Herein are set forth or implied : 1. That the Church of God is still liable to injury from

false Apostles. Acts, xx. 28–30; 2 Cor. xi. 13–15; Gal. vi. 12, 13; Ezek. xxxiv. 1-6; John, x. 12, 13;

Rev. ii. 1, 2; 1 John, ii. 18, 19; 2 John, 10. 2. That to be preserved from these, and to be ordered

and guided by such as are faithful and true pastors, is the Church's great want. Eph. iv, 11-13; 2 Tim. ii. 2; 1 Cor. iv. 1, 2; 1 Tim. iii.; Tit. i. 7-9;

1 Pet. v. 2-4; John, xxi. 15-17. 3. That this want, God who reads men's hearts, and

knows the springs of their actions, is alone able to supply. John, xvii. 11; Jer. iii. 15; xxiii. 4; Acts, i. 24 ; 2 Cor. iv. 1-6; 1 Cor. iv. 7; vii. 23.

Hence the prayer. The Conclusion is :

" through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen." As before.

Supplementary Questions. What was the number of the Apostles properly so called ? Who among them proved a traitor ? What is the meaning of “ traitor ?” What trust did he betray? What led him to do this ? By what spirit was Judas apparently governed, judging

from other circumstances which are recorded of him ? What followed after his treachery, to his Master, and to • himself ? By whom was his place filled ? How was Matthias chosen ? Did the people appoint him ? Did they ever afterwards cast lots when choosing a

minister ? Why now and not afterwards ?

By whom were ministers appointed after the Spirit had

been poured out upon the Church ? What was the character of Matthias ? By Whom do we here pray that the Church may be always

ordered and guided ? What is the meaning of “pastor ? ” From whom do we pray that the Church may always be

preserved ? Who only is able to do this ? Why can God do this and not man?


The Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin




The Invocation is :

“O Lord,”— And has no statement. The Petition is :

“ We beseech thee . . . pour thy grace into our hearts; that, as we have known the Incarnation of thy Son Jesus Christ by the message of an angel, so by his cross and passion we may be brought unto the glory of his resurrection ;'

In this Petition the following points are involved, 1. That there has been an Incarnation of God's Son,

Jesus Christ. Matt. i. 18-25; Luke, ii. 4-7; John, i. 14; Rom. viii. 3; 1 Tim. iii. 16; Heb. i. 1-3;

1 John, i. 1, 2. 2. That we have had this made known by the message

of an angel. Luke, i. 26–35; ii. 8-15; Heb. i. 14;

1 John, v. 20. 3. That there has also been a resurrection of this Son

of God; and that a glorious resurrection. Matt. xxviii. 1-8; Rom. i. 4; iv. 24, 25; vi. 4; 1 Cor. xv. 4; Phil. iii. 21; 1 Cor. xv. 43; Phil. ï. 8–11; Heb.

ii. 9. 4. That to be brought to the glory of this resurrec

tion, i.e. to be sharers in the glory thereof, is the object of our desire. Phil. i. 23 ; iii. 8-11; Col. iii. 1-4; Heb. xii. 1, 2; 1 Thess. iv. 14–18; 2 Pet.

iii. 13. 5. That if brought thereunto it must be by His cross

and passion; i.e. as the result of, or through the
agency of, that cross and passion, which, in His
Incarnate state, He has also endured and passed
through. 1 Cor. xv. 55-57; Isa. liii. 4-6 ; Eph. i. 7;
ii. 16; Gal. iii. 13; Acts, x. 36, 40–42; xiii. 38;
xx. 28; Heb. ii. 14, 15; John, i. 29; 1 Pet. iii. 18;
2 Cor. v. 21; Col. i. 13, 14, 19-22; Rom. viii. 32-34;
Rev. xii. 11.
Hence our prayer for grace to be poured into

our hearts to that end. The Conclusion is :

" through the same Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.' As before.

Supplementary Questions. What do we here state we have had made known to us? What is the meaning of “ Incarnation ?" How was the Incarnation of God's Son made known ?

Who was that angel, and where do we find the account of

his visit? To what is it that we manifest a desire to be brought ? When did this Son of God rise from the dead ? What was the character of His resurrection ? (See Peti

tion in the Litany.) How only can we be brought unto this glorious resurrec• tion ? What do we mean by “His cross and passion ?In what way has that an influence unto our resurrection ? What do we ask to have poured into our hearts in order

that this end may be attained ?

Zaint Mark's Day.



The Invocation is :

“O Almighty God, who hast instructed thy Holy Church with the heavenly doctrine of thy

Evangelist Saint Mark ;”— Here, after invoking God as “ Almighty,” we declare,1. That Saint Mark was one of His Evangelists. Acts,

xii. 25; xv. 37, 40; 2 Tim. iv. 11; Eph. iv. 11, 12. 2. That the doctrine of this Evangelist was heavenly

doctrine. 2 Pet. i. 21; 1 Cor. ii. 12, 13. 3. That with that doctrine God has instructed His

Church. Eph. iv. 12-14; 1 Cor. iii. 9; 1 Tim. iv. 6; 2 Tim. iii. 15-17.

4. That God's Church is a holy Church. Rom. i. 7;

1 Cor. i. 2; 1 Pet. ii. 5-9; 2 Tim. i. 9; Eph. v.

25-27 ; Cant. vi. 10. The Petition, therefore, is :

“Give us grace, that, being not like children carried away with every blast of vain doctrine, we may be established in the truth of thy holy

Gospel ;"— Here we have the following truths involved : 1. That God's holy Gospel is truth. John, xiv. 6;

xvii. 17; Eph. i. 13; Gal. ii. 14; i. 6-8. 2. That in that truth we should seek to become esta

blished. Heb. xiii. 9; Col. i. 23; Acts, xvi. 5 ; Col. ii. 6, 7; 2 Tim. i. 13; 1 Pet. iii. 15; 1 Cor. xvi. 13;

Heb. vi. 1, 2. 3. That we shall not be so, so long as we are carried

away with every blast of vain doctrine. 1 Tim. vi. 20, 21; iv. 1, 2; Eph. iv. 14–16; 2 Tim. iv. 3, 4;

1 John, iv. 1 ; 2 John, 7-11. . 4. That those who are so carried away are like child

ren rather than men. Eph. iv. 14; 1 Cor. xiv.
20; Heb. v. 12-14; 1 Cor. xiii. 11.
Whence our prayer that from such childish

courses we may be preserved. The Conclusion is :

" through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.” "As before.

Supplementary Questions. What is Saint Mark here called ? What is an “Evangelist ?” What kind of doctrine did this Evangelist teach? What do we mean by “heavenly doctrine?” What did Saint Mark instruct with this his heavenly doc

trine ?

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