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rown into, might also see things in a very different light from what ey really were. But it is a matter of consolation to me, that the at landed two cargoes--surely this accounts for her properties; len due attention is paid by those in her, to keep her in as near as sible a right position - viz. her head to the sea. It could never expected a Boat would live athwart the sea; and the probability her being overloaded, is in my mind a powerful reason for the untunate event. We shall now, in the third place, proceed to shew how far th parties are borne out in their statement, by the testi. ony of a by-stander who witnessed the event, and which, shall faithfully extract, in his own words, from a very safactory manuscript he has put into our hands :“When the Pallas frigate came on shore about two miles E. om Dunbar, the Life-Boat was sent to the assistance of the ew; every thing was going on well, the boat had brought i shore two cargoes, and was alongside the wreck the third me, when by some fatal mismanagement the boat was alwed to drist round broadside to sea; the consequence as as might be expected, the sea struck the boat's broadIde and overturned it.
“Moreover, the Life-Boat had not only to encounter a sea roadside on, and an overload of men, but also another owerful stimulus to its disaster. It is well known that any irge immoveable mass amongst water is surrounded by a great us or vortex, owing to its resistive power against the mos ion of the water. By such flux was the Pallas surrounded, nd to the Life-Boat was this flux opposed. Is it surprising, or is it to be wondered at, that such a bark as the Life-Boat hould yield to these three forces combined, each of which were able, and in fact did overwhelm it to a certain degree. l'he overplus weight of men made it sink-the flux drove it ound, broadside to sea~and the force of the sea on its broadside upset it.” This, our readers must observe, very well accounts for the disaster that befel the Dunbar Life-Boat, and our informant goes on to assign, in the same cool and dispassionate manner, the reason why she did not recover. " The shape of the boat approaches to that of the moon in her first quarter; the boat's stems projecting up like the horns of the
If these stems project up as they do to a great height when the boat has her bottom downwards, in like manner, they must jut downwards when she is bottom up. Now, knowing that to be the case, although the boat is built on a construction which cannot fail of recovering its position in deep water, for the same reason, when it upsets in shoal water it is impossible to regain its position. To this cause I ascribe the reason of the boat never recovering; because, although it was deep water where the boat upset ; that den water occupied only a small space between the ship and the rocks, which arose to less than two fathoms below the surface of the water; the flux carried the boat above these rocks, arily them the stems were held fust, till the tide left the boat dry. The circumstance of the boat being held so fast as prevented its being drifted out to sea by an ebbing uide, and the posi tion in which it was left, must not only show, but explain strong terms, the impractibility of its being able to regat its position, and at the same tine dispel whatever blame na be attached to it on that occasion."
From all this it must be apparent, that no more happened than what, indeed, might naturally have been expectei;, that the accident that befel the Life-Boat in consequence: of the requisite precautions not being taken or attended to, was no more surprising, than if the person who do charged a ball with a rope attached over a vessel, were 18 have his leg carried off by suffering it to get entangled in the apparatus. Had the event turned out otherwise, it would have been surprising indeed, and shewn Mr. GREATHKAJ himself that his boat was possessed of properties he never dreamt of.
We cannot conclude this subject without observing, that many boats have been constructed on Mr. GREATAEAD's plan, and great success appears to have attended them.
Foreign nations have availed themselves of the benefit of his intezie tion, and about the year 1803, he is said to have been honoured with an order, from that ornament to his country, A LET« ANDER, emperor of Russia*.
* In the Monthly Magazine for August, 1807, mention is made of a Life-Boat, improved in Denmark by Capt. SCELLING, being sent to Petersburgh. In the xcii. number of Nicolson's Journal, a boat is des cribed, constructed by Mr. Wilson of London, which he calls the Neutral-built Self-balanced Boat; and in the xcvi number of the sam? work we have an account of a Life-Boat, contrived with considerable ingenuity by Sir l'HOMAS CLARGES. An invention of a metalic Lik. Boat, by a Mr. Dodd has also been announced, said to draw only 19 inches of water with 25 persons; and Capt. MANBY, in his pamphlet describes a method by which any comm in boat may be fitted up * a small expense, so as to answer the purposes of a Life-Boat. Besede these an ICE-BOAT, the invention of Thomas RITZLER of Hin burgh, is said to have already saved many valuable lives from a wa tery grave, an accurate representation of which, with its description Buc. is given in WILLICH'S Dom. Ency. Vol. I. p. 299.
So cheerfully over the dale,
At his back hung his wallet and flail.
For his mind was a stranger to care ;
Such happiness who would not share ?
Which spangled the grass in the morn,
To thrash, for his living, the corn.
So happy is he with his lot,
To his cleanly old dame, and his cot.
And gave me first to understand,
With ready will I did engage
Now when your work begins to spread
My neighbour Jonn, who loves a dram,
Hard by there lives an ancient dame,
Though you, no doubt, such condemnation
But let not this abate your zeal
* Sie the Poetical Beacon, No: 3. vol. I. Cheap Mag.
NOTES TO CORRESPONDEN IS. THE favours of H.-4. A,--and J G. are received. We refer the la: ter to the cover of our last number.
HADDINGTON: Printed and Published, MONTHLY; by G. MILLER & SON.
e what comes of IDLENESS the fruitful mother of mischief, and of YISSOLUTE COMPANIONS, the unfortunate bane of youth.'
THE CHEAP MAGAZINE,
WITH AN ACCOUNT OF iE LAST MOMENTS OF TOM BRAGWELL, $c.
N the morning of the execution, the sun rose in clouds,
and, as if nature herself wished to add to the solemnity the scene, a gloomy darkness, and unusual stillness in the s, marked the approach of the hour at which Tom Brage ELỊ was doomed to pay the forfeit of his crimes. I had taken my station in the window of a friend's house, at overlooked the place of execution, so that I could note I that passed, without being exposed to the inconvenience 'a mob; and here I had not long remained before the gate death opened, and the mournful procession, in slow and lemn steps, moved forward from the jail to the scaffold. las! in what a pitiful plight appeared poor BragweLL.'virtue alone has majesty in death,' here. I had a most cone ncing proof of the pusillanimous appearance that vice puts 2 in her last moments. How now was the crest of the bastful hero fallen !-Unable to stand, he was borne forward VOL. II.