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dition, who, being persecuted by a cruel and tyrannical husband, feized the first opportunity of breaking her chains, and Aed for rea fuge into the only country of Europe where personal liberty is respected, and its enjoyment secured to every individual, by the protection of the Laws. If we may judge by the language, this performance appears indeed to have been written by a native of France, whose genius, whatever it may be, seems not to have been culsivated by a very liberal education ; but we have too much respect for the fáir sex io fuppose it possible, that · The Confiderations' should come from one of their number, especially as the publication is attended with a meanness, we had almost said fraud, which is extremely disgraceful. The pamphlet contains twenty-fix pages of miserable paper and print ; its utmost value fixpence. There is no price mentioned in the title-page or the advertisement, but the work is fold for balf a-crown.

Q.I-s. Art. 40. Love and Madness. A Story too true. In a Series of

Letters between Parties, whose Names would perhaps be mentioned, were they less known or less lamented. 8vo. 35. 6d. sewed. Kearsly. 1780.

These Letters are given as the correspondence of the late unfortunate Mr. Hackman, with Miss Ray. Of their authenticity we can say but little ; for though we profess ourselves critics, we pretend not to be conjurors. The Letters are well written, and, fuppofing them genuine, they must be extremely interesting to every Reader. They are enlivened with a variety of anecdotes, chiefly of a literary kind. Among oher miscellaneous matters, the fory of that extraordinary genius, Thomas Chatterton, is introduced at great length, with crirical observations on his writings; an account of his publication of poems said to have been written by one Rowley, a Monk, about three hundred years ago ; of his other schemes of authorship; and finally, of his unhappy exit, in the eighteenth year of his age. - This, if we mistake not, is the most valuable part of the book. Mr. Hackman figures as the historian of Chatterton.-If this be all “ borrowed personage,” as Mr. Walpole expresses it, it is fo ingenious a fi&tion, that the Author will be praised, perhaps, for his abilities, even by those who may find themselves inclined to impeach his honesty,

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL.
Art. 41. A Letter to the Rev. Mr. Archdeacon Law, on his De-

fence of Popery, as delivered in his Charge to the Clergy of the
Archdeaconry of Rochester. 410. is. Davies.

The weapons of irony are here very aukwardly, illiberally, and unsuccessfully employed, in opposition to the folid sense and manly arguments by which Mr. Archdeacon Law supports the principles of Catholicism and universal toleration.

S、 Art. 42. A Letter from the Rev. Sir Harry Trelawny, Bart. A. B.

to the Rev. Thomas Alcock, A. M. Vicar of Runcorn and of Si. Budeaux, Devon. 8vo. 6d. Buckland. 1780.

From the versatility of this gentleman's disposition, it was conje&tured that he would by this time have completed his schismatical circuit, and become stationary in the good old easy chair of his own, and his father's, and grandfather's church. But the gay prophets, who laughed at his eccentricity, and the grave ones, who

wept

wept over his apoftacy, have been equally mistaken in their calcolations of this expected event. Sir Harry, indeed, “casts a longing lingering look behind"-on his alma mater ! and complains very pathetically of the tender struggles between inclination and conscience, Put in spite of early-formed attachments,' and every consideration below that of real conviction, he continues a dissenter, and declares

as an honest man, that he cannot return to the communion of the established church. This letter is designed to justify, and in some degree explain the grounds and reasons of his resolution with respect to nonconformity. Sir Harry writes like an honest man; nor is he the fierce presbyterian that many young converts, when they have left the church, have proved, through mere zeal for, and fond attachment to, a new thing. Sir Harry blames Mr. Robinson for the fame reason for which we had censured' him before, in our account of his “Plan of Lectures on Nonconformity.” We hope Mr. Robinfon's good sense hath taught him to make a true estimate of the merit of his performance, and we shall be happy to present the public with fome of his confessions and retractations. Let him follow the example of Sir Harry, who is candid enough to make a very humble apology for the scenes in which he cut such a ridiculous figure, when he was connected with the unlettered missionaries of the tabernacle, and made the tool of enthusiasm and craft. The fervour of inexperienced youth, a scrupulous mind, and conversation with enthufiaftical dis. senters, conspired to produce all that religious phrenry, which for many months hurried me into excesses that I shall not justify. May all this space be considered as a parenthesis in the history of my life ! And yet we apprehend, that when Sir Harry's life is published, that which he wilhes to have included in a parentbefis, will contain the molt curious and original anecdotes of the whole history.

B...k. Art. 43: Sermons on various useful and important Subjects,

adapted to the Family and Closer. By George Lambert. 8vo. 4 s. 6 d. Bound. York, printed ; London, sold by Dilly. 1779.

We have here twenty-eight discourses, on the following subjects: Sacred Logic; or the Comfort of Revelation supported on the Basis of Reason: God honoured and Sinners pardoned, or Free Grace magnified: The Saviour's Honour and the Saint's Happiness united : The Saint's Treasure, or Help found in God : Strength in Chrift: Jehovah's Immutability; or, a Sinner's Salvation all of God: God the Gracious Remembrancer ; or, present Declensions set in the Light of past Experience: The Spiritual Banquet; or, Provision made in God's House for needy Sinners: God's Word the best Companion ; or, the Daty of Parents and Children with respect to the Scripture: The Object and Nature of Faith : The Scripture Evidences of Faish: Love to God traced to its Origin: The Faint encouraged, and the Weak supported; or, Divine Strength perfe&ted in human Weak. nefs: Farewell to Life; or, the aged Believer going to Reft, &c.

These sermons are not to be ranked with the elegant and learned ; they are somewhat in what may be called the old stamp of preaching; but they are pious, serious, and affectionate ;-in the calvinistical frain. Though we may not entirely concur in sentiment with this

• Vide Review, latt vol. p. 291.

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Writer, we read with some pleasure, the account he gives of the harmony which fublifts not merely in his own immediate flock, but in the town of Hull; and which,' he says, ' I trust, is paore than the shadow of ceremony, or the sound of report.' SCHOOL-Book.

H. Art. 44. A complete System of Practical Arithmetic, and Thrus

Forms of Book-keeping : The Two fisst of which are upon a more
useful Plan for Reiail Trade than any extant, and the lad by Double
Entry. By William Hedley, Mathematician, 12mo,
Newcastle upon Tyne printed, by Saint. Sold by Macgowan in
Paternoster-Row, London. 1779.

We recollect to have heard it sepeatedly allerted by a Mafler. Res viewer (not our own), that he "never met with a mathematician who knew any thing of fine language.” To the same purport, though not in such direct terms, we recollect an expresion of the famous John James Rouleau; his words, as near as we can remember, are," nope but blockheads and geometricians write quithout epirbets," To convince the latter, if he had fortunately been living to be convinced, that there are mathematicians (for all geometers are mathematicians) who do not write without epithets; and to arike the former gentleman dumb for ever (on this subject), we bring forward into public view Mr. William Hedley, of Cambo, matbematician ; who, in the preface to this COMPLETE System of Practical Arithmetic, thus writeth;

Apologies for swelling the number of such publications are peo culiar to the generality of authors, boib ancient and modern; and con, formable to the prevalence of cultom, it will be natural from so im.

bibed a fashion, to expect, and even be deemed necessary, that this ... greatise should be ushered into the world in the same backney'd for. penting alleys of its predecessors.

But from what source ariseth apologizing inevitable, when con. scious the undertaking refts upon the basis of public wcal, unprejudiced by principle or pecuniary expectations ?

? Such is the motive of my inducement ; yet notwithstanding the justness of the persuasion, I am well aware that it will fink far beneath the summit of perfecțion (an elevated precipice the most ambirious cannot attain) in the eyes of the judicious į but particularly fo to those whose misfortune it is to be the poffeffors of a lens incapable of displaying the objects of their fellow-labourers in any other light but deformity.

I!, after reading this extra&, there remain any Reviewera (masters or men, no matter which) who yet doubt that mathematicians use epithets, and can, when occasions requirę ir, write fine language, may they bę obliged to read not only Mr. Hedley's preface, but also his Complete Syltem of Practical Arithmetic, and Three Forms of Book-keeping, Waite Book, Journal, &c. quite through, even to the last page of his Ledger by Double Entry; where they will find

Balance D' to spontaneous Farm for value remaining 1800 l.'

The Complete Systein of Practical Arithmetic is chiefly made up of the 'fhreds and clippings" of other complete systems which have been formerly ofhered in, in the fame .hackney'd serpentine alleys' with itself.' We speak not his out of any disrespe& co the modern method of making books with scistars and palte, instead of pens and

ink:

ink: very good books may have been made by this method ; and fo, perhaps, might a very good book of arithmetic, provided the clippings were done with skill, and the shreds collected with judgment : but we are sorry to add, Mr. Hedley must neither clip nor select for us.

As to his three forms of book-keeping, it will be sufficient to observe, that sometime ago the author of a book of arithmetic, for the use of schools, wanting a pretence for adding fix-pence to the price of his book, bethought him of putting a form of book-keeping at the end of it; soon after another author adds two to his publication : and Mr. Hedley, that he might exceed all who have gone before him, has added thru.

SERMONS on the late GENERAL Fast, Feb. 4, 1780. 1. Preached before the University of Cambridge. By Richard

Waison, D. D. F. R. S. Regius Professor of Divinity in that University. 4to. 13. Rivington, &c.

We give the precedence to this discourse, because, from the peculiar excellence of the Author's sentiments, and the force and elegance of his language, we think it intitled to this diftinction. We here behold the manly freedom and resolution of the honelt Bricon, so admirably blended with the moderation and piety of the good Chriftian, that while we are animated by the spirit of the one, we are improved by the principles of the other. The learned and ingenious Profesor deals not in that ftrain of loose and empty declamation, so common on iuch occasions. He does not sacrifice sense to Sound ; nor supply the want of argument by the abundance of metaphor. He delivers his opinion with a decency which does credit to his manders, and with a firmness which is consistent with integrity. An ancient Roman would have applauded his zeal; and a primitive Chriftian would have acknowledged the julness of it. He hath not funk religion into politics : he hath founded politics on religion word, for dignity and liberality of sentiment--for energy and per. fpicoity of language-and for an unaffected fpirit of honesty and plain-heartedness, wbich inspires the whole, we, without hesitation, rank this discourse in the first class of pulpit productions,

We think the following quotations will please all but the Naves of a corrupt state, who, under the pretence of national glory, will facrifice every duty of common justice and general benevolence;though, indeed, national good is only the pretence, the real motive is private intereft.

* The couocils of princes are usually governed, either by the princes shemselves, or by a few individuals of their cwn appointment, who being in mot countries free from human animadversion, and the fear of punilhment, too frequently suppose themselves fuo perior to all controul. Men of this lamp, if they do not look upon religion as a human contrivance, invented by fatesmen to keep the ignorant in awe, are apt to consider its influence as limited by the concerns of private life. The prosperity of the state, or, which is with them, the same thing, the gratification of their ambition, or any other passion, they think, may be prosecuted by all possible means. In public transactions they acknowledge no justice but what tprings from utility, and is regulated thereby. The fanctity of

treaties rioa

treaties is despised: guaranties are broken as soon as made: and they consider him as a sorry politician indeed, who expects that any nation will adhere to its engagements longer than while it is their interest not to break them. 1 here can be no doubt, that individuals profefing principles such as these are nor Christians. They may be potene prioces; experienced statesmen; able generals:--but they are not Christians. Christianity, in its regards, iteps beyond the narrow bounds of national advantage in queit of universal good. It doch not encourage particular patriotism in opposition to general benigoity; or prompt us to love our country at the expence of our integrity; or allow us to indulge our pations to the decriment, of thousands. It looks opon all the human race as children of the same father, and

nes them equal blellings:-in ordering us to do good; to love as brethren; to forgive injuries; and to study peace. It quite aanihilates the disposition for martial glory, and utterly debases the pomp of war.

• It is not here infinuated, that a nation of Chriftians is bound to give way to the depredacions of an unjust invader. That would not be doing good, but harm. It would be encouraging the wicked to oppress the innocent. But though the right of just defence be certainly allowed us, upon the principles of Christianity, yet woe be to that man who puts us to the necessity of using it !-who, from mo. rives of pride, ambition, interest, or resentment, commences, or carries on an unjust war! He may chance to meet with the favour of his prince; be extolled by his fellow.citizens ; admired by surrounding nations; yet muft he answer for his conduct at a tribunal, where princes cannot protect him, nor the praises of the people follow him; nor reasons and necessities of ftate, much less prejudices and paffions be urged in his defence. Divested of the pride of office, and the insolence of power, he must there stand a desolated, unprotected individual. The tears of the widow and the orphan will be produced againit him, and the blood of thousands will cry aloud for vengeance.

• There is scarcely a court or council in Europe, in which private intereft has not made shipwreck of men's consciences. This is a fore evil every where, beyond the example of former times. It is faid to be a national evil amongst ourselves: and on a day, such as this, when we confess a nation's fins, want of political principles should not be overlooked. I mean not to offend any party : but if truth can be offensive, I fear not in speaking truth to offend them all. He, who from apprehension or expectation, from gratitude or resentment; or from any other worldly motive, speaks or acts contrary to his decided judgment, in supporting or oppofing any particular fyftem of politics, is guilty of a great fin, the consequences of which no worldly intereft can compensate.'— Probity is a uniform principle: it cannot be put on in our private closet, and put off in the councilchamber, or the fenate. And it is no inconfiderable part of probity to speak, as occasion offers, with boldness, and to act with firmness, according to the dictates of conscience. Did all men do this, which it is unquestionably each man's especial duty to do, and which, but for some dirty prospect of intereft, every man would do, the world would be much better than it is. He who acts contrary to convic

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