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hibit ' unto those that are within the covenant of grace", the benefits of his mediation *; to strengthen and increase their faith, and all other graces y ; to oblige them to obedience ?; to testify and cherish their love and communion one with another"; and to distinguish them from those
and to thy seed after thee. Ver. 10. the Lord, let all his males be cir. This is my covenant which ye shall cumcised, and then let him come keep between me and you, and thy near and keep it; and he shall be seed after thee; Every man-child as one that is born in the land : foramong you shall be circumcised.
no uncircumcised person shall eat Exod. Chap. xii. Containing the in. thereof. stitution of the passover. *Matt. xxviii. * Acts ii. 38. Then Peler said 19. Go ye therefore, and teach all unto them, Repent, and be baptized nations, baptizing them in the name every one of you in the name of of the Father, and of the Son, and Jesus Christ, for the remission of of the Holy Ghost. Matt. xxvi. 26. sins, and ye shall receive the gift of And, as they were eating, Jesus the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. x. 16. took bread, and blessed it, and The cup of blessing which we bless, brake it, and gave it to the disciples, is it not the communion of the blood and said, Take, eat; this is my of Christ ? the bread which we body. Ver. 27. And he took the cup, break, is it not the communion of and gave thanks, and gave it to the body of Christ? them, saying, Drink ye all of it:
у Rom. iv. 11. [See in u above.] Ver. 28. For this is my blood of the Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as New Testament, which is shed for have been baptized into Christ, many, for the remission of sins. have put on Christ.
u Rom. iv, 11. And he received 2 Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that the sign of circumcision, a seal of so many of us as were baptized into the righteousness of the faith which Jesus Christ were baptized into he had yet being uncircumcised; his death ? Ver. 4. Therefore we that he might be the father of all are buried with him by baptism in. them that believe, though they be to death; that like as Christ was not circumcised ; that righteousness raised up from the dead by the glory might be imputed unto them also. of the Father, even so
we also 1 Cor. xi. 24. And, when he had should walk in newness of life 1 given thanks, he brake it, and said, Cor. x. 21. Ye cannot drink the Take, eat; this is my body, which cup of the Lord and the cup of is broken for you: this do in re. devils : ye cannot be partakers of membrance of me. Ver. 25. After the Lord's table and of the tables of the same manner also he took the devils. cup, when he had supped, saying, a Eph. iv. 2. With all lowliness This cup is the New Testament in and meekness, with long-suffering, my blood : this do ye, as oft as ye forbearing one another in love ; drink it, in remembrance of me. Ver. 3. Endeavouring to keep the
w Rom. xv. 8 Now I say, that Je- unity of the Spirit in the bond of sus Christ was a minister of the cir- peace. Ver 4. There is one body, cumcision for the truth of God, to and one Spirit, even as ye are called confirm the promises made unto in one hope of your calling; Ver. 5. the fathers. Exod. xii. 48. And One Lord, one faith, one baprism. when a stranger shall sojourn with 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit thee, and will keep the passover to are we all baptized into one body,
that are without b.
Q. 163. What are the parts of a sacrament?
A. The parts of a sacrament are two; the one an outward and sensible sign, used according to Christ's own appointment; the other an inward and spiritual grace thereby signified
Q. 164. How many sacraments hath Christ instituted in his church under the New Testament?
A. Under the New Testament Christ hath instituted in his church only two sacraments, baptism and the Lord's supper.
Q. 165. What is baptism ?
A. Baptism is a sacrament of the New Testament, wherein Christ hath ordained the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghosto, to be a sign and seal of ingrafting into himself, of whether we be Jews or Gentiles, science towards God) by the resurwhether we be bond or free; and rection of Jesus Christ. Rom. ii. have been all made to drink into 28. For he is not a Jew which is one Spirit.
one outwardly; neither is that cir6 Eph. ii. 11. Wherefore remem- cumcision which is outward in the ber that ye, being in time past Gen. flesh: Ver. 29. But he is a Jew tiles in the flesh, who are called which is one inwardly; and cir. uncircumcision by that which is cumcision is that of the heart, in the called the circumcision in the flesh spirit, and not in the letter; whose made by hands; Ver. 12. That at praise is not of men, but of God. that time ye were without Christ, 164. d Matt. xxviii. 19. Go ye being aliens from the common. therefore, and teach all nations, wealth of Israel, and strangers baptizing them in the name of the from the covenants of promise, Father, and of the Son, and of the having no hope, and without God Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. xi. 20. When in the world. Gen. xxxiv. 14. And ye come together therefore into one they said unto them, We cannot do place, this is not to eat the Lord's this thing, to give our sister to one supper. Ver. 23. For I have receiv. that is uncircumcised: for that. ed of the Lord that which also I were a reproach unto us.
delivered unto you, That the Lord 163 c Matt. iii. 11. I indeed bap. Jesus, the same night in which he tize you with water unto repent- was betrayed, took bread. Matt. ance; but he that cometh after me xxvi. 26, 27, 28. [See above in t.] is mightier than I, whose shoes I 165. e Matt. xxviii. 19. Go ye am not worthy to bear: he shall therefore, and teach all nations, bapbaptize you with the Holy Ghost, tizing them in the name of the and with fire. 1 Pet. iii. 21, The Father, and of the Sun, and of the like figure whereunto, even bap- Holy Ghost. tism, doth also now save us (not sGal. iii. 27. For as many of you the putting away of the filth of the as have been baptized into Christ flesh, but the answer of a good con- have put on Christ.
remission of sins by his blood s, and regeneration by his Spirit b; of adoption, and resurrection unto everlasting life k; and whereby the parties baptized are solemnly admitted into the visible church, and enter into an open and professed engagement to be wholly and only the Lord's m.
Q. 166. Unto whom is baptism to be administered?
A. Baptism is not to be administered to any that are out of the visible church, and so strangers from the covenant of promise, till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to him"; but infants descending from parents, either both or but one of them professing faith in Christ, and obedience to him, are, in that respect, within the covenant, and to be baptized
8 Mark i. 4. John did baptize in ed up from the dead by the glory the wilderness, and preach the bap- of the Faiher, even So we also tism of repentance for the remission should walk in newness of life. of sins. Rev. i. 5.-Unto him that 166. n Acts viii. 36. And as they loved us, and washed us from our went on their way, they came unto sins in his own blood.
a certain water: and the eunuch h Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of righ. said, See, here is water ; what doth teousness which we have done, but hinder me to be baptized ! Ver. 37. according to his mercy he saved us, And Philip said, if thou believest by the washing of regeneration, and with all thine heart, thou mayest. renewing of the Holy Ghost. Eph. And he answered and said, i be. V. 26. That he might sanctify and lieve that Jesus Christ is the Son of cleanse it with the washing of wa. God. Acts ii. 38. Then Peter said ter by the word.
unto them, Repent, and be baptized i Gal. iii. 26. For ye are all the every one of you in the name of children of God by faith in Christ Jesus Christ, for the remission of Jesus. Ver. 27. For as many of you sins, d ye shall receive the gift of as have been baptized into Christ the Holy Ghost. have put on Christ.
o Gen. xvii. 7. And I will establish & 1 Cor. xv. 29. Else what shall my covenant between me and thee, they do which are baptized for the and thy seed after thee, in their dead, if the dead rise not at all? generations, for an everlasting why are they then baptized for the covenant, to be a God unto thee, dead. Rom. vi. 5. For if we have and to thy seed after thee. Ver. 9. been planted together in the like. And God said unto Abraham, Thou ness of his death, we shall be also shalt keep my covenant therefore, in the likeness of his resurrection. thou, and thy seed after thee, in
1 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit their generations. Compared with are we all baptized into one body, Gal. iii
. 9. So then they which be whether we be Jews or Gentiles, of faith are blessed with faithful whether we be bond or free ; and Abraham. Ver. 14. That the bless. have been all made to drink into ing of Abraham might come on the one Spirit.
Gentiles through Jesus Christ ; that m Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are we might receive the promise of buried with him by baptism into the Spirit through faith. And with death; that like as Christ was rais. Col. ii. 11. In whon also ye are
Q. 167. How is our baptism to be improved by us?
A. The needful but much neglected duty of improving our baptism, is to be perforined by us all our life long, especially in the tine of temptation, and when we are present at the administration of it to others P; by serious and thankful consideration of the nature of it, and of the ends of which Christ instituted it, the privileges and benefits conferred and sealed thereby, and our solemn vow made therein 9; by being humbled for our sinful defilement, our falling short of, and walking contrary to, the grace of baptism, and our encircumcised with the circumcision Luke xviii. 15. And they brought made without hands, in putting off unto him also infants, that he would the body of the sins of the flesh by touch them; but when his disciples the circumcision of Christ: Ver. 12. saw it, they rebuked them. Ver. Buried with him in baptism, where- 16. But Jesus called them unto in also ye are risen with him through him, and said, Sutter little children the faith of the operation of God, to come unto me, and forbid them who hath raised him from the dead.' not: for of such is the kingdom of And with Acts ü. 38. Then Peter God. Rom. xi. 16. For if the firstsaid unto them, Repent, and be bap. fruit be holy, the lump is also holy: tized every one of you in the name and if the root be holy, so are the of Jesus Christ, for the remission branches. of sins, and ye shall receive the gift 167.p Col. ii. 11. In whom also of the Holy Ghost. Ver. 39. For the ye are circumcised with the circumpromise is unto you, and to your cision made without hands, in putchildren, and to all that are afar oft, ting off the body of the sins of the even as many as the Lord our God flesh by the circumcision of Christ : shall call. And with Rom. iv. 11. Ver. 12. Buried with him in bap. And he received the sign of circum. tism, wherein also ye are risen with cision, a seal of the righteousness him through the faith of the opera. of the faith which he had yet being tion of God, wino hath raised him uncircumcised: that he might be from the dead. Rom vi. 4. There. the father of all them that believe, fore we are buried with him by though they be not circumcised; baptism into death; that like as that righteousness might beimputed Christ was raised up from the dead unto them also : Ver. 12. And the by the glory of the Father, even so father of circumcision to them who we also should walk in newness of are not of the circumcision only, life. Ver. 6. Knowing this, that our but also walk in the steps of that old man is crucified with him, that faith of our father Abraham, which the body of sin might be destroyed, he had being yet uncircumcised. that henceforth we should not serve 1 Cor. vii. 14. For the unbelieving sin. Ver. 11. Likewise reckon ye husband is sanctified by the wife, also yourselves to be dead indeed and the unbelieving wife is sanctifi. unto sin, but alive unto God ed by the husband; else were your through Jesus Christ our Lord. children unclean; but now are they q Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that holy. Matt. xxviii. 19. Go ye there. so many of us as were baptized fore, and teach all nations, baptizing into Jesus Christ were baptized into them in the name of the Father, and his death? Ver. 4. Therefore we of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. are buried with him by baptism into
gagements"; by growing up to assurance of pardon of sin, and of all other blessings sealed to us in that sacra. ments; by drawing strength from the death and resurrection of Christ, into whom we are baptized for the mortifying of sin, and quickening of gracet; and by endeavouring to live by faith, to have our conversation in holiness and righteousness", as those that have there
their names to Christ *; and to walk in brotherly love, as being baptized by the same Spirit into one bodyy.
in given up
death; that like as Christ was rais. cised. 1 Pet. ii. 21. The like ed up from the dead by the glory of figure whereunto, even baptism, the Father, even so we also
should doth also now save us (not the putwalk in newness of life. Ver. 5. For ting away of the filth of the flesh, if we have been planted together but the answer of a good conscience in the likeness of his death, we towards God) by the resurrection shall be also in the likeness of his of Jesus Christ. resurrection.
t Rom. vi 3, 4, 5. [See above in q.] r 1 Cor. i. 11. For it hath been de- u Gal. ii. 26. Nor ye are all the clared unto me of you, my brethren, children of God by faith in Christ by them which are of the house of Jesus. Ver. 27 For as many of you Chloe, that there are contentions as have been baptized into Christ among you. Ver. 12. Now this I have put on Christ. say, that every one of you saith, I w Rom. vi. 22. But now being am of Paul, and I of Apollos, and I made free from sin, and become of Cephas, and I of Christ. Ver. 13. servants to God, ye have
fruit Is Christ divided ? was Paul cru- unto holiness, and the end everlast. .cified for you ? or were ye baptized ing life. in the name of Paul ? Rom. vi. 2. x Acts ii. 38. Then Peter said God forbid : how shall we that are unto them, Repent, and be baptized dead to sin live any longer therein ? every one of you in the name of Ver. 3. Know ye not, that so many Jesus Christ, for the remission of of us as were baptized into Jesus sins, and ye shall receive the gift Christ were baptized into his of the Holy Ghost. death?
1 Cor. xii, 13. For by one Spirit * Rom. iv, 11. And he received are we all baptized into one body, the sign of circumcision, a seal whether we be Jews or Gentiles, of the righteousness of the faith whether we be bond or free; and which he had yet being uncir. have been all made to drink into cumcised; that he might be the one Spirit. Ver, 25. That there father of all them that believe, should he no schism in the body; though they be not circumcised; but that the members should have that righteousness might be imput- the same care one of another. Ver. ed unto them also : Ver. 12. And 26. And whether one member suf. the father of circumcision to them fer, all the members suffer with it; who are not of the circumcision or one member be honoured, all only, but also walk in the steps of the members rejoice with it. that faith of our father Abraham, Ver. 27. Now ye are the body of vleich he had being yet uncircum. Christ, and members in particular.