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is highly gifted—she could make many proselytes. I prayer, may I beg your majesty to permit a son to

I I have been obliged to keep a strict watch over her ask what has excited your displeasure against his movements; and, besides, I am no favorite with mother?” her. M. de Stael, it is in the interest of those At this interrogatory, so pointedly made, the whom she could compromise, that I ordered her to persons present began to fear for the young de quit Paris.”

Stael, thinking that the emperor, pressed hard, When once Napoleon launched forth upon the might lose all patience. All kept their eyes bent topic of recriminations, it was not easy to stop on their plates; the grand marshal seemed uneasy him; however, M. de Stael did interrupt him to and fidgety on his chair ; Berthier bit his nails; defend his mother. The emperor, without being Lauriston picked with the point of his knife the angry, permitted him to speak, and then replied to pippins from the pear he was eating. However, him with a certain calmness, which might lead they were disappointed in their fears. Napoleon you to suppose that, being convinced, he was dis-only, startled at the question, struck the table with armed. But those who knew the emperor could his snuff-box, which he was constantly turning in easily judge that the solicitor would obtain nothing. his hands, and looking right and left at his guests, However, when M. de Stael finished the explana- who never moved, exclaimed, like a man astonished, tion of his demand, Napoleon replied :

“ This is really too much ! 'Tis too bad!" “But supposing I permit your mother to return M. de Stael was not dismayed ; and, in a reto Paris ; three months would not elapse before she spectful and dignified tone, hastened to add : would place me under the necessity of sending her “ Sire, some persons have told me that it was to prison. I would be sorry for that, inasmuch as the last work of my grandfather which had so dispublic opinion would interpret my act unfavorably. pleased your majesty, and created unfavorable imSay to her that my resolution is fixed, that my pressions against my mother. Then, sire, I can decision is irrevocable ; so long as I live, she shall certify that my mother had no hand whatever in not enter the capital of my empire.”

that work." “ Sire,” replied M. de Stael with dignity, " 'T is true," replied Napoleon frankly. “This permit me respectfully to observe, that your book of your grandfather contributed much to exmajesty could not throw my mother into prison, cite my displeasure ; M. Necker was an ideologue, unless she furnished a plausible motive."

a raving dotard. At his age, to dream of reforms, Sir, she would furnish me with ten of them, and the overthrow of my constitution ! In truth, instead of one!

states and kingdoms would be prettily governed, Sire, I am convinced that my mother would with system-inongers and inventors of theories, live in a manner that would be considered by your who judge men according to books, and who think majesty as quite irreproachable. I dare then en of regulating the affairs of the world in looking treat your majesty to give her a trial, even for upon a map!" three months. Deign to authorize her to spend “ Sire, since the plans traced by my grandfather this short time in Paris, before you take a definitive are nothing but vain theories, according to the decision."

opinion of your majesty, I cannot conceive, thereThat cannot be ; she would be a standard and fore, why your majesty is so displeased. It is not rallying point for the Faubourg St. Germain. of economists who have written Even should she resolve to see nobody, could she Economists !” exclaimed Napoleon, interruptdo it? She would be visited, and she would ing him, with a singular tone of voice; “ but, return visits ; she would pass her jokes, her bon young man, you do not know thein. They are mots, to which she might attach little importance, shallow-brained people, who dream of plans of but which I should consider very important, because finances, and are ignorant of the duties of a taxmy government is not a joke, nor a fiction, but a gatherer in a village. The book of your grandreality, and every person must be made to know father, I repeat it to you, is the work of an obstithat."

nate old fool.” Sire, I appeal to you, who love France so “ Some evil-disposed persons have, doubtless, much, what punishment can be greater than to be rendered this account of the work to your majesty." expelled from it? Should your majesty be pleased “Sir," said the emperor, beginning to be fato grant my entreaties, your majesty can reckon tigued at the discussion, “ I have myself read this on us all-my mother, my brother, and myself - trash, from one end of the book to the other ; it amongst the number of your majesty's most faithful was not entertaining." and most devoted subjects.”

“ Then your majesty must have observed the “ You and your brother-that is possible ; but justice rendered to your genius by my grandfather.” your mother-pshaw, pshaw !" and the emperor “Fine justice, truly! He calls me the indisaccompanied this exclamation with the little usual pensable man; and, according to his idea, the first shrug of the shoulders when there was a doubt in thing to be done was to cut off the head of this his mind. This manifestation, which every one indispensable man !-thanks! Surely," continued remarked, far from discouraging the young man, Napoleon, becoming warm as he spoke, “ I was served on the contrary to animate him the more, indispensable to repair all the fooleries of your and he replied vivaciously,

grandfather-lo efface the evils he caused to his “ Since your majesty is pleased not to grant my country ; for it was he who overthrew the monarchy ; it was he who conducted Louis XVI. to / well-informed, well-educated ; follow a better road the scaffold!"

than your grandfather, especially than your mother, • Your majesty cannot but know, on the con- who, by her babbling and by her writings, has comtrary, that it was for having defended the king that promised the future prospects of her family." the estates and property of my grandfather were Having said this, he rose from table, his officers confiscated."

rising also. M. de Stael still persevered, though “ He, Necker! defend the king! Ah! ah ! timidly, in order to obtain the recall of his mother. Let us understand each other upon that point, M. Without replying to his importunities, Napoleon de Stael! If I gave poison to a man, and car- approached the young man, and taking hold of ried him the antidote when he was in the agony him by the ear, spoke to him in a mild, paternal of death, would you say that it was my wish to tone of voice :save this man? Well, then, such is the mode • M. de Stael," said he, “ you are very young ; adopted by your grandfather to defend Louis XVI. if you had my experience, you would judge things As to the confiscations you speak of, they prove better. I am far from being angry ; your franknothing. Have they not confiscated the property ness has pleased me; I love a son who pleads the of the good Robespierre, who perhaps did less cause of his mother. Your mother gave you a evil to France than Necker, for your grandfather difficult mission ; you have acquitted yourself in provoked the revolution. I confine myself to that. an intelligent and becoming manner. Whatever You have not seen all, because you were too young; may be the result, I do not wish to give you false but I have seen those times of terror and public hopes ; you shall obtain nothing from me. If calamity. As long as I live, those deplorable your mother were in prison I would not hesitate epochs shall not come back, be assured of it. to liberate her ; but she is only in exile ; let her Your project-makers trace utopias on paper ; the remain so." idle and unemployed read them, and hawk them “ Sire, is she not as unhappy in exile as in about ; fools believe them; general happiness is on prison ?" the lips of every one. Shortly after, the people “ Those are romantic ideas. Your motherwant work, and, consequently, bread ; they rise is she much to be pitied? Why, with the exin revolt; and here is the result of all those fine ception of Paris, she can travel through all Eudoctrines. Sir, your grandfather was a great rope. After all, I cannot understand why she is culprit.”

so anxious to come to Paris, to place herself thus In pronouncing these words, Napoleon pushed within the reach of my tyranny.

You see, I away suddenly the little cup of coffee left near speak candidly ; can she not go to Rome, Berlin, him a few minutes before by Roustant. His ire St. Petersburg, and London ? There she will be seemed raised to so high a degree, that his guests safe, and can, all at her ease, write libels against believed, this time, that the storm was on the me; but Paris is the place of my residence, and point of bursting on the head of young de Stael, there I will not suffer any persons to remain who whose countenance, hidden in the darker part of are unfavorably disposed towards me. the saloon, Napoleon did not see ; for, if he had know what would happen if I permitted her to been able to examine it, he would have spared return to my capital ? She would corrupt and him a little from such a torture, and, by mere spoil all the persons about me, in my court, as compassion, from the last angry sally. The feat- she has spoiled my tribunate. She has seduced ures of the poor young man were contracted and Garat ; she could not refrain from meddling with convulsed, and every one could judge of the ef- politics." forts that he made, in order that reason might “ I can assure your majesty that my mother's triumph over the feelings of resentment working tastes and inclinations are exclusively employed in in his mind; however, he was sufficiently master literature." of himself to reply in a calm but agitated tone of “But, sir, politics are mixed up in her literary voice

pursuits. Besides, women have no business 10 “ Sire, let me at least but hope that posterity write ; they should employ their time in knitting. will be less severe, in regard to my grandfather, In short, sir, if your mother is not content in than your majesty."

Vienna, she may go where she pleases." Posterity, did you say? The best way would In saying this, Napoleon, thinking himself freed he to consign the whole to oblivion."

from the importunities of M. de Stael, turned his Here the conversation ceased for a few minutes, back on him, and moved towards the fire-place, during which Napoleon drank the coffee which where the fire was getting low, etiquette being Roustant had placed before him, and afterwards, opposed to throwing wood on it in his presence. addressing himself to his guests, he resumed, with To get some warmth, he endeavored to stir up the rather a forced smile, the dialogue.

embers with the end of his boot. In the mean “ After all, I should not utter too much against time Lauriston, who guessed the mind of the emthe revolution, for I have lost nothing by it ;' and peror, winked at the young man, to make him unturning round towards M. de Stael, he said in a derstand that he would act wisely by retiring ; but mild tone of voice, “ The reign of insurrection is M. de Stael did not pay attention to this warning, finished. I wish authority to be respected, be- and seemed as if nailed to the spot. The emcause it comes from God. You seem to me to be peror, having burned the end of his boot, turned

Do you

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his eyes,


round to the side where M. de Stael stood, who " Are you asleep, Duroc ?"! did not fear to speak again, saying :

“ No, sire," stammered out Duroc, aroused “ Sire, will your majesty permit—"

from his slumber. This time, Napoleon did not allow him to finish " Was I not a little hard,” said the emperor, his phrase ; but raising his head, suddenly inter- " in my conversation with young De Stael ?" rupted him with a frown, and a tone of voice The grand marshal remaining silent, Napoleon which had made crowned heads shake.

continued : “ What, sir! you have not finished ! If you “ I fear it. After all, I have not said too much have nothing to do, it is not the case with me; I to him. His grandfather had no talents in the adhave pressing affairs." And moving towards ministration of affairs. I know something of it." Lauriston, he whispered a few words to him, (it Berthier, who had not said a word since their was the order to depart;) the aide-de-camp left the arrival at Chambery, here remarked : “In that saloon. The emperor, then advancing to M. de respect every one renders a plenary justice to your Stael, and placing himself right before him, majesty." crossed his arms, and addressed him in a tone and “ In short, I am not sorry,” said the emperor, manner only employed on certain occasions :- to have explained myself categorically, on the

“Now, sir, let us see what you still require." score of Madame de Stael, because I am freed

“I wish to have the honor of stating to your from further importunities. Those people rail at majesty,” continued the young man, with tears in me and blacken all that I do ; they do not under

" that the presence of my mother is in- stand me.' dispensable at Paris for the recovery of a sacred It is well known that Napoleon travelled with debt against the French government.”

great celerity. The 29th December, 1807, he left “Well, sir, are not all debts against the state Chambery at half past six in the morning ; after sacred ?"

passing by Lyons, Macon, Auxerre, and Melun, "Certainly, sir, but ours is accompanied by he was at the Tuileries the 1st January, 1808, at circumstances which render it more of a private 7 o'clock in the evening ; and, half an hour afternature."

wards, sat down to dinner as if he had only just "Ah! are we come to this—a private affair ? come into town from St. Cloud. Every creditor said the same. M. de Stael, I do About three months from this period there was not know the nature of your demand on my gov- a reception in the grand apartments of the palace.

Moreover, that does not concern me. The court was very brilliant, and the diplomatic If the laws are in your favor, you will obtain body numerous. Napoleon appeared well pleased redress; but if it is a special favor you require, I with the political news he received that morning. now apprize you that my interference cannot be Leaning on the arm of the grand marshal, who obtained in any way whatsoever.”

named to him the personages whom he did not • Deprived of the counsel of my mother, what know, he passed through the splendid saloons of shall my brother and myself do to pursue the busi- the Tuileries, addressing kind words to every one

on his passage. Arrived in the middle of the Salon “ There is no lack of lawyers in Paris, who de la Pair, he spied in one of the angles of this will undertake the matter," said the emperor, in- saloon, (before the pedestal on which was placed terrupting him, even supposing the case be bad. the marble bust of Washington,) a small group of In fine, manage the business as you please ; but I foreign diplomatists, who were talking together in declare to you for the last time, that I will hear a low voice; he moved on quickly ; they perceived no more on the subject of your mother. Adieu, his approach, and all were at once silent. M. de Stael,” added he, with a movement of the " Gentlemen, I do not wish to interrupt you,” hand to make known to him that his audience was said the emperor, smiling, and addressing himself finished, and that he must withdraw.

in preference to the minister plenipotentiary of This conversation lasted more than an hour. Baden, who seemed to be speaking as he apThe emperor never gave so long a time to a solic- proached ; "continue, I pray you.

What were itor. His intention was only to remain twenty you saying ?” minutes at Chambery, and he staid an hour and a Sire,'' replied Admiral Verhuel, “ M. de half.

Dalberg was speaking to us of a new work pubM. de Stael withdrew with a heart so afflicted lished in Germany, which causes at this moment that he could not refrain from weeping. Lauriston a great sensation.' saw him cross the hall of the hotel, holding his And what is the title of this new work which handkerchief to his eyes, apparently choking with makes a sensation ?'' demanded the emperor, smil. grief ; every one pitied him.

ing. A few moments after, Napoleon stepped into * Sire, those gentlemen say that it is the his carriage, and remained silent until within a Considerations sur les Principaux Evenéments few leagues of Bourgoin. The day began to de la Révolution Française, written by Madame dawn. Napoleon seemed absorbed in deep re- la Baronne de Stael.” flection, when, pushing slightly with his elbow the " Ah, nonsense !” exclaimed the emperor, grand marshal, who sat on his left, half asleep, with surprise ; “ I bet that I am spoken of in he said to him, in a jocular manner,


ness ?''

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“ Sire, the authoress praises and extols the [God's GRACE, LIKE HIS PROVIDENCE, WORKS BY wonders created by your majesty ; but

NATURAL MEANS.] The admiral did not finish his phrase.

“ 'Tis true indeed, and we readily acknowledge, “ I understand you,” said Napoleon, with a that there is an obscurity sitting upon the face of singular inflection of voice ; “they speak ill of this dispensation of grace ; for we cannot feel the me in that work ;" then turning towards the impressions nor trace the footsteps of its distinct

working in us; the measures of our proficiency in grand marshal, who, placed behind him, winked goodness seem to depend entirely upon those of our at the ambassador of Holland, in order to hinder own diligence ; and God requires as much diligence him from saying any more of the book.

as if he gave no grace at all; all this we acknowl“Well, then! Duroc," continued the emperor, edge, and that it renders the dispensation obscure ; you recollect our young man of Chambery. but then, on the other side, it is as plain that there Was I not right to hold firm ? You see there is is the same obscurity upon every dispensation of no end with this woman."

God's temporal providence; and so there is no more

reason for doubting of the one than of the other. And, giving to his body a light swinging They that will not allow that God does by any inmotion, Napoleon bent a little his head, as if he ward efficacy confer a sound mind, allow neverthewished to look at the fine buckles sparkling in his less that he gives temporal good things; but how, shoes, and exclaiming, as aside, to himself- in the mean time, does this dispensation appear

For wh God intends to “ There are some persons who are incorrigi- more than the former? ble!"

bless a man with riches, he does not open windows Then, after a moment's silence, raising up his does not enrich him with such distinguishable

in heaven, and pour them into his treasures; he head suddenly, he saluted the group, in order to providences as that wherewith he watered Gideon's give a word to the Austrian minister, M. Metter-feece, when the earth about it was dry; but he ennich, whom he observed modestly seated in the dows such a man with diligence and frugality, or most retired part of the saloon.

else adorns him with such acceptable qualifications, as may recommend him to the opportunities of ad

vancement, and thus his rise to fortunes is made "EARLY TO BED AND EARLY TO RISE."..

purely natural, and the distinct working of God in Early to bed and early to rise”

it does not appear; when God intends to deliver or Aye, note it down in your brain,

enlarge a people, he does not thereupon destroy For it helpeth to make the foolish wise,

their enemies, as he did once the Assyrians, by an And uproots the weeds of pain.

angel, or the Moabites by their own sword; but he Ye who are walking on thorns of care,

inspires such a people with a courageous virtue, Who sigh for a softer bower,

and raises up among them spirits fit to command, Try what can be done in the morning sun,

and abandons their enemies to luxury and softness ; And make use of the early hour.

and so the method of their rising becomes absolutely

natural, and the distinct work of God in it does not Full many a day forever is lost

appear; and, in the same manner, when God does By delaying its work till to-morrow;

by the inward operation of his grace promote a man The minutes of sloth have often cost

to spiritual good, and bring him to the state of unLong years of bootless sorrow.

defiled religion, he does not thereupon so suddenly And ye who would win the lasting wealth

change the whole frame of his temper, and chain Of content and peaceful power,

up all the movements of his natural affections, and Ye who would couple labor and health,

infuse into him such a system of virtuous habits as Must begin at the early hour.

may make him good without application and pains ; We make bold promises to Time,

but he works his spiritual work by a gradual proYet, alas! too often break them;

cess, and human methods; instilling into such a We mock at the wings of the King of kings,

man first a considering mind, and then a sober resoAnd think we can overtake them.

lution, and then a diligent use of all such moral But why loiter away the prime of the day, means as conduce to the forming and perfecting of Knowing that clouds may lower ?

every particular virtue; and now, while God, in all Is it not safer to make life's hay

these instances does work in a human and ordinary In the beam of the early hour ?

way, and never supersedes the power of Nature,

but requires her utmost actings, and only moves Nature herself ever shows her best

and directs, and assists her where she is weak, Of gems to the gaze of the lark, When the spangles of light on Earth’s green breast his providence are like a little spring, covered with

and incompetent for her work; both his grace and Put out the stars of the dark.

a great wheel, though they do all, they are not If we love the purest pearl of the dew,

commonly seen to do anything; and man, when he And the richest breath of the flower, If our spirits would greet the fresh and the sweet, pleases to be vain and ungrateful, may impute all Go forth in the early hour.

events to his own power and application. Now

't is certain that God leaves this obscurity upon his Oh! pleasure and rest are more easily found dispensations on purpose to administer an advanWhen we start through morning's gate,

tage and commendation to our faith, not an opporTo sum up our figures, or plough up our ground, tunity or argument to our doubting ; but yet if we And weave out the threads of fate.

will doubt, the case is plain, that we may as well The eye looketh bright and the heart keepeth light, doubt of any act of his ordinary providence as of

And man holdeth the conqueror's power, his sanctifying grace ; and so (by this method of When, ready and brave, he chains Time as his slave, reasoning) God will have no share left him in the By the help of the early hour.

management of the world.”—Dean Young's SerEliza Cook. mons, vol. 1, p. 155.



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