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ly, he presents a vivid picture of the down in the present volume, which actions and the characters of the first consists of 660 pages in 4to. The Arabian conquerors in Spain, during third and fourth books will be comthe interval from 710 to 748. The prised in the two succeeding volumes, second book treats of the Arabian which are partly printed. It was Monarchy in Spain (as it existed the intention of the author to give independent of the Caliphs);-of the a glossary and explanation of all the princes of this powerful dynasty, and Arabic words; and also a comparas the extension of their power, both tive geography, and a map of Arabian within and without the peninsula; Spain ; this, however, he has been of the government, manners, wealth, prevented from executing by death, arts and sciences of the Arabians, which seized him in the midst of his until the breaking out of the war in labours. 1080, to which period we are brought
ABSTRACT OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES.
The great leading event of the Longwood, St. Helena, May 6. last month, we might almost say of REPORT OF APPEARANCES ON DISSEC. the age in which we live, has been TION OF THE BODY OF NAPOLEON the death of Napoleon. As it is our custom seldom to offer a comment
On a superficial view the body appeared upon the details of our chronicle, very fat, which state was confirmed by the and as, perhaps, we may hereafter first incision down its centre, where the fat make this striking event the subject was upwards of one inch and a half over of a distinct article, we shall here the abdomen. On cutting through the carconfine ourselves to the more inter- tilages of the ribs, and exposing the cavity esting particulars which have been of the thorax, a trifling adhesion of the left disclosed to us, and which will, no pleura was found to the pleura costalis
. doubt, become matter for history. contained in the left cavity, and nearly eight
About three ounces of reddish fluid were Napoleon died at six o'clock, upon the fifth of May, on his rock, at St. sound. The pericardium was natural, and
ounces in the right. The lungs were quite Helena, after an imprisonment of contained about an ounce of fluid. something more than six years. The The heart was of the natural size, but dispatches were brought to England, thickly covered with fat. The auricles and by Captain Crockatt, and Captain ventricles exhibited nothing extraordinary, Hendrie, together with a kind of except that the muscular parts appeared medico-official bulletin, signed by rather paler than natural. some professional gentlemen, who
Upon opening the abdomen the omentum opened the body, in which his dis
was found remarkably fat, and on exposing ease is asserted to be a cancer in the the stomach that viscus was found the seat stomach, a disease, to which the nected the whole superior surface, particu
of extensive disease. Strong adhesions con death of his father has also been as- larly about the pyloric extremity to the eribed. As this document is both cu
concave surface of the left lobe of the liver ; rious and authentic, and as it has be- and on separating these, an ulcer, which come the subject of much discussion, penetrated the coats of the stomach, was we insert it here.
discovered onc inch from the pylorus, suffi.
cient to allow the passage of the little fin. his bed, and died with his eyes fixed ger. The internal surface of the stomach, on it! His last words were broken to nearly its whole extent, was a mass of and interrupted:“ téte, téte-armee cancerous disease or schirrous portions ad.
-France," were distinctly overvancing to cancer : this was particularly heard a few hours before his death. noticed near the pyrolus. The cardiac ex. tremity,
for a small space near the termi: Buonaparte had a certain and distant nation of the csophagus, was the only part presentiment that he was dying. It appearing in a healthy state. The stomach is erroneously stated, in all the newswas found nearly filled with a large quan. Helena. It was not. About ten
papers, that his will was found in St. tity of fluid resembling coffee grounds.
The convex surface of the left lobe of days before he was confined to his the liver adhered to the diaphragm. With bed, in which he lingered for forty the exception of the adhesions occasioned days, he gave his will to an old by the disease in the stomach, no unhealthy priest, called Bonavitti, who had latappearance presented itself in the liver. The remainder of the abdominal viscera charged him to deliver it to some
terly been sent out to him, and vere in a healthy state.
A slight peculiarity in the formation of member of his family at Rome. the left kidney was observed.
The priest arrived in the English
channel five weeks before the in-
telligence of the death reached Eu-
after his long voyage, and although Surgeon 20th Regiment. eighty years of age and worn out CHARLES MITCHELL, MD. with illness, he has, we have no
Surgeon of H. M. S. Vigo, doubt, long ere this, faithfully perFRANCIS BURTON, MD.
formed the last melancholy mission Surgeon 66th Regiment. MATTHEW LIVINGSTON,
of his departed master.
session of this document was anxiSurgcon H. C. Service.
ously sought after, as the bank, in It is remarkable enough, and has which Napoleon's wealth was debeen much animadverted on, that, posited, always remained a secret, although the ex-emperor's own per and that wealth, which was consisonal surgeon, Antommarchi, is re- derable, had become confiscated by ferred to by Sir Hudson Lowe, as a decree of the Bourbon governdirecting the dissection, still his name ment. Buonaparte died very rich. does not appear annexed to this re- We happen to have the means of port. Rumour, also, says, that he knowing, that he had in the hands applied for leave to bring the stomach of one individual, nearly half a milhome to Europe, and was refused; lion, sterling! His principal bequest a similar demand of the heart of Na- is supposed to have been to his son. poleon was made by Bertrand, which He had long given yerbal directions met with a similar refusal. There is
as to the place of his interment, in something to us exceedingly affecting case he should die upon the island. in this latter incident. If ever there It is situated in a romantic little val. lived a man who had an undeniable ley, near a brook, of which he was claim upon the heart of Napoleon, it fond of drinking, and over-hung by was Marshal Bertrand. History a few trees. His burial was marked does not record a nobler instance of by all the honours due to a general of fidelity, under the most trying cir- the first class ; and he was cased cumstances, than has now associated down in a grave fourteen feet deep, itself with the name of Bertrand; and overlaid with stone and mortarand whether the French revolution work, all cramped with iron. Surely be yet incomplete, or the scene at it looked as if the vigilance of his St. Helena may be termed its close, gaolers survived their prisoner-as posterity will not find in its various if they thought that his very grave annals a more noble or consistent should be a dungeon, and that the character. Some of the circumstances mighty spirit, which a world could attendant upon the death of Napo- not contain, might burst beyond its leon are very interesting. When he last, dark tenement. Before his fufound that his illness was likely to neral he was laid in state, upon his prove fatal, he directed the picture little camp-bed, which was his couch of his son to be placed at the foot of during the field of Austerlitz, and
which was amongst the few valuable monstrance against the language held relics that he selected to accompany by Austria during the late Neapolitan his captivity. It must have been a commotion. This is all the intellistriking and a melancholy sight gence from abroad, of the slightest enough to see him stretched upon that interest, since our last publication. bed, the natural parent of such as- During the last month, our dosociations, and surrounded, on a tro- mestic intelligence is almost necessapical rock, by the few faithful friends rily confined to the Coronation; an who preferred his prison to all the event which has excited, not merely splendours which inight have illu- in the metropolis, but throughout mined their apostacy at the court of the whole kingdom, so general and his successors. Their grief is de- so paramount an interest. We have scribed as having been most poig- made every possible exertion to pronant and overwhelming; and, in- cure for our readers the most satisdeed, it seemed to have been among factory account of this splendid specthe most remarkable peculiarities of tacle, and to our communication on this wonderful man, to have borne a this subject we must, at present, fascination about him, the influence content ourselves with referring them, of which was never forgotten by fully confident that it will satisfy those who once experienced it. On their expectations. The remaining the return of the exiles to Europe, events which have occupied the pubwe hope to be able to present our lic attention are few, and not very readers with details, not perhaps interesting. The Queen having laid within the reach of every journalist. before the Privy Council a claim reThis death may, ere long, cause an lating to her right to a participation important crisis in the European go- in the great national ceremony, Lord vernments-it has certainly trans- Londonderry informed the House of ferred from the hands of England, to Commons that she should be heard those of Austria, a very powerful before the proper tribunal, by her atpolitical engine.--The remaining fo- torney and solicitor general. Aca reign intelligence of this month is cordingly, on Tuesday the 6th inst. very circumscribed. The Greeks and the Privy Council assembled at Turks maintain their former hosti- Whitehall for the purpose of hearlity; and the accounts of their vari- ing those learned gentlemen on that ous successes and vicissitudes are so subject. The arguments on each uncertain, and so contradictory, that side occupied some days; after a due it is impossible to say to what credit consideration of which, the Council they are entitled. It is, however, informed the King that they had quite clear, that the insurgents still come to an unanimous opinion against maintain themselves in successful the claim; which was communicated insurrection ; and so far there cer- in due form to Her Majesty. Her tainly is some evidence that these Majesty's course, upon the receipt of triumphs are not altogether un- this communication, our readers will founded, or they could not continue learn from our description of the ceto array themselves so long as they remony. Mr. Hume attempted to have done against the weight and move an Address upon this subject authority of a regular government. in the House of Commons, which, It is said that two great powers, however, was frustrated by the apEngland and Russia, have offered pearance of the Gentleman Usher of their umpirage in this interesting the Black Rod summoning the memcontest. The sincerity of the latter bers to hear the parliament prorogued power, however, may well be doubt- by commission." His Majesty, it is ed, where Turkey is concerned. The generally understood, will proceed to king of Portugal has returned to his Ireland in the course of a few days; European dominions, where he has he intends to embark at Brighton, been received as quietly as if he had but some of his suite, anxious to merely left them on a tour of plea- avoid that circuitous route, will prosure ; in the mean time, his son, the ceed by Holyhead. In the mean prince and heir apparent, remains in time the Citizens of Dublin are busy the Brazils as regent. The Spanish in preparing for his suitable recepAmbassador, at Vienna, has present- tion. A very singular phenomenon ed to that court a very strong re- has lately occupied the attention of
the sister kingdom. An immense tract assistance on the subject, he pro-
Westminster Hall has been opened of that distress which has arisen for public inspection by Lord Gwy- from a deficiency of the circulating dyr;, whose attention to every wish medium.
The Manchester papers expressed by the public, diuing the state, that “arrangements are making late ceremony, could not be ex- by the two principal Banks there, ceeded. There has also been a very viz. those of Messrs. Jones, Loyd, grand Concert at Westmister Abe and Co. and Messrs. Heywood, bey, in honour of the Coronation, Brothers, and Co. for the early issue and in furtherance of the funds of the of local notes. The quantity of Cash Westminster Hospital. It was most weekly required for the great manunumerously attended, and was patro- facturing population of that town, nized by the heads of every political and the surrounding district, is so party. This is as it should be, and, immense, as to put it out of the as we hope it always will be in Eng- power of the bankers to make arland, where the interests of charity rangements for providing it in metalare concerned.
lic currency. It is satisfactory to reThe first indictment preferred by flect, in this introduction of local the Constitutional Society against notes into Manchester, that the Mary Anne Carlisle, for a libel, came issue of them is in the hands of on for trial at Guildhall, on the 24th such well known capitalists, as to instant, before Mr. Justice Best, and justify, in the public mind, the a special jury. The judge informed most perfect assurance of their stathem that, in his opinion, the lihelbility.” This example will be folwas one of a most grossly seditious lowed, we have no doubt, by every character, upon which they retired. Bank of undoubted responsibility in In the course of about half an hour, the kingdom: prices will then again the learned justice desired an officer rise, and distress will speedily disapto intinzate to the jury, that he was pear. By the increase of our circuin attendance upon thein. They ac- lating medium, the public burthens cordingly returned, when his Lord will be deprived of that unjust and ship told them, that he had sent for unnecessary overweight, which they them, in consequence of a note which have acquired from the improvement he had received from their foreman, in the value of money by the restricstating that they were not likely to tions of the Bank issues; and an erec. If he could give them any equal, uniform, and general retrench
ment, will, from this source, be vir- time, we have the pleasure to add, tually and irresistibly effected in all that the arrangements abovemention, the departments of state. We shall ed are in such a state of forwardprobably offer in a future number a ness, as to leave little doubt that, more explicit declaration of the in the course of another fortnight, the grounds on which we have founded issue of local notes at Manchester these observations. In the mean will be in full operation.
AGRICULTURAL REPORT. The transactions, which concern the landed curred at various periods of history, and interest and agricultural science, have been they indulge the hope that the tenantry will so various and so important during the last still be able to surmount their difficulties. few weeks, that our article must necessarily From this they take occasion to notice the be this month considerably extended. diminution of rents which has already taken
The Report of the Select Committee, to place, and the causes of the rise between whom the several petitions complaining of 1793 and 1814. Improvements form one the distressed state of the agriculture of the part, and the state of the currency another, United Kingdom were referred, has been of these causes; and to the latter they published. This document declares, that mainly attribute the depression of price. no present relief can be afforded by legisla- They hazard an opinion that the ultimate tion, while the hopes it holds out of any effects upon rent will be below the anticifuture provisions to alleviate the distress pated results, and will not indeed exceed are so very slender, and so conditionally " that proportion of the increase which, put, that it must be now quite clear that during the war, grew out of the depreciated agriculture will be left to find its own level value of the currency." whatever be the consequences. The Re- This section concludes with two inferport, however, is decidedly ministerial, be- ences very momentous to the farmer :-Ist. ing drawn up, not as usual by the Chairman That the present depression is the conseof the Committee, (Mr. Gooch,) but by Mr. quence of the abundance of the two last Hụskisson, a member of administration. harvests :-and, 2dly, that the previous This paper must also be considered rather importations were necessary to supply the as a general exposition of those elements wants of the kingdom. Our readers will and principles of political economy by which scarcely fail to apprehend how much hinges the Government regulates its present policy upon these points, since the one declares the in regard to agriculture, commerce, and country can grow more than enough in manufactures, than as a more direct reply plentiful years for its own consumption, to the allegations of the petitioners. It while, in years a little below the average, is, indeed, apologetical, as well as decla- recourse must be had to a foreign supply ; ratory.
and thus a competition, in the one instance, The Report is divided into seven sections. must be established between English The first simply states the provisions of the growers to dispose of a redundant crop; law at present in force with respect to the and, in the other, between the English and trade in corn, viz.—that free importation the foreign proprietor. This state of things, and exportation are at all times permitted, it will also be clearly understood, can leave but that corn can only be sold in this coun- no alternative between a duty which would try when the prices are above a certain ave- compensate the farmer by a high price for rage. The second sets out with the im- his present high expenses, and a general fall portant concession, that “ the complaints of of prices to the level of the Continent. Το the petitioners are founded in fact, in so far this part of the Report, therefore, we would as they represent that, at the present price of particularly direct the general attention. corn, the returns to the occupier of an arable The third secti on opens with referring to farm, allowing for the interest of his invest- former periods of agricultural distress; which, ment, are by no means adequate to the having been sui mounted, afford, by their charges and outgoings; of which a consi- similarity, the hope of surmounting the derable portion can be paid only out of the present difficult ies. It also alludes to the capitals, and not from the profits, of the suffering state of other kingdoms. It aftenantry.” The Committee go on to ex- firms, that an : verage crop is now equal to press their doubts (founded on official re- the national co nsumption---but couples this turns) as to the contraction of the demand remark with :1 conjecture originally made for various articles of consumption : they by Mr. Burke, years of plenty or infer that the profits of farming during the of scarcity ht!
ppen in pretty large cycles, war were somewhat above the ordinary pro- and irregulac.y." Froni this the conclusion fits of capital in other branches, and that is, that the oondition of the grower of corn, they are now considerably below that rate ; in a country where the remunerating prices but similar revulsions, they say, have oce shall habitu ally exceed the prices of the