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Use we or us in each of the following blanks; give a reason for your choice: :
1. It was not who were doing the whispering.
but refused to come. 5. The poor fellow died, — having done all — could do to save him.
Use he or him in each of the following blanks; give a reason for your choice:
1. Who was with you and —?
VI Use she or her in each of the following blanks; give a reason for
choice: 1. He and are brother and sister. 2. I like him better than 3. Susan is just as smart as 4. Was it — that told you? 5. – helping me, the lesson was quickly learned. 6. I told both of them, — and her sister, to go home,
Use they or them in each of the following blanks; give a reason for your choice: I. Here
are. 2. I don't believe it was who did it. 3. I met Robert and — together. 4. You can't do better than 5. Were you with Henry and — when the accident happened? 6. We are not better than
OTHER KINDS OF PRONOUNS
The Uses of Relative Pronouns.
The relative pronouns are who, which, what, and that. The antecedent of what is never expressed. We may say “I liked what I saw," but not " I liked the men what I saw.” The other relative pronouns introduce adjective clauses and point back to preceding nouns or pronouns called antecedents.
Differences in Use.
(1) The relative who is used of persons:
Here is the man who told me.
People who are rude may expect to be treated rudely. (2) The relative which is used of animals or things:
Dogs which bark at night should be gagged.
These boats, which are very leaky, are not the ones which I ordered.
(3) The relative that is used of persons, animals, or things:
The soldier that (or who) was hurt has recovered from the wounds that (or which) he received.
There is the horse that threw me.
(4) Every relative pronoun except that may be preceded by a preposition :
Ronald is the boy of whom I was speaking.
Who is the only relative pronoun that varies its form. It is declined thus :
SING. who whose whom
Relative Pronouns as Subjects.
Before we can use who correctly, we must be able to distinguish the subject and the object in relative clauses. In the following clauses, each relative pronoun is the subject of its verb, and therefore in the nominative case:
1. The pupils who study hard will be promoted.
2. That large picture, which was painted by Raphael, is called the Sistine Madonna.
3. I like the binding that is on this book.
Notice that who in the last sentence is not the object of thought, but the subject of was. This will become clearer if we put “I thought” in brackets, or place as before it, or remove it further from who :
The man who (I thought) was sick, etc.
Relative Pronouns as Objects.
(1) Relative pronouns, like other pronouns, may be the objects of verbs; but they differ from all other objects in that they never follow the verbs that govern them. They precede not only the verbs, but the subjects of the verbs as well:
Look at this pencil which I hold in my hand.
(2) They may also be the objects of prepositions:
I found the book of which I spoke to you.
In the last sentence it is best to consider that as the object of talking to instead of to.
Caution. — Do not use a relative pronoun without a definite antecedent. Such a sentence as “ He complimented me, which I returned,” is incorrect, because which has no clearly defined antecedent; the sentence should read “He paid me a compliment, which I returned."
The Uses of Interrogative Pronouns.
The interrogative pronouns are who, what, and which. They differ from the relative pronouns in having no antecedent. They differ also in that they ask questions, and relative pronouns do not.
Differences in Use.
(1) The interrogative who is used only of persons :
Who was with you?
(2) The interrogative what is used only of things:
What is it?
(3) The interrogative which, unlike its relative of the same name, is used of persons and things:
Which is the older brother?