some notes of trial, (which is very profitable, especially when performed by able and experienced ministers, with circumspection and pru.. dence, and the signs clearly grounded on the holy scripture,) whereby the hearers may be able to examine themselves whether they have attained those graces, and performed those duties; to which he exhorteth; or be guilty of the sin reprehended, and in dauger of the judginents threatened,, or are such to whom the consolations propounded do bem, long; that accordingly they may be quickened and excited to duty, humbled for their wants and sins, affected with: their danger, and strengthened with comfort, as their condi.. tion, upon examination, shall require.,
And, as he needeth' not always to prosecute every doc- . trine which lies in his text, so is he wisely to make choice. of such uses, as, by his residence and conversing with his flock, he findeth most needful and seasonable; and, amongst thiese, such as may most draw their souls to Christ, the fountain of light, holiness, and comfort.
Enly himself to betreen themse]
thanks for "Jesus Christ u "Spirit; for t1 " and the rich "maxvely, electi * Fuation, and " of God in fre
This method is not prescribed as necessary for every man, ,
me, and they or upon every text; but only recommended, as being found by experience to be very much blessed of God, and very helpful for the people's understandings and memories.
al he But the servant of Christ, whatever his method be, is to perform his whole ministry:
I. Painfully, not doing the work of the Lord negligently.
2. Plainly, that the meanest may understand ; delivering the truth not in the enticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power, lest the cross of Christ should be made of none effect; abstaining also from an unprofitable use of unknown tongues, strange phrases, and cadences of sounds and words; sparingły citing sentences of ecclesiastical or other human writers, ancient or modern, be they never so elegant.
3. Faithfully, looking at the honour of Christ, the conversion, edification, and salvation of the people, not at his own gain or glory ; keeping nothing back which may promote
those holy ends, giving to every one his own portion, and bearing indifferent respect unto all, without neglecting the meanest, or sparing the greatest, in their sins.
4. Wisely, framing all his doctrines, exhortations, and especially his reproofs, in such a manner as may be most likely to prevail ; shewing all due respect to each man's person and place, and not mixing his own passion or bitterness.
5. Gravely, as becometh the word of God; shunning all a watching such gesture, voice, and expressions, as may occasion the corruptions of men to despise him and his ministry.
6. With loving affection, that the people may see all coming from his godly zeal, and hearty desire to do them good. And, 7. As taught of God, and persuaded in his own heart
, that all that he teacheth is the truth of Christ; and walking before his flock, as an example to them in it; earnestly, both in private and publick, recommending his labours to the blessing of God, and watchfully looking to himself, and the flock whereof the Lord hath made him overseer: So shall the doctrine of truth be preserved uncorrupt, many souls converted and built up, and himself receive manifold comforts of his labours even in this life, and afterward the crown of glory laid up for him in the world to come.
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Where there are more ministers in a congregation than one, and they of different gifts, each may more especially apply himself to doctrine or exhortation, according to the gift
. wherein he most excelleth, and as they shall agree : between themselves.
Of Prayer after Sermon..
" thanks for the great love of God, in sending his son: “ Jesus Christ unto us; for the communication of his Holy
Spirit; for the light and liberty of the glorious gospel, " and the rich and heavenly blessings revealed therein; as, "namely, election, vocation, adoption, justification, sancti“fication, and hope of glory; for the admirable goodness " of God in frecing the land from antichristian darkness "and tyranny, and for all other national deliverances; for “the reformation of religion ; for the corenant; and for many temporal blessings..
“ To pray for the continuance of the gospel, and all or“dinances thereof, in their purity, power, and liberty: to “ turn the chief and most useful beads of the sermon into: "some few petitions; and to pray that it may abide in the " heart, and bring forth fruit.
“ To pray for preparation for deathi and judgment, and
a watching for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ: to “entreat of God the forgiveness of the inquities of our "holy things, and the acceptation of our spiritual sacrifice; “through the merit and mediation of our great High Priest “and Sayiour the Lord Jesus Christ.”?
And because the prayer which Christ taught his disciples is not only a pattern of prayer, but itself a most comprehensive prayer, we recommend it also to be used in the prayers of the church.
And whereas, at the administration of the sacraments, the holding publick fasts and days of thanksgiving, and other special occasions, which may afford matter of special petitions and thanksgivings, it is requisite to express somewhat in our publick prayers, (as at this time it is our duty to pray for a kulessing upon the Assembly of Divines,
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Person, but by a minister of Christ, called to be the steward "believers; ?
Nor is it to be administered in private places, or private- light agains ly, but in the place of publick worship, and in the face of "they are Ch the congregation, where the people may most convenient- therefore a ly see and hear; and not in the places where fonts, in the virtue of 540 The Directory for the Publick Worship of God lanc!, for the defence of the King, Parliament, and King and for the dom,) every minister is herein to apply himself in his pray "tion of sin, a er, before or after sermon, to those occasions : but, for the manner, he is left to his liberty as God shall direct and enable him, in piety and wisdom to discharge his duty.
The prayer ended, let a psalm be sung, if with conveni-
Anul first, Of Baptism.
is not to be administered in any case by any private of the mysteries of God.
of the death
of it, and to
the Son of G
" from the wo1
time of Popery, were unfitly and superstitiously placed.
The child to be baptized, after notice given to the minister the day before, is to be presented by the father, or (in case of his necessary absence) by some Christian friend in his place
, professing his earnest desire that the child may be baptized
. Before baptism, the minister is to use some words of instruction, touching the institution, nature, use, and ends of this sacrament: shewing,
" That it is instituted' by our Lord Jesus Christ : That it “ is a seal of the covenant of grace, of our ingrafting into 56 Christ, and of our union with him, of remission of sins, “ regeneration, adoption, and life eternal: That the water, 5* in baptism, representetli and signifieth both the blood of " Christ, which taketh away all guilt of sin, original and “ actual; and the sanctifying virtue of the Spirit of Christ
against the dominion of sin, and the corruption of our
sinful nature: That baptizing, or sprinkling and washing k. with water, signifieth the cleansing from sin by the blood
" and for the merit of Christ, together with the mortifica" tion of sin, and rising from sin to newness of life, by virtue % of the death and resurrection of Christ: That the promise “ is made to believers and their seed; and that the seed and " posterity of the faithful, born within the church, have, by " their birth, interest in the covenant, and right to the seal “ of it, and to the outward privileges of the church, under " the gospel, no less than the children of Abraham in the “ time of the Old Testament; the covenant of grace, for si substance, being the same; and the grace of God, and the “consolation of believers, more plentiful than before: That " the Son of God admitted little children into his
presence, embracing and blessing them, saying, For of such is the “kingdoin of God: That children, by baptism, are solemnly " received into the bosom of the visible church, distinguished S from the world, and them that are without, and united with “ believers; and that all who are baptized in the name of " Christ, do renounce, and by their baptism are bound to
fight against the devil, the world, and the flesh: That " they are Christians, and federally holy before baptism, and “therefore are they baptized : That the inward grace and
virtue of baptism is not tied to that very moment of time “ wherein it is administered; and that the fruit and
power " thereof reacheth to the whole course of our life; and that "outward baptism is not so necessary, that, through the “ want thereof, the infant is in danger of damnation, or the
parents guilty, if they do not contemn or neglect the s ordinance of Christ, when and where it may be had.”
In these or the like instructions, the minister is to use his own liberty and godly wisdom, as the ignorance or errors in the doctrine of baptism, and the edification of the people, shall require.
He is also to admonish all that are present, “ To look back to their baptism; to repent of their sins against their covenant with God; to stir up their faith; “ to improve and make right use of their baptism, and of " the covenant sealed thereby betwixt God and their souls."
He is to exhort the parent, “ To consider the great mercy of God to him and his ".child ;, to bring up the child in the knowledge of the