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water is removed and a firm founda and is one of the handsomest and tion is contrived. The coffer-dams most commodious structures defor the new bridge were of an ellip voted to the purposes of science in tical form, and consisted of three the United Kingdom. rows of piles dressed in the joints, Literury Generosity.-When Chabut without grooving. Some of teaubriand was a minister, his works them measured between 80 and 90 had such a prodigious sale in feet, and they were all puddled with France, that the booksellers of Paris clay and shod with iron.

united to purchase the copy-right Pantechnicon.--A splendid edi of them for half a million of francs, fice is now nearly finished in the about 21,0001., and proceeded to reneighbourhood of Belgrave Square, publish the whole series, but Chafor the storage, exhibition, and sale teaubriand went out of office, and of works of every description of his works were no longer saleable, art. It is completely fire-prouf, except at an enormous loss to the being supported by iron work from booksellers; in consequence of the ground to the roof. All the which with that generosity which chimney flues are lined with cast belongs to his character, and is well iron, upon Mr. Seth Smith's plan. worthy of literature, he returned

The Solar System.—Some idea to the booksellers so much of their of the vastness of the universe bills as then remained unpaid, to the around us, may be collected from amount of 700,000 francs. the operations of a German astro Lotteries.—It may not be genenomer, who has calculated that, rally known that a lottery, which, assuming the velocity of a cannon under the circumstances, deserves ball to be rated at one and a half the name of State Lottery, for it German mile per minute, with this was directly sanctioned by the govelocity, a cannon ball fired from vernment, has been in existence in the Sun would reach the planet Calcutta

up to the present year. The Mercury in nine years and six profits were dedicated to charity; months ; Venus in cighteen years; but, in our opinion, that circumthe Earth in twenty-five years ;

stance does not sanctify gambling. Mars in thirty-eight; Jupiter in Mushroom Test.To ascertain 130; Saturn, in 238; and Uranus, whether what appear to be mush(Herschel) in 479 years. With the

rooms are so or not, a little salt same velocity a shot would reach should be sprinkled on the inner or the Moon from the Earth in twenty spungy part. If in a short time three days.

afterwards they turn yellow, they British Cultivators of Science. are a very poisonous kind of fungus, Such is the title under which those but if black, they are to be looked persons who are to take a part in upon as genuine mushrooms. They the approaching scientific meeting should never be eaten without this at York are to be designated. They test, since the best judges may be are to deliberate with open doors, occasionally deceived. and regulations have been drawn Cholera Morbus.--Those physiup for forming them into a society, cians who have had the largest exwhich is to invite the co-operation perience of cases of cholera on the of all foreign institutions. The continent, state as the result of building in which they are to as their attention to the natural hissemble in York is situated near the tory of the disease, that whatever be beautiful ruins of St. Mary's Abbey, the contagious properties of cholera,

the effect depends very much on England, Ireland, and Scotland. the predisposition of those who are -A French publication, generally exposed to it. Hence intemperance, of much accuracy, gives the comand want of cleanliness, will almost parative state of education, crime, always be sure to exist in the cases and lunacy, as follows, in the three of those who take it, whilst healthy countries above mentioned. The habits generally characterize those proportion of educated persons is, who, being exposed to the infec in England, 1 in 20, in Scotland I tion, do not yet contract it.

in 17, in Ireland 1 in 35 ; of criPaganini. -The wonderful skill of minals in England 1 in 900, in Scotthis performer on the violin is at land 1 in 5093, in Ireland 1 in 468; tributed, by a modern French phy of lunatics in England 1 in 783,

in siologist, first, to the peculiar con Scotland 1 in 652, in Ireland 1 in formation which enables him to 911. bring his elbows close together, Mr. Allan Cunningham.-We and place them one over the other; were gratified by the perusal, in a secondly, to the elevation of his left recent number of the Dumfries -shoulder, which is an inch higher paper, of an account of the proceedthan his right one; and, thirdly, to ings at a dinner which was given the slack state of the ligaments by some of the principal inhabitants which join the bones of his fingers, of that town to Mr. Cunningham, and by reason of which he is able upon his return to his native place, to move his fingers laterally to a after a protracted absence. What very unusual degree. The phre- gave unusual interest to the scene, nologists have discovered a remark was the presence of the master ably prominent cerebellum in his

mason, whom Mr. Cunningham had cranium, a circumstance which is actually served as a working stoneundoubtedly connected with an ex mason, before he ventured upon that quisite. sensibility of the organ of ambitious flight which he has proved hearing

that he possesses strength enough New Gas.—The Birmingham to sustain. papers have just announced the Goethe.-On the 28th ult. (the discovery of a new gas in that fruit anniversary of his birth-day), a ful depôt of inventions. It is for beautiful gold seal was to have been brilliancy superior to any now in presented to Goethe, on the part of use, for illuminating streets or for those literary men of England, who domestic purposes, and it is entirely are admirers of his genius. The the produce of water.

gold work is exquisitely chased and Burns the Poet.-The monument enamelled, with the blended roses to the immortal Burns, which has of England surmounted by the oak been for so many years the subject and ivy,with blank mask introduced. of newspaper paragraphs and tavern The engraving on the stone is a star speeches, is really about to be prac emblematic of the poet ; it is surtically begun. The spot selected rounded by a serpent, representing is exactly to the west of the entry to eternity, with his own words, “ Ohne the new burying ground, Calton Hill. bas, aber ohne rast” (without haste What can there be so peculiar in but without rest). There is also the erection of a monument to de this inscription on the present," To parted worth, that it should be so the German Master, from Friends uniformly preceded, as we find it to in England, August 28, 1831." be, by talking and postponement ? Hackney Coach Office. --We re

com

gret to say that a Bill is now before F. W. Johnston, was the fortunate parliament, for the purpose, it would

discoverer. seem, of suppressing the Hackney Meteorology in China.--It has Coach Office, and to transfer their been lately discovered that a law jurisdiction to the Commissioners exists in China, to punish with of Stamps. There was no public sixty blows, and one year's banishoffice in the country where the ment, the person who falsely asserts grievance which it was instituted to that he has discovered prognostics redress was more speedily, more in the heavens; but whenever there courteously, more effectually reme are really any omens of calamity, if died than at this office, and we trust the officers of the astronomical that the Bill will be effectually re board fail to give a true and faithful sisted. If the commissioners be notice thereof, they shall suffer a too numerous, let them be reduced, punishment two degrees more sebut the office should be retained. vere than that last mentioned.

Dramatic Persecution. It is Animal Magnetism. —A with a feeling of shame that we re mittee of the Academy of Medicine cord in this enlightened age, that of Paris, has just sent in its report a Mr. Nevill, late proprietor of a on animal magnetism. They say minor theatre at Manchester, is now that magnetism should be admitted in prison, and actually undergoing to be a therapeutic agent, and acted the torture of the Treadmill, in con on as such; that it should however sequence of being unable to pay the be employed by professional men sum of 50l. imposed on him for only, and that its utility should be allowing an Italian Opera to be per left to experience to determine. As formed at his theatre, there being to whether a magnetic fluid exists no other place to be found in the or not, the committee do not take it town suited to the exhibition. upon them to decide. They recom

Newspapers. There are mend the encouragement of republished in the United States of searches into magnetism, as a very America 364 newspapers, of which curious branch of psychology and eight are in German, five in English, natural history. and two in Spanish, the rest being Boring Machine.-M. Jobard, of all English. Of the total, 157 are Brussels, has discovered a new main favour of federal principles; and chine for boring the earth with the 158 in the republican interest. The greatest facility, to any depth, and annual issue from the newspaper press of the States amounts to no Gold a Medicine. The attention less than 25,000,000 of numbers. of the scientific bodies of France

A New Metal. We mentioned has been recently directed to a prosome numbers ago, that a position made by an eminent memetal has been discovered in Swe dical practitioner, for using prepaden, to which the name of Vana rations of gold, in that particular dium has been given. We now complaint for which mercury has learn that undoubted specimens of been so long deemed a specific, this very same metal have been The author of the proposal has asfound for the first time, and exactly certained, by experiment, that gold, about the period of its being met modified by certain processes, acts with in the north, in two other favourably on the digestive organs, countries, viz. Mexico and Scotland. that it does not weaken the patient, In the latter place, Mr. James but exhilarates his spirits.

now

in any soil.

new

THE

MONTHLY REVIEW.

OCTOBER, 1831.

Art. 1.— The Private Correspondence of David Garrick with the

most Celebrated Men of his time : now first published from the Originals, and Illustrated with Notes, and a new Biographical Memoir of Garrick. In Two Volumes, 4to. Vol. the First. London:

Colburn and Bentley. 1831. It has seldom been our lot to perform a pilgrimage over such an extensive waste as the large quarto before us, and meet so little that is capable of relieving the fatigues of the tedious way. This huge book is really enough to remind us of one of those awful and infinite deserts of the east, where, as far as his eye can pierce, nought but the sterile sand fills up the traveller's prospect, save when, here and there, he descries, in some isolated spot, the wrecked, and almost overwhelmed traces of a mighty power, which had fled to other and distant scenes for the display of its noblest energies. We have indeed here monuments that recall the names of Edmund Burke, of Earl Camden, of Warburton, the winning apostle of paradox, and others of immortal fame : but had the authors' names been concealed, no human being would have suspected the real lineage of such productions.

Let us not be understood to scatter ambiguous words amongst the multitude. We blame neither the editor nor the publisher of this work. Here was a collection of letters, written by, or written to, a man whose name is conspicuously enrolled in our national calendar; whose history his countrymen feel it almost a religion to commemorate. These relics were preserved by Garrick himself: they were the selected gift of which he appears to have intended the public to be the legatee. The editor necessarily felt that he had no discretion in the case; they constituted all that survived perhaps of the correspondence of Garrick, and, however intrinsically destitute of all interest and value, (and they are sadly obnoxious to such a charge,) they were still the general property, and surrounded with all the inviolability which attaches to a trust.

As some of the remains of David Garrick, we are disposed to VOL. III. (1831.) No. II.

N

or

regard the present volume and its destined successor, with the veneration which we would yield to any other valueless trifle which

may

descend to us from such a man. But if we ask to what department of literature, of science, of morals, philosophy

religion, any portion of the work which we have just perused is likely to be serviceable,-nobody, we make bold to assert, will have the temerity to pretend to satisfy our inquiry. Perhaps a little bitterness is infused into our disappointment, by recollecting what mighty things we expected from the cabinet of such a man as Garrick. He was courted by the high-he had a great deal to do with the many. Life and character in their broad and practical development were his professional studies, and his wonderful success as an actor was but the sign of his profound and accurate acquaintance with the human heart. Private letters from such a man-communications unrestrained, and written to confidential friends from such a man-how interesting! thought we, how instructive ! how fruitful of information on questions of the greatest and most pressing importance! Such, at least, would be the meditations of him, who had considered the opportunities and the qualifications of Garrick. But all such anticipations are destined to be wofully disappointed. Mere commonplace themes, the indifferent conversation of the hour, stories of jaunts to the country and visits to town, with flattering criticisms from anonymous friends on the acting of Garrick, and some very harsh commentaries from open enemies on the stage management of the same gentleman,-form pretty nearly the whole substance of the correspondence of the first volume.

Most of the early letters belong to the class of anonymous criticisms which we have mentioned. They are in general sufficiently dull: they are, however, now and then, in some respect relieved, as for instance, by the following lively communication, which was addressed to Garrick in Dublin, upon his first visit to that metropolis. The letter deserves attention, as displaying to us some of the strange pantomime which was used on the stage even so late as the time of Garrick.

6" Dublin, Saturday, Aug. 14, 1742. "" As I am entirely unknown to you, I take the liberty to give you my opinion upon some few things that I have taken notice of in your public performances, most of which I have attended, and do really think that you will in time, and with a little more experience, be the best and most extraordinary player that ever these kingdoms saw. I cannot there. fore but mention with regret some things that not only displease me, but, I am pretty sure, offend the most judicious and discerning part of your audience. 66. The first thing that I shall mention (and which I insist upon

that

you reform) is your false pronunciation of several words, which can be owing to nothing but custom and prejudice in a man of sense, as I am sure you are. In your last performance I took notice of several false pronunciations, many of which I have forgotten. The words that I chiefly remember are these :

666 Sir,

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