of the fallen angels from the infernal council the cattle ceased, and the startled fish subin • Paradise lost;' and the cattle on the sided slowly down into the oozy caverns at mountain-side lowed, and the fish, large and the bottom of the sea, and becoming motionsmall, like darts and arrows of fire, sparkled less, disappeared, and all was again black up from the black abyss of waters, and swam and undistinguishable—the deathlike silence in haloes of flame round the ship in every being only broken by the hoarse murmuring direction, as if they had been the ghosts of of the distant surf.” a shipwrecked crew, haunting the scene of their destruction ; and the guanas and large lizards, which had been shaken from the

This is not poetry, but is very discriminattrees, skimmed and struggled on the surface ing painting of that kind which many supin glances of fire, like evil spirits watching pose to be a private monopoly of Mr. Rusto seize them as their prey. At length the kin's. And the book is thickly studded with screaming and shrieking of the birds, the equally vivid pictures, and often equally vivid clang of their wings, and the bellowing of pictures of yet more magnificent scenes.

PURIFICATION AND ExtractION OF Oils. I bonic acid in seltzer water were far from being -Bisulphide of carbon has lately been applied obtained. The analysis of the gas contained in to the purification of oils with much success. It the best-preserved bottles gives half a volume, has a great aftnity for fatty bodies, as may be while in those exposed to the air it varies from shown from the fact that when the bones of one-twentieth to one-fourth of a volume. This which ivory black is made are treated in the water is perfectly limpid and pure, the gas goes usual manner, only five per cent of fat is ob- off in the form of small bubbles, without pertained ; treated with sulphide of carbon, they sistent froth, rather unpleasant to the taste; it yield twelve per cent. Immense quantities of resembles in this respect water deprived of air. soap are wasted inextracting grease from wool; Its action is favorable in gout, and perhaps treated with the sulphide, the operation is more scrofula, but in all inflammatory diseases it is efficacious, economical, and expeditious. Oily rather hurtful than otherwise.—London Review. seeds treated with the sulphide yield ten to twenty-two per cent more oil than by the old processes; besides, the oil is purer, and entirely free from glutinous matters, and requires no purification ; besides, the oil contains more BLEACHING FLOWERS.—Light is as much a stearin and margarin, and consequently yields necessity to the healthy development of plants, a harder and a better soan). The mode of op- as is a due supply of heat and moisture. In erating is very simple. The fairy matters and darkness the green coloring matter, “chlorothe sulphide are mixed together in a closed phyll,” cannot be developed. Advantage is vessel, and after digestion thu sulphide is al-taken of this circumstance in the blanching of lowed to filter off, carrying with it the oil. The salads and vegetables, and the same process is receiver is then converted into a distilling ap- now being applied to flowers. It appears that paratus; steam is introduced ; the sulphide in Paris there is a great demand for white lilacs passes off and leaves the pure oil behind. The for ladies' bouquets in winter, and as the comsulphide may be used as often as required. — mon white lilac does not force well, the purple London Review.

“Lilas de Morly " is used. The flowers of this variety, when made to expand at a high temperature, in total darkness, are of a pure white; those of the Persian lilac will not whiten.-Lon

don Review. OXYGENATED WATER.-Under this title M. Ozanam amounces a substance which he considers of great therapeutic value, prepared by him of distilled water charged with oxygen under high pressure, forming a mechanical mix- The Duke of Manchester, we hear, is enture, and not a chemical combination, as is the gaged in preparing from his family papers a case with other substances of nearly the same couple of volumes for the press, illustrative of

Oxygen is but sparingly soluble in the history of English society from Queen Elizwater, so, in spite of the high pressure em- abeth to Queen Anne. The work is expeeted ployed, proportions similar to those of the car. I for the coming season.



See !— Though the Sun departs, his Glory stays;

The air is dimly bright with golden haze, Come hither, Lucy, with thy mother's smile,

And all things, far and near, And sit beside me here a little while,

Glow soft and perfect, beautiful and clear. Here, by this widowed heart, From which thou must so soon, alas, depart.

So, though with thee my Present flies forever,

The sweetness of the Past shall perish nerer, I dare not think what I shall lose in theo

Till Memory's soft twilight Beyond the sweetness of thy company,

Has lit my spirit to the shades of night. My friend, my daughter-wife,

- Temple Bar. The latest tie that binds me still to life.

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1. Between the Cataracts without a Dragoman, Fraser's Magazine, 2. Varnhagen von Ense's Diary,

Saturday Review,

208 3. The Church of Rome and Modern Europe, Press,

211 4. Conversation,

Saturday Review,

214 5. Spiritual Conceits-Old English Poets,


217 6. Re-issue of Punch,

219 7. The Sad Side of the Humorist's Life-Charles Lamb-Thomas Hood,

Eclectic Reviero,

220 8. Whence ?

St. James' Magazine,

238 9. English Papers of 14 Dec.,

Examiner, Spectator, London

242 10. English Papers of 21 Dec.,

Examiner, Spectator, Economist,
Press, Punch,

245 11. Memoirs and Remains of Alexis de Tocqueville, Examiner,


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POETRY.– The Carollers, 194. Vestigia Retrorsum, 194. Adele, 194. A “No,” 237. Under the Holly Bough, 237.

SHORT ARTICLES.—New Yellow Pigment, 218. Daguerreotype_Anticipated, 218. Electrical Currents, 218. Geographical Changes, 236. Ballad from Bedlam, 236, 256.

NEW BOOKS. Poems : with Autobiographic and other Notes. (Illustrated by Darley, Hoppin, and others.) By T. H. Stockton, Chaplain to Congress. Philadelphia : Wm. S. & Alfred Martien. Boston: J. Ĝ. Tiiton & Co. Pulpit and Rostrum, No. 24. Speech of the Hon. Henry Winter Davis. New York: E. D. Barker.

Alleghania. The Strength of the Union and the Weakness of Slavery in the Highlands of the South. By James W. Taylor. Saint Paul: James Davenport.


For Six Dollars a year, in advance, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING Age will be punctually forwarded free of postage.

Complete sets of the First Series, in thirty-six volumes, and of the Second Series, in twenty volumes, handsomely bound, parked in neat boxes, and delivered in all the principal cities, free of expense of freight, are for sale at two dollara a volume.

ANT VOLUME may be had separately, at two dollars, bound, or a dollar and a halfin numbers.

ANY NUMBER may be had for 13 cents; and it is well worth while for subscribers or purchasers to complete any broken volumes they may have, and thus greatly enhance their value.




UNDERNEATH my window,
Where the snow lies white,

WHITE-THROATED swans and sedges of the
I can hear swect voices
Singing in the night :

Still float, still quiver, on the shining stream; As the night-wind varies,

And underneath the antique bridge I hear So they rise and fall,

Smooth waterslapping slowly, and their

gleam In this quaint old carol Joining one and all

Frets the cold dark wherein my boat is moored : "In the East a gray light

Nor yet, above, the storied elms of June
Prophesies the morn;

Forget to murmur, nor to welcome noon
Up-and hail the daylight-

With silence-save when some stray breeze,

allured Christ the Lord is born!

By fragrance of the central avenue, Ah, that quaint old carol,

Creeps, cooling ever, down the elastic arch, Well its words I know,

And through branched cliffs and green inFirst sung in the village

woven shelves Long-long years ago!

Lets in fresh glimpses of the sultry blue. In the growing daylight,

So year by year regardless Nature blooms; Many a time and oft,

So year by year, for all the far-off tombs Have the dark woods rendered

Of those who loved them, these impassive Back its burden soft“ In the East a gray light

Lay their calm shadows on the grateful sward : Prophesies the morn;

No change is here, nor any peace is marred Up-und hail the daylight

Save ours; who, pausing in life's midday Christ the Lord is born!"


Miss the dear souls of all these fair resorts, As a child how often,

And find instead our own forgotten selves. Till the midnight dim,

ARTHUR J. MonBY. Have I waked and waited

- Fraser's Magazine.
For that Christmas hymn :-
Heard the footsteps coming,
Heard them stop beneath ;-
For the burst of music
Watched with bated breath ;-
“In the East a gray light

Prophesies the morn ;
Up-and hail the daylight-

Last night in emptying out my desk
Christ the Lord is born !

I found a lock of hair,

It had a scent of Rowland's oil, Simple words of wisdom !

And, oh! 'twas long and fair, “ Christ the Lord is born :

Up then-and be doing

So soft, so long, so fair.
On the Christmas morn!
Up-and raise the fallen!
Up-and aid the poor !

I mind me yet how all began;
Keep for all your fellows

By chance or by design. Open heart and door !

When first you drew your hand away, “ In the East a gray light

Then laid it back in mine.
Prophesies the morn ;

Adele !
Up-and hail the daylight-

Then laid it back in mine.
Christ the Lord is born !

A thrill shot up from arm to heart, “Up!-if one have wronged thee,

Just sinking with despair; Be the wrong forgiven !

I looked into a half-closed cye, Up!-if any love thee,

And learned a lesson there. Render thanks to Heaven ! !

Adele !
So my heart interprets

And learned a lesson there.
This old melody,
That beneath my window
Voices sing to me!-

We walked, we danced, we quarrelled, too, “In the East a gray light

Were reconciled, and then
Propliesies the morn;

We parted. I was false, and you
Up—and hail the daylight-

A flirt with other men.

Christ the Lord is born !

A flirt with other men.
-St. James' Magazine.

- Poems. By the Rev. George Edmond Maunsell.



From Fraser's Magazine. Nile boat by that functionary, who, when we BETWEEN THE CATARACTS WITHOUT questioned the infallibility of “ de reglar," A DRAGOMAN.

used to say, “I not know it ? aye-e-e-e-e,"

(drawn out into a long, querulous snarl, risSHOWING HOW I BECAME THE ONLY INHABITANT ing gradually to a very high note of expos

tulatory interrogation)," I been at Tibbs fiveI am afflicted with a distaste to all busi- and-twenty time !” We found out at last ness-like ways of doing things. When I am that the so often mentioned and visited travelling for pleasure, especially, I loathe Tibbs was Thebes. Does the untravelled all fixed plans and pre-arrangements. I reader begin to understand what freedom I find it both cheaper and pleasanter to be the felt on my island when the dragoman sailed sport of circumstances. I like to drift in away towards the second cataract ? and scramble out of difficulties; and at each The temple is large, but not roomy; step of my journey to be able to decide, at abounding in barely accessible towers, lofty five minutes' notice, whether I will move gateways, roofless peristyle courts, and long towards Timbuctoo or Kamschatka. It colonnades, which make a good show in the seems to me an insult to the spirit of adven- distance, but are rather too vague and airy ture to put one's self under the conduct of for domestic comfort. Still, a chamber besuch a blind guide as human foresight. Let ing demanded, as there was no dragoman to those who like it book their destiny by par- interpose his veto, and insist on the “regcels delivery.

lar," a chamber was found. Narrow it cerBy the force of circumstances I arrived in tainly was, and dark, except when the sunCairo. Everybody was rushing up the Nile rise shone in through its doorless doorway, with a servile uniformity of purpose that which served for window as well. It opened gave me a disgust to the idea of pyramids on an area sunken about six feet below the and squat-columned temples. None of that platform level of the north-eastern part of for me. I will sit down in a house in Cairo, the ruins. This area, being of about the and complete my knowledge of Arabic at same size and shape as my apartment, eighleisure. What do I care for inanimate ob- teen feet by ten, formed my antechamber jects. I can see pictures of tombs and tem- and kitchen. In one corner of this were ples and pyramids and colossal statues and some steps leading up to my northern ramobelisks. However, I found a difficulty in part, a thick wall, within which, a long, narmy search for a house, and an Egyptian res- row stair, sloped down to the northern waident suggested that there were plenty of tergate where I had landed. Another corner empty chambers in the temple up at Philæ. of the area was my fireplace. Here I boiled A fellow-passenger from Malta offered me a my milk to steep rusks (of which I had gratuitous cast thither in his Nile boat. So brought a barrel from Cairo, so as to be inI bought six or seven pounds' worth of gro-dependent of local bakers), fried my omeceries, passed the first cataract with him, and leite, and made my coffee. I had entered settled down to house, or rather temple keep into relations with one of the men managing ing, as the only inhabitant of the island of the boat which transported me and my bagPhilæ. My companion went on up the river gage to the island, to supply me with milk, with his boat and dragoman. He was about eggs, firewood, and attendance. His wages to shoot rhinoceri and hippopotami on the were twopence a day, his name Aali (the blue Nile.

Exalted), and his ordinary business to look There I was, the only inhabitant of a ruin- after a saqiah (jar-belt irrigation wheel) on sprinkled, palm-fringed island in a calm pool, the neighboring island of Biggeh, where he among the granite gorges of the first cata- j dwelt. Aali used to swim across the chanract, perfectly free from any pre-arrange- nel dividing Biggeh from Philæ, with these ment for getting back to civilized life again. necessaries on his head, except the attendI had no dragoman to say to me, “Ghentel- ance, which swam separately in the shape of mán do as hém pleess, sar—I tell him de a naked, skinny little black imp, called Ahreglar!"

Which was the formula with med, aged seven. Ahmed kept guard all which all attempts to assert an undrago- day, to preserve my goods from depredation manized will had been met on board the in case of my absence. Still, Ahmed apart,



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