“rough, styffe, royde;" while boystows garment vais cæur.” I do not know where the passage is translated birrus.

occurs, but I venture to differ from the conclusion. 2. Defameden is of a class of verbs of which we If by heureux Voltaire had meant “ happy,” the have an example in departed in the sense of part sentiment is that of a fiend. But he meant with, or, when used more strictly, of parted di- merely “successful”: a man of virtue and of versely among two or more. The de, perhaps from delicacy will not get on in the world, because he N. French influence, is the representative of the is not unscrupulous. Latin di. Hence defame, like its Latin original, When Marsbal Tallard returned to Paris after is to publish abroad either in a good or bad sense. his defeat at Hochstett, Louis XIV. with some In St. Matt. ix. 31, it is to publish abroad with generosity said to him, " Monsieur, on n'est pas renown. In St. Luke xvi. 1, it is by the context heureux à notre âge": that is, you and I are too limited to publish abroad with ill-fame-et hic old to succeed in love or in war. diffamatus est—and this was defamed to him. In That Voltaire, with all his faults, was huboth texts the Vulgate uses diffamare. In the mane man is proved by all his acts and by all his other places where diffamare occurs-namely, St. writings. His hatred of cruelty, of oppression, of Mark í. 45 and 1 Thess. i. 8-a vobis enim diffama- torture, appears in every page.

J. C. M. tus est sermo Domini— Wiclif translates it by pup

MEDAL OF JAMES III. AND CLEMENTINA SOBIplisch. 3. Birre. In St. Matt. viii. 32, 2 St. Pet. iii

. 10, respondent W. N. L., I may observe that the

ESKI (4th S. i. 407, 466.)—In answer to your corand Rev. xviii

. 21, this is the translation of im- medal of the Stuart family which he mentions is petus – a word which, when occurring elsewhere No. 35 of coins and medals of the Stuart family, in the N. T., Wiclif translates by assault (Acts in the collection of Mr. Edward Hawkins, F.R.S., vii. 56, xiv. 5, and xix. 29); and by, fereness of F.S.A., pp. 107, 108, in the fire, Heb. xi. 34; and by meuynge (moving) of the governor or helmsman, St. James iii. 4. In his

"Catalogue of Antiquities, Works of Art, and His

torical Scottish Relics Exhibited in the Museum of the dictionary Halliwell gives birr as a north-country Archæological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, word for “ force, violence, impetus," and then goes Edinburgh, July, 1856 (London : Hamilton, Adams, on to give its more exact meaning of impetus or & Co. 1859), violence accompanied by noise or tumult. “It where it is described:is applied to the whizzing of any missile vio

“ 35. Busts of Prince James and Clementina. Rev.: lently thrown, and the noise of partridges when Female holds an infant in her left arm, which rests upon they spring is called birring." "Wiclit's three a column, and points to a globe whereon appear ing . passages are important as showing that he thus SC. IRL. Leg. : Providentia Obstetrix,-Providence my restricted the translation of impetus by birre, and help in childbirth. Ex.: CAROLO PRINC. Valliæ nat. with this agrees an old Lincoln MS. quoted by the last day of the year 1720. 14 ar. æ.”

DIE VLTIMA A. MDCCXX,—Charles, Prince of Wales, born Halliwell—« whenne they saw the grete river

The column indicates the fortitude of Clemenryne so swiftely, and with so grete a byrre.”


tina under the difficulties of her escape from her

guards, and under the danger of childbirth. The PERVERSE PRONUNCIATION (4th S. i. 82.)– This child's attention is directed to the globe, on which country can furnish some examples of the mispro- are represented the kingdoms which it would be nunciation of surnames. In one of the counties his future object to obtain.

W. H. C. bordering on this city, Worrel is called Wurrur, and Lincoln, Linkhorn. In North Carolina, Na- that Mr. B. PICKERING's reading of the saying is

THE CUCKOO (44h S. i. 533, 614.)— I cannot think thaniel Macon, who was a very prominent man at correct: for if the “cuckoo” and “mooncall” the commencement of this century, was known as Old Nat Meakins . Mr. Cambreleng, a member

of destroyed. Whereas if the latter is, as I take it

synonymous, the whole sense of the passage is Congress from New York about thirty years ago,

to be, the “nightingale,” the allusion to the harwas a native of North Carolina. He was a warm

vest is manifest. The nurse referred to was not, friend of President Van Buren. Mr. Van Buren, travelling in North Carolina, was desirous of pay- and brought up in Wiltshire; from which it

as he surmises, a native of Wilby, but was born ing his respects to his friend's mother, but no one could direct him to Mrs. Cambreleng's residence. yond the county in which it originated, and the

that the “warning" is known beAt length he came across her as Old Mrs. Crum- place from which it takes its name. (I myself, ley.

UNEDA. Philadelphia.

while staying in Yorkshire, heard it from the lips

of an old Doncaster labourer.) VOLTAIRE (4th S. i. 587.)-Your correspondent Perhaps one of your Wiltshire readers could P. A. L. says, Voltaire proved that his esprit was give me further information on the subject? If better than his cour, when he said, “ Pour être

I should be deeply obliged.

H. Scott. heureux il faut avoir un bon estomac et un mau- Cloudesley Square.


would appear

EARLY ENGLISH TEXT SOCIETY (4th S. i. 579.) every writer on the antiquities of the city of Copies of E. E. T. $. books issued to subscribers London. I suspect it is a myth. Bequests of are all in paper only; but copies of two books, faggots, for the merciful purpose of supplying viz. of Pierce the Ploughman's Crede, and of Piers fuel for the poor, are common. Margaret Dane, Plowman, Part I., both edited by myself, can be whose portrait still hangs in the Ironmongers' bought separately by non-subscribers in cloth Hall, left the parish in which I reside 88. for this bindings, for which there is a fixed pattern, to be object, which sum is now added to the general seen by asking for either of the above books. charity fund.


MORTLAKE POTTERIES : TOBY JUGS (4th S. i. 1, Cintra Terrace, Cambridge.

160, 615.) - Your correspondent A. S. is of THE COMYNS (4th S. i. 563.)—ANGLO-Scotus opinion that the Toby-jug song: says:

:-“The worshipful and knightly house of “Dear Tom, this brown jug, that now foams with mild Altyre is, and has long been, the

only one of the

ale name (Cumine) in Scotland." There is at least (In wbich I will drink to sweet Nan of the vale), one other territorial representative of the Comyns,

Was once Toby Fillpot, a thirsty old soul

As e'er drank a bottle, or fathom'd a bowl," &c., Earls of Buchan, James Cumine, Esq. of Rattray, holding by long descent a portion of the wide

" could not have been written so early as 1796." domains which of old belonged to the earldom.

The Rev. Francis Fawkes, the author of the Mr. Cumins's estate includes the site of one of words, died in 1777, and I have a copy before me, the chief castles, and the remains of the royal. printed in 1759. It is with music, * set by Mr. burgh of Rattray—now reduced, I believe, to al Hodson, in the second volume of Clio and Euterpe, single dwelling-house-which were erected by large 8vo (p. 41).". The song is probably a few the powerful family from which he claims to be years older than this collection. The reference to descended.

the potter will be found in the third and last Another ancient family in the district of Buchan, stanza : Aberdeenshire, now represented by James Buchan,

“His body, when long in the ground it had lain,

And tin.e into clay had dissolved it again, Esq., of Auchmacoy, have an immemorial tradi

A potter found out, in the covert so snug, tion that their ancestor was spared by the Bruce

And with part of fat Toby he form'd this brown jug,' from the sweeping destruction which overtook &c. their race and name, on condition of his dropping

WM. CHAPPELL. the name of Comyn, and adopting instead the territorial name of Buchan. General Buchan of IRON PULPIT (4th S. i. 413.)—In Street's Gothic Auchmacoy, who took the command of James Architecture in Spain, an engraving of an example VII.'s forces after the death of the great Dundee will be found from Burgos. Mr. Street says that on the field of Killiecrankie was at the period he saw other examples of later date. the representative of that family. A fine con

JNO. Piggot, Jun. temporary portrait of the general is preserved at

DISTANCE TRAVERSED BY SOUND (4th S. i. 121, Auchmacoy House.

233.)—The noise of the firing at the battle of In one of the Spalding Club volumes (Antiqui- Gettysburg is said to have been heard at Greensties of the Shires of Aberdeen and Banff, vol. ii. burg, Pennsylvania. The distance between these p. 416), there is a notice of the Abbey of St. Mary two towns is one hundred and twenty-eight miles, of Deer, which was founded by Comyn Earl of and seven ranges of the Alleghany mountains lie Buchan early in the thirteenth century. Refer- between them. There were more men engaged ring to a grant of the patronage of a church to in this battle than in the battle of Waterloo. the abbey, the writer makes the following wist- What the number of cannons was I am unable to ful remarks:


BAR-POINT. “ This gift from the grandson of their founder was the Philadelphia. last which the brethren of Saint Mary were fated to receive from bis race or lineage. In the memorable revolution which placed the Earl of Carrick on the Scottish

Miscellaneous. throne, the illustrious family of Comyn was so utterly overthrown, that, says a chronicle of the age of a name

NOTES ON BOOKS, ETC. which numbered at one time three earls and more than

Annals of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, A.D. 1598—A.D. thirty belted knights, there remained no memorial in the

1867. With a Preliminary Notice of the earlier Library land, save the orisons of the monks of Deir.""

founded in the Fourteenth Century. By the Rev. William A. R.

Dunn Macray, M.A., &c. (Rivington.) Deer, Aberdeenshire.

Who that hath ever “ fed of the dainties that are bred FAGGOTS FOR BURNING HERETICS (4th S. i.

in a book"- to use the words of him to whom we owe

the second best book in the world, but feels his pulse 196.)-I have never been able to identify this quickened at the very mention of the Bodleian ? and who bequest, although pretty well acquainted with that is so moved, but would fain know something of the


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origin and gradual development of that vast repertory of BOOKS AND ODD VOLUMES human knowledge, of the great and good men who have

WANTED TO PURCHASE. contributed to its formation, and of the learned scholars who bave been entrusted with its custody, or laboured to

Particulars of Price, &c., of the following Books, to be sent direct

to the gentlemen by whom they are required, whose names and admake its riches known to the outer world ? Mr. Macray, dresses are given for that purpose: who is officially connected with the Bodleian, and there

SPIRIT OF THE POALIC JOURNALS for 1805. Vol. IX. London, 1806. fore enjoys peculiar facilities for telling its story, bas told A LEITRR TO TRR DURB OF GRAFTON, ON THE PRBSRAT POSITION, O

AFFAIRS. Almon, 1768. it in a very instructive and amusing manner in the pre- THE VICES; a Poem, by the Author of Junius. London, 1898. sent book, which will be found as replete with notices of CULLRCI JON OF ALL TRR REMARKABLE AND PXRSONAL PASSAGES IN TAR

the more curious bibliographical treasures of the Bodleian GENERAL COCKBURN'S DISSERTATION UN HANNIBAL'S PASSAGN OVER
as with pleasant historical and biographical illustration. TRX ALPS. (Privately printed.) Dublin, 1815.

The HIBERNIAN MAGAZINE_for 1771, 1772, 1773
The book is a valuable addition to our stores of literary THE LONDON Museum of Pulitics, MISCELLANIÉS, AND LITERATURI.

4 Vols. 8vo history.

1769, 1770.

3 or 4 Vols. 1774. Almon. A Mæso-Gothic Glossary; with an Introduction, an Out

A COLLECTION OF MOST INTERESTINO PULITICAL LETTERS, PUBLISHRD IN line of Mæso-Gothic Grammar, and a List of Anglo- 1763. 4 vols. Almon. Sazın and Old and Modern Englisle Words etymologi


3 or 4 Vols. Almon, 1766. cally connected with Mæso-Gothic. By the Rev. W.W. Vox SENATUS. 1771. Skeat, M.A. (Ascher & Co.)

The EXPOSTOLATION; a Poem. Bingley, 1768.

JUNTOS DISCOVRRED BY P. T. 1789. Mr. Skeat, who must be well known to our readers,


NARRATIVE OF TRE LIPK OF A GENTLEMAN LONO MESIDENT IN INDIA. not only from his frequent and valuable contributions to

177R. these columns, but from his labours on Piers Plowman and Tar IRENAKCH; OR, JUSTICE OP TAE PRACE'S MANUAL. 1774.

MENOIRS OF J. T. SERRES, MARINE PAINTER TU His MAJRITY. 8vo, many similar contributions to the history of our early 1826. language and literature, has done good service to English

Tax ROYAL REGISTER. 9 Vols. 12mo, 1780. philologists by the publication of the work before us. Wanted by William

J. Thoms. Esq., 10. St. George's Square,

Belgrave Road, S.W. Mr. Skeat explains that, though Moso-Gothic is not strictly an older form of Anglo-Saxon, it comes suffi- WHITAKER'S HISTORY OF CRAVEN, 1812. ciently near to it to render a study of it peculiarly in

WALTON AND Curton's ANALER. 2 Vols. imp. 8vo. Pickering.

SURTLES' HISTORY OF DUARAM. 4 Volg. teresting and instructive to us- in fact that to study GuUON'S SEPULCHRAL MONUMENTS. 5 Vols. imp. folio. Meso-Gothic is, practically, more the business of Eng- Dirbin's BIBLIOTHECA SPENCERIANA. 4 Vols.

ÆDES ALTHORPIANR. 2 Vols. lishmen than of anyone else, excepting, perhaps, the

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL DECAMERON. 3 Vols. Dutch. With the view, therefore, of providing English Wanted by Yr. Thomas Reet, Bookseller. 15, Conduit Street, students with a useful handbook to the Moso-Gothic

Bond Street, London, W. language free from some of the disadvantages which accompany most existing glossaries of it, the present work, which is based on the labours of Massmann, Gaugengigl,

Notices to Correspondents. Schulz, Gabelenz, and Lobs, and our own accomplished UNIVERSAL CATALOGUE OF BOOKS OY ART.-AN Adititions and corscholar Dr. Bosworth, is written ; and it comprises not

rections should be addressed to the Editor, South Kensington Museum,

Lunilon, W. only a Mæso-Gothic Glossary, but an outline of the

We have been compelled to postpone until next worek several Papers of Grammar, Lists of Cognate English Words, and, in the great interest, as well as answers to several Correspondents. Introduction, a Sketch of the Ulpbilas and other literary SOLITAIRE. There is no collected edition of the various works of Wilremains in this Low-German language. The book is a

liam Blake, artist and port. A gon! Iccount of them is vioon in Gil.

christ's Life of William Blake, edited by Jr. Dante G. Rosselli in 1863, real boon to English students.

2 vols. 8vo. and published by Macmillan & Co.

WH. C. The engraved facsimile Enistle from Alex. Pope to the PERIODICALS.-Whether the conductors of the leading Earl of Oxford is in the Gent. Mug. for July, 1809, p. 609. magazines are of opinion that this “ leafy" season is one J. BRALE. Rubert Beale, Clerk -f the Privy Council, was a descendant

of the family of Beale of Woodbridge, Suffolk. Vide " N. & Q." 2nd in which their readers look for novelty and increased

S. vii. 149. attraction, or from some other motive, all seem to be stir

ERRATUM. -4th 8. i. p. 607, col. i. line 34, for "here, he " read" Ven. ring themselves to increase the interest of their respective turi." journals. Saint Paul's, in addition to Phineas Finn and

* NOTRS AND QUERIES" is published at ninon on Friday, and is also

issueil in MONTHLY PARTs. The Subscription for STAMPED Copies for its usual graver articles, gives this month the commence- Sir Months forwarded direct from the Publish.r (including the Halfment of a new serial story which promises to be of great

yearly Index) is lis. Ad., which may be paid by Post Office Oriler,

payable at the Strani Post Office, in favour of WILLIAM G. SMITA, 43, interest—"The Sacristan's Household.” The Cornhil, WELLINGTON STREET, STRAND, W.c., where also all COMMUNICATIONS in addition to its stock stories,“ The Braileighs of Bishop's VOR THE EDITUR should be addressed. Folly” and “ Avonboe,” has papers on “ Two Mediæval NOTES & QUERIES" is registered for transmission abroad. Travellers,"

,” “Witches and their Cra't,” and “ Old Newspapers," well worth the reading. Macmillan has the conclusion of Mr. Markham's able account of the “Abyssinian

PAPER AND ENVELOPES. Expedition," “ Realmab," and the “Chaplet of Pearls," I PRICES and CARRIAGE PAID to the Country on all orders

HE PUBLIC SUPPLIED AT WHOLESALE and some very interesting miscellaneous papers. has guod papers on " Emerson," "The Portraits at

exceeding 208.

Good Cream-laid Note, 28., 38., and 48. per ream, South Kensington," Kinglake's new volumes, besides

Funer Thick Cream Note. 58. 6. and 78 per reum. the continuation of Oatnessiana," and the conclusion of Super Thick Blue Nute. 44., 58., and his. per ream. Southey's “Life of Sir Philip Sidney."

Outsides Hand-made Foulscup, H8, 6d. per ream.

Patent straw Note. 28. 6d. per ream readers give so much time to the. perusal of our maga- Manuscript Paper (letter size), ruled or plain, 4s. 6d. per ream. zines, when they supply so much varied information and

Sermon Paper (various sizes), ruled or plain, 48., 38., and fix, per ream.

Cream or Blue Envelopes, 48. 60, 68, 6d., and 78. 6d. per 1000, amusement, and of so high a class.

The Temple " Envelope, new shape, high inner flup, 18. per 100.

Polished steel Crest Dies, engraved by the first Artists, from 58, 1 DR. LivingSTONE. - - Mr. E. D. Young will shortly Monoxrum. two letters, from fis. od., Ditto, three letters, from Rs.6d.

Address Lien, from 48. 6d. Preliminary Pencil sketch, Is. each. publish an account of his Search after Livingstone" Colour Stamping (Relief), reduced to 18. per 100. (Lett, Son, & Co.), with a Map of the Route. The text

PARTRIDGE & COOPER, has been revised by the Rev. H. Waller, F.R.G.S., and it

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