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preface of the Secretary to the Roman Index of 1664. Peignot mentions another edition of this Index printed at Milan, in 1635. There is an additional one printed at Rome in 1640, called in the title-page secunda, and said to be aucta. It is certainly far more respectably printed than the first edition*

The next Index is a Spanish one, published first in 1640. Neither the British Museum nor the Bodleian Library possess a copy. But this is the less to be regretted as there were more editions, two at Madrid, the first in 1662, and another in 1666, if Peignot be correct. But perhaps as valuable as any, and in some respects more so, is the reprint at Geneva, or Lyons t, in 1667, with the following title—INDEX LIBRORUM PROHIBITORUM ET EXPURGANDORUM NovissimUS. Pro Catholicis Hispaniarum Regnis PHILIPPI IV. Regis Cathol. Ill. ac R. D. D. Antonii a SOTOMAIOR Supremi Præsidis, &. in Regnis Hispaniarum, Siciliæ, et Indiarum Generalis Inquisitoris, &c. jussu ac studiis, luculenter et vigilantissimè recognitus : De Consilio Supremi Senatus Inquisitionis Gene

* The Bib. Bunav. has a reprint Ind. Trid. Romæ et Tridenti, apud Sanct. Zanettum impressorem Episcopalem, superiorum permissu, 1634, 12.

+ The Bib. Bunav. has this note, Hanc Editionem Lugduni in Galliis factam esse, conjicit Cl. SCHOETTGENIUS in Commentat. III de Indic. Libror. prohibit., p. 38. And the same of the reprint of Alex. VIIth's Index, which indee:l is in the same volume. Tom. i. p. 499.

ralis. Juxta exemplar excusum. Madriti, ex Typographæo Didaci Diaz. Subsignatum LL do. Huerta. MDCLXVII. in fol. The royal arms of Spain, with the golden fleece, are engraved on the title-page. It would have been as well to have preserved the date, 1640. The editor has given Latin translations of the Spanish documents. And he has deemed it necessary, as his predecessor Turrettin had done, not only to profess his own accurate integrity, but to annouuce that the originals were preserved and producible, to satisfy either doubt or curiosity. The reader will readily infer, of what description those persons must be, towards whom such caution is necessary. TURRETTIN’s Preface is reprinted ; as likewise two extracts, the first from JUNIUS's Preface to the Index of 1571, and the other from BLONDEL de Joanna Papissa *. Then comes the Edict of the Inquisitor General, Archbishop of Damascus, who, commencing as usual, inveighs against the audacity of heretics, and particularly their assumption of fictitious titles, which, upon consultation with his council, made him judge it necessary to command the publication of a new Index, with an addition, both of modern and antient authors; adding the common penalties for retaining or reading, or

* This Reprint is duly condemned in the subsequent Spanish Indexes of 1707 and 1747, as printed out of Spain and by heretics. But the Censors dare not impeach its fidelity.

suppressing knowledge, of heretical books. Dated Madrid, June 30, 1640. The same Licentiate has the control of this edition as in that eight years back. The Reglas, Mandatos, &c. differ but little from those formerly published. The last, or sixteenth, Regla merely adopts a part of the Instructio of CLEMENS VIII. The body of the work, independently of the General Index, contains, in this reprint, nine hundred and ninetytwo pages. The unobtrusive article, in the supplement, permitting, with expurgation, what the Roman Congregation, and Index, had absolutely condemned—the works of Poza-has already been noticed. It would be difficult, and answer no particular purpose of sufficient value, to discover and criticise the new articles. This reprint, by its additions, will be useful to us again.

The papacy, which, in virtue of her exclusive infallibility, residing, if any where personally, most eminently in her head, possesses the chief power of settling all matters of doubt or dispute, has ever discovered a most provoking aversion to confer this most needful benefit upon erring mortals, by an explicit declaration of her views on important points of Christian doctrine. In conformity, therefore, with this tantalizing reserve, she determined not to hazard her infallibility and authority by any new publication of an expurgatory

description. She, however, presented her subjects with a more extensive Prohibitory Index, in 1664, under the title, INDEX Librorum Prohibitorum ALEXANDRI VII. Pontificis Maximi jussu editus. Romæ, Ex Typographia Reverendæ Cameræ Apostolicæ, 1664. Superiorum permissu, et Privilegio. 4to. The Brief of the pope conveys no information of importance : it simply explains the motive of the present publication—the want of order in the former, and the utility of uniting the whole under one alphabet, neglecting the triple division hitherto observed. It ratifies and repeats the apostolic threats in the former Indexes; and professes to give the Tridentine Index separately. March 5, 1664. The Regulæ, &c. are the same as in the last Index of Clem. VIII. The Address of Fr. HYACINTHUS LIBELLUS, Secretary of the Congregation of the Index, to the reader, explains the contents of the volume; and affirms that all other Indexes are to be considered as private

The first Index in this collection reaches to page 165. The second Index contains exclusively those books which have the names of the authors placed after them. The third is confined to those books, in the title of which the matter follows the name of the author. Then follows an Appendix from 1661 to the publication of the Index. The Index Tridentinus succeeds, to which

ones.

is prefixed an Admonition to the reader by the forenamed Secretary, giving the origin and history of that Index, as we have already detailed them ; and affirming, which he was perfectly qualified to do, and is of some consequence, that the Deputation of the Index originally instituted by Pius IV., was matured into a formal Congregation by Pius V. All that follows in this part has appeared before. But the concluding part, INDEX DECRETORUM, although a part has been previously given, up to the year 1636, is entitled to particular attention. Professing, as it does, to be a complete collection, embracing Omnia Decreta, quæ vel a Magistro Sac. Palatii, cum ratione Officii sui, tum jussu Sac. Congregationis, vel ab ipsis Sacris Congregationibus Indicis, et S. Officii emanarunt, it is of primary importance. The first part of these decrees does not exactly coincide with the collection in the Index of CLEM. VIII. The third is an addition. So are the thirty-first, thirty-second, fortieth, and forty-first. The fortythird begins the additional portion. In the fourteenth and thirty-eighth is a condemnation of the celebrated Galileo, against whom proceedings had likewise been instituted in the Roman Inquisition*.

* This affair deserves some notice. My information as to the Inquisition, is derived from a Narrative of the Persecution of Da Costa, in the Inquisition of Lisbon, for Free-Masonry, London, 1811. Vol. i. pp. 107–

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