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ham and Lord Camden entitled to the We have always particularly ad warmest thanks of their country for mired the following elegant eulogium the measures they adopted on both of Milton; which came out in the these occasions. But perhaps we are course of his lordship’s arguments of opinion that they ought to have againff establishing the perpetuity of made rather larger allowances for Literary Property, on the famous Apother ministers, who afterwards er- peal to the House of Lords, in the year deavoured to go fomewhat greater 1774, and hope it will not prove un. lengths, under circumstances which acceptable to any of our readers, it would have been but candid to sup-: . If there be any thing in the world pose might to them seem equally ne. common to all mankind, science and cessary.

learning are in their nature publici jua It will naturally be asked, If Lord ris, and they ought to be as free and Camden was' Chief Justice of the general as air or water. Those faCommon Pleas, at the time when he, voured mortals, those sublime spirits, first rendered himself fo remarkably who share that ray of divinity which popular an office which, being held we call genius, are intrufted by Produring the good behaviour of the par- yidence with the power of imparting ty, was of course independent in the to their fellow creatures that infruco highest degree-by what means could tion which Heaven meant for univers he be prevailed on to relinquish such fal benefit; Glory is the reward of a fituation? To this it may be answer- science, and those who deserve it fcorn, ed, that a penfion of 1500l. a year on all meaner views. I speak not of the the Irish establishment, a reversionary scribblers for bread, who teaze the grant of a tellership for his son, and prefs with their wretched productions; (perhaps above all) the title of Lord fourteen years is too long a privilege Camden, with a hint at the future for their perishable trash. It was not chancellorship, were by no means for gain that Bacon, Newton, Milton, flight considerations.

Locke, instructed and delighted the The chancellorship certainly fol world. When the bookseller offered lowed his lordhip’s resignation; and Milton 5l for his Paradise Lost, be it would be the groffeft injustice not did not reject it, and commit his to observe that his conduct in that poem to the flames, nor did he accept exalted situation gave the utmost fa- the miserable pittance as the reward tisfaction to the publicin general, and of his labour; he knew that the real to the gentlemen of the profession and price of his work was immortality, their clients in particular. To the and that posterity would pay it!' former his deportment was constantly Had we the pen of Milton, we polite and unaffuming; and his de would nobly thank Lord Camden for crees were equally the offspring of a these generous and just sentiments of good understanding and of a liberal the true estimation of real genius! heart.

His lord ship married Elizabeth, Perhaps something like a dispofi- daughter of Nicholas Jeffreys, Esq. tion for party in the character of Lord 'lon and heir of Sir Geoffry Jeffreys, Camden, may appear from the state of of Brecknock priory, in the county of facts which we have thus inartificially Brecknock, by whom he has issue one thrown together and interwoven with lon, John Jeffreys Pratt, born in 17599 our own sentiments : in all other re- and four daughters. spects we have never heard but one opinion of his lord hip--that he is one

MR. SHERIDAN. of the beit lawyers, and the best men, this country ever produced,

HIS gentleman, who is the fon His ípeeches in parliament are replete with sound judgment, and con- known as a dramatic performer, and Aitutional knowiedge, and his manner till better as a reader of lectures on is admirably perfuafiye.

elocution, by Mrs. Frances Sheridan,

Author

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Author of Miss Sidney Biddulph, and feveral powerful rivals to contend other novels, and grandson of Dr. Tho. with: one, in particular, a Mr. Mat. mas Sheridan, the celebrated friend of thews, asserted his right in the fields Dean Swift, was born aboat the year where a molt desperate rencounter 1750, at Quilea, near Dublin.

took place between him and Mr. SheMr. Richard Brinkley Sheridan had ridan, which ended with as much bebut just reached his fixth year, when nour to each of the combatants, as a his father, finding it necessary to leave duellift can well be entitled to. But Ireland, brought the young gentle whether Mr. Sheridan owed his fucman to England, and placed him at cess to the sword, or to the pen, we Harrow School, under the care of Dr. are not qualified to judge; certain it Sumner.

is, however, that Miss Linley was the At school, Mr. Sheridan was rather theme of some beautiful verses, and remarkable for a vivacity of difpofi- our readers will probably not be dif. tion, than for any extraordinary ap- pleased to see the following, which plication to learning; though his are well worthy of being preserved. quickness of apprehension, strong me. They are said to have been left by Mr. mory, and lively imagination, occa- Sheridan at the entrance of a grotto fionally displayed themselves. in the vicinity of Bath, where he had

The versatility of his father's for the day before presumed to offer Mifs tune, who was sometimes on the stage Linley some advice; a liberty which, as an actor, at others delivering his he was under all the uneasy apprehenlectures, and once at least manager fions of an affectionate lover, the might of the Dublin Theatre, may serve to think proper to resent in a manner fatal account for the little we hear of Mr. to his future happiness. The lines are Sheridan, till he became a student of exquisitely delicate, and the more imthe Middle Temple, intending to be portant part of the subject is in all called to the bar

probability strictly true. The ftudy of the law, however, but ill accorded with his volatile dispofi- Uncouth is this moss-cover'd grotto of stone, tion; though it has, perhaps, much

And damp is the shade of this dew-dripping tree;

Yet I this rude grotto with rapture will own, less drynels and austerity than is in

And, willow, thy damps are refreshing to me: general imagined.

Be this as it may, Mr. Sheridan For this is the grotto where Delia reclin'd, paid it but little attention; having And this is the tree kept her safe from the wind,

As late I in secret her confidence fought; foon defpaired of brilliant fuccefs,

As blushing the heard the grave leffon I taught. and probably fixing his future views on literary dramatic fame, and the Then tell me, thou grotto of mofs-cover'd stone, emolument which was a few years since

And tell me, thou willow with leaves dripping

dew; fure to attend the exertions of genuine Did D'elia seem vex'd when Horatio was gone? ability: for, at this early period, we And did the confefs her resentment to you? have reason to believe, that he had Methinks now each bougħ, as you’re waving it, formed no regular design of seizing Methinks now each bough, as you're waving it, on any public employment.'

To whisper a cause for the forrow I feel; In the year 1773, he married Miss To hint how the frown'd when I dar'd to advise, Linley, daughter of Mr. Linley, the And figh'd when the saw that I did it with zeal. celebrated musician of Bath; after a "True, true, filly leaves, so she did, I allow: courtship which made a considerable She frown'd, but no rage in herlooks could I fee; noise in that gay city,

She frown'd, but reflection had clouded her brow; Miss Linley poffefied, with great

She ligh’d, but perhaps 'twas in pity to me. personal accomplishments, moft afto- Then wave thty leaves brifker, thou willow of woè; nifhing vocal abilities; and, as 'her I tell thee, no rage in her looks could I fee: hand was solicited by a number of gay I cannot, I will not, believe it was fozim.

She was out, she could not be, angry with me! young gentlemen, Mr. Sheridan had 904

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For well did she know that my heart meant no a person young in office, full of that

wrong; It funk at the thought but of giving her pain: estimation the ability of

a predecessor

self-importance which holds in little But trufted it's talk to a faultering tongue, Which err’d from the feelings it could not ex

whom he doubts not easily to excel. plain.

But it was soon perceived by those Yet, oh! if indeed I've offended the maid,

about him, and it was not long conIf Delia my humble monition refufe;

cealed from the public, that Mr. Shea Sweet willow, the next time she visits thy shade, ridan had too little perseverance ever

Fan gently her bolom, and plead my excuse. to succeed as an acting manager of a And thou, ftony grot, in thy arch may'st preferve theatre, whose numerous avocations

Two lingering drops of the night-fallen dew;; require an affiduity and applicaAnd just let them fall at her feet, and they'll serye tion which he felt himself

very

lita As tears of my forrow intrusted to you.

tle disposed to give; . much of his Or left they unheeded should fall at her feet, duty was of course quickly delegated

Let them fall on her bosom of snow, and I swear, to those who by no means appear to The next time I visit thy moss-cover'd seat,

have distinguished themselves for ta. I'll pay thee each drop with a genuine tear!

lents, liberality, or industry: he was, Mr. Sheridan, at the age of eigh- of course, perpetually involved in disa teen, is said to have assisted a friend in putes with authors, as well as per.. tranflating the Epiftles of Ariftænetus formers; and, as his finances were not from the Greek; and to have written, in the most flourishing itate, he was, about that period, feveral anonymous upon the whole, terribly harrassed. productions. But his first dramatic He however produced, at the lat. piece, the comedy of the Rivals, did ter end of the first season, his famous not appear till 1775, when it was per- comedy of the School for Scandal; the formed at Covent Garden Theatre merits of which are too well known, with very indifferent success. It has, and too universally acknowledged, to however, fince been considerably al- need our discussion, though the moral tered, and performed with much ap- this piece inculcates has but few ad. plause, but not equal to that which mirers

among the sober

part

of has constantly attended his later pro. kind. ductions.

The musical entertainment of the To the comic opera of the Duenna, Camp, (which took it's rise from the which succeeded the Rivals, Mr. She- encampment of the militia at Coxridan is probably indebted for his ad. heath) was Mr. Sheridan's next dras vancement in life. The success of matic effort: and this was followed this piece was beyond every thing by the Critic, or a Tragedy Rem that had been known in the dramatic hearsed, in imitation of the Duke of -history, and it was performed for a Buckingham's Rehearsal, and Field. greater number of successive nights ing's Tom Thumb; but every way than even the Beggar's Opera of the defective in what constitutes the prininimitable Gay.

cipal merit of those celebrated perAs Mr. Garrick began to think of formances, as we shall presently take quitting the stage about this period, occasion to prove. Mr. Sheridan, Mr, Linley, and Dr. In the mean time, the public were - Ford, entered into a treaty with him, repeatedly given to understand, that

which was perfected in the year 1777, an opera called the Foresters, and a when Mr. Sheridan commenced ma- comedy entitled Affectation,

were inager.

both on the stocks, in the dramatis Vaft expectations were formed, from dock-yard of this celebrated bailder; the dramatic abilities he was known but, except a light yacht, or rather to pasless, that the dignity of the stage wherry, (to pursue the metaphor) would be considerably increased under named the Pantomime of Robinfoa Mr.Sheridan's auspices; and he began Crusoe, not a single vessel has he yed his career with all the enthusiasm of launched, though four years

s are now elapsed,

man

elapsed, fince the first representation help reflecting, that the manliness of of the Critic.

Mr Sheridan himself was in age little It must not, however, be forgot, fuperior, and in political experience that Mr. Sheridan produced a noble much less, than that of the gentleman eulogium on the death of Mr. Gar- whom he treated with such gross afperick, under the title of a Monody, Fity; to say nothing of the respect which was several times recited by which is due to a son of the immortal Mrs. Yates, at Drury Lane Theatre, Chatham, who inherits all his father's with constant and deserved applause *. virtues, and a very ample share of his

Previous to the last general election, transcendent abilities. Mr. Sheridan had turned his thoughts

But we will now say no more of towards politics, joining Mr. Fox as Mr. Sheridan's political talents, the a Westminster associator, and distin- extent of which time will sufficiently guishing himself as one of the most develope. active partizans of that gentleman.

Considered as a dramatic writer, And, procuring himself to be returned we shall very freely affert, that the one of the members for Stafford, he drama seems to us very little indebtbegan his political career, giving up ed to him. The astonishing success even the formality of attending to the of his Duenna, led the way to a false business of the theatre, his inare in taste in our theatres, which was not which was now disposed of.

much improved by the moral of the Having thus obtained a seat in par. School for Scandal, pleasing as both liament, he joined his friend Mr.Fox, these pieces undoubtedly are. Nor and other members of the then op- do we mean to insinuate that they position, with all that virulence for are so defective in literary mcrit as which those gentlemen were so emi. many persons have contended. We nently remarkable. The event is gränt Mr. Sheridan the greatest dra. sufficiently known. Having joined in matic powers, were his genius direct. driving out Lord North, at the be- ed to proper objects; but to this imginning of last year, he received his portant article he appears to have fare of the spoil, in an appointment paid little or no attention. On the conto the under-secretaryship for the trary, we may almost say that he gave Northern Department; but resigned, the Tragic Muse her death-wound, in with the rest of the Rockingham par- his entertainment of the Critic, which ty, on the Earl of Shelburne's Tuc- we have always considered as the offceeding the deceased marquis; and, spring of a pen that had in vain atin consequence of the fate coalition, tempted to write a tragedy, and thereagain came into office.

fore felt a malicious pleasure in decryAs an orator, Mr. Sheridan has not ing a species of composition which has very much distinguished himself; nor been deemed superior to it's own. is he, in our opinion, at all calculated It is to be remembered, that though to shine as a great statesman. His the Duke of Buckingham, and Mr. wit, however, may be useful in those Fielding, both wrote performances entertaining conversations which of which furnished the idea of Mr. Shelate years to frequently supply the ridan's, these celebrated writers conplace of essential business in the house,, fined their farcasms to the real defects and serve to ward off the sarcasms of tragedy, and not to the imaginary which might otherwise be levelled at ones. This was made sufficiently evihis good friends and colleagues, by dent, by the publication of a Key fuch country gentlemen as may dread to which accompanied the one, and by encounter the shafts of ridicule. His Explanatory Notes at the bottom of tion of the Angry Boy, was greatly be mother: but the most cursory exa

' neath the senator; and we could not Tragedy Rehearsed, is continually

* See Memoirs of Mrs. Yates, Vol. II. p.255. Vol. III.

2

disgusted

1

disgusted at his outré representation we are misinformed) no minister on of such incidents as must necessarily earth ever promised fairer to thofe occur in the best tragedies.

who attended his levee; nor fooner The inference is obvious: and the forgot, or found the impropriety or present state of the drama sufficiently impossibility of granting, the favours illustrates what we have advanced. he had too haftily consented to bestow.

One circumstance we had nearly With these qualifications and deforgot, which seems to oppose our ge- fects, Mr. Sheridan is univerfally alneral assertion, that Mr. Sheridan is lowed to poffess a heart that means not qualified to be a great statesmanwell to all mankind. during his dramatic premiership, (or

MISCELLAN Y.

OF THE

WORKS OF NATURE AND ART.

NUMBER IX.

FOSSILS AND MINERALS.

PHILOSOPHICAL SURVEY firm grain; but it is not comparable

with that of Nankin or Dresden.

What is commonly called Muscovy Glass is the principal and most noble species of talc that the earth produ.

ces. It is dug out of the mountains in HOUGH Chalk is among the the northern parts of Russia, from a

ne produces fint, the hardest and blackest evident from the various forms in of bodies, and is by art converted into which it is brought to us: the internal lime and whiting. It is the most re- part consists of an infinite number of markable absorbentin nature and pre- plates or flakes of a tough transpaferable to all the earths imported from rent substance, resembling thin plates foreign countries, being an infallible or sheets of glass. It is easily split, and fpecific for the heart-burn. Chalk, separated into plates, or pieces, more hills afford the best springs of softwa- or less transparent as they are thinner ter, and soften hard water admirably. or thicker, and which are often fovery

Fuller's earth, from the peculiar thin as to float in air, and to produce property it possesses of scouring and by reflection the most intense and bril. cleansing cloths and stuffs from the liant colours. They have nothing britoil and grease necessarily used in ma- tle in their composition, but are very nufacturing them, has become an ef. elaftic, strong, and pliant; hence their sential article in the fulling-trade, great utility in optics, for holding obis of the greatest consequence in com- jeets placed between two of them to merce, and consequently entitled to be viewed in the holes of sliders under a distinguished rank among foslils. In the microscope: and, as they may be deed, the microscope shews nothing taken of any thickness, length, or in the particles of this earth different breadth, that lanthorns may require, from those of any other; so that the they are much more convenient to cause of this important effect is yet put into those utensils than glass, unknown.

which is brittle, or horn, which is The earth from the Soapy Rocks in less pellucid. Besides, it is not foon Cornwall, near the Lizard's Point, affected by fire; for if a piece be held has all the appearance of a natural in the flame of a candle till it is redsoap, both to the eye and to the touch, hot, when it is removed, no alteration in respect to smoothness and lubri- can be perceived in it's transparencity, at the same time that it has none cy, or any other property; though by of the effects of soap or fuller's earth. a long continuance in very strong This earth is monopolized by the ma- fire it will become calcined and quite nufacturers of English china, on ac opake, much resembling leaf-tin. count of it's whiteness, fineness, and The true origin and nature of Am

ber,

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