I N D E X.

Abel and Cain, contemplation and action figured by, 55.
Abridgments, defects of, 306.
Accidents, their influence upon the mind, 294.

of words, 198.
Action and Contemplation, 224, 227.

necessary union between, 50.

figured in Cain and Abel, 55.
Adam, his employment in Paradise, 55.
Adoration, highest bonour attainable among the Heathens, 62.
Adrian, a learned prince, 66.
Advancement in life, 269 to 292.
Affectation, deformity of, 258.
Affections, subdued to reason by eloquence, 211.'

duties of, 237.
enquiry respecting, 245.
government of, a principal part of Ethics, 246.

poets and historians, the best doctors in the knowledge of, 246.
Alchemy, 147.

assistance derived by science from, 43.
Alexander, an example of the union of learning and power in arms, 15.

his education, 71.
his love of Homer, 71.
his preference of learning over empire, 71.
his shrewd speeches, 72.
bis answer to Diogenes, 72.

to Calisthenes, 73.
his distinction between love of Alexander and love of the king, 74.

his answer to Parmenio, 74.
Allusive poetry, 121.
Ambiguity of terms, cautions against, 189.
Anatomy, deficience in, 163.
Ancients, interpretation of their fables, 44, 63.

honours rendered to eminent men among, 62.
inventors consecrated by, 178.

treasured up valuable observations in aphorisms or fables, 266.
Annals, component of history, 113.
Anthropomorphites, heresy of, 191.
Antipater, Alexander's knowledge of, 86.
Antiquity, overweening affection for, 46,
Antiquities, part of History, 107.
Antoninus Pius, a learned prince,
Anytus, bis accusation against Socrates, 15.
Apophegms of Cæsar, 118.
Aphorisms, a kind of methodical delivery, 203,


Aphorisms, excellence of, 201.
of Solomon, the wisdom and policy of, 260.

specimens of, 261 to 265.
the ancients treasured up valuable observations in, 266.
Argument, invention of, 183.
Aristippus, his answer to one reproving him for servility, 33.
Aristotle, his sparing use of feigned matter, 43.

errour of, in mingling philosophy and logic, 49.
his errour in undervaluing antiquity, 132.
his derision of the Sophists, 183.

defects in his labours, 213.
Art, duty of, to exalt nature, 179.
Arts and methods, errour of, in reducing knowledge into, 48.
Arts intellectual, division of, 176.
Arts liberal, when they most flourish, 169.
Arts military, when they most flourish, 169.
Astrology, 147, 171.

assistance derived by science from, 43.
Astronomy, exemplified in the book of Job, 57.

predictions of, 171.
Atheism, superficial knowledge inclines to, 13.
Athletique, 168
Atlas, exposition of the fable of, 187.
Atticus, an example against irresolution, 19.
Authors, should be consuls, not dictators, 44.
Æsculapius and Circe, exposition of the fable of, 160.
Basilisk, fable of, 281.
Behaviour, tendency of learned men to despise, 259.
Being, without well-being, a curse, 292.
Biography, most valuable species of bistory, 108.

deficiency in, 112.
Bird-witted minds, mathematics the proper study for, 144.
Body, knowledge of,

action of the mind 156.

good of, in what it consists, 158.
Books, new editions of, 215.
Borgia (Alexander), his saying of the French, 149.
Business, knowledge of, reduceable to precept, 259.

a branch of civil knowledge, 259.
habits of the Romans in respect of, 260.

wisdom and policy of the aphorisms of Solomon for, 260.
Cain and Abel, contemplation and action figured by, 55.
Callendar of existing inventions, 148.

of things not invented, 148.
of supposed impossibilities, 148.

of doubts and popular errours, 149, 150.
Carneades, conceit of Cato respecting the eloquence of, 14.
Cassander, his subtle answer to Alexander, 73.
Categories, cautions against ambiguity of speech, 189.
Cato, his conceit respecting the eloquence of Carneades, 14.

how punished for his censure against learning, 22.
Cæsar, example of learning and military greatness, 15, 75.

his writings, 76.
his shrewd speeches, 77.

his noble answer to Metellus, 78.
Celestial Hierarchy, supposed rank of, 54.
Ceremonial Law, its ordinances respecting meats, &c. 156.
Chaldean Astrology, 171.
Character, knowledge of, part of moral learning, 245.

how influenced by accidents of life, 244.


Christianity, preservation of ancient learning owing to, C0.

effect of the edict of Julianus against, 60.
Chronicles, division of history, 108.
Church, government of, S15.
Churcb-militant, history of, 116.
Cicero, errour of, in his pursuit of science, 49.
his complaint against Socrates for separating Philosophy and Rhetoric,

Ciphers, 199.

uses of, and wherein consists their excellence, 200.
Civil History, 106.

division of, 106.
Civil Knowledge, 256 to 297.

hath three parts, conversation, negotiation, and govern-

ment, 257.
Clement VII. an example against irresolution, 19.
Commentaries, 106.
Common-Place Books, uses of, 194.
Common places in Rhetoric, 184.
Commonwealth, nature of, first seen in a family, 105.
Configuration, doctrine of, 136.
Contemplation, an exercise of man in paradise, 55.
Contemplation and Action, 224, 227.

necessary union between, 50.

figured in Cain and Abel, 55,
Contentious leaming, 34, 38.
Conversation, a part of, civil knowledge, 257, 938.

no deficiency reported of, 259.
Cosmetique, 168.
Cosmography, 115.

exemplified in the book of Job, 57.
Countenances, indexes to the mind, 272.

to be trusted rather than words, 271.
Craniology, 157.
Credulity and Imposture, connection between, 41.
Critical knowledge, 215.
Culture of the Mind, 221, 239 to 255.
Custom and Llabit, 249.
Death, fear of, instigated by learning, 81.
Decoration of Body, 168.
Dedication ro Books, proper and improper, 36.
Deeds, not un reservedly to be trusted, 272.
Defects, importance of the art of concealing, 2f0.
Delicate learning, S4, 41.
Demonstrations, different kinds of, 193,

deticiency in, 194.
Demosthenes, a water drinker, 255.

his answer to Æschines, 21.
Diagoras, his reply on being shewn the otferings to Neptune, 190.
Diet, its importance to the Mind, 156.
Diogenes, his answer to a scotting question, respecting learned men, $3.

answer of Alexander respecting, 72.

his opinion as to true health of mind, 227.
Discovery and impression, parts of human philosophy, 131.
Diseases, many ignorantly pronounced incurable, 165.
Dispositions of men, 241, 243.
Dissimulation, nature and policy of, 284.
Distempers of learning, 31.
Divinaugu, 171.
Divination, artificial and natural, 171.

Divine influxions, 172.

Philosophy, 124.
Divines, objections to learning, by, 7.

their objections answered, 8.
Divinity, 299 to 316.

the best body of, 312.

or philosophy cannot be pursued too far, 13.
Domitian, his happy reign, 64.
Doubts, registry of, 149.
Dreams, exposition of, 155.
Duty, 233.

of a king, 235.
of professions, 236.
of affections, 237.

cases of doubt respecting, 238.
Ecclesiastical history, 116.
Education, importance of, 26.
Elenches, doctrine of, 188.

used by Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, 188.
Elizabeth, (Queen), an instance of, in favour of learned prioces, 23,

eulogy upon the learning of, 69.
Eloquence, the affections subdued to reason by, 211.

when injurious to the possessor, 220.
Emblem and prenotion, memory built upon, 195.
Emperors, advantages of learning in, 65.
Empirics, why sometimes more successful than physicians, 166.
England, deficiency in history of, 110.

and Scotland, blessed union of, 111,
Epaminondas, an example of excellence in learning and arins, 15.
Epictetus, his reflection on death, 81.

errour in the philosophy of, 226.
Epicureans, their doctrine concerning good, 226.
Errours of learned men. See Learned Men.
Evil, knowledge of, necessary to protection of virtue, 237.
Examples, tendency of, to mislead, 278.
Experientia literata, 182.
Experiments, want of, in universities, 95.
Faber quisque fortunæ suæ, 268.
Fables of the ancients, exposition of, 122.

valuable observations treasured up by the ancients in, 266.
Fall of man, kind of knowledge which induced, 55.
Falsehood, a disease of learning, 41.
Fascination, 172.
Fathers of the church, their learning, 59.
Final causes, inquiry into, a part of metaphisique, 140.
Flattery of great men by philosophers, 32.

nature of, 236.
Forms, discovery of, 136.
Fortune of learned men, discredit to learning from, 23.

impolicy of denying its share in our successes, 268.
advancement of, 267 to 292,
fixedness in pursuit of, 288.
precepts for improving, 289.

not to be too much wooed, 292.
Friars, observation of Machiavel respecting, 24.
Friends, choice of, 277.
Friendship, laws of, 238.

conduct in, 289,
Frivolous learning, 34.
Games of recreation, 169.


Generalization, (hasty), evil of, 180.
Gestures and hieroglyphics, 197.
Gilbertus, errour of, in his pursuit of sciency, 49.
Gonsalvo, his speech to his soldiers, 226.
Good, nature of, 221.

public and private, 223.
Gooil-fiature, or benignity, 243.
Government, 293.

most prosperous under learned govemours, 17.

wisdom of, learned men will acquit themselves in, 259.
Governours, dignity of, depends on dignity of the governed, 83.

should be candid to the governed, 234.
Grammar, 198.
Gratitude, laws of, 238.
Græcia, the best princes of, were the most learned, 6.
Gregory I. (Pope), censure against, for obliterating the memory of heathen

authors, 60.
Habit and custom, 249.
Happiness, theories as to what it depends on, 223.
Health, 158.
Heresy, produced by misdirected aims at knowledge, 12.
Hieroglyphics and gestures, 197.
Hippius, his dispute with Socrates, 104.
Hippocrates, his custom of narrating special cases, 163.
History, its relation to memory, 100.

division of, 101.
deficiencies in, 109.

appendices to, 118.
Homer, Alexander's love of, 71.
Honours among the ancients, human, heroical, and divine, 62.
Hope, the portion of great nen, 75.
Human philosophy, 153.

division of, 153.
Humanity. See“ Human philosophy.”
Husband and wife, duties of, 237.
Idols of the mind, 191.

makes men churlish and mutinou3, 21.
Ignorance, our Saviour's first excuse of power in sybuluing, 59.
Il-nature or malignity, 243.
Imagination, confederation of the sciences with, 43.

poesy referable to, 100.
fascination an art of, 172,
raising and fortifying of, 173.
the commandment of reason over, 174,

and reason, office of rhetoric to unite, 209.
Immortality insured by knowledge, 80.
Imposture and credulity, connection between, 42.
Impression, a branch of human philosophy, 155.
Induction, in logic, errours of, 179.
Intellectualists, errours of, 49.
Interpretatio naturæ, 182.
Interrogating, art of, 185.
Invention, 176.

of arts and sciences, deficient, 176.
Inventors, how honoured by the ancients, 178.
Ixion, the fable of, an example against imaginativeness, 19.
Jesuits, service rendered to learning by,.60,
Job, book of, pregnant with natural philosophy, 57.
Journals. See “ Annals.”
Judgment, art of, 186.

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