book. Thomson thus describes the washing and shearing of sheep, in his SUMMER :

Fast, fast, they plunge amid the flashing wave,
And, panting, labour to the farther shore;
Repeated this, till the deep well-washed fleece
Has drunk the flood, and from his lively haunt
The trout is banished by the sordid stream:
Heavy and dripping, to the breezy brow
Slow move the harmless race; where, as they spread
Their swelling treasures to the sunny ray,
Inly disturbed, and wond'ring what this wild .
Outrageous tumult means, their loud complaints
The country tell; and tossed from rock to rock,
Incessant bleatings run around the hills.
At last, of snowy white, the gathered flocks
Are in the wattled pen innumerous pressed
Head above head; and, ranged in lusty rows,
The shepherds sit and whet the sounding shears.
Some mingling, stir the melted tar, and some
Deep on the new-shorn vagrant's heaving side
To stamp his master's cipher ready stand;
Others thi’unwilling wether drag along;
And, glorying in his might, the sturdy boy

Holds, by his twisted horns, th' indignant ram. Much amusement may be derived from an attentive observation of the common white or barn owl, during the mild evenings of this month. The following curious circumstance is recorded by Mr. White', of a pair of white owls, which bred under the eaves of the church. About an hour before sunset (for then the mice begin to run) they sally forth in quest of prey, and hunt all round the hedges of meadows and small enclosures for them; beating the fields over like a setting-dog, and often dropping down in the grass or corn. I have observed these birds for an hour together, during the breeding time, and have found, by my watch, that the ow! returns every five minutes with her prey. A piece of address which they show, when they return loaded, should not, I think, be passed over in silence. As they take their prey with their claws, so they carry

Nat. Hist. of Selborne, vol. ii, pp. 259, 260, 8vo ed. 1813.

it in their claws to their nest; but as their feet are necessary, in their ascent under the tiles, they constantly perch, first on the roof of the chancel, and shift the mouse from their claws to their bill, that the feet may be at liberty to take hold of the plate on the wall, as they are rising under the eaves.'

While the Moon, with sudden gleam,

Through the clouds that cover her,
Darts her light upon the stream,
And the poplars gently stir,

Pleased I hear thy boding cry!
Owl, that lov'st the cloudy sky,

Sure, thy notes are harmony.
While the maiden, pale with care,

Wanders to the lonely shade,
Sighs her sorrows to the air,
While the flow'rets round her fade,

Shrinks to hear thy boding cry,
Owl, that lov'st the cloudy sky,

To her it is not harmony!
While the wretch, with mournful dole,

Wrings his hands in agony,
Praying for his brother's soul,
Whom he pierced suddenly,

Shrinks to hear thy boding cry,-
Owl, that lov'st the cloudy sky,

To him it is not harmony'. · Mackerel (scomber, scomber) are taken in great abundance in this month. The long migration of this fish seems at present to be greatly called in question; and it is thought more probable, that the shoals which appear in such abundance round the more temperate European coasts, in reality reside, during the winter, at no very great distance, immersing themselves in the soft bottom, and remaining in a state of torpidity. From this state, it is reasonable to suppose, they are awakened by the warmth of the returning spring, and gradually recover their former activity. At their first appearance their eyes are observed to be remarkably dim, as if covered with

These pleasing stanzas are by an early anonymous poet, and may be found in Mr. Ellis's Specimens,' vol. iii, p. 351.

à kind of film, which passes off as the season advances, when they appear in their full perfection of colour and vigour. Mackerel are taken, generally, in nets, and, when first caught, exhibit an alternation of the most vivid and beautiful colours; we have seen more than four thousand of these delicate and elegant fish taken at a single hawl. Their flavour is much impaired'even a few hours after their capture?.

The maritime plants which flower this month, are, the sea-barley (hordeum maritimum), sulphur-wort (pucedanum officinale), and loose sedge (carex distans), in salt marshes; the sea-plantain (plantago maritima), among rocks on the sea-coast; the slender-leaved buffonia (buffonia tenuifolia), and the tassel pond-weed (ruppia maritima), in salt-water ditches. To these may be added, the common alkanet (anchusa officinalis), the narrow-leaved pepperwort (lepidum ruderale), and the Roman nettle (urtica pilulifera), in sea wastes; the black salt-wort (glaux maritima), on muddy shores; the sea-chickweed (arenaria peploides), and the common sea-rocket (bunias cakile), on sandy shores; and the perfoliate cabbage (brassica orientalis) among maritime rocks.

* Multitudes of mackerel are taken on our coast : at times they sell exorbitantly dear, but chiefly in the opposite extreme. The first Brighton boat of mackerel sold, the 14th of May, 1807, at Billingsgate, for forty guineas per hundred (seven shillings cach), the highest price ever known at that market. The next boat that came in, reduced their value to thirteen guineas per hundred. In 1808, these fish were caught so plentifully, at Dover, that they sold sixty for a shilling. At Brighton, in June, the same year, the shoal of mackerel was so great, that one of the boats had the meshes of her nets so closely occupied by them, that it was impossible to drag them in. The fish and nets, therefore, in the end, sank together, the fisherman thereby sustaining a loss of nearly sixty pounds, exclusive of what his cargo, could he have got it into the boat, would have produced.

Daniel's Sports.


· Bemarkable Days.


This festival was first instituted by Pope - Urban VI, in commemoration of that remarkable journey which the Mother of our Lord took into the mountains of Judæa, in order to visit the mother of St. John the Baptist. It was afterwards confirmed, not only by a decree of Pope Boniface IX, but by the Council of Basil, in 1441.

3.—DOG-DAYS BEGIN. These are a certain number of days before and after the heliacal rising of Canicula, or the dog-star, in the morning. The antients imagined that this slar so rising occasioned the sultry weather, usually felt in the latter part of the summer, or dog-days; with all the distempers of that sickly season. See Homer's Iliad, lib. v, 10, and Virgil's Æneid, lib. 1. They did not consider that the heliacal rising of this star varies much in the course of a few years, and indeed in the same year in different latitudes; as is now well known, "The dog-days in our modern almanacks occupy the time from July 3 to August Il; the name being applied now, as it was formerly, to the hottest time of the year. ; 4.-TRANSLATION OF SAINT MARTIN.

This day was appointed to commemorate the removal or translation of St. Martin's body from one tomb to another much more noble and magnificent ; an honour conferred upon the deceased saint by Perpetuus, one of his successors in the see of Tours. His festival is celebrated on the Ilth of November, which see.

7.-THOMAS A BECKET. This haughty prelate was born in London, in the year 1119, and was the son of Gilbert, a merchant, and Matilda, a Saracen lady, who is said to have

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