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In the Publication Department it is our determination tensively into the practice of buying friends as is done to inaugurate a new era; and if the men are in the State by some of our cotemporaries. or country who possess the qualifications of competency The FARMER is laboring zealously, and by no means and faithfuluess for the discharge of the duties which be selfishly, for the advancement of all branches of industry long to that department, the patrons of the FARMER shall in the Northwestern States. If this does not entitle it to have the benefit of their labors. Arrangements are now the hearty support and co-operation of Northwestern inmaking which will insure this.
dustrial men, then certainly a few paltry prizes could As to the Editorial Department we promise nothing hardly create a valid claim to such co-operation. more than that we shall continue to do the best we can Our terms, as published in the Prospectus on 4th page to make the FARMER the best Agricultural paper pub- of cover, are the best that can be afforded at present.lished in the United States. Our facilities here in the We ask all those who have formerly helped in extending West for getting up showy illustrations are not yet equal the circulation of this paper, and all others who would to those of some eastern publications, but with our ac-hare pleasure in contributing to the progress of the good quaintance with the climate, soils, &c., and our better cause in which we labor, to look the matter over, and see information as to the consequent needs of the industry of whether they cannot find in the character of the journal the West, we are confident of being able to give our itself, in the good work to which it is devoted, and in the readers who care rather for substantial matter, more than terms on which it is offered, sufficient cause for bearty an equivaleut.
endorsement and active aid in giving it a more extended The Horticultural Department has made valuable ac- circulation. quisitions in the secured services of the eminent fruit Our Contributors. Many thanks are due to the culturist A. G. HANFORD, Esq., as Corresponding Editor, several gentlemen whose pens have been so ably and and in the large number of able contributors to its col- generously employed for the benefit of our readers durumns: the " Bee-Keeper" will also have the benefit of ing the past vear. Especially de we tender our acknowlcontributions from practical culturists, who have been edgements to Messrs. J. C. Plumb, A. G. Hanford, 0. S. induced to furnish regular articles for that department; | Willey and W. H. Morrison, for their interesting and valand the Agricultural and Miscellaneous departments will l uable contributions to the Horticultural and Bee Keepbe enriched by the correspondence of eminent gentle
er's departments. Need we add that the other departmen-Foreign Ministers and other officers of the Govern
ments of the paper have equal claims upon those of our ment-now resident in Russia, Spain, South America and
readers whose special pursuits qualify them to furnish New Mexico. As Commissioner to the Great Exhibition
valuable information on subjects pertaining to the culof the Industry of all nations, the Editor will likewise be
ture of the soil, the breeding and management of stock, able to furnish his readers with accurate aud interesting
the mechanic arts, science, art, education and domestic accounts of the Exhibition and of the industry of Great
lustry of Great economy? Britain.
We earnestly solicit contributions on all these subSuch are our plans and arrangements for 1862. If they jects, or any others, coming within the scope of the Fardo not warrant renewed efforts on the part of all our old | Mer, and hope most sincerely that the friends of the infriends and the active enlistment of new canvassing | dustry of Wisconsin and the Northwest will be more agents in all parts of the State, then we are at a loss to mindful of the claims of their own Home Journal this determine what should be considered sufficient induce- vear than during the past. WRITE AS CONCISELY, PITAILY ments.
and PRACTICALLY AS POSSIBLE, BUT BY ALL MEANS, WRITE!
To Voluntary Agents and Friends.- Full Reparation.--All persons who paid their subSince 1857 the FARMER has had no paid traveling agent scriptions for 1861 to M. Cullaton, former Publisher, and in the field. The stringency of the times seemed not to for any cause have not received their full complement of warrant the expense, and the sole reliance has been upon numbers, may consider themselves entitled to such misthe voluntary and gratuitons efforts of the many friends sing numbers (unless the editions should be exhausted) of the paper who reside in all parts of the Northwest.- without charge. And if there should be any who paid Some of these friends are still zealous; others appear to their subscriptions for 1861, and yet have failed entirely have grown slightly “ weary in well-doing," and a few to receive the Farmer, they shall be furnished with the have been persuaded by the dazzling offer of “great paper for an equal length of time the present year. prizes" to give their best efforts to the circulation of foreign papers.
Personal. Among the military men now in camp It is not our intention to blame this last class of
at this place, we have been pleased to find two of our old
agricultural friends, to-wit: Dr. O.T. MAXon, of Hudson, friends, for the baits held out are often tempting. Per
long a valuable member of the Ex. Com. of the W.S.A.S., haps it might pay for us to empioy similar means for in
now 1st Lieut. of the Lyon Guards, and Col. K. K. JONES, creasing our list, but we don't like the plan of publishing
formerly of Manitowoc, late Agricultural Editor of the a two dollar journal at one dollar, and then paying a sev- Quincey (IN.) Whig, and now Lieut. Colonel of the 15th enty-five cent premium for each subscriber,s name; and (Scandinavian) Regiment. They are both sterling men it is, therefore, hardly probable that we shall go as ex-) and will make splendid commanders.
The World's Fair.—The smoke raised by the a complete copy of the regulations adopted by the AmerMason and SLIDELL affair having cleared away, there is now ican Commissioners. These last, owing to our illness, as no further question as to the fact of a representation of already explained and to the crowded state of the FarAmerican products at the Great International Exhibition MER's columns, were omitted. It is sufficient to state, to be opened May 1, 1862. The only question for the however, that no articles will be shipped from New York friends of American Industry to decide is, whether that which have not been approved by authority of the Amerirepresentation shall be creditable.
can Board of Commissioners. In this State, the underAccording to the arrangements made by the Ex. Com- signed is the only representative of said Board; though mittee of the American Board of Commissioners, before any article may be sent, if preferred, to New York, and this number shall reach a majority of its readers, it will there be approved or rejected by JOSEPH E. HOLMES, Esq., be too late to get articles to New York in time for the 61 Canal street, who is duly authorized to act for the Government vessel.
Commissioners, Articles will be received at the Exhibition, however, After much enquiry, we are satisfied that of the sevuntil Dec. 31st, and several ocean expresses are offering eral Ocean Expresses, none are more reliable than “The to carry articles at low rates.
Morris Express," whose circular as furnished by L. W. The Editor of this paper received, some months since, MORRIS, Esq., we publish, in part, below: the appointment of Commissioner for Wisconsin, and only “As no articles will be received by Her Majesty's Comregrets that the Board of Commissioners appointed by
missioners at London, later than the 31st of March, 1862,
the latest dispatch for the Exhibition will be made by Mr. SEWARD to adopt regulations for the government of this Express, per steamer of Saturday, March 8th.
Such articles, however, the placing of which, from their all matters pertaining to contributions from this country,
great size or weight, require considerable labor, and were so late in adopting and publishing those regulations which, according to decision 14 of Her Majesty's Commis
sioners, will not be received at the Exhibition Building that it has been practically impossible for him to repub
after the first of March, 1862, have to be shipped from lish them in time to enable Western Exhibitars to get New York, at latest, by the steamer of Saturday, Feb. 8th.
It being required to secure space for shipment on board anything ready for the Government vessel; and that
any steamer in advance of placing the goods on board, when copies of the published regulations did finally ar- Exhibitors of packages over 5 cubic feet in size will please
advise this Express at least fourteen days previous, that rive, his plans was still further embarrassed, indeed almost
they will send such or such size package (about), when thwarted by a serious and protracted illness which utterly shipment will at once be engaged.
Packages must reach New York three days before sailprecluded the transaction of all business, however im
ing of the respective steamers. portant.
Packages, prepaid to New York office, will be delivered
at the door of the Exhibition Building, under the followSomething has nevertheless bcen done, and when the
ing Table of Rates: 1st day of May comes, we hope not to be ashamed of the Not over 4 cubic foot, ....... $1.75, not over 5 fios. weight.
Between 12 and a cubíe foot, 2.75, + little that Wisconsin and the other Northwestern States
10 12 and 32
3.50, will have done.
32 and 1 Several entries of machinery have been made, and the
1 and 2
40. 2 and 3
6.00 work of making ready representative specimens of
3 and 4
7.00 the natural products of the State-such as minerals, soils,
4 and 5
8.00, 5 and 6
9.00 timberg, &c.-and of some of our agricultural products,
6 and 7
10.00, is vigorously going forward.
7 and 8
11.00 8 and 9
12.00, Now that the Government vessel is beyond the reach
9 and 10
200 of those who would have considered free transportation a
10 and 11
220 11 and 12
240 sufficient inducement, it will afford all Northwestern ex
12 and 13
13 and 14 hibitors pleasure to know that arrangements have been
17.00, 14 and 16
320 6 made with the Det. & Mil. R. W. for free transportation
16 and 18
6 of all articles designed for the Exhibition, and that other
18 and 20
20.00 " 400 " roads between Wisconsin and New York are expected to Over 20 cubic feet measurement and not over 20 lbs.
weight to each cubic foot, $1.00 per foot. make similar arrangements. In evidence, we quote the following characteristic words from a cordial and most
EXTRA CHARGES. generous letter just received from W. K. Muir, Gen. Packages weighing more than 20 lbs. a cubic foot, are
charged 20 per ct, in addition to above rates. Supt. of the D. & M. R. W.:
Packages larger than 40 cubic feet, are charged $3.00 in " My Dear Sir:-We shall be happy to convey the addition to above rates. Wisconsin and Minnesota contributions to the Great Ex Packages larger than 60 cubic feet, are charged $5.00 in hibition free. I believe the Great Western R. W. will do addition to above rates. 80, as well, and I will try the N. Y.C. R. & Hudson R. R. Packages larger than 100 cubic feet, are charged $7.00 in to-day.”
addition to above rates.
Packages larger than 160 cubic feet, are charged $10.00 in We had also written to the officers of the roads named,
addition to above rates. but have not yet received replies. Of course our roads
Charges for Custom House Formalities in England and will not be behind those located in other States.
Liverpool Commissions. In the Dec. No. we published the classification, togeth-On packages containing articles free of duty and uner with the important regulations agreed upon by the one
der 2 cubic feet,........................................ each, $0.50 On all other packages, ..............
" 2.00 Royal Commissioners, and also furnished the printer with | Postages for each package,...
New York Commissions.
LITERARY NOTICES. On all packages under 2 cubic foet................each, 0.50
" between 2 and 40 cubic feet,... “ 1.00
over 40 cubic feet........ ... " 2.00 Several interesting works lie upon our table which In order that Exhibitors may know the exact charge must wait for notice until our next issue. for their goods from New York to the Exhibition Building at London, this Express will immediately on receipt
Our exchanges, too, owing to the crowded state of our of their packages, send a specified bill, the amount of columns in this, the last form of the FARMER, will be which has to be remitted to this Express by retnrn Mail, in funds par at New York. No articles will be actually
kind enough this time to take the will for the deed. exbibited until such charges are paid.
In addition to all our regular agricultural and hortiExhibitors will please send letter by Mail same day on which they forward packages, addressed to this Express, cultural exchanges, which are always so welcome, and enclosing Certificate for Exhibition by the Commissioners several of which are deserving of highly commendato appointed by Government, and without which no package will be forwarded : stating at the same time by what notice, there are several of a kindred character, or purely conveyance the articles have left home, and giving full literary, which we cordially admire, and had intended to particulars of contents of each package.
Insurance from New York to Liverpool will only be notice in this number. effected by special request-and this Express is in nowise Hunt's Merchants' Magazine, the Scientific American, responsible for dangers of Navigation or by Fire, unless the articles are insured against said hazards. Rate of the Phrenological Journal and Life Ilustrated, the Home Insurance to Liverpool, probably 16 per cent.
Journal and The Independent—all published at New Besides the address on each package required by Her Majesty's Commissioners, and which is to be as follows:
York-and the Ailantic Monthly, published at Boston,
are eminently worthy of commendation, and of the то тие
most liberal patronage of the American poople. COMMISSIONERS FOR THE EXHIBITION OF 1862 Building, South Kensington, London.
NOTICES OF NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. From---state Exhibitor's Name, Place and State.) Value No of Class in which Exhibited.
Our advertising columns are filled with a great variety
of matter especially interesting to our readers. AttenEach packso must be marked, Care MORRIS EXPRESS, Vevo York.
tion is called particularly to new advertisements of the Exhibitors are requested to have all articles well pack | BLOOMINGTON NURSERY, the MADISON MUTUAL INSURANCE ed in boxes, the lids secured with screws instead of nails, Co., and of the WISCONSIN FARMER. so as to serve for returning the articles again to this Country after the Exhibition, if not otherwise disposed of. Goods in the Exhibition Building.
[ADVERTISEMENT.) The packages having arrived at the Building of the
BATERAM, ILANFORD & Co., offer for sale an extensive "No counters or fittings will be provided by Her Ma"jesty's Commissioners. “Exhibitors will be permitted, assortment of FRUIT TRESS--Apple, Pear, Peach, Plum, "subiect only to the necessary regulations, to erect ac- Cherry be both standard and dwarf trees, of the most "cording to their own taste, all the counters, stands, 1 glass-frames, brackets, awnings, hangings or similar approved varieties, much better and cheaper than east« contrivances, which they may consider best calculated ern grown trees, for western planting. " for the display of their goods."
It is absolutely impossible to fix, even approximately, Grape Vines.-Including the finest new, hardy sorts : any scalo of rates for that purpose. Exhibitors can form Delaware, Diana, Rebecca, Concord, Hartford prolific, a much more correct idea of what probable expense the unpacking, putting up, arranging and displaying of &c., good, strong well rooted plants at reduced prices. their goods will be than this Express. They are there Blackberries, Raspberries, Gooseberries, Currants, fore requested to state their views how they would like their goods exhibited, and to send with amount of freight. Strawberries, dc., of the most approved sorts, all true to also the amount of expense they wish to go to for the pur-name. pose of an advantageous show. The representatives of this Express in London, are men of intelligence, and will
Their ornamental department contains do their utmost in meeting the views of Exhibitors.
Roscs.-A splendid collection, including over one hunLONDON COMMISSIONS.
dred of the finest Hybrid, Perpetual, Moss and other hardy For articles not requiring extraordinary time for arrang- kinds, also monthly, Noisette, Tea, &c., &c.
ing, $1,00 a lot. For complicated arrangements, machinery, and bulky ar- Ornamental Shrubs.-Over one hundred of the most ticles, $2,50 a lot.
beautiful and desirable varieties. Labor, actual cost. For giving information or taking orders. fair business Evergreens.--Of all the most hardy sorts, which having
rates will be charged, and collected on return or dispo- been several times removed in the nursery, are sure to sal of the arric?es.
Goods coming back from the Exhibilion after its close, I grow. will not cost the third or fourth part of the expense go! Our trees are all healthy and thrifty, the growth the ing out, as they can be shipped by sailing vessels from London, thus saviug heavy land carriage between Liver- present season is particularly fine; bark louse unknown. pool and London, commissions in Liverpool, cartages, Selections will be made when desired, by A. G. HANdues, handling and Steamboat freight."
FORD, with especial reference to the climate of WisPersons desiring further information, or authority to
consin. exhibit, may address their applications to
J. W. HOYT,
Orders should be directed to BATEHAM, HANFORD & Co., Com. for Wis. to Internat. Ex. | Columbus, Ohio.
Suggestions for the Month.
Save a good stock of ice. See article in meFarmers, dont forget that winter is especial-chanical department. ly the season for increasing your stock of Prepare your summer's pile of good wood. knowledge. Provide yourselves with valuable. Get your fencing ready to lay up early. works on the different branches of Agriculture
of Agricultural Look to the implements and farm machinery. and study them during the long evenings. Re- If not of the best patterns, sell and buy the view the back volumes of the Farmer, and best. Put all in good repair. thoroughly post yourselves up on all matters. If you intend planting fruit-trees make an in which your practice may have been at fault early order for hardiesi varieties. See list of in the past. Be regularly at the meetings of apples in Horticultural Department. the Club, if you have one; if not, organize
Sugar and Sugar-Making. immediately.
The Rebellion has awakened new interest in Take more pains than heretofore to ascertain the
the Sugar as well as the Cotton question; and whether your children are making good pro- the enquiry, "What sha11 I eat ?" is only secgress at school. If not, learn why and en
ondary to that other—"Wherewithal shall I be deavor to remove the cause. An occasional
clothed ?" visit will stimulate them, encourage the teacher
As to bread, there need be no anxiety on the and have a tendency to right any wrongs
o right any wrongs part of the people of the North. Our granathere may be on either side.
ries are full, and the soil is ever ready to yield Mature your plans for next season in rela- its rich products in response to the demands tion to the rotation of crops. The folly of of the energetic husbandman. The luxuries, growing the same crops on the same land year however, are not quite so sure. The tariff on after year has been practiced long enough. tea and coffee renders their enjoyment difficult
Clover is a great fertilizer and cleanser of if not impracticable on the part of many, and soils long abused, give it a chance at your old the present commercial non-intercourse bewheat fields.
tween the North and South must deprive us, Look to your stock. Provide all with good at least for a time, of the large importations of food and water in sufficient quantity, and don't sugar which we have been accustomed to refeed on the ground in the old slovenly way, ceive from that part of the world. As a peobut in racks. Separate the weak and the ple we have been accustomed to use large breeding animals from the rest and give them quantities of saccharine matter in various extra attention. Warmth savee food; re- forms, and to be deprived of it now, would be member that. Read article on feeding and something of a hardship certainly. fattening of stock in this number.
But is there really any need of our being so Manufacture as much manure as possible dependent on the South and the West Indies out of the straw that would otherwise go to for our sugar? May it not be possible for us waste.
I to so develope our own resources as to acquire a sort of independence in respect to this most portions of the State characterized as "opendelicious and wholesome article? We think ings." it is.
THE QUANTITY OF SUGAR PRODUCIBLE Not that the North can by any plan hitherto Varies with the locality and season. Groves suggested, become a great sugar-producing somewhat scattering, and on the low rich lands country like the South, any more than it can produce most sap, though it is hardly so sweet become a cotton-producing country as is claim- as that produced by trees growing sparsely on ed by many enthusiasts; but that by the cul- the high lands. The most favorable season is tivation of Sorghum and the taxing of our that which succeeds a uniformly cold and dry forests we may produce a very large proportion winter. Four pounds per tree in one season of the sugar consumed by us.
| is a large average yield, though much larger The sorghum question has already and re- amounts are sometimes made. peatedly been discussed; it remains therefore
THE SEASON FOR TAPPING to consider in this place, and at this season, May be said to commence in February, though
the 1st of March is usually about as soon as THE MANUFACTURE OF MAPLE SUGAR.
the work can be economically commenced. The sugar maple is as much confined to the
THE BEST MODE OF TAPPING North as is the common sugar cane to the Is with the auger, as the end desired is just as South. Indeed it flourishes nowhere except in effectually attained as with the gouge, and a rather cold climate; doing best and yielding with much less damage to the life and vigor of the largest return of sugar near the northern
the tree. Indeed the chopping into the tree is a limit of the North Temperate zone. Perhaps
Kernaps sort of barbarity that ought not to be practicthe forty-second and forty-eighth parallels of
ed unless it be the desire of the owner to relatitude may be considered its practical limi
move the trees entirely; in which case it would tations.
undoubtedly be economy to make the best of In New England, New York, Northern Penn- them and so girdle them with the axe and gouge. sylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Minnesota, Wisconsin, A "three-quarter" auger is as large as should Michigan, the Canadas, Nova Scotia and New be used, and it should not perforate the wood Branswick it flourishes well, and in some of of the tree to a greater depth than half an those sections, unlike other species, it is found inch, as experience has shown that this depth oftener than otherwise forming masses of will secure the greatest flow of sap. A half woods, almost to the exclusion of other trees; 1 inch auger will serve the purpose of tapping and in portions of the country vast forests, just as well and will of course do less injury. comprising hundreds of thousands of individ- Cheap and convenient spouts may be made of ual trees are formed of this maple. Dr. Rusn the common alder; or if these cannot be obat one time estimated that in Northern Newtained they may be made from any soft wood York and Pennsylvania alone, there were not by boring and splitting. less than ten millions of acres which produced
TUBS OF PINE OR CEDAR these trees in the proportion of thirty to an Are enough better than troughs to pay the exacre. In most cases, however, the sugar ma- pense. They should have strong hoops and be ple occurs in what may be called groves—a well taken care of during the season when not fortunate circumstance, as thereby much of used. The best shape is that of the firkinthe labor of gathering the sap is saved.
smaller at the top than at the bottom-as they In Wisconsin, these groves are not very will be less liable to fall to pieces from shrinkwidely and generally distributed, and yet the ing, and expose less surface to dust, falling aggregate number of trees must be very large. leaves and other sources of dirt and consequent They are found in all the heavily timbered disceloration. Washing and thorough scalding hard-wood districts, and not unfrequently in of the old tubs before use is very essential to