« ElőzőTovább »
And give us fair examples to despise
6. The daisy, too, whose English name is de rived from a Saxon word meaning day's eye, closes its petals at night and in rainy weather.
When, smitten by the morning ray,
With kindred gladness':
Of careful sadness'.—WORDSWORTH.
an emblem of modest innocence; but, lowly and Bellis peren'nis,
modest though it be, it has enough of mystery English Daisy, in its wonderful structure “ to confound the 3 in., M.-A., Bri- atheist's sophistries,” and prove the being of a tain.
Not worlds on worlds in phalanx deep,
Could rear the daisy's purple bud; 10.
Mould its green cup, its wiry stem,
That, set in silver, gleams within; 11.
And fling it, unrestrained and free,
At every step the stamp of God. JOHN Masox GOOD. 12. The thistle, another of the sunflower tribe, though a prickly and not very graceful weed, has given its name to a Scotch order of knighthood. It might be said the Scotch order, as it also bears the name of St. Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland. The golden collar of the order, interlaced with flowers of the thistle, and bearing the motto, in Latin, “None shall annoy me with impunity,” has also been adopted as the national badge. Tradition gives the following account of its origin:
13. “ At the time of the invasion of Scotland by the Danes,
it was deemed unwarlike to attack an enemy in the night; but on one occasion the invaders resolved to avail themselves of this stratagem; and, in order to prevent their tramp from being heard, they marched barefooted. They had thus neared the Scottish force unobserved, when a Dane unfortunately stepped with his naked foot upon a superb thistle, and instinctively uttering a cry of pain, discovered the assault to the Scots, who ran to their arms, and defeated the foe with a terrible slaughter. The thistle was immediately adopted as the insignia of Scotland.” 14.
Triumphant be the thistle still unfurled,
Dear symbol wild' ! on freedom's hills it grows,
And Roman eagles found unconquer'd foes.- CAMPBELL.. 15. But the downy seed of the thistle flower, so light as to be borne about on the wings of every wanton zephyr, may also, it seems, be connected with less lofty associations, for it has been made the emblem of fickleness itself, as the following fable will show:
As Cupid was flying about one day,
He 'spied in the air,
Floating here and there,
For I am as light
In my wavering flight
And as oft do I,
In my wand'rings, hie
And oh! maidens fair,
Never weep, nor care
Think—'tis only the down of the thistle flower.—TWAMLEY. 20. In all ages of the world history and fable have attach. ed to flowers particular associations, and made them emblematical of the affections of the heart and qualities of the intellect. In the symbolical language of flowers, the thistle, regarded as a misanthrope, bears the very appropriate motto, « Oh that the desert were my dwelling-place !"
MON-O-PĚT'-AL-OUS plants are those whose|3 PAC’-BUS (fe'-bus), the sun.
flowers have but one petal or flower leaf. 4 HĀLES, drags. 2 HES'-PER, Venus, or the evening star. 15 Mřs'-AN-THROPE, a hater of mankind.
LES. XI.—JESSAMINE,' HONEYSUCKLE, AND HEATH FAMILIES.
[EXOGENOUS or DICOTYLEDONOUS; Angiosperms ; Monopetalous.]
Jessamine Family. 1. Jasmi'num sambac, Single Arabian jasmine, ii. 1, w., 6 f., J.-D., E. Indies. 2. J. trifolia'tum, Double Tuscan jasmine, ii. i, W., 6., J.-D., E. Indies.
3. J. fru'ticans, Common yellow jasmine, ii. 1, y., 3 f., A.-0., S. Europe. 4. J. revolu'tum, Curl-flowered jasmine, ii. 1, y., 12 f., M.-O., E. Indies. 5. Lonicera sempervi'rene, Trumpet honeysuckle, v. 1, r. and y., 16 f., My.-Au., N. Am. 6. L. pericly'menum, Woodbine, v. 1, 20 f. My.-J., Britain. 7. L. fla'va, Yellow honeysuckle, v. 1, y., 10 f., My.-Jn., Carolina. 8. L. ru'bra, Italian honeysucklé, v. 1, 1., 10 f., My.-J., Italy. 1.
And luxuriant above all,
The bright profusion of her scatter'd stars.-COW PER. 2. About one hundred species of ornamental shrubs, with exquisitely fragrant flowers, belong to the jessamine family. Originally tropical plants, they are now extensively cultivated in our gardens and green-houses. Fragrance, their predominant property, has made them for ages the favorites of poets and of the people. The very name comes from a Greek word which means perfume. The white jessamine especially, from which a costly oil is extracted, is very fragrant at night. Some of the species open only during the night, and fade at sunrise; and it is to these that Moore alludes in the following lines :
“'Twas midnight; through the lattice, wreathed
To every breeze that roams about." 4. A twining evergreen plant, improperly called jessamine, grows abundantly in the Southern States south of Richmond, Virginia, spreading over the hedges, and, in still more southern latitudes, hanging in graceful festoons from the tallest trees. It is said that children are frequently poisoned by chewing its pretty yellow flowers. This is the gelsémium, and has five stamens, by which it may be known from the true jessamine, which has only two.
5. The honeysuckle or woodbine family embraces over two hundred species of mostly twining plants, valuable in the flower garden, shrubbery, and against walls and over arbors. The honeysuckle," which is fair as fragrant,” is so much cultivated that it has almost become a domestic in every household.
" See the honeysuckle twine
All things beauteous—all things sweet." 7. It was said, in an ancient fable, that this feeble plant, rapidly shooting into the air, aimed to overtop the oak, the king of the forest; but, as if its efforts were unavailing, it soon recoiled, and with graceful negligence adorned its
friendly supporter with elegant festoons and perfumed garlands. In this same family are included the elder, snowberry, and snowball—the latter being known by some as the Guelder-rose. Thus that popular writer, Miss Landon, alludes to its blos
"The balls that hang like drifted snow
Upon the Guelder-rose." 8. What is known as the swamp honeysuckle in the United States is a species of azālea, which belongs to the numerous and eminently beautiful family of the HEATHS. The low shrubby heaths, which form one division of this family, are alike the glory of Southern Africa, and of Scottish plains and hill-sides; and their culture and propagation are now considered, in England, one of the most delicate and delightful branches of the art of gardening. In a second division of the heath
[HEATH FAMILY.-EXOGENOUS or DIOCOTYLEDONOUS; Angiosperms; Monopetalous. ]
1. Eri'ca tetralix, Cross-leaved heath, viii. 1, pk., 1 f., Jn.-Au., Scotland. 2. Eri'ca cilia'ris, Ciliated heath, viii. 1, pu., 1 f., Jl.-S., Portugal. 3. Eri'ca cruen'ta, Bloodyfowered heath, viii. 1, dark red, 2 f., My.-S., S. Africa. 4. Eri'ca fascicula'ris, Clusterflowered heath, viii. 1, pu., 18 in., F.-Jn., S. Africa. 5. Eri'ca ar'dens, Glowing heath, viii. 1, sc., 2 f., A.-Jn., S. Africa. 6. Vaccin'ium resino'sum, Black whortleberry, x. 1, gr., r., and y., 4 f., My.-Jn., N. Am., 7. Gaultherria procum'bens, Spicy wintergreen, x. 1, w., 6 in., Jl.-s., N. Am. 8. Aza'lea nudi fio'ra, Swamp honeysuckle, v. 1, pk., 4 f., My.-In., N. Am. 9. Kalmia latifo'lia, Broad-leaved laurel, x. 1, w.and r., 8 f., My.-Ji., . Am. 10. Kalmia angustifoʻlia, Sheep laurel, x. 1, r., 5 f., My.-J., N. Am.
family we find the lowly trailing arbutus and wintergreen; a third division is famous for the plants which produce our cranberries and whortleberries; while a fourth embraces those native kalmias and rhododendrons* of American forests, which have latterly become the pride of European gardens. It is a species of the rhododendron which Emerson describes in the following lines under the name of rhodora :
* The Rhododendron maxiinum, or American Rose Bay-tree (x, 1, 20 f., rose-colored flowers), is an evergreen tree, although it renews its leaves once in two or three years. It flowers from May to August, and is found from Long Island to Florida, generally on the borders of rivers or creeks; and on the sides of mountain torrents in Virginia it is so abundant as to form impenetrable thickets.
The Kalmias, sometimes called Laurels in America, are not the true Laurels,
The Kal' mia latifo'lia, or Calico bush, which is .found on barren hills from the Carolinas to New York, is an elegant shrub, but of noxious qualities—poisonous to cattle and cheep.