and Obituary,




Another meeting was called shortly afterwards, with a Book II,

Chap. III. like object, but of another sort. Despite his reverence for Book

LOVERS AND Busbeian traditions, Dr. BURNEY had known how to win the love of his pupils. A large body of them met, under BENEFacthe chairmanship of the excellent John KAYE, then Regius Professor of Divinity at Cambridge, and afterwards Bishop Annual

Biography of Lincoln, and they subscribed for the placing of a monument to their old master in Westminster Abbey.

vol. iii, p. 225. On the twenty-third of February, 1818, the Trustees of The applithe British Museum presented to the House of Commons rue Trusa petition, praying that Dr. BURNEY's Library should be acquired for the Public. The prayer of the petition was supported by Mr. BANKES and by Mr. VANSITTART, and POR THE a Select Committee was appointed to inquire and report of Burney's upon the application.

In order to an accurate estimate of the value of the Library, a comparison was instituted, in certain particulars, between its contents and those of the Collection already in the national Museum. In comparing the works of a series of twenty-four Greek authors, it was found that of those authors, taken collectively, the Museum possessed only two hundred and thirty-nine several editions, whereas Dr. Charles BURNEY had collected no fewer than seven hundred and twenty-five editions.* His Collection of the Greek dramatists was not only, as I have said, extensive, but it the Nation. was arrayed after a peculiar and interesting manner. By making a considerable sacrifice of duplicate copies, he had brought his series of editions into an order which exhi



* This small fact in classical bibliography is remarkable enough to call for some particular exemplifications, beyond those given in the text, on a former page. Of the three greatest Greek dramatists, Burney had 315 editions against 75 in the Library of the British Museum. Of Homer he had 87 against 45; of Aristophanes, 74 against 23; of Demosthenes, 50 against 18; and of the Anthologia, 30 against 19.



Book II, bited, at one view, all the diversities of text, recension, and
Chap. III.
Воок commentary. His Greek grammarians were arrayed in

like manner. And his collection of lexicographers gene-
BENEFAC. rally, and of philologists, was both large and well selected.

The total number of printed books was nearly thirteen Report of Select Com- thousand five hundred volumes, that of manuscripts was miltee, 1818;

five hundred and twenty; and the total sum given for the whole was thirteen thousand five hundred pounds.

It was estimated that the Collection had cost Dr. BURNEY a much larger sum, and that, possibly, if sold by public auction, it might have produced to his representatives more than twenty thousand pounds.


OF P. L.

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In the same year with the acquisition of the Burney Library, the national Collections were augmented by the purchase of the printed books of a distinguished Italian

scholar long resident in France, and eminent for his conCOLLEction tributions to French literature. Pier Luigi GINGUENÉGINGUENÉ. author of the Histoire Littéraire d'Italie and a conspicuous

contributor to the early volumes of the Biographie Universelle

-had brought together a good Collection of Italian, French,
and Classical literature. It comprised, amongst the rest,
the materials which had been gathered for the book by
which the Collector is now chiefly remembered, and ex-
tended, in the whole, to more than four thousand three
hundred separate works, of which number nearly one thou-
sand seven hundred related to Italian literature, or to its
history. This valuable Collection was obtained by the
Trustees — owing to the then depressed state of the
Continental book-market-for one thousand pounds. And,
in point of literary value, it may be described as the first-
in point of price, as the cheapest-of a series of purchases
which now began to be made on the Continent.

Chap. III.




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A more numerous printed Library had been purchased Book II, together with a cabinet of coins and a valuable herbarium, Bookat Munich, three years earlier, at the sale of the Collections powiss AN of Baron Von Moll. His Library exceeded fourteen thousand volumes, nearly eight thousand of which related to the physical sciences and to cognate subjects. The cost C of this purchase, with the attendant expenses, was four von Moll. thousand seven hundred and seventy pounds. The whole" sum was defrayed out of the fund bequeathed by Major Arthur EDWARDS.*

These successive purchases, together with the Hargrave Collection-acquired in 1813–increased the theretofore much neglected Library by an aggregate addition of nearly thirty-five thousand volumes. And for four successive years (1812-15) Parliament made a special annual grant of one thousand poundst for the purchase of printed books relating to British History.

The peculiar importance of the Hargrave Collection Francis consisted in its manuscripts and its annotated printed and his books. The former were about five hundred in number, 200 and were works of great juridical weight and authority, L. not merely the curiosities of black-letter law. Their Collector was the most eminent parliamentary lawyer of his day, but his devotion to the science of law had, to some degree, impeded his enjoyment of its sweets. During some of the best years of his life he had been more intent on increasing his legal lore than on swelling his legal

* It was also from the Edwards fund that the whole costs of the Oriental MSS. of Halhed, and of the Minerals of Hatchett, together with those of several other early and important acquisitions, were defrayed. That fund, in truth, was the mainstay of the Museum during the years of parliamentary parsimony.

+ Of these four thousand pounds, two thousand three hundred and forty-five pounds seem to have been expended in Printed Books ; the remainder, probably, in Manuscripts.




profits. And thus the same legislative act which enriched the Museum Library, in both of its departments, helped to smooth the declining years of a man who had won an uncommon distinction in his special pursuit. Francis HARGRAVE died on the sixteenth of August, 1821, at the age of eighty.

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Leaving now this not very long list of acquisitions made by the National Library, in the way of purchase, either at the public cost or from endowments, we have again to turn to a new and conspicuous instance of private liberality. Like CRACHERODE, and like BURNEY, Francis Henry EGERTON belonged to a profession which at nearly all periods of our history—though in a very different degree in different ages—bas done eminent honour and rendered large services to the nation, and that in an unusual variety of paths.

Each of these three clergymen is now chiefly remembered as a ‘Collector.' Each of them would seem to have been placed quite out of his true element and sphere of labour, when assuming the responsibilities of a priest in the Church of England. CRACHERODE was scarcely more fitted for the work, at all events, of a preacher-save by the tacit lessons of a most meek and charitable life—than he was fitted to head a cavalry charge on the field of battle. BURNEY was manifestly cut out by nature for the work of a schoolmaster; although, as we have seen, he was ablelate, comparatively, in life—so to discharge (for a very few years) the duties of a parish priest as to win the love of his flock. EGERTON was unsuited to clerical work of almost any and every kind. Yet he, too, with all his eccentricities and his indefensible absenteeism, became a public benefactor. The last act of his life was to make a provision which has been fruitful in good, having a bearing-very

Chap. III.



real though indirect-upon the special duties of the priestly Book II, function, for which he was himself so little adapted. The Bookbequests of Francis EGERTON had, among their many useful results, the enabling of Thomas CHALMERS to add BENEPACone more to his fruitful labours for the Christian Church and for the world.

It may not, I trust, be out of place to notice in this connection, and as one among innumerable debts which our country owes specifically to its Church Establishment, the impressive and varied way in which the English Church has, at every period, inculcated the lesson (by no means, nowadays, a favourite lesson of the age') that men owe duties to posterity, as well as duties to their contemporaries. The fact bears directly on the subject of this book. Into every path of life many men must needs enter, from time to time, without possessing any peculiar and real fitness for it. In a path which in the course of successive ages) has been trodden by some millions of men, there must needs have been a crowd of incomers who had been better on the outside. They were like the square men who get to be thrust violently into round holes. But, even of these misplaced men, not a few have learnt, under the teaching of the Church, that if they could not with efficiency do pulpit work or parish work, there was other work which they could do, and do perpetually. Men, for example, who loved literature could, for all time to come, secure for the poorest student ample access to the best books, and to the inexhaustible treasures they contain. CRACHERODE did this. BURNEY helped to do it. EGERTON not only did the like, in his degree, in several parts of England, but he enabled other and abler men to write new books of a sort which are conspicuously adapted to add to the equipment of divines for their special duty and work in the world.

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