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management of the work, not only doing what you are bidden, but as ye are bidden, Pfal.cxxiii. 2. The master is the eye to direct, and the servant the hand to do what is directed. That the servant may calmly advise the master, there is no doubt; but they that will do nothing pleasantly, if they get not their own way of it, forget themselves and their duty.
(3.) Ye should do your business chearfully, Col. iii. 23. Such a fervant was Jacob to his uncle Laban, Gen. xxix. 20. Sullenness and going about business grudgingly, makes it unacceptable, though otherwise well done.
(4.) Ye should do your business fingly. This a fervant does when he does not consult his own ease and humour, but his master's true interest, truly aiming at the thriving of his affairs, carefully avoiding every thing that may tend to his loss; and therefore pursuing his interest when the maiter is absent as well as when present, aiming at his duty as under the eye
(5.) Ye should do your business faithfully: Faithfulness is a necessary qualification in a good servant, Matth. xxiv. 45. Servants having their master's subItance among their hands, had need to be faithful, they having occasion to wrong him easily, if they have no respect to conscience. But the fear of God will make people faithful to men in little and in great things. They must not take of their master's goods to their own use without his allowance, Tit. ii. 10, They must be faithful in their accounts, and not give up falle accounts, as the unjust steward did, Luke xvi. 6. nor allege false commissions from their master, as Gehazi did, 2 Kings v. 22. Jacob's faithfulness was his comfort, that though he had his master's flocks among his hands, he was free of them, Gen. xxxi. 38.
6. Diligence and carefulnels about their master's business, Prov. xxii. ult. Negligence and carelessness is a piece of injustice, whereby lervants defraud their masters, Prov. xviii. 9.; for the loss may be all one to VOL. III,
the master, whether it be procured wilfully or thro' carelefsness.
7. Lastly, Readiness and quickness in the dispatch of business. A flothful lazy servant is most uneasy, Prov. X. 26. Such a one, quick and ready, was Abraham's fervant, Gen. xxiv. 33. 56. It is an apoftolical precept, Rom. xii. II. Not pothful in business ; fervent in Spirit; for servants should ply their work, and honeftly employ their strength for their master's behoof, Gen. xxxi. 6.
Secondly, I come now to fhew the duty of masters with respect to their servants, 1. In the choice of them; and, 2. When they have got them.
First, la the choice of servants two things are to be noticed.
1. Christian masters should look to the conversation of those whom they take to be their servants, that they be piously inclined, as David did, Pfal. ci. 6. left they bring an Achan into their camp. A pious fervant may bring a blelling to the master, as in Jofeph's cafe. It is observable, that Potiphar saw that God was with Joseph, ere he entrusted him with his business, Gen. xxxix. 3. 4. When Jonah came to the flipmaster, he took himn into his ship without asking questions, but ere all was done he was made to do it, Jonah i. 8.
2. They should look to their fitness and ability for their service, Psal. cxii. 5. So Laban had knowledge of what Jacob could do before he engaged with him; for he staid with him a month, Gen. xxix. 14. 15.
Secondly, When they have got them. There are two things in the general that they owe unto them.
1. That which is juft. Just things must be done to all, and particularly to those that are under us. God iakes special notice of injustice done by superiors to inferiors, who cannot so well get themselves righted. And by the law of strict justice masters are,
(1.) To allow their servants suficient maintenance, whether within or without the house, Prov, xxvii. 27.
If masters get their work, it is just they should allow them food convenient, whereby they may be fitted for their work. The mouth of the ox that treadeth out the corn was not to be muzzled; for our fakes doubtless God faith it, that those who work hould eat fufficiently,
(2.) To give them payment of their wages, the keeping back whereof is a great oppression and crying sin, Jam. v. 4. Masters should beware of all fraud and deceit in this. It stands as a blot on Laban's memory, that he did not keep conditions with Jacob, but changed his wages ten times, Gen. xxxi. 41, for which he might make some plausible pretence as well as others, To pay them what is insufficient, putting them off with any thing that may make up account, is unjust, Amos viii. 6. Nay, the keeping it up, and delaying to pay them, when it is in the power of our hand, is contrary to jufiice, Deut. xxiv. 14. 15.
(3.) They fliould require no more of them than they are able to do. Servants should not be kept idle, Prov. xxix. 21. neither should they be rigorously pressed above their power, but allowed convenient time for rest and refreshment, Lev. xxv. 43. It is jult, not only because they are fellow.creatures, but fellow-Chriflians.
(4.) Oversight and direction in what they should do, Prov. xxxi. 27. Thus Boaz is found in the field with his reapers. It is very unjust to find fault with what servants do, while men will not be at pains to tell them how they would have their business done.
2. They owe them that which is equal by the law of Christian meekness and charity, Now thus they owe unto them these things.
(1.) Masters ought to rule their servants gently and meekly, as being of the fame blood with themselves, Eph. vi. 9; A proud and imperious carriage does not become Christianity. They fhould moderate or relax threatening, not do all with them with boasting and terror, but by meekness draw them on.
(2.) They should be ready to hear them in wliat they have to say. It is the character of a Nabal, that he was such a son of Belial, that a man could not Speak to him, i Sam. xxv. 17. Job declares himself to have been of another temper, Job xxxi. 13. The advice of a servant modestly proposed is not to be flighted, 2 Kings v. 13. 14. ; and if there be any thing they have to complain of, masters should hearken thereto, and do them right, as they would have God to hearken to themselves.
(3.) They should be wary of hearkening to ill tales concerning them, Prov. xxix. 12. An ealiness to be, lieve every tale makes an uneasy life, especially ill tales concerning those in whom people are particularly concerned.
(4.) They ought to take care of them when they are fick, especially when they have none other to care for them. It is highly reasonable that they should be çared for in their sickness by those in whose service they have spent their strength, Matth. viii. 6. It is noted as a piece of the cruelty of an Amalekite, that he left his fervant when fickness overtook him, I Sam.xxx. 13.
5. They should encourage and shew special favour, even by letting something beyond condition fall to faithful and diligent servants. This is very equal; reason, interest, and religion call for it, Prov. xiv. ult. For a faithful fervant is one of the best of friends.
6. Lastly, They thould be concerned for the good of the fouls of their servants. For in this case masters are instead of parents to them. They fhould instruct them in the principles of religion, and labour to train them up in the ways of godliness, setting thein on and stirring them up to duty, Gen. xviii. 19. They hould daily pray with them and for them, by keeping up religious duties in their family, Jer. x. 25. And they should labour to bring them to the public ordinances, Josh. xxiv. 15. ; reftrain them by their authority from fcandalous and sinful words or deeds, as from profaning of the fabbath, c.; and reprove them for their fins againft God, as well as faults against themselves; and if they will not refrain, they ought to turn them out of their family, Plal. ci. 7.
Use 1. This may serve to convince and humble .both masters and servants.
Use 2. I exhort servants to be dutiful to their mafters. For motives, consider,
1. That in your service ye have two masters, ore on earth, and another in heaven, Col. iii.
Your master on earth says, Do this so or so; and your mafter in heaven fays, Whatsoever he faith unto you do it, Joha ii. 5. And here know, (1.) That your Master in heaven has given you his orders how ye muft carry in service to men, as well as in praying, &c. to himtelfa (2.) He sees how ye obey these orders. His eye is always on you.' .(3.) He will call you to an account how
ye obey these. (4.) He will account the service faithfully done service to himself; and on the other hand, undutifulness to men undutifulness to himself.
2. God himself will be your Paymaster, according as ye carry yourselves in your station. (1.) God will reward dutiful servants. There is a temporal reward that God ordinarily bestows on such, Prov. xvii. 2. A wife servant shall have rule over a fon that causeth shame : and shall bave part of the inheritance among the "brethren. And that is what providence lays to the hands of honeft servants that are not sincere Chriftians. But true Christian servants shall get the reward of the heavenly inheritance, Col. jii. 24. (2.) God will reward undutiful servants too, ver. 25. Ordinarily God writes his indignation against their undutifulness in their lot in the world; but if they repent not, the quarrel is pursued to another world. That is a fad word, Luke xvi. 11. If ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your trust the true riches?
Let masters be dutiful to their servants according to the will of God. For motives, consider,
ļ. Ye are as fathers to them. The fifth command