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As o'er the fabled fountain hanging still;
All this innumerous-colored scene of things. -THOMSON. 1 A0'-RO-GÉNS, see p. 196.
1 9 “FATHER-DUST," the pollen of plants. 2 THAL'-LO-GENS, see p. 202.
See Fourth Reader, p. 223. 3 LI'-CHENS, see p. 202.
10 NAR-CIS-SUS. According to Grecian fable, 4 CRYP-TOG'-A-MOUS, see p. 196.
Narcissus was a beautiful youth, who, see5 VÈR'-NAL, pertaining to the spring.
ing his image reflected in a fountain, and 6 A-NÉM'-0-NE, the wind-flower.
becoming enamored of it, pined away till " AU-RÏC'-U-LA, a beautiful species of prim he was changed into the flower which bears rose.
his name. 8 RA-NUN'-CU-LUS, the crowfoot.
11 DE-TRŪ'-DED, driven or thrust down.
Of sunshine on life's hours."
The welcome flowers are blossoming
In joyous troops revealed;
In garden, mead, and field.
Where forest children tread,
Which lies above the dead.
That stirs the blooming trees,
All full of toiling bees ;
Fresh vale and mountain sod,
The pure sweet flowers of God.-LYONS.
It will obey thy word. - BARRINGTON.
FIRST DIVISION OF THE VEGETABLE KING
[The four most important physiological peculiarities of this great natural division are, 1st. The plants are Exogenous, or outward growers. (See Fourth Reader, p. 176.) 2d. The leaves are net-veined. 3d. The flowers are mostly quinary or quaternary—that is, they have five or four sepals, petals, and stamens, or some power of those numbers-rarely ternary, 4th. The embryo has two cotyledons; that is, the plants are dicotyledonous. Other peculiarities will be noticed under the different families which compose the divi. sion.]
LESSON IV.-THE ROSE FAMILY.
1. Ro'sa gallica, French rose, xi. 12, pk., 3 f., Jn.-Jl., France. 2. Ro'sa damascena, Damask rose, xi. 12, r., 3 f., Jn.-Jl., Levant. 3. Ro'sa musco'sa, Moss rose, xi. 12, r., Jn.-Jl., S. Europe. 4. Ro'sa cinnamo'nea, Cinnamon rose, xi. 12, pk., 6 f., My., Europe. 5. Fraga'ria grandiflo'ra, Wild-pine strawberry, xi. 12, w., 1 f., Ap.-My., $. Am. 6. Ru'bus occidenta'lis, Am. raspberry, xi. 12, w., 5 f., My.-Jn., N. Am. 7. Spiræ'a salcifo'lia, Willow-leaved spiræa, or Queen of the Meadow, xi. 5, w., 3 f., Jn.-Au., N. Am. 8. Spiro'a ulmifo'lia, Elm-leaved spiræa, xi. 5, w., 3 f., Jn.-JI., S. Europe. 9. Spirae'n, tomento'sa, Hard-hack spiræa, xi. 5, r., 3 f., Au.-S., N. Am.
For explanation of the characters used in connection with the botanical description, see close of the Table of Contents.
How much of memory dwells amid thy bloom,
Rose' ever wearing beauty for thy dower'!
Thou hast thy part in each, thou stateliest flower'!
Therefore with thy soft breath come floating by
A thousand images of Love and Grief,
Deep thoughts of all things beautiful and brief.
Not such thy spells o'er those that hail'd thee fir t
In the clear light of Eden's' gulden day' ;
Link'd with no dim remembrance of decay.
Rose'l colored now by human hope or pain;
Yet may we meet thee, Joy's own Flower, again !—Mrs. HEMANS. 5. At the head of the exogenous, or outward growing plants, having covered seeds, and many petals or flower leaves, may be placed the Rose family, which is conspicuous for the beauty of some of its members, and the utility of others. It not only includes the rose proper, but the beautiful spiræas of our lawns and gardens; the hawthorn, which is employed in hedges; the strawberry, the raspberry, and the blackberry; and also such fruits as the apple, pear, quince, almond, peach, plum, and cherry.
6. The leaves of all plants in the rose family are alternate, and the flowers, in their wild state, are regular, with five petals, as may still be seen in the wild brier, which is one of our wild roses. The hundred-leaf roses, cabbage roses, and all roses with more than five petals, have probably had their stamens changed to petals by cultivation. The artificial or cultivated roses-as likewise all plants which have been changed in the same manner-have to be propagated from cuttings, roots, or buds, as they do not produce perfect seeds.
7. In some parts of India roses are extensively cultivated for the manufacture of rose-water, and the ottar or oil of roses, the former being used chiefly by the natives at their festivals and weddings, when it is distributed largely to the guests as they arrive, and sprinkled with profusion in the apartments. On the banks of the Ganges roses are cultivated in fields of hundreds of acres; and it is said their delightful odor can be scented at a distance of seven miles. The pure ottar of roses, so delicious for its fragrance, is not unfrequently sold for twenty or thirty dollars an ounce.
" The rose looks fair, but fairer we it deem
Of their sweet deaths' are sweetest odors made." 9. Persia has been styled, pre-eminently, the “Land of Roses ;" for not only are the gardens, even of the common people, full of these flowers, but, in the flowering season, their
rooms are constantly ornamented with them, and mattresses are made of their leaves for men of rank to recline upon. A festival, also, is held, called the Feast of Roses, which lasts the whole time they are in blossom.
A happier smile illumes each brow,
With quicker spread each heart unc.oses,
The valley holds its Feast of Roses;
The floweret of a hundred leaves,
And every leaf its balm receives. -MOORE. 11. “Poetry is lavish of roses. It heaps them into beds, weaves them into crowns and garlands, twines them into arbors, forges them into chains, adorns with them the goblet used in the festivals of Bacchus, plants them in the bosom of beauty-nay, not only delights to bring in the rose itself upon every occasion, but seizes each particular beauty it possesses as an object of comparison with the loveliest works of nature." “As soft as a rose-leaf,” as “sweet as a rose,” “ rosy clouds," “ rosy cheeks,” “rosy lips,” “rosy blushes,” “rosy dawns,” etc., are expressions so familiar that they have almost become the language of daily life.
12. The wild rose, one species of which is the wild brier, or eglantine, has been made the emblem of“Nature's sweet simplicity” in all ages. It forms one of the principal flowers in the rustic's bouquet.? It is not loved for its fair, delicate blossoms only; but its fragrant leaves, which perfume the breeze of dewy morn, and the soft breath of eve, entitle it to its frequent association with the woodbine or honeysuckle.
". The wild rose scents the summer air,
And woodbines weave in bowers,
And maidens gathering flowers. 13. The standards of the houses of York and Lancaster had for emblems the wild rose; the white rose being used to distinguish the partisans of the former, and the red those of the latter.
" Thou once wast doomed, Where civil discord braved the field,
To grace the banner and the shield." 14. It is said that the angels possess a more beautiful kind of rose than those we have on earth; and the poet Cowley, in one of his poems, represents David as seeing, in a vision, a number of angels pass by, with gilded baskets in their hands, from which they scattered flowers :
Some', as they went', the blue-eyed violets strew';
The morning blushes of the spring's new day.-COWLEY. 15. The origin of the red color of the rose has been fancifully accounted for in various ways. By the Greeks, the rose was consecrated to Venus, the goddess of Beauty; and ancient fable attributes its red color to a drop of blood from the thornpierced foot of the goddess,
“Which, o'er the white rose being shed,
Made it forever after red." Its beautiful tint is poetically traced to another source by a modern poet:
As erst in Eden's blissful bowers,
From beauty's lip the vermeile hue.-J. CAREY. 16. Perhaps no one of the roses is more prized for its beauty than the elegant moss rose. The flowers are deeply colored, and the rich mossiness which surrounds them gives them
a luxuriant appearance not easily described. The origin of this mossy vest has been thus explained by a German writer.
The angel of the flowers one day
And, robed in Nature's simplest weed',
Could there a flower that rose exceed'? 1 Ex-'-E-NOUS, outward growers. See 5 AL-TĖRN'-ATE, rising higher on opposito Fourth Reader, p. 176.
| sides alternately, and following in regular 2 DI-CO-TYL-E'-DON-OUS, having two cotyle- order.
dons. See Fourth Reader, note, p. 193. 6 €ĂNK'-ER, a name given to the dog rose. 3 AN'-GI-O-SPERMS, plants which have their 7 Böu-QUET' (hoo-kū'), a bunch of flower seeds covered
[nētals.18 VËR'-MEIL (for vcrmilion), a red color. 4 I'OL-Y-PĚT'-AL-OUs, plants having many