paced up and down, without guide or direc- ling than crochet and scandal at the round tion, a furious gale of wind raging round, and table at the Tuileries ! drifting rain, snow, and sleet in their faces; On one other point we may say a word. for, as the storm was from the north-east, M. Guizot gets throughout these volumes and the Boulogne Gate precisely in that direction, it was only by proceeding reso- every species of incidental abuse, and in one. lutely in the eye of the wind that they could place becomes the hero of a very formal piece hope to reach that exit from the town. The of literary impeachment. The insinuations lower shutters of all the houses were so uni- against his honor are paltry, and sometimes versally closed against the raging of the ele- ridiculous. The historian of Civilization is ments and the equally threatening outbreak of treated as if he were a mere court instrument, human passions, that was impossible to demand their way. Once a brilliant light corrupt himself and ready to corrupt others. from some windows attracted their attention, M. Guizot is printing his own Memoirs, and but it was soon carefully avoided when found in a few weeks they will be in everybody's to proceed from a crowded cabaret where hands. In the meanwhile, we may assure they were singing La Marseillaise. Missing him in his retreat that he need not trouble the main gate, and expecting to escape himself about this gust of wind from the through a sort of side poster, they were, Apennines. His policy may be explained instead, bogged in a sort of quagmire, the and his motives cleared up by a narrative first steps in which deprived the delicate feet of the poor Duchess of both shoes; wander- such as no man knows better than himself ing about in search of them, she sank above how to write; but his character, he may her ankle at every moment, till providentially assured, needs no vindication. In England found by an unknown friend of M. Estance- we do not always measure virtue by success; lin, who had been sent in search of them: and despite Lord Normanby's hot and splenby him she was conducted to a shed on the etic accusations, our more calm and philoRoute Royale, where they awaited the arrival of the carriage and proceeded on their jour- sophical countrymen will continue to see in M. деу.”

Guizot a man of genius who, even if he has

failed in that field of ambition which would M. de Lamartine, it may be remembered,

have yielded him a glory at best incidental gives in his own history of these events some and transient, has succeeded in that far nobler curious sayings of the young Princess,-pro- field of human endeavor which is at once testing, Spaniard-like, that she adored these

fruitful and immortal. adventures and thought them far more amus



PROPOSAL FOR A TEMPORARY OBSERVA- | burgh permanently, or at all; but merely to TORY—Professor Piazzi Smyth has included establish a temporary observing station for the in the Astronomical Observations made at the summer months, in some lofty locality. DurRoyal Observatory, Edinburgh, recently printed, from bis duties at the university; and they are

ing these summer months, he enjoys a vacation a proposal of a novel kind. Ho considers that, precisely the season when, in Scotland, clouds without taking account of clouds or other im- and prolonged twilight render observations, pediments, the smaller undulations of the at- especially with the equatorial, almost useless. mosphere alone, even when all is clear and tran. With this instrument alono, on a high southern quil to the naked eye, are sufficient of themselves mountain," he would, in fact, be able to make almost to neutralize the utility of the reflecting more observations, and each of them of surtelescope, and that the obstruction is still greater passing excellence, than in a whole year in in a large than in a small apparatus. Newton Edinburgh.” The mountain he proposes is the recommended that to avoid these undulations, Peak of Teneriffe, which he has already visited, the telescope should be raised above the grosser 12,200_feet high, and only a week's voyage parts of the atmosphere, by being placed on a from England duo south. "A sufficiently high mountain; bat so far from this being at- large plateau exists at the height of 11,000 feet, tended to, we find observatories, as if by some and is stated to be clear of cloud during the fatality, situated in the depths of valleys, and summer; while if one observation of Hum. frequently buried in the smoke of towns. boldt's can be depended on, the air is then more What the Scottish Astronomer Royal proposes transparent than at the same height on either it, not to remove the Observatory from Edin the Alps or the Andes."-Chambers' Journal.




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From The Saturday Review. its intolerance of every form of evil. He is THE RATCATCHER'S GOSPEL.

“one of those who hold that two-thirds of NOTHING can be more curious than to the real good which is ever done in this world watch the progressive development of the originates in the hearts, and is started by .commonplaces by which one age is distin- the words and deeds, of good men lacking guished from another. Sometimes they run discretion." "" He thinks that the statesman in the direction of Church and State, our who looks about him in this country "beYoung Queen and our Old Institutions. holds all manner of Christian men, in all Sometimes they set towards the doctrine of

manner of ways, contending with vice, ignoprogress and the March of Intellect. At

rance, infidelity; he sees men elbowing each one time we babble of green leaves, and are other, shinning' each other--not caring all for love and mercy—at another we gird even to overturn each other-so that each in on the sword of the Lord and of Gideon, his own way, after his own fashion and creed, and are for smiting our enemies from Dan to can do some good. Vice is being worried Beersheba. There have been of late years more or less here, there, and everywhere ; a succession of fuglemen who have given the and then follows a long string of comparitone to the cries of the various classes of sons between evil and vermin on the one society. What Cobbett did for politics with hand, and saints and ratcatchers on the other. one class, and O'Connell with another, writers « We don't hunt rats with staghounds, or . like Mr. Carlyle do for educated men who pitch deer-nets to catch black beetles.” “No interest themselves in what are known at the invention has ever yet rid us of rats or of the present day as social subjects. We have

turnip-fly." “Where nuts grow weevil are amongst us a considerable number of per- found.” “What farmer is fool enough to sons who are continually blowing the trum. throw away his traps, destroy his ferrets, and pet upon a variety of moral and theological burn his arsenical confection ?” He may not questions, and whose notes all go to curi- extirpate his enemy, but does he not " try, ously similar tunes. It is instructive to ob- by the shrieks from his traps, the warnings serve that these gentlemen belong for the of his poisons, the ever-to-be-dreaded presmost part to what used at any rate to be con

ence of his intruding ferrets, to be well unsidered the most peaceable professions, whilst derstood as one who still hates, will still war they almost always write in the most stirring on vermin”.

-as one of the saints who rule and warlike strain. The pens are clerical the earth? Does he not delight himself in pens, but the words are the words of soldiers. abundance of fighting, with the praises of The prevalence and the popularity of this God in his right hand and the patent vermin mode of thought appear to us deserving of killer in his left ? A more singular concepmore specific notice than they have as yet re- tion of the whole duty of man we have selceived. When we sit under this sort of ser- dom met with, since the author of the Big; monizing in church, as most of us are occa- low papers described the eloquence of the sionally obliged to do, our mouths are shut; apostle of the Mexican war. but when our pastors and masters descend « How dreadful slick he reeled it off, like Blitz into the arena of the daily press, they restore at our Lyceum, us to that right of reply which the pulpit for A drawing ribbands from his mouth, so quick the time being suspends.

you'd scarcely see 'em. The most remarkable display of this style

About our patriotic pa's, and our star-span

gled banner, of thought that we have lately seen, oc- Our country's bird a sitting by, and singing curred in a letter from S. G. O. to the Times, out hosannah.” to which we adverted last week, in connexion The moral of this style of writing is, that with the state of feeling in England towards we are on all occasions, to keep our minds in India. Besides the expressions of opinion to a hostile, pugnacious attitude—that we are which we then referred, the letter contains always to have at hand an inkstand to throw several passages which illustrate in the most at the devil-that we are to be constantly curious way our present subject. S. G. O. " worrying evil,” and always making as founds his views about India on his views of much fuss about it as possible—and that, in England and English society. The distinc- this pursuit, zeal is far more important than tive feature of the present day is, he thinks, either knowledge, temper, or discretion. We


must confess that the illustrations in which | lutely certain that their impracticability is the author revels are admirably adapted to the one essential condition of their existthe moral which he inculcates. “Shrieks ence. If those who cry out for them 80 from traps," "arsenical confection,” and loudly saw the most remote possibility of the "ever-to-be-dreaded ferrets,” are metaphors realization of what they profess to wish for, which certainly put very clearly before the they would be the first to recoil. They are mind's eye the sort of spiritual Skye rrier only playing at a game. There is such a

—always smelling, scratching, and delighting long distance between any real authoritative to bark and bite—which seems to be S. G. " worrying of evil," and the hypothetical O.'s ideal of a just man made perfect. Seri- laudation of the process, that the latter is an ously speaking, is it either wise or right to amusement which, in appearance at least, is preach up this kind of petty fanaticism? Is perfectly safe. Whether it is so in reality, is there the least need for it? Cannot any another question. The house in which we moderately careful observer see around him live is so well built, and has stood so long superabundant proof of the fact that the age without being burnt, that the children can

in which we live is specially distinguished by hardly do much harm in playing at lighting - the quantity of futile intolerance which it straws; but there is a limit to the extent to

produces ? It is not that we really want to which this harmless taste ought to be inpersecute, but we like to talk about it. All dulged. They may not, to be

sure, endanger the old commonplaces about civil and reli- the walls and the roof, but they may possigious liberty have become so distasteful to a bly burn holes in the furniture, or spoil the generation which glories in its earnestness, books. We are in no danger of seeing inthat a certain number of more or less fash-tolerant legislation, but we are in great danionable and influential persons have begun to ger of seeing all manner of bigotry introinvent new ones, founded upon an effeminate duced into the private and semi-public relaadmiration of the stern grandeur of con- tions of life. We shall certainly not see querors and inquisitors. To our minds, there people imprisoned for their opinions; but we is something exceedingly petty and essen- have seen, and we may very possibly again tially weak in this muliebris impotentia. We see, men bent upon." worrying evil." by runare very sceptical indeed as to the amount of ning down the holder of unpopular views, by biting implied by such incessant barking. A socially ostracizing the advocate of what are man who really is engaged in doing good, in supposed to be heretical opinions, or by following up with the full power of his facul- sanctioning impertinent intrusions into prities some one or other of the great pursuits vate affairs. of life, will not condescend to abuse his ene- However good its objects might be, the mies. When the Chinese go out to fight, prevalence of the state of mind which S. G. they are in the habit, as Mr. Meadows tells O. praises so highly, would be a most serius, of pouring the most vehement reproaches ous evil. Let every one try to imagine the on their antagonists; and, if we remember consequences of a general adoption of the rightly, there is in Chinese armies a sort of belief that, provided you are "worrying Special Correspondent, whose business it is somebody whom you choose to call bad, it to make cutting remarks about the various does not much matter whether you are right devils—red, black, and yellow-of whom the or wrong. You are at worst a “good man barbarian armies are supposed to consist. lacking discretion," and that class of persons We do not want to see the practice adopted does two-thirds of all the good that is done at home. The whole gospel of fighting is a in the world. This, we confess, is to us not sham—a shaking of the fists and grinding of only a hard but a most pernicious saying. the teeth, which the former is apt to consider St. Paul, when he stood by and saw hen as a receipt in full of all demands. Of all stoned, was a good man lacking discretion. the nonsense which infests modern society, When the Jews compassed sea and land to we think that this noisy pugnacity, and its make one proselyte, and having found him, inear allies—the desire for strong govern- made him ten times more the child of the devil ment and a vigorous persecuting policy_are than he was lefore, they were in much the about the worst. It is impossible to observe same predicament. A man who combines zeal their manifestations without feeling abso- for high objects with an incapacity for under standing them, is one of the very most dan- Fanaticism is no doubt capable of being picgerous


is members of society, and there is pro- turesquely represented. It looks very strikbably no class in all the world which stands ing indeed in Scott's novels; but it is not in need of such severe, constant, and painful only a hateful, but a poor thing in real life. discipline. There is no more dangerous fal- When douce Davie Deans will not let a sublacy than the indistinct feverish dreams which lapsarian advocate defend his daughter, we seems to have seized on a certain number of feel a liking for the quaint humor of the conminds, that it is an unamiable weakness to ception, but in real life we should think such have a good understanding ; and that this a man an obstinate old fool. To dally with should be preached up as a pre-eminently picturesque and racy folly is one of the most Christian doctrine, is a surprising proof of characteristic faults of an ingenious, sensitive, the forgetfulness which able men constantly accomplished, and energetic generation. We show of the principles of their own science. most everything, and as Mr. Borrow half

allow originality and humor to atone for alTwo of the most weighty and important admires the ruffianly assassin, Thurtell, bebooks of the old testament—the Proverbs cause he was a brave man and a good bruiser, and Ecclesiastes—are almost exclusively de- and because his name is probably derived from voted to the praises of wisdom. “ With all the Norse, so we are ready to forgive almost thy getting, get wisdom.” “ Wisdom ex- any atrocity which Mr. Carlyle can turn upside ceedeth folly as light exceedeth darkness," is down for our edification, and to hound on any the burden of the whole of Solomon's teach- back with thrilling appeals to our Christian

movement which writers like S. G. O. can ing. S. G. O. seems determined to show us feelings, and scornful denunciations of those that the warning is not as yet superfluous. who stop to criticize its character.

The account given by Dr. Livingstone of the making should have had a greater immediate lion is worth noticing, because it is characteris- succes as an author than any other writer now 'tic, and shows his determination to abide by living, except Lord Macaulay.- Saturday Rev. *strict truth, and not to yield to the illusions of conventional enthusiasm. “ When a lion,” he CAROMOLITHOGRAPHY :

TURNER'S ULYSsays, " is met in the daytime, if preconceived SES. - It is an ambitious and daring thing to es.. notions do not lead travellers to expect some say the rendering in chromolithography of one of thing very noble or majestic, they will see merely those works in which Turner is most himself, an animal somewhat larger than the biggest dog and most inimitable. Ulysses defies Polyphethey ever saw, and partaking very strongly of mus in the wonderful Turner picture in Marlthe canine features. The face is not much like borough House ; and Messrs. Rowney defy the usual drawings of a lion, the nose being pro- Turner in a chromolithograph which they have longed like a dog's, not exactly such as our just produced of the picture, as a sequel to the painters make it, though they might learn better Old Téméraire. No one would have dreamed at the Zoological Gardens, their idea of majesty five or six years ago that this then nascent probeing usually shown by making their lions' faces cess of rendering colored works in fac-similo like old women in nightcaps." We must refer could be applied, with any degree of success, to our readers to the book itself for the anecdotes a picture of such intricacy, variety, and pitch by which he illustrates the habits of the lion.- of color, as the Ulysses ; yet here we have it

They will also find in this volume very interest- reproduced with extreme skill, vast labor, and ing notices of a new antelope, called the leche, as much success as will suffice to enchant tho of the ostrich, the elephant, the little honey-guide general eye, and make people protest that, savo and of the black and white ants. We can only for difference

of size, the copy could not be add, in conclusion, an expression of our admi- known from the original. If this kind of work ration, and we may venture to say our astonish- is to be viewed as a tour-de-force, we may say ment, at the excellence of the writing observa- that the executants have done more than any ble throughout the book. In his opening chap- one would have been justified in demanding or ter, Dr. Livingstone expresses his strong sense expecting : but the fact is, that such art as that of the slightness of his aptitude for authorship. of Turner's consummate power cannot bo imi. “I think,” he tells us, “ I would rather cross the tated by any mechanical process with a result African continent again than undertake to write valuable to art. It can only be coarsened and another book. It is far easier to travel than to cheapened, and the edge of public taste dalled

write about it.” Dr. Livingstone greatly under: by the illusive approach to the more obvious rates his power of composition. Few practised qualities of that whose nobler essence and rewriters have so wide a command of language finements remain forever out of reach. The reand so vigorous a style; and it is curious that a producers have done a difficult thing cleverly, man who has so strong an aversion to book- but not a good thing well.-Spectator.


From The Spectator. “The late Lieutenant Kirkes, R.N., WINGED WORDS ON CHANTREY'S brought down at one shot six snipes out WOODCOCKS.*

of a wisp of seven. His son, Captain Kirkes, If not one of the curiosities, this volume by a still more wonderful chance, killed (in may be ranked as one of the amenities or 1856) with one barrel a grouse on the wing pleasantries of literature. The subject was and two hares sitting ; the hares having a " lucky hit”; the treatment of that sub- towards which the grouse was flying when

been formed' together, on a rising ground ject could only succeed by some happy in the shot was fired. During the spiration almost as lucky; the introductory frost and snow of December 1856, a man of anecdotes brought together by the editor and the name of Croft is said to have killed on part-author, Mr. Muirhead, are singular in the banks of the river Wyre, near the Shard, their way; the book itself is worthy of its Hambleton, no fewer than one hundred and cognates.

eighteen gray plovers at one shot; and at It was a peculiarity, perhaps a weakness another shot, on the same day, sixteen ducks;

using, however, a sort of large swivel-gun, of Chantrey, to pique himself upon being a fixed in a boat, and loaded with a quarter of crack angler and shot; though one of his a pound of powder and one pound of shot." biographers, Mr. Holland, has his misgivings All these destructive men could tell their on both points. However, on a visit to friends of their exploits by the living voice; Holkham, in 1829, he killed two woodcocks but Chantrey could speak in marble, and he with one shot. The exploit was rare, espe- did so. He sculptured the birds, even as cially in the neatness with which it seemed they fell, on a marble tablet, and presented to be done; for the second bird rose in a it to his host. line with the first, (which 'Chantrey admits This shot, or more truly its record in marhe alone saw,) and fell through coming into ble and its position at Holkham, became a fire. The industry of Mr. Muirhead has subject for many pens. The majority of the shown, that however strange the lucky hit, verses naturally took the form of the origiit is by no means unexampled in modern nal epigram—an inscription with a pointed times. Thus, in 1853, Colonel Shands per conclusion; a few were of a more narrative formed the same feat, and with circumstances character, and one or two by Mr. Muirhead more surprising; for, unless we take the almost became ballads. Some of the authors sportman's own explanation, the deed seems are of names distinguished in letters, -as to emanate from that Irish gun which could Dean Milman, the Bishop of Oxford, Archshoot round a corner.

deacon Wrangham, Jeffrey. Others “I was walking," writes the Colonel, “ to- men celebrated in other walks of life,--a8 wards a large clump of hollies, with the Lord Wellesley, Lord Tenterden, and Baron keeper about twenty yards on my right, when Alderson. The volume consists of a collectwo cocks got up together, one flying to the tion of these jeux d'esprit, with some that left of the clump, and the other to the right. I fired at the left bird, and brought him seem to have been written by the editor exdown; calling out to the keeper to mark the pressly for publication. The total number of other; when he replied, 'I saw only one bird pieces, including translations from the origiwhich you killed.' This surprised me, as I nal Greek and Latin, amount to one hundred had picked up my bird considerably to the and sixty-nine, with prologue and epilogue, left of the clump, and quite out of sight of

The literary men, we think, show the best. the keeper. But while we were discussing the matter, and trying to account for the They have greater terseness and force, if not extraordinary disappearance of the second more jelicity. The theme is mostly the obvicock, my old bitch Belle was observed at a

- death and deathlessness from the dead point, about forty yards beyond the same hand: and Milman is the foremost in clump of hollies; and there we found the point of brevity. missing bird under her nose. in which I can account for the circumstance“ Uno ictu morimur simul uno vivimus ictu." is, that the right-hand bird must have The Bishop is not amiss; neat and courtly, crossed the line of sight just as I fired at

as becomes a bishop, though the compliment. the bird on the left; which, by the


fell within twenty yards of the gun."

is not quite true as regards the shot. * Winged Words on Chantrey's Woodcocks. “ Life in Death, a mystic lot, Edited by James Patrick Muirhead, M.A. Pub

Dealt thou to the winged band; lished by Murray.



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