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lawful authority, men who are zealously and godly affected, may not with any good conscience approve them, use them, or, as occasion requireth, subscribe unto them; let him be excommuni. cated ipso facto, and not restored till he repent, and publicly revoke such his wicked errors.

VII. Impugners of the Government of the Church of Eng

- land by Archbishops, Bishops, &c., censured. Whosoever shall hereafter affirm, That the government of the Church of England, under his majesty by archbishops, bishops, deans, archdeacons, and the rest that bear office in the same, is anti-christian, and repugnant to the word of God; let him be ex. communicated ipso facto, and so continue until he repent, and publicly revoke such his wicked errors.

VIII. Impugners of the form of Consecrating and Ordering

Archbishops, Bishops, &c., in the Church of England, censured.

Whosoever shall hereafter affirm or teach, That the form and manner of making and consecrating bishops, priests, and deacons, containeth anything in it that is repugnant to the word of God, or that they who are made bishops, priests, or deacons, in that form, are not lawfully made, nor ought to be accounted, either by them. selves or others, to be truly either bishops, priests, or deacons, until they have some other calling to those divine offices; let him be excommunicated ipso facto, not to be restored until he repent, and publicly revoke such his wicked errors.

IX. Authors of Schism in the Church of England, cen

sured.

Whosoever shall hereafter separate themselves from the communion of saints, as it is approved by the apostles' rules, in the Church of England, and combine themselves together in a new brotherhood, accounting the Christians, who are conformable to the doctrine, government, rites and ceremonies of the Church of England, to be profane, and unmeet to join with in Christian profession ; let them be excommunicated ipso facto, and not restored but by the archbishop, after their repentance, and public revocation of such their wicked errors.

X. Maintainers of Schismatics in the Church of England

censured. Whosoever shall hereafter affirm, That such ministers as refuse to subscribe to the form and manner of God's worship in the Church of England, prescribed in the Communion Book, and their adherents, may truly take unto them the name of another church not established by law, and dare presume to publish it, That this their pretended church hath of long time groaned under the burden of certain grievances imposed upon it, and upon the members thereof before mentioned, by the Church of England, and the orders and constitutions therein by law established; let them be excommunicated, and not restored until they repent, and publicly revoke such their wicked errors.

XI. Maintainers of Conventicles censured. Whosoever shall hereafter affirm or maintain, That there are within this realm other meetings, assemblies, or congregations of the king's born subjects, than such as by the laws of this land are held and allowed, which may rightly challenge to themselves the name of true and lawful churches ; let him be excommunicated, and not restored, but by the archbishop, after his repent. ance, and public revocation of such his wicked errors.

XII. Maintainers of Constitutions made in Conventicles

censured. Whosoever shall hereafter affirm, That it is lawful for any sort of ministers and lay-persons, or of either of them, to join together, and make rules, orders, or constitutions in causes ecclesiastical, without the king's authority, and shall submit themselves to be ruled and governed by them; let them be excommunicated ipso facto, and not be restored until they repent, and publicly revoke those their wicked and anabaptistical errors.

OF DIVINE SERVICE, AND ADMINISTRATION OF THE

SACRAMENTS.

XIII. Due Celebration of Sundays and Holy-days. All manner of persons within the Church of England shall

from henceforth celebrate and keep the Lord's day, commonly called Sunday, and other holy-days, according to God's holy will and pleasure, and the orders of the Church of England prescribed in that behalf; that is, in hearing the word of God read and taught; in private and public prayers ; in acknowledging their offences to God, and amendment of the same; in reconciling themselves charitably to their neighbors, where displeasure hath been ; in oftentimes receiving the communion of the body and blood of Christ; in visiting of the poor and sick; using all godly and sober conversation.

XIV. The prescript form of Divine Service to be used on

Sundays and Holy-days. The common prayer shall be said or sung distinctly and reve. rently upon such days as are appointed to be kept holy by the Book of Common Prayer, and their eves, and at convenient and usual times of those days, and in such place of every church as the bishop of the diocese, or ecclesiastical ordinary of the place, shall think meet for the largeness or straitness of the same, so as the people may be most edified. All ministers likewise shall ob. serve the orders, rites, and ceremonies prescribed in the Book of Common Prayer, as well in reading the holy Scriptures, and say. ing of prayers, as in administration of the sacraments, without either diminishing in regard of preaching, or in any other respect, or adding anything in the matter or form thereof.

XV. The Litany to be read on Wednesdays and Fridays.

The Litany shall be said or sung when, and as it is set down in the Book of Common Prayer, by the parsons, vicars, ministers, or curates, in all cathedral, collegiate, parish churches, and chapels, in some convenient place, according to the discretion of the bishop of the diocese, or ecclesiastical ordinary of the place. And that we may speak more particularly, upon Wednesdays and Fridays weekly, though they be not holy-days, the minister, at the accustomed hours of service, shall resort to the church dr chapel, and warning being given to the people by tolling of a bell, shall say the litany prescribed in the Book of Common Prayer; whereunto we wish every householder dwelling within half a mile of the church to come, or send one at the least of his household, fit to join with the minister in prayers. XVI. Colleges to use the prescript form of Divine Service.

In the whole divine service, and administration of the holy communion, in all colleges and halls in both universities, the order, form, and ceremonies shall be duly observed, as they are, set down and prescribed in the Book of Common Prayer, without any omission or alteration.

XVII. Students in Colleges to wear Surplices in time of

Divine Service. All masters and fellows of colleges or halls, and all the scholars and students in either of the universities, shall, in their churches and chapels, upon all Sundays, holy-days, and their eves, at the time of divine service, wear surplices, according to the order of the Church of England : and such as are graduates shall agreeably wear with their surplices, such hoods as do severally appertain unto their degrees.

XVIII. A reverence and attention to be used within the

Church in time of Divine Service. In the time of divine service, and of every part thereof, all due reverence is to be used; for it is according to the apostle's rule, Let all things be done decenily and according to order; answerably to which decency and order, we judge these our directions following: No man shall cover his head in the church or chapel in the time of divine service, except he have some infirmity; in which case let him wear a nightcap or coif. All manner of persons then present shall reverently kneel upon their knees, when the general Confession, Litany, and other prayers are read; and shall stand up at the saying of the Belief, according to the rules in that behalf prescribed in the Book of Common Prayer : and likewise when in time of divine service the Lord Jesus shall be mentioned, due and lowly reverence shall be done by all persons present, as it hath been accustomed ; testifying by these outward ceremonies and gestures, their inward humility, Christian resolution, and due acknowledgment that the Lord Jesus Christ, the true eternal Son of God, is the only Saviour of the world, in whom alone all the mercies, graces, and promises of God to mankind, for this life, and the life to come, are fully and wholly comprised. None, either man, woman, or child, of what calling soever, shall be otherwise at such times busied in the church, than in quiet attendance to hear, mark, and understand that which is read, preached, or ministered ; saying in their due places audibly with the minister, the Confession, the Lord's Prayer, and the Creed ; and making such other answers to the public prayers, as are appointed in the Book of Common Prayer: neither shall they disturb the service or sermon, by walking or talking, or any other way; nor depart out of the church during the time of service or sermon, without some urgent or reasonable cause.

XIX. Loiterers not to be suffered near the Church in time

of Divine Service. The church-wardens or questmen, and their assistants, shall not suffer any idle persons to abide either in the church-yard, or church-porch, during the time of divine service, or preaching ; but shall cause them either to come in, or to depart.

• XX. Bread and Wine to be provided against every

Communion. The church-wardens of every parish, against the time of every communion, shall at the charge of the parish, with the advice and direction of the minister, provide a sufficient quantity of fine white bread, and of good and wholesome wine, for the number of communicants that shall from time to time receive there : which wine we require to be brought to the communion-table in a clean and sweet standing pot or stoop of pewter, if not of purer metal.

XXI. The Communion to be thrice a Year received.

In every parish-church or chapel, where sacraments are to be adıninistered within this realm, the holy communion shall be administered by the parson, vicar, or minister, so often, and at such times, as every parishioner may communicate at the least thrice in the year (whereof the feast of Easter to be one), according as they are appointed by the Book of Common Prayer. Provided, That every minister, as oft as he administereth the communion, shall first receive that sacrament himself. Furthermore, no bread or wine newly brought shall be used; but first the words of institution shall be rehearsed, when the said bread and wine be present upon the communion-table. Likewise the minister shall deliver both the bread and the wine to every communicant severally. XXII. Warning to be given beforehand for the Communion.

Whereas every lay person is bound to receive the holy communion thrice every year, and many notwithstanding do not receive that sacrament once in a year, we do require every minister to give warning to his parishioners publicly in the church at

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