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ing. Public edification has been post particular direction. He sometimes poned to the gratification of private mounts upward, and that on no ignorevenge, and thinking men have be- ble wing, but still he is not the eagle held with astonishment, mingled with seeking to kindle his undazzled eye regret, talents capable of instructing in a nearer approach to the source of and pleasing mankind, employed in a light. As he ascends, the clouds gawarfare in which victory could gain ther around him, and he is soon lost no laurels, nor defeat incur addition- in those mists which he wants brillial disgrace.
ancy and splendour to dissipate. His We feel strongly disposed to say poem is not a whole : any man might more on this subject. It is every way as well have tried to cram the solar important, and demands more atten- system into a cockle-shell as to protion than has hitherto been paid to it. duce a complete and finished poem on In the mean time, our limits will on- such a subject. Far less was this atly permit us to remark, that the cure tainable by a writer, like Mr Matuof the evil lies with that public which rin, who appears to deliver himself up is itself the greatest sufferer. Let the to every thought, conceit, fancy, or silent disapprobation of public opinion whim, that visits his singularly-con(more effectual than a thousand voices) stituted mind, --without for å mobe pronounced againstit-let it only be ment stopping his course to establish treated with the NEGLECT it deserves connections, or truce sequences. Ac-and one of the greatest nuisances of cordingly, he has transgressed against modern literature will disappear. grammar, sense, propriety, arrange
ment, keeping; nay, almost every
established canon of criticism. Of THE UNIVERSE; A POEM.
his blunders it may truly be said As there can be no doubt, we
that “ their name is legion, for think, that Melinoth and the devil
they are many.” The “ Universe are one and the same personage, and,
is a mere farrago of poetical exas we are of opinion that Mr Matu: pressions, ideas, and pictures, agrin, in the concoction of his late no- gregated in a rude and undigested vel, had got into the worst possible
mass. Sometimes, indeed, he is forcompany, we are truly happy to find tunate ; and, in spite of the notorious that he has at last abandoned Beelze- carelessness and hurry with which the bub, and betaken himself to poetry; shall be able to produce not a few very
present poem has been got up, we And though we cannot very much felicitate him on the first fruits of his beautiful passages. At other times, deliverance from the diabolical co- again, he raves worse than any poetipartnery, the event was so desirable cal bedlamite, and not unfrequently in itself, and is so likely to be pro
indites arrant nonsense. In this latductive of beneficial consequences to
ter attribute, indeed, we had believed the author, that we are content to
that the Pilgrims of the Sun had meet with him on his own terins,
stood pre-eminent; but, in justice to " with all his imperfections
on his Mr Hogg, we must confess that the head."-" The Universe! A Poem !"
“ Universe beats bis “ Pilgrims” -Our nerves are none of the weakest out and out. The Pilgrims of the or most delicate; yet, verily, the title Sun is a perfect piece of logic, comis appalling. From the very nature of pared to it. Yet it is but fair to althings, the Aristotelian rule must cided advantage over its rival in fuse
low that the “ Universe" has one dehere be set at defiance. Where, tian and fanfaronnade. Unlike the in the name of criticism and common sense, could he begin with a subject erudite and modest Shepherd, who, that had no beginning, or finish with in a luckless hour, discovered that that which, being infinite and eternal, ther true por plain to man,” Mr Ma
“ what the bedesmen say is neican have no end? He has followed no plan-He has given his fancy the
turin takes things as they are, and rein. His flight is wild and discur.
cloes not, like Hogg, set about concoctsive, but indicates a bearing in no
new system of religion and philosophy, of which system, by the
bye, no man was ever able to underBy the Rev. C. R. Maturin. Lon- stand any thing but himself-in such don : Henry Colburn and Co. 1821. Pythian obscurity are the Shepherd's
oracles involved ! It is also right to To Heaven's gate, thrilling love !-Then, Inention another circumstance. The Nature, then, “Universe” has no heroine partial to Thy Maker looked upon his work and a sail" ou the rim of a saffron cloud,"
smiled add begirt with petticoats, (consider. Seeing that it was good !—And gave thee ing her elevation) of very dangerous Thenceforth for evermore with constant brevity. But we must to our task.
eye The opening of the Poem contains To watch the times and seasons, and prea very favourable specimen of the author's manner.
The circling maze exact.
The comparison of the “shallow Nature--Ethereal essence, fire divine,
sophist" to the “ light æronaut, with Pure origin of all that-Earth has fair, Or Oeean, wonderful,-or Sky, sublime !
vacuous orb, ascending past the clouds," Thou—when the Eternal Spirit o'er the is, in our estimation, as beautiful as abyss
it is original. Oi ancient waters, moving, through the Vainly, th' undisciplined or presumptuous void
mind, Spoke, and the light began ;- Thou also
Soaring above its terrene element, wastAnd when the first born break of glorious On hidden essences ; —light Æronaut,
Seeks aught but error, weakly arguing day
With vacuous orb, ascending past the Rejoic'd upon the youthful mountains,
"Till Farth grow dim, nor gaining sigh oft Cam'st from its God, the world's attem
Heav'n ; pering soul !
But moving at the will of wantoning winds, From thee, the Universal Womb conceived
Launchi'd without compass lost in boundIts embryon forms, and teemingly arrayed
less ways! All Earth with loveliness and life the
_So farcs the shallow Sophist, reasoning things
From ignorance, impossibility ; That draw the vital air or brightly glow
From his own blindness-all obscurity; The animate, or silent beautiful,
Who calls men's passions virtues, and arHigh spreading glories of the wilderness,
raigns That lift their blossomy boughs in summer
Omnipotence at their bar ;-or more proair,
found, From Araby to Ind; flinging sweet dews
Explores the senseless dust, and magnifies Upon their fugitive twilight:-- or the trees,
Earth's evanescent atoms into Gods.
The disinterinent of Pompeii" from Bestrew'd with all diversities of light, its long sleep of darkness," is a subSeen in the rainbow when its coloured arch ject fit only for the powerful pen of Hangs glitt'ring on the humid air, and Lord Byron. Mr Maturin, however, drives
has been more fortunate here than in The congregated vapours.-So array'd In manifold radiance, Earth's primeval volving less difficulty.
other parts of his performance, inspring Walk'd on the brightning orb, lit by the
-Such of late,
From its long sleep of darkness disinterr'd,
A city of the dead! a tomb perchance Perennial brow,-the dewy Zephyrs, then, Where living Men were buried !--Tyrant From flower-zon'd mountains wav'd their death! odorous wings
How didst thou triumph then !-thou Over the young sweet vallies, whispering us'd'st to steal joy
Behind thy sallow harbinger disease, Then goodliest beam'd the unpolluted Or take thine open and determinate stand bright
In battle's ranks ; with Danger at thy side Divine similitude of thoughtful man, Forewarning gallant breasts prepared to Serene above all creatures - breathing
But there-thy spectral visage darken'd Fairest where all was fair,-pure sanctuary forth, Of those sweet thoughts, that with life's Amid the joyous bosom scenes of life, earliest breath,
From its invisible ambush! There-it Cp throngh the temperate air of Eden rose found
pp. 7, 8.
The myriad fantasies of hearts and brains, That is the world; improvement to the Young loves and hopes and pleasures all end, abroad,
Moves in the sleepless track of unknown Spreading their painted wings, and wan. time, toning
Above the dust of empires. Ancient states In life's glad summer's breeze, from flower Endured their destined period, and fulfilled to flower!
Their purposed end, then, at the appointed And, with the fatal spell of one dread hour, glance,
Fell into ruin ; it was th' earthly frame Blasted them all !-How sunk the tender of empire fall'n to dust, and leaving free maid
Its spirit, by the birth of future times Then silent in the chill and stiffening clasp Bodied in brighter forms—as more mature. Of her dead lover! Echo had not ceased As from the shock of jarring elements, To catch love's inarticulate ecstasies, Light-order-shone at last,-as from the Strained in a first embrace-for ever, then,
womb Fixed statue-like in Death's tremendous of long-subsisting night, the lovely form arms;
of Nature sprung,- last, from the lingerA hideous contrast !-One fell moment
ing strife stilled
Of mind's more active principle, shall grow Lovers and foes alike ;-workers of good, The beauteous consummation of the plan, And guilty wretches ;—then the statesman's That moral world complete ! The bird of brain
lives Stopp'd in its calculation, and the bard Thus gave its aged limbs to fire, and Sunk by his lyre ;-the loud procession
then,Before the temple all the cares of life,
Even from the burning of its nest !--soarWith action and contrivance, through the
ed forth streets
Regenerate, a new and glorious form! Thronged multitudinous, in their busy time So shall it be on earth. Improvement Of bustle and magnificence, and all
lurks Life's thousands were abroad, and the high Beneath the wing of conquest, and light sounds
breaks Of civic pomp rose audible from far :- From ruin! Still the Scythian wave rolls But louder rose the terrible voice of ruin Over their mirth,-“ BE STILL"_and all Breaking the chain of ancient tyrannies, was hushed!
And still imposing new, but lighter framed, Save the short shuddering cries that rose As the fair honours of enlightened life unheard
Spread wider o'er the world their influencé. The upturn'd glances from a thousand Ages roll on, and each has some bright homes
change Thro the red closing surge! the awful 'Till the whole plan appear ; philosophy, groan
As from a luminous centre, sheds its rays Of agitated Nature ;-and beneath, Where once was darkness! and opinion Ten thousand victims turned to die :
Pervading downward to the crowd of life, Bright sunbeams lit the plain nameless And onward to earth's farthest boundaries ; tomb !
pp. 21, 22.
Dawning 'till all is light !-the spacious
world, The author is an optimist, and in
As God first plann'd it, one enlightened dulges in visions of the “ splendid
scheme destiny” and interminable perfectibi- of intellectual being, ruled by Himlity of our race. His estimate of hu- Bound by one universal chain of mind, man nature is obviously too high, When other chain is none ;-when tyrant but, as we abhor all misanthropes, and their creeds, from the wayward Shall lack excuse for homicidal war. Childe down to the lowest grumbler For then, shall be no tott'ring neighbour that ever impugned the ways of God to man, we shall give the whole To tempt the regal spoiler ; no dark home passage, though rather long for our
Of simple man, for conquerors to reclaim
With fetters and the stripe of slavery; limits, now narrowing apace.
But one vast scheme of independent realms, They have not passed ! -Nor was Shall gird the populous earth, as nature your coming vuin,
fair Lights of the ancient world :-'Tis not the And universal- Slaves and conquerors name,
Shall be the story of some darker time, The origin of empires, or their fall, Far distant. Rulers shall be then, as were But the completion of the mighty plan, The patriarchs of old time, ruling by love The fabric of the moral universe
And veneration, and the unerring law
Of universal truth, and changeless right, Far and wide his eye commands; Acknowledged then by all ; and though For sight no obstacle found there, or shade, the same
But all sunshine; as when his beams at Strong natural instincts, or fierce appetites May warp the will to evil, yet shall they Culminate from the Equator. Like thieves that walk the noon-day, meet
Paradise Lost. constraint, Detection, and reproof, on every eye
These examples, and many others In the meridian blaze of wisdom's day, which we could produce, warrant us 'Til froin the surface of enlightened life
to tell Mr M. that every man who They fade, like specks of darkness, and knows the elements of his vernacular retire
tongue, is aware, that the verb “ to Back to the Stygian cave, whence, thick culminate" is neuter, not active, as he and black,
has blunderingly made it. “ To culLike vapours of the infernal fire, they rose, minate brightness" is, therefore, not Clouding the moral sphere, and with their English ; and “to culminate brighte
dim Refractive medium, all its beauteous forms subjects with which the author had
ness Down" is not philosophy; two Of virtue, justice, and philosophy, Discoloring and distorting, 'till they seemed better make himself acquainted forthThe spirits of its darkness ! _But the with. (We leave the care of his Lanight
tin to the Quarterly.) If the phrase, Is breaking and sublime above the “ to culminate brightness," had any shade,
meaning at all, it would be directly The angel, Truth, with sunlike vision, the reverse of that affixed to it by this hovers,
author : it would mean, that“ brightFanning away, with heaven-descended ness” had been caused to ascend to the
wing, Its unsubstantial gloom !
highest point of the meridian or the pp. 60–63.
zenith. But let us proceed with our What does Mr M. mean by a
analysis.-The“orbs” not only “CULtropolis of starry mansions ” Does
MINATE wildering brightness DOWN," he intend us to understand, that the generally, but specially and particu. houses of that “ metropolis" are built
larly Down the steep of night !” of“ stars?" If this be the case, he We never knew before that light, or,
in the author's phrase, may come to have a claim as the au
wildering thor of a somewhat novel discovery
brightness," had any particular, sper in modern architecture. Nobody will cific, or natural tendency to descend; accuse him of borrowing the figure but, be that as it may, had this “ wilfrom the Apocalypse.--In p. 7 we
dering brightness” actually descended,
“ culminated down," there can be have the following lines :
little doubt that it would have produce Earth and all her lowly shores contain Him ed day, and not night, as the author not,
alleges. We leave the phrase, “ the Nor all the myriad orbs that CULMINATE steep of night,” without challenge, as Their wildering brightness Down the steep it is now somewhat old, being the proof night!
perty, or part and parcel of the pro
perty, of James Hogg, the Ettrick Now, in the first place, this is a Shepherd. Again, in p. 10, our auplagiarism from Hogg, who some thor describes terrible volcano," where, in his “ Solar Pilgrims,” talks exploding its UNDE Rground of a defunct world sent“ elattering, artillery Over affrighted cities. Be (or “ wildering," we forget which, fore he write any more, we beg, down the steep of night for ever that he will have the goodness and, in the second place, it is both to study Mr John Horne Tooke's nonsense, and a solecism in language. diagram illastrative of the meaning of “To cuLMINATE brightness DOWN the prepositions ! Where did our authe steep of night! !”-“ To culminate thor' find the word VASTITUDE ?" -to be vertical; to be in the meri- " the vastITUDE of ruin?” Shakedian,” says Dr Johnson. “Culmina- speare has once, and only once, used tion, the passage of a star, or planet, the word “ vastidity,” but even his over the meridian, or that point of its authority has been deservedly ineffecorbit which it is in at its greatest al- tual in giving it currency. The two titude.” (Dr Hutton's Mathematical following lines are a sort of parodical Dictionary, voce Culmination.) plagiarism from Hamlet. (The au
thor's unacknowledged appropriations tiful, should always be literally just. are numerous.)
Chimborazo is no more a burning
mountain, than Cader Idris, or SchiThere are in Heaven unbroached calami. hallain. We beg to inform Mr M. ties,
that Cotopaxi, not Chimborazo, is the Not dreamt of in the brain of policy. volcano to which we presume he meant
to allude. Both words have the same As an instance of the carelessness number of syllables, and the former is that pervades the whole of this poem, not a whit less poetical than the lat(manifesting, as it nevertheless does, ter. As to the phrases, “ boon time,” very considerable power,) we may fara -“ the horoscope of space,"-et id ther mention, that the author classes genus omne, -we leave their meaning Chimborazo among burning moun- as subjects of speculations to the cutains. Figures, to be poetically beau- rious.
EDINA, A POEM, IN SIX CANTOS.
Edina aid my lays, why need we fly
From art and mirth to Paris, or to France ?
We care not for the gay lascivious dance
So chaste and bright, thy virtues do enhance.
Who every bard with rapture can inspire,
With poignant wit, with pure and heavenly fire
The beaux, the shepherds, and the lawyers dire,
Must paint the scenery, the time of day,
His temper, or his humour, grave or gay.
These mighty incidents, like him pourtray
O'clock, past noon; the sky was pure and bright,
When Billy Coxcomb, lovely to the sight
In curricle ; at Cockburn's did alight,
Than give a brief description of the beau ;
Are held by connoisseurs as quite the go,
But every one in Prince's Street does know,