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AMERICA. An Account of a Society at Harmony, prayer ; ---but I saw that this interesting in Pennsylvania.
Society were under the influence of the
Spirit of God, and that they worshipped [Concluded from p. 397.)
him with reverence and with godly fear. After dinner we visited the soap and Tears of joy came into my eyes, as I excandle works--the dye works--the shear. claimed mentally, • This, indeed, is true ing and dressing works --- the turners, Christianity !--- this is worshippirg God carpenters, and machine makers ;--and, in spirit and in truth. After prayer, finally, we were conducted through the Ir. Rapp delivered a sermon with great warehouses, which we found plentifully animation, to which all the congregation stored with commodities. From the paid the most devout attention, after warehouses we went to the Labyrinth, which, with a short prayer and benedicwhich is a inost elegant flower-garden, tion he dismissed the assembly. Our with various hedge-rows disposed in such guide told us to remain a little, as they a manner as to puzzle people to get into , had, on our account, requested the band of the little temple, emblematical of Har. music to attend. They assembled before inony, in the middle. Mr. Rapp ah. the pulpit with their various instruruptly left us as we entered; and we ments, namely, three violins and a bass, soon observed him over the hedge-rows, a clarionet, a flute, and two French taking his seat hefore the house. I found horns. On these they entertained us my way with difficulty ; but the doctor, with a great variety of airs, the most of whom I left on purpose, could not find it, them of the solemu kind, and some of and Mr. Rapp liad to point it out to him. them accompanied by vocal music. After The garden and temple are einblenati. our return to the inn, we heard the night cal. The Labyrinth represents the difli: ivatch calling, • Again a day is past, and culty of arriving at Harmony. Tlie a step made nearer to our end--- our time temple is rough in the exterior, showing runs away, and the joys of Heaven are that at a distance it has no allüremerits; our reward.' They repeat the latter sen. but it is smooth and beautiful within, to tence at eleren, twelve, one, and two show the beauty of Harmony when once o'clock; and at three they call, · Again attained. From the Labyrinth we went a night is past, and the morning is come to the botanic garden, which is well --our time runs åway, and the joys of stored with valuable plants and herbs; Heaven are our reward. The town is and the two doctors pored over them watched by two men, and the Society more than an hour. We afterwards take it by turns. went to the doctor's house, where lie The basis of the Society is religion, showed us an elegant collection of plants, and all their temporal concerns are maall natives of Harmony, which he had naged in subserviency to it. The greater carefully arranged according to the Lin. part of the people were bred in the Lunæan systein. In the evening the So- theran persuasion, and their views of retiety assembled for divine service; and ligion are nearly in conformity to it; we attended, accompanied by our inn- but the principles which bind them tokeeper, who conducted us to a scat ar. gether as a Society may be shortly thus propriated for strangers. The church expressed, Love to God, good-will towards was quite full, the number of persons man, purity of life, and a community of being riot less than 500. The women goods. The pastor is considerell as hava sat all at one endl, the men at the other. ing the call of God. His prayers and They were singing a hyinn, in which they sermons are delivered extempore; and all joined with one accord; and so sim. if he be indisposed or absent, the Society ply, yet so sweetly did they sing, that it meet and confer on religious subjects. brought to my recollection the passage He is assisted in the management of the in Burns's Cotters' Saturday Night: religious concerns by elders and deacons * They chaunt their artless notes in simple
äppointed by the Society.
The vouth guise,
o'the Society are kept at school till they They tane their lieáris, by far the noblest
are 14 years old. The school hours are aim.”
in the forenoon, and the afternoon is de.
voted to such labour as they can easily Aftet singing, they all knelt down to perform, it being a branch of the ecoprayer. We followed their example, nomy of the Society to teach the youth and never did I pray niøre devoutly. I to labour, as well as to read and write. did not understand one word of the They are taught both the German and
RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE. English languages, with writing and cumstances may require--and, according arithmetic; and such as may be destined to its ability, extend its influence to for the study of medicine will receive a other countries whether Christian, Ma. college education. At fourteen the male hometan, or Pagan. youths make choice of a profession, and learn it where it is carried on in the Society. The females, at the same age,
New York Female Auxiliary Bille are occupied in the usual branches of
Society. female labour. On Sunday, the Society
As soon as it was generally known meet in their religious cavacity at nine that the Convention of Delegates from o'clock, in the school-room. to examine the Bible Societies in the United States, the children who exhibit different speci. had resolved to institute “ The Ameri. mens of their performances. This ends cal
de can Bible Society,” a considerable num. about eleven: they meet in the church ber of the ladies of New York, with a at twelve. when they go through the promptitude of benevolence, as honoursame exercises as those before noticed. able to their Christian zeal as charactewhich last about an hour and a half. rist
halt ristic of their sex, took into consideration They have another meeting at six o'clock
eting at six o'clock the expediency of forming a Female in the evening; and besides the meet
Bible Society, to be auxiliary to the ings on Sunday, they have a sermon two
National Institution. On Saturday, nights in the week. There is no instance
è May 11, a large ineeting of ladies of the of the church being neglected by those hrst
ed hv those first respectability was held in the Ase who are well, and able to walk. It is sembly-room of the City Hotel, when it their delight to attend it; and the reli.
him was determined to form
such an associagious and moral deportment of the whole tion; and a committee of ten ladies was Society is highly pmiseworthy. There appointed to draft the constitution. On are no vicious habits amongst them."
them Tuesday the 14th, a crowded assembly.
*** of ladies, of every Christian sect in the There is not an instance of swearing or lying, or debauchery of any kind; and as c
of any kind. anas city, met at the above place, when the to cheating, so commonly practised in an
acticed in draft of a constitution was read and eivilized society, they have no tempta. adopted; and thirty-six managers, com. tion to it whatever. As individuals they posed of ladies from the various religious have no use for money, and they have
denominations, were chosen to conduct no fear of want.
the concerns of the establishment for the * * The Society purchased their land ensuing year. Seven-hundred dollar's (about for about 20.000 dollars, which they so I 175.) were subscribed by the ladies much improved, that we are informed pres
present. Similar institutions are ex. in 1814, they disposed of the whole con pected in other parts of the country. cern for 200,000; and retired farther into the interior to form a new Settle- Schools for Indian Youth and Children. ment, with all the improvements which
ARRANGEMENTS are making for the their experience may suggest.
establishment of Schools, under Mis.
sionary superintendence, in the Indian Bible Society.
country, and primarily in the Cherokee We have already stated to our readers tribe. This business is likely to be taken the formation of « The American Bible up on an extended scale, and with the Society;" we have since been favoured aid of government. The managers are with the particulars of its constitution. looking out for suitable schoolmasters, The Delegates from various local Bible who are to apply to (Dr. Worcester,) the Societies met on the 8th day of May last, secretary of the American Board for in the Consistory-Room of the Reformed Mfissions at Salem. Dutch Church. The Hon. Elias Boudi, not, of New Jersey, was chosen presi. dent; twenty-one gentlemen were cho
ACADIAN SCHOOL, NOVA SCOTIA. sen vice-presidents; Dr. Mason, secre- July 31.--The third annual inspection tary for foreign correspondence ; Dr. of this school took place, attended by Romeyn, secretary for domestic corres, many of the most respectable inhabitants pondence; and R. Varick, Esq. treasurer. of Halifax, who were much gratified by
Every subscriber of three dollars an- the sight of about 400 children, who are nually is a member ; every subscriber of educated in it. thirty dollars at one time a member for Mr. Bromley stated, that 892 children life. The Society will add its endeavours (exclusive of more than 100 apprentices to those employed by the societies for and others gratuitously taught in the circulating the Scriptures throughout Sunday School) have received the benefit the United States and their territories; of education under his immediate superand will furnish them with stereotype intendance; and that many who had not plates, or such other assistance as cir. kèown the alphabet at their arbmission
are now occupving useful situations, as The assembly-room is well attended, clerks, apprentices, &c.
though the Romish priests parade the We are also informed, that there are streets to watch their own people during 150 children in the school lately estab. our service. Thursday I visit Castle Town lished by Mr. Osgood, at QUEBEC, who Roche: this is quite new, but I am are educated free of all expence to their happy to say likely to prove good ground. parents.
On Friday I go either to Doneraile or Buttevant. While I was preaching
at the latter place the last time, the IRISH EVANGELICAL SOCIETY.
priest was walking up and down, in order
to prevent his flock from coming in. A The remarkable success with which
friend of mine perceiving his obiect. the Head of the Church has condescende
went out, and told him we had one seat ed to honour the Irish Evangelical So
left ior him, if he would come in and ciety, will be in some degree learnt from
hear the sermon. This invitation was the following extracts :
not accepted, though the poor man went * TRALEE, COUNTY KERRY. home, and, I hope, ashamed of his con- With pleasure and gratitude I can duct. It only remains for the Society now inform you, that our congregations to exert its full powers, and I believe are as large as ever : the Assembly-room the errors of this church will be exposed on Sabbath days especially, is filled with to the people, and if exposed, it will attentive and respectable hearers. Our soon be overthrown. Saturday I return congregations present at times a soul. to Charleville, where my respectable and reviving aspect, and one is almost com- valuable host assembles à party of pelled to exclaim, “ Surely God is in friends, with whom the evening is spent this place.”. Last night a Roman Ca. in religious conversation and worship. tholic of great respectability was present Thus every Saturday I close the enat the time of preaching, and listened gagements of the week. I have great with great attention to some remarks reason for thankfulness, and not a little from that appropriate text, “ Search for the kindness ( receive. The Irish the Scrintures.” Our Sabbath evening character only wants the gospel to give congregations are computed to consist of it its finish.” from 4 to 500 hearers: I could heartily
“ CITY OF LIMERIC. wish we had a place of worship to ac- “ The great success which has fol. commodate the people who are desi. lowed the labours of Dr. Townley, has rous of attending constantly ; perhaps occasioned the purchase of buildings, there are few places of worship in Ire- which have been converted into a place land or England better attended on the of worship, where many regularly atweek-day evening than the Assembly. tend to hear with seriousness the word room of Tralee. I preached at Mills of the truth of the Gospel, and there is town last Lord's Day morning, and ex- reason to hope that the word preached pect to preach at Killarney soon. Our has profited several individuals,“ being friends are very ready to assist our ef. mixed with faith in them that have forts, hy providing horses, cars, and heard." gigs. There is as much need of zealous
« City or CORK. labourers in Ireland, as in the dark re.
“Your Committee will perceive in what gions of South Africa. I trust while
manner the work of the Lord is proceedour friends in England are sendirig the
are sending the ing in the county of Kerry, and we have gospel to the most distant countries, they further the nle will no longer neglect the sister kingdom.” it has pleased the Great Head of the
ntries, they, further the pleasure to assure you that * MALLOW, County Cork. Church, no less signally to bless it in other * On the Sabbath I preach regularly counties in this province. Mr. Gordon in the market-louse at Charleville; the is constantly and indefatigably engaged eongregation has greatly increased, and in preaching the gospel in the different I am happy to say that the house is quite towns and villages in the N. E. parts of full. I think this an important station. this county and a part of the county of On the Mondav I preach at Kilfennen; Waterford, and the effects are manifest, the room in which we preach is large, not only in the constancy of numbers but it is crowded to excess. Many here who hear the proclamation of mercy, express an ardent wish that the Society with satisfaction and delight, but in the may continue to be mindful of them. particular experience of many, to whom Tuesday I ride to Fermoy, where the the truth seems to be “ revealed not by Sessions-house has been prepared for flesh and blood, hut by the Father who our use by a kind friend--we have is in heaven.” Thus our friends of the. about 300 constant hearers, and this in London Society will see, that their laa town where popery exceedingly pre- bours are not in vain in this part of the yails. Wednesday I prcach at Mallow. island, where the obstacles seemed
443 greater than in other quarters. But a yond my most sanguine expectations, great work remains vet ito. be done. The beginning was small, but the little Clonmel and Waterford, extensive and brook became an overflowing river, which populous places, are still in great dark. has spread widely over the whole country ness; we entreat the Committee to en- in Sunday Schools, the wholesome efs deavour to do something for them, as we fects of these previous institutions, fer. find more than we can do nearer to us; tilizing the barren soil wherever it flows. indeed we are distressed that we cannot As to the expediency of teaching young do more for Kinsale, Bandon, Clona. people, in the first place, to read the lankilty, Skibbereen, Bantry, &c. in the guage they generally speak and best un. west of this county."
derstand, 'it imparting religious know
« SliGO. ledge is our primary object, as it most “ At our last committee meeting, it certainly ought to be, in instructing inwas, with a melancholy pleasure, that mortal beings, it needs no proof, for it is the accounts were listened to of the in- self-evident. However, I beg your at. terest excited in this neighbourhood by tention for a moment to the following the preaching of the gospel. I am particulars; making no apology for the instructed to call your attention once great length of this letter, as you desired rore to the sad situation of these parts me to be particular.- 1. The time neces. for want of itinerants to preach the word sary to teach them to read the Bible in of life, and to entreat your assistance their vernacular language is so short, not for the purpose of enabling us to follow exceeding six inonths in general, that it up the favourable impressions made by is a great pity not to give them the key Mr. Urwick in Bellina and other places." immediately which unlocks all the doors, ·
and lays open all the divine treasures be. WELCH
fore them. Teaching them English reCIRCULATING SCHOOLS.
quires two or three years' time, during
which long period, they are concerned Extract of a Letter from the late Rev. only about dry terms, without receiving
T. Charles, of Balu, Merionethshire, one idea for their improvement.--. North Wales, to a Member of the Welsh words convey ideas to their infant Society for the Support of Guelic minds as soon as they can read them, Schools, dated Jan. 4, 1811.
which is not the case when they are
taught to read a language they do not (Concluded from page 356.] understand.--3. When they can read Ar first, the strong prejudice which Welsh, scriptural terms become intelliuniversally prevailed against teaching gible and familiar to them, so as to ena-, them to read Welsh first, and the idea ble them to understand the discourses assumed, that they could not learn Eng. delivered in that language (the language lish so well if previously instructed in the in general preached through the princi. Welsh language; this, I say, proved a pality); which, of course, must prove great stumbling-block in the way of more profitable than if they could not parents to send children to the Welsh read at all, or read only the English lanta Schools, together with another conceit guage.--4. Previous instruction in their they hail, that if they could read Eng. native tongue, helps them to learn Eng. lish, they would soon learn of themselves lish much sooner, instead of proving in any to rearl Welsh ; but now, these idle and degree an inconveniency. This I have groundless conceits are universally had repeated proofs of, and can confi. scouted. This change has been pro- dently vouch for the truth of it. "I took duced, not so much by disputing, as this method of instructing my own chil. by the evident salutary effects of the dren, with the view of convincing the Schools, the great delight with which the country of the fallacy of the general children attended them, and the great notion which prevailed to the contrary; progress they made in the acquisition of and I have persuaded others to follow my knowledge. The school continues usually plan, which, without one exception, has at one time in the same place six or nine proved the truth of what I conceived to months, which depends on local circum- be really the case.--5. Having acquired stances, the number of children, and the new ideas by reading a language they progress which the children make. In understand, excitement is naturally pro. some districts they learn with much duced to seek for knowledge; and as our greater rapidity than in others ; the ancient language is very deficient in the cause of this is various, which I cannot means of instruction, there being few enumerate here. This has been my mode useful books printed in it, a desire to of proceeding, subject to some local va- learn English, yea, and other languages riations, for above twenty-three years ; also, is excited, for the sake of increasing and I have had the only satisfaction I their stock of ideas, and adding to their could wish that of seeing the work, by fund of knowledge. I can vouch for the the Lord's blessing, prospering für be truth of it, that tbere are turny to one
who can now read English, to what could months is quite suficient to teach all the when the Welsh was entirely neglected. children that are of proper age to receive The knowledge of the English is become instruction. 'I brefer à quicker circulanecessary, from the treasures contained tion to a long stay; frequent returns of in it. English books are now generally the School to the same stations are ne. called for; there are now a hundred cessary, unless a Sunday School prevents books, I am sure, for every one that was the necessity of it.--Our children will in the country when I removed from learn their vernacular tongue in three England, and first became a resident of months, better than they will learn Engthese parts. English Schools are every lish in three years.--Numbers of old where called for, and I have been obliged people have learnt to read their Bible in to send young men to English Schools, Welsh within these two years : and, in to be trained up for English Teachers, many instances, the parents have been that I might be able, in some degree, to instructed by the children !” answer the general demand for them. In short, the whole country is in a man LETTER FROM REV. MR. LLOYD. rer emerging from a state of great igno. Dear Sir, Bala, Aug. 8, 1816. rance and ferocious barbarity to civiliza.
I was glad to find by a letter, part of tion and piety, and that principally by
which Mrs. C. read to me, that you have means of the Welsh Schools. Bibles
es the interest of the Merionethshire Cir, without end are called for, are read dili. gently, learned out by heart, and searched
culating Charity Schools so much at
'heart, and that you are not without some into with unwearied assiduity and care.
hopes of getting a little assistance in Instead of vain amusements, dancing, 1
ing; London towards their support. card playing, interludes, quarrelling, and 5
The quarre ng, and Schools have been conducted exactly ace barbarous and most cruel fightings, we have now prayer-meetings, our congre•decease, as you can testify, and have
cording to your father's plan since his gations are crowded, and public cate
i been equally flourishing as they were chising is become pleasant, familiar, and profitable. One great means of this
a under his management. Your father,
latterly, had only three schoolmasters; blessed change, has been the Welsh Schools.--6. By teaching the Welsh first another has been added since his death.
at a salary of £16 a year each, which we prove to them that we are principally concerned about their souls, and thereby
I will require £64 per annum. There are, naturally impress their minds with the
upon an average, from 60 to 80 children vast importance of acquiring the know.
the in each of the schools : in some instances, ledge of divine truths, in which the way
• from 80 to 100. The masters are reof salvation, our duty to God and man, is;
moved quarterly or half-yearly, accord, revealed; whereas, that most important 11
ning to circumstances; but in general point is totally out of sight by teaching
they remain half a year in the same them English; for the acquisition of the p
ding place. The schools are generally kept English is connected only with their tem
in chapels. It has always been a rule, poral concerns, and which they may never
and still continues, never to employ as want, as they may, as the majority do, che
masters any but such as are deemed pious
· characters. die in infancy. In my opinion, in the
The business of the school education of children, it is of the utmost
begins and ends with prayer and praise. importance, in the first place, to impress the
Besides learning to read their Bible in
their mother tongue, the children are their minds with a sense that they are candidates for another world, and that
carefully instructed in the principles of the things pertaining to their eternal
the Christian religion, according to the felicity there, are of infinitely greater
catechisms composed by your father. importance to them, than the little con
er The schools are occasionally visited by cerns which belong to our short exist.
. those that have their superintendance, ence. The neglect of this is, I appre- taining about 40,000 inhabitants, com
4 They circulate in a tract of country cenhend, a very great defect in the education of children.
prising Merionethshire, part of CarnarWhat I have put down here, is, I ap
m vonshire, and part of Denbighshire, prehend, equally applicable to the Irish
P Much good has been done, and is doing and the Highlanders, as to the Welsh.
woleh by them; but we are apprehensive that Praying for your success, I am, yours
they cannot be continued much longer,
unless our funds are increased. The respectfully, &c.
pressure of the times has prevented us By other letters from Mr. Charles, it from receiving even what was promised appears, that a short stay and speedy from the several religious societies in the circulation of the Schools has been found county. When your father died, there most profitable. “In certain instances," was a balance in his hands of £76, for he says, “I have been obliged to con. the schools. The balance at present in tinue the Teacher in the same place nine the hands of the Treasurer, is f29 15s. or twelve months ; but, in general, six 31d. as I found yesterday upon examin,