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Q. 176. Wherein do the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper agree?
A. The sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper agree, in that the author of both is God m; the spiritual part of both is Christ and his benefits ; both are seals of the same covenant, are to be dispensed by ministers of the Gospel, and by none other p; and to be continued in the church of Christ until his second coming 4.
Q. 177. Wherein do the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper differ?
A. The sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper
176. m Matt. xxviii. 19. Go ye them, saying, Drink ye all of it: therefore, and teach all nations, Ver. 28. For this is my blood of the baptizing them in the name of the New Testament, which is shed for Father, and of the Son and of the many for the remission of sins. Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I P John i. 33. And I knew him have received of the Lord that not; but he that sent me to baptize which also I delivered unto you, with water, the same said unto me, That the Lord Jesus, the same Upon whom thou shalt see the Spi. night in which he was betrayed, rit descending, and remaining on took bread.
him, the same is he which bap.n Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that tizeth with the Holy Ghost. Matt. so many of us as were baptized into xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, and Jesus Christ were baptized into his teach all nations, baptizing them in death? Ver. 4. Therefore we are the name of the Father, and of the buried with him by baptism into Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. death; that like as Christ was rais. xi. 23. For I have received of the ed up from the dead by the glory of Lord that which also I delivered the Father, even so we also should unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the walk in newness of life. 1 Cor, same night in which he was bex. 16. The cup of blessing which we trayed, took bread. 1 Cor. iv, 1. bless, is it not the communion of Let a man so account of us as of the the blood of Christ? the bread ministers of Christ, and stewards of which we break, is it not the com- the mysteries of God. Heb. v. 4. munion of the body of Christ? And no man taketh this honour unto
o Rom. iv. 11. And he received himself, but he that is called of God, the sign of circumcision, a seal of as was Aaron. the righteousness of the faith which q Matt. xxviii. 19. Go ye there. he had yet being uncircumcised; fore, and teach all nations, bap. that he might be the father of all tizing them in the name of the 'them that believe, though they be Father, and of the Son, and of the not circumcised ; that righteousness Holy Ghost: Ver. 20. Teaching might be imputed unto them also. them to observe all things what. Compared with Col. ii. 12. Buried soever I have commanded you: and, with him in baptism, wherein also lo, I am with you alway, even unto ye are risen with him through the the end of the world. Amen. 1 Cor. faith of the operation of God, who xi. 26. For as often as ye eat this hath raised him from the dead. bread, and drink this cup, ye do Matt. xxvi. 27. And he took the cur, shew the Lord's death till he and gave thanks, and gave it to come.
differ, in that baptism is to be administered but once, with water, to be a sign and seal of our regeneration and ingrafting into Christ", and that even to infants"; whereas the Lord's supper is to be administered often, in the elements of bread and wine, to represent and exhibit Christ as spiritual nourishment to the soul', and to confirm our continuance and growth in himų, and that only to such as are of years and ability to examine themselves W.
Q. 178. What is prayer?
A. Prayer is an offering up of our desires unto God , in the name of Christy, by the help of his
177., Matt. iii. 11. I indeed bap- ceived of the Lord that which also tize you with water unto repentance: I delivered unto you, That the but he that cometh after me is Lord Jesus, the same night in mightier than I, whose shoes I am which he was betrayed, took bread: not worthy to bear : he shall bap: Ver. 24. And, when he had given tize you with the Holy Ghost, and thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, with fire. Tit. ii. 5. Not by works eat; this is my body, which is of righteousness which we have broken for you: tbis do in rememdone, but according to his mercy brance of me. Ver. 25. After the he saved us, by the washing of re. same manner also he took the cup, generation, and renewing of the when he had supped, saying, This Holy Ghost. Gal. iii. 27. For as cup is the New Testsment in my many of you as have been baptized blood : this do ye, as oft as ye drink into Christ have put on Christ. it, in remembrance of me. Ver. 26.
s Gen. xvii 7. And I will esta. For as often as ye eat this bread, blish my covenant between me and and drink this cup, ye do shew the thee, and thy seed after thee, in their Lord's death till he come. generations, for an everlasting co. u 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of bless. venant, to be a God unto thee, and ing which we bless, is it not the to thy seed after thee. Ver. 9. And communion of the blood of Christ? God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt the bread which we break, is it keep my covenant therefore, thou, not the communion of the body of and thy seed after thee, in their Christ? generations Acts ii. 38. Then Peter w 1 Cor. xi. 28. But let a man said unto them, Repent, and be examine himself, and so let him eat baptized every one of you in the of that bread, and drink of that cup. name of Jesus Christ, for the re. Ver. 29. For he that eateth and mission of sins, and ye shall receive drinketh unworthily, .cateth and the gift of the Holy Ghost. Ver. 39. drinketh damnation to himself, not For the promise is unto you, and to discerning the Lord's body. your children, and to all that are 178. * Psal. Ixii. 8. Trust in bim afar off, even as many as the Lord at all times, ye people; pour out our God shall call. i Cor. vii, 14. your heart before him : God is a For the unbelieving husband is refuge for us. Selah. sanctified by the wife, and the y John xvi. 23. And in that day ye unbelieving wife is sanctified by the shall ask me nothing. Verily, verily, husband; else were your children I say unto you, whatsoever ye shall unclean; but now are they holy. ask the Father in my name, he will
t 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have re. give it you.
Spirit 2; with confession of our sins a, and thankful acknowledgment of his mercies b. Q. 179. Are we to pray unto God only?
Ă. God only being able to search the hearts , hear the requests 4, pardon the sins, and fulfil the desires of all t; and only to be believed in, and worshipped with religious worship h; prayer, which is a special part thereof, is to be made by all to him alone k, and to none other',
Q. 180. What is it to, pray in the name of Christ ?
in the name of Christ is, in obedience to his command, and in confidence on his promises, to ask mercy
2 Rom. viii. 26. Likewise the cession for the saints according to Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: the will of God. for we know not what we should d Psal. lxv. 2. O thou that hear. pray for as we ought: but the
est prayer, unto thee shall all flesh Spirit itself maketh intercession for come. us with groanings which cannot be e Micah vii. 18. Who is a God uttered
like unto theę, that pardoneth ini. a Psal. xxxii. 5. I acknowledged quity, and passeth by the transmy siỏ unto thee, and mine iniquity gression of the remnant of his leri, have I not hid: I said, I will con. tage ? he retaineth not his anger for fess my transgressions unto the' ever, becausehe delighteth in mercy. Lord ; and thou forgavest the ini. j' Psal. cxlv. 18. The Lord is nigh quity of my sin. Selah. Ver. 6. For unto all them that call upon him, this shall every one that is godly to all that call upon him in truth. pray unto thee in a time when thou Ver. 19. He will fulfil the desire of mayest be found.- Dan, ix. 4. And them that fear him : he also will I prayed unto the Lord my God, hear their cry, and will save them. and made my confession, and said, 8 Rom. x. 14. How then shall O Lord, the great and dreadful they call on him in whom they God,
have not believed 6 Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for no. h Matt. iv. 10. Then saith Jesus thing: but in every thing by prayer unto him, Get thee hence, Satan : and supplication, with thanksgiving, for it is written, Thou shalt worsbip let your requests be made known the Lord thy God, and him only unto God.
shalt thou ser. 179. c1 Kings viii. 39. Then hear il Cor, i. 2. Unto the church of thou in heaven thy dwelling-place, God which is at Corinth, to them and forgive, and do, and give to that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, every man according to his ways, called to be saints, with all that in whose heart thou knowest; for thou, every place call upon the name of even thou only, knowest the hearts Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs of all the children of men. Acts' and ours j. 24. And they prayed, and said, k Psal. 1. 15. And call upon' me in Thou, Lord, which knowest the the day of trouble; I will deliver hearts of all men, shew whether of thee, and thou shalt glorify me. these two thou hast chosen. Rom. I Rom. x, 14. How then shall viï. 27 And he that searcheth the they call on him in whom they have hearts knoweth what is the mind of not believed ? the Spirit, because he maketh inter
for his sakem ; not by bear mentioning of his name, but by drawing our encouragement to pray, and our boldness
, strength, and hope of acceptance in prayer, from Christ and his mediation.
Q. 181. Why are we to pray in the name of Christ?
A. The sinfulness of man, and his distance from God by reason thereof, being so great, as that we can have no access into his presence without a mediator p; and there being none in heaven or earth appointed to, or fit for, that glorious work but Christ alone 9, we are to pray in no other name
180. mn John xiv. 13. And what. him, that, if we ask any thing aesoever ye shall ask in my name, cording to his will, he heareth us. that will I do, that the Father may Ver. 15. And if we know that he be glorified in the Son. Ver. 14. If hear us, whatsoever we ask, we ye shall ask any thing in my name, know that we have the petitions I will do it. John xvi. 24. Hithertó that we desired of him. have ye asked nothing in my name : ask, and ye shall receive, that your to him, I am the way, and the truth,
181. p John xiv. 6. Jesus saith ujoy may be full. Dan. ix. 17. Now therefore, o our God, hear the the Father but by me, Isa, lix. 2.
and the life; no man cometh unto prayer of thy servant, and his sup. But your iniquities have separated plications, and cause thy face to
between you and your God, and shine upon thy sanctuary that is desolate, for the Lord's sake.
your sins have hid his face from you, n Matt. vii. 21. Not every one
that he will not hear. Epb. iii. 12.
in whom we have boldness and That saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of access with confidence by the faith
of him. heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in 9 John vi. 27. Labour not for the heaven.
meat which perisheth, but for that o Heb. iv. 14. Seeing then that meat which endureth unto everlastwe have a great high priest that is ing life, which the Son of man shall passer into the heavens, Jesus the give unto you: for him hath God Son of God, let us hold fast our pro, the Father sealed. Heb. vii. 25. fession. Ver. 15. For we have not Wherefore he is able also to save an high priest which cannot be them to the uttermost that come touched with the feeling of our in- unto God by him, seeing he ever firmities; but was in all points liveth to make intercession for them. tempted like us we are, yet without Ver. 26. For such an high priest besin. Ver. 16. Let us therefore come came us, who is holy, harmless, unboldly unto the throne of grace, that defiled, separate from sinners, and we may obtain mercy, and find grace de higher tha the heavens; to help in time of need. 1 John Ver. 27. Who needeth not daily, as v. 13. These things have I written those high priests, to offer up sacri. unto you that believe on the name fice, first for his own sins, and then of the Son of God, that ye may for the people's; for this he did know that ye have eternal life, and once, when he offered up himself. that ye may believe on the name of 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one God, the Son of God. Ver. 14. And this and one mediator between God and
the confidence that we have in men, the man Christ Jesus.
but his only!
Q. 182. How doth the Spirit help us to pray ?
A. We not knowing what to pray for as we ought, the Spirit helpeth our infirmities, by enabling us to understand both for whom, and what, and how prayer is to be made ; and by working and quickening in our hearts (although not in all persons, nor at all times, in the same measure) those apprehensions, affections, and graces which are requisite for the right performance of that duty
Q. 183. For whom are we to pray?
A. We are to pray for the whole church of Christ, upon earth"; for magistrates, and ministers w; for ourselves , our brethren 5, yea, our enemies z; and for all sorts of men 'living, or that shall live hereafter b; but not for the
y Col. ii, 17. And whatsoever ye xxviii. 9. Save thy people, and bless do in word or deed, do all in the thine inheritance: feed them also, name of the Lord Jesus, giving and lift them up for ever. thanks to God and the Father by u 1 Tim. ii. 1. I exhort there. bim. Heb. xiii. 15 By him therefore fore, that, first of all, supplications, let us offer the sacrifice of praise to prayers, intercessions, and giving of God continually, that is, the fruit thanks, be made for all men: Ver. 2. of our lips, giving thanks to his For kings, and for all that are in
authority ; that we may lead a quiet 182. s Rom. viii, 26. Likewise the and peaceable life in all godliness Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: and honesty. for we know not what we should w Col. iv. 3. Withal, praying also pray for as we ought: but the Spirit for us, that God would open unto us itself maketh intercession for us with a door of utterance, to speak the groanings which cannot be uttered. mystery of Christ, for which I am Ver. 27. And he that searchcth the also in bonds. hearts knoweth what is the mind of * Gen. xxxii. 11. Deliver me, I the Spirit, because he maķeth in. pray thee, from the hand of my tercession for the saints according brother, from the hand of Esau : for to the will of God. Psal. x. 17 Lord, I fear him, lest he will come and thou hast heard the desire of the smite me, and the mother with the humble: thou wilt prepare their children. heart, thou wilt cause thine ear to y James v. 16. Confess
faults hear. Zech. xii, 10. And I will one to another, and pray one for pour upon the house of David, and another, that ye may be healed: the upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, effectual fervent prayer of a righte. the spirit of grace and of supplica. ous man availeth much. tions; and they shall look upon me 2 Matt. v 44. But I say unto you, whom they have pierced, and they Love your enemies, bless them that shall mourn.
curse you, do good to them that hate 183. & Eph. vi. 18. Praying al. you, and pray for them which de. ways with all prayer and supplica. spitefully use you, and persecute, tion in the Spirit, and watching you. thereunto with all perseverance, and ai Tim. ii. 1, 2. [See above in u.] supplication for all saints. Psals b John xvii. 20. Neither pray I for