ANOTHER of the persecutors of the example set him by his wicked father. How Church has been called to render his account far he will be permitted by God, whose before the tribunal of God. On the 9th power is almighty, and how far he will be of January Victor Emanuel died. He is a held back by him, no one can foresee. One striking instance how men failing to corre- thing is certain, the Church is imperishable. spond with divine grace, and giving loose and those who persecute her are always in reins to their passions, break through the the end made to pay the penalty of their restraints of conscience and known duty, wickedness, while the Church survives, and fall constantly deeper and deeper into the comes forth from persecution with renewed abysses of sin, until at last they yield un- power and beauty. hesitatingly to every temptation that presents itself, and commit sacrilege and other enormities without hesitation or seeming com- DR. THOMAS W. M. MARSHALL, one of punctions of conscience. .

the ablest Catholic journalists in the English Victor Emanuel's crimes are not charge- language, died on the 14th of December able to want of knowledge or misdirected last, at his residence, at Surhiton, Surrey education. He was taught the principles of County, England, after a long and painful our holy religion in youth; he was acquainted illness, borne with great patience and perwith its truths. But he possessed violent fect resignation to the will of God. passions, and allowed them to acquire the Dr. Marshall was almost as well known mastery over him until he became their in the United States as in England, by his slave. He indulged in personality until it copious and at the same time trenchant became a second nature to him, and he journalistic writings, and also through the gratified its base desires to such extent that valuable books of which he was author. he became in that respect a beast rather than He visited this country twice in the course a man. His ambition was allowed in like of his life, and wherever he went he won manner to rule him, so that he became the the respect and esteem of those he met, by willing slave of men more astute than him his geniality, humility, and unaffected piety. self, of Cavour as long as he lived, and after During his visit in 1871, he lectured to large his death, of others who adopted the worst audiences in Philadelphia and other cities, of his ideas, and who developed them into on subjects connected with Catholicity, with consequences from which, we believe, universal acceptance. Cavour would have shrunk.

The impression made during his visit to How Victor Emanuel despoiled and Philadelphia was such that he was offered a persecuted the Church, plundered and sup- professorship in the Diocesan Theological pressed its religious, desecrated its sacred Seminary, and was also solicited to become shrines and sanctuaries, stabled his horses in editor of the Catholic Standard, and the convents, and perpetrated other sacrileges, is clergy and laity of the city united in making too well known to need repetition.

up a considerable sum of money, which was. Had all that he has done been foretold presented to him as a mark of their high him in his youth, he would have probably esteem. answered in the words of Hazael, who Dr. Marshall was a convert from Anglibecame king of Syria, to the prophet Eliseus, canism. He was born in 1815, graduated at

Is thy servant a dog that he should do this Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1838, regreat sin? And yet as Hazael did all the ceived Anglican “ordination” from the enormities predicted of him, so Victor “ Bishop of Salisbury," and held the living Emanuel went on, step by step, until he of Swallowcliff as long as he remained an came to be as cruel a persecutor of the Anglican minister. Church as was Hazael of the children of About the year 1843 he published a Israel.

voluminous work, entitled Notes on the He has been buried with pomp and cere- Catholic Episcopate, in which he clearly mony, has been freely forgiven for the showed that the Episcopal form of Church offences he did to him personally by the government was the only one in the early Holy Father, but what judgment God, who ages of the Church. The investigations and alone knows the disposition in which the studies necessary for preparing this work usurper of Italy died, will pronounce upon were instrumental in bringing Dr. Marshall him, because of his sins, it is not for us to in the Catholic Church. determine.

On his conversion to Catholicity Dr. His son, Humbert, has ascended the Marshall gave up the living of Swallowcliff, usurped throne, and according to his pub. and was compelled to rely entirely on his lished address, proposes to follow the pen for support. He was poor, and the sacrifice he made in relinquishing his posi- monials presented to the Sovereign Pontiff tion as an Anglican minister was very great, during his late Episcopal Jubilee, there is but it was made unhesitatingly and cheer- one from the Roman Academy of Fine Arts, fully.

that is specially interesting, as recounting the After Dr. Marshall became a Catholic he history of his many acts of munificence and wrote and published a number of valuable generosity for the promotion of the fine arts, works. Chief among these is his Christian though the number of these acts is so great Missions. This is a work of wonderful that mention of many of them, as is stated research. It is said that in preparing it the in the preface of the work, is necessarily learned writer examined and consulted omitted. nearly five thousand different volumes. It The chief works noted in the volume reshows, with a clearness that is transparent ferred to, are: and an array of evidence that is invincible, The great improvements in the Insane the beneficial results of Catholic missions, Asylum under the architect Azurri; the enand the utter failure of Protestant missions largement and improvement of the hospital to elevate and Christianize the inhabitants of of Santa Spirito in Sossia, and the addition heathen countries. In addition to this work, of a very beautiful and highly decorated which lived and long subserved an import- façade ; restoration and embellishment of ant purpose, Dr. Marshall subsequently wrote the Church of St. Maria in Via Lota, atMy Clerical Friends, Church Defence, Prot- tached to the Borghese Palace; the estabestant Fournalism, and several other books. lishment of schools for poor children in the They are specimens as regards style of pure Borgo, in the Pazza Pia, in the Via degli vigorous English, are replete with thought, Ombrellari, in the new quarter Mastai ; the and enlivened with flashes of the keenest wit. construction of habitations for the poor in At the same time Dr. Marshall was engaged the Trastevere region; the splendid new in furnishing leading editorials to the Lon fountain, surrounded by a garden, in the don Tablet and the Catholic Times and Piazza Mastai; the erection of a house for Opinions. His journalistic articles as well the use of the Apostolic College of the as his books were always thoughtful, di- Missions, of many houses for the poor, and rect, lucid, and vigorous. He wielded a of an additional school for poor children, trenchant pen, pointed often with the keenest all in this same quarter. Then there is the irony, yet his wit and sarcasm were never ill. restoration to its primitive splendor of the natured or malicious. No one had a quicker Basilica and Canonica of St. Agnes on the eye to detect the weak points in his adver- Nomentan Way; the enriching of the Unisaries' armor, or a surer and more vigorous versity of the Sapienza with museums of hand to drive the dart straight through them zoology and mineralogy, and the erection of with unerring aim.

edifices to contain these museums; the resAs a controversialist Dr. Marshall was toration of the Palace of Dotaria; the unequalled among English writers of his repairing and adornment of the ancient time. He was thoroughly in earnest, yet historical Church of St. Lorenzo in Lucina; never unfair. His memory was of the most and the restoration and adornment of the tenacious grasp, and his knowledge both of splendid new church in the town of Porto men and books accurate and extensive. d'Anzio, dedicated to SS. Pius V and An

As a Catholic, Dr. Marshall was sincere, thony. Then there is the spacious library devout, and zealous, and in matters of faith with which His Holiness generously enas single-minded as a child. In honor of dowed the Seminario Pio; the fountain his services to religion, the Sovereign Pon- built on Monte Maria, for the benefit of the tiff, Pius IX, bestowed on him the Cross of people in that vicinity; the erection of great St. Gregory, and Georgetown College, D.C., buildings for the manufacture of tobacco; the title of LL.D. His funeral took place the restoration of the Porta Pia, and the at Mortlake, on Thursday, December 20th, Porta San Pancrosio; the chapel erected in when a Requiem Mass was said by Rev. E. the garden of the night schools outside the F. Murnane, and the prayers at the grave by Porta Cozaglieri; the systematizing of the the Very Rev. Canon Wenham.

Capitoline Observatory; of the new heating May he rest in peace.

apparatus in the Botanic Garden; the anatomical theatre; the archæological museum

in the Roman University; the new wing of In accordance with the spirit of the the monastery of the Buon Pastore ; the new Catholic religion, the Popes have always establishment for the beneficed servants of been generous patrons of the fine arts. No the Vatican; the great washing establishment Pontiff has shown more interest in them, or near the Convent of St. Clements; the great done more to encourage them, as well as cemetery (Campo Santo) extended and emuseful industrial pursuits, and also to support bellished; the plans for the new front and charitable institutions, than His Holiness, portico before the Ostian Basilica; the prepPius IX. Among the many splendid testi- aration of the cloister and the court of the

Carthusian monastery for the exhibition of surrender of Osman Pasha, with all his Christian art; the hall of the Ecumenical troops, after his unsuccessful sortie from Council of the Vatican; the restoration of Plevna, was quickly followed by the capture the Churches of St. Lorenzo in Domaso of the Shipka Pass, with the whole Turkish and of St. Elias near Nepi, of the Pontifical forces defending it, to the number of twentyPalace at Porto d'Anzio, of the walls of five thousand men. The last remaining Neptune. Then there are the successful army of Turkey, under Suleiman Pasha, are restorations in the Basilica of St. Lorenzo according to accounts received while writing Without the Walls, of the magnificent fres- this, in the vicinity of Philippopolis, seventy coes of Fraccasini; the restorations in the or eighty miles west of Adrianople, with a Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere ; the Russian army of triple numbers pressing him new confessional in the Basilica of St. Maria in front, and an equally superior Russian Maggiore, the new tabernacle, and the force closing in upon his rear, and threatennew receptacle for the sacred chairs of St. ing to prevent his retreat to Adrianople. Peter in the Eudoxian Basilica. All these The Turkish forces seem to have become works are only a portion of what mark the entirely demoralized, and incapable of glorious Pontificate of Pius IX.

making any effective resistance to the Rus. In his encouragement of painting and sian forces in their onward progress towards sculpture His Holiness has always been a Constantinople. generous patron. Some of the finest aca- Negotiations for an armistice have been demical works have been produced under commenced, but Russia is evidently in no his patronage by Cavaliers Bonifiani and hurry to conclude them, and in all probability Corta; Coghetti, Consoni, Goznordi, and will protract them until Adrianople shall Poderti have painted the splendid frescoes have fallen into her possession, and she can that adorn the central nave of St. Paul's dictate terms of peace, with irresistible forces Without the Walls ; Grandi and Mariani ready to march against Constantinople. have painted in the same Basilica the mar While the situation is as we have described tyrdom and burial of SS. Lorenzo and in Turkey, England remains undecided and Stefano. Cavalier Consoni, under the direc- hesitating, divided and distracted at home tion and patronage of His Holiness, designed by the opposing views of influential leaders and superintended the execution of the of public opinion, and without an ally in the: beautiful mosaic on the facade of St. Paul's, world upon whom she can rely, in fact a work which occupied fifteen years; the without a single friend or well-wisher among splendid paintings in the hall of the Im- civilized peoples. maculate Conception in the Vatican, repre She has brought this upon her herself by senting the ceremonies when that dogma her duplicity and selfish policy. She allowed was proclaimed; the grand oil painting in Denmark to be weakened and dismemberedi St. Paul's, representing the martyrdom of St. when she could have prevented it; Austria Stephen..

to be beaten and humiliated without uttering As regards sculpture, among the numer- a word of remonstrance or performing a ous works produced under the patronage of single act of friendly interposition. She His Holiness we mention only the cele permitted Hanover to be swallowed up by brated groups by Commendatore Jacomnetti, Germany, though it had a special claim on “The Kiss of Judas” and the “Ecce England for protection. She allowed France Homo;" the statue of St. Peter in bronze, to be defeated, overrun, and put in fetters to be placed on the column designed to by Bismarck, until she broke and threw them. commemorate the holding of the Vatican away by the patriotism and almost superCouncil, and the statue of the Holy Father human energy of the French people. And in prayer.

now, to-day, England's voice in the councils All these works, representing every worthy of European nations is listened to only with human interest, form a magnificent record a supercilious courtesy, which is equivalent how the Sovereign Pontiff, amid cares and to contempt, and she stands in the attitude labors sufficient to crush the most robust and of one who is brokenhearted and defied, enduring, yet finds the time, and has room wishing to strike, yet afraid to deliver a in his large heart, to cherish and encourage blow. everything that tends to lessen and alleviate The British Parliament has been sumhuman misery, to succor the poor, to encour moned together at an earlier period than age industry, and foster whatever tends to usual to take the Russo-Turkish situation elevate, cultivate, and refine human char into consideration. The Queen was not acter.

present in person at the reassembling of Parliament, but sent a speech which was

read by the Lord Chancellor to both Houses, If the telegrams from the seat of war in stating that England proposed remaining Europe can be relied on as correct, Turkey neutral if possible, but that it was expedient lies powerless at the feet of Russia. The to make adequate preparations for future

emergencies, and asking Parliament to vote hundred gold dollars. These presents were the necessary supplies. A sharp debate supplemented by others from the young men ensued upon the answer to be made to the of the Catholic Lyceum, pupils of the school Queen's speech; and the policy of the of Notre Dame, and the scholars of the Sunministry severely criticized. This probably day-school. only foreshadows the fiercer debate that will ensue when the proposed measures of the

There have been no less than forty-six existing ministry come to be discussed in detail.

priests ordained in Prussian Poland since

the enactment of the infamous “ Falk laws,'' The fiftieth anniversary of the ordination

by the German government, in May, 1874. to the priesthood of Rev. James Fitton, of

These priests, refusing to submit to an exthe Church of the Holy Redeemer in East

amination by government officials, are now Boston, Mass., was celebrated on December

engaged in the discharge of the duties of

their sacred office in a way that evades the 23d with appropriate and impressive cere

iniquitous Falk laws. Masses are said by monies. Father Fitton is, in all probability, the oldest priest in the United States who

them with greatest secrecy, the Catholic was born and reared in the country. There

gentry keeping them on their large estates is certainly no one who is more conspicu

as tutors or land stewards. Thus, far from ously identified with the growth of the

extinguishing the Catholic spirit, the perseChurch in New England.

cution has in many respects only proven the He was born in Boston in 1803, and was

means of feeding the sacred flame of faith. baptized in the only Catholic Church edifice

On the other hand, however, even the govthen erected in that city. He was educated

ernment opens its eyes to the fact that the

emissaries of Socialism, who have hitherto in part under the pioneer, Bishop Cheverus, afterwards Cardinal, and was ordained by the

labored in vain to seduce the poor Catholic late Bishop Fenwick upwards of fifty years

workingmen of Posen and Silesia with their ago. The venerable and highly esteemed

pernicious doctrines, are now beginning to Father has lived to see the erection of up

gain a foothold, where Catholic congrega

tions have been deprived of their priests, wards of thirty Catholic churches and a mag

and extend their evil influences just in pronificent cathedral in Boston alone. He has

portion as through the enforcement of the lived to see his own mission, which at first

Falk laws the people are debarred from included all New England, divided into six

Catholic worship and the ministration of the dioceses, with Boston as a metropolitan see. He was the founder of the first Catholic

Catholic clergy.
periodical in the United States, the Catholic
Press, at Hartford, of the College of the Holy
Cross, at Worcesten, Mass., and erected

The archbishops and bishops of Ireland churches in most of the principal cities and have issued a Pastoral, which has been read towns in New England. Though upwards

upwards in all the churches of that island, on the of seventy-four years of age he is still hale

subject of " wakes. They express the and vigorous, his mind is clear and active,

deep concern which they feel for the proper and recently he composed a history of the and respectful treatment of the dead, and Church in the New England States, and pre

refer to the many instances of demoralization pared one of the most complete prayer-books

and shameful misconduct which often occur that has been published.

at “wakes,” some of them being mere Previous to the ceremonies of the jubilee, carousals. In future no one is to attend at mass was celebrated by the venerable Father

“ wakes” except the immediate relatives of Fitton himself. Among those in the sanc

the deceased ; no spirituous or intoxicating tuary were the Archbishop of Boston. the liquors are to be used; and in case of disBishop of Portland, and eleven priests from

obedience of these injunctions the clergy different parts of the country, who had in are required not to visit the house, nor to past years served in the sanctuary as altar

altar. attend at the funeral, nor to celebrate Mass boys under Father Fitton.

for the deceased. Following the mass an appropriate sermon was delivered by the Bishop of Portland, after which a number of memorial gifts were Of the ten archbishops in the United presented to Father Fitton. First of these States, four are Irish; of the fifty-six bishwas a gold chalice from the Archbishop of ops, twenty-nine are of the same nationality; Boston, then a set of vestments and an ad- of the fifty-two hundred priests, not less than dress, beautifully engrossed on parchment, three thousand belong to the Irish race. A from those of the aged Father's altar-boys like proportion holds good as regards the who have since been ordained priests. The laity. Of the six and a half million who are present and past altar-boys then followed officially returned, four millions are of Irish with a miniature yacht freighted with three birth or descent.

It has long been a subject of complaint Catholic literary societies, and heads of famthat Catholic books are too high-priced. A ilies should subscribe for the series. remedy for this will be found if an enterprise undertaken by Mr. Hickey, No. 11 Barclay The ecclesiastical statistics of England Street, New York, is successfully carried out. and Wales show an increase of sixty-four He proposes in a circular recently issued to priests and nineteen churches during the publish classical Catholic works in a series, last year. In the diocese of Nottingham to be furnished at a very low price to sub- 10 new churches were opened; in Salford, scribers. The series is to be called “ The 4; in Liverpool, 9; in Hexham, I; in Vatican Library.” He begins with Fabiola Northampton, 1; and in Plymouth, 1. The for twenty-five cents.

increase in the number of priests in the This is an excellent idea, and we hope diocese of Liverpool is 10; in Southwark, Mr. Hickey will be sustained, so that he may 12; in Westminster, 8; with a less proporsuccessfully carry it into effect. Low-priced tionate increase in other dioceses. The Catholic literature is greatly needed, and if hierarchy remains unchanged. “ The Vatican Library” enterprise succeeds In Scotland the number of priests has init will be furnished. Library companies, creased five; of churches, fourteen.


WHAT CATHOLICS DO NOT BELIEVE. A ject of very general discussion. While in

lecture delivered in Mercantile Library form and plan the lecture is negative, that Hall, on Sunday evening, December 16th, is, takes up the leading objections of Prot1877. By Right Rev. P. 7. Ryan, Bishop estants to Catholicity, and shows that in of Tricomia, and Coadjutor to the Arch- almost every instance those objections are bishop of St. Louis. St. Louis : P. Fox, based upon either honest misunderstanding Publisher, 14 South Fifth Street. 1878. of Catholic doctrine and practice or else This lecture has caused no little excite

wilful misrepresentation, it also incidentally ment in St. Louis, where it was delivered.

but forcibly sets forth the positive side of the It grew, in part at least, out of an invitation question, "What Catholics do believe.” extended to the Right Rev. Bishop Ryan,

The plan of the lecture and the arrangeby the Rev. Dr. Snyder, “ Pastor of a Uni

ment of the topics discussed are very happy. tarian Church" in St. Louis, to deliver a

Bishop Ryan introduces his subject by show. lecture from his pulpit and to his congrega

ing the importance of a correct knowledge tion, on “ The Claims of the Catholic

of what Catholics do believe, first to ProtChurch,” Dr. Snyder assuring the bishop

estants, and second to indifferentists, skepof the presence of a large number of Prot

tics, and infidels. He then takes up and estants to hear the proposed lecture. The entirely, with great simplicity, clearness, and Right Reverend Bishop did not feel that it

force, exposes the erroneousness of the prevawould be proper for him to occupy a Prot

lent notion that to be a sincere Catholic reestant pulpit, but having already promised to

quires an abnegation of reason. He foldeliver a lecture in the Mercantile Library

lows this error through the various forms Hall in aid of a new building for Catholic and shapes it assumes, and shows that in all schools, he informed Dr. Snyder of the

of them it involves an utter misapprehension fact, expressing a desire that he and Protest

of the Catholic religion. ants generally would attend.

Next, the popular charge that Catholics

are guilty of idolatry, in the employment of

ne lecture at least one-half of the audience were Protestants.

pictures, statues, etc., in the veneration of The subject selected by the Right Reverend

relics, the invocation of saints, and of the Bishop was, “ What Catholics do not be

Blessed Virgin, are discussed in a very feliclieve." It gave him an excellent oppor

itous manner under one general head; the tunity of explaining away many of the

prevailing misapprehensions are exposed and existing misapprehensions on the part of

the actual doctrine of the Church clearly set non-Catholics on many points of Catholic

forth. belief and practice.

The subject of confession is then taken The statement of these misapprehensions up, and the popular misapprehensions and by Bishop Ryan was so clear, fair, and his misrepresentations respecting it are clearly counter-explanations of what Catholic be exposed, and the true intention, nature, and lief and practice really is were so lucid influence of the sacrament of penance is set and convincing that the lecture made a forth. profound impression and became the sub- The lecture concludes with a magnificent

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