Virgin jHarp.

The devotion called the Rosary consists of fifteen "Pater noster's" and Gloria's," and one hundred and fifty "Ave Maria's," divided into three parts; each containing five "Decades," or tens; a decade consisting of one "Pater," ten "Aves," and a "Gloria." To each of these Decades is assigned one of the principal mysteries of the life of our Saviour, or his Blessed Mother, as matter of meditation, whereon the mind is to exercise iUelf whilst at prayer, and therefore it is prefixed to every Decade.

The fifteen mysteries, as we have said, are divided into three parts, viz. five joyful, five sorrowful, and five glorious mysteries. Now, the method consists in raising corresponding affections in the will during the recital of each Decade, such as the devotion of each one may suggest: for example, in the first part, sentiments of joy for the coming of our Redeemer; in the second, of compassion for the sufferings of our Lord, and contrition for our sins, which were the occasion of them; in the third, of thanksgiving for the exaltation and glory of our Saviour and his Blessed Mother, hoping, through the merits of his passion, and her intercession, to be made partakers of their glory. To assist the mind in this exercise, a short meditation and prayer is usually given to be used before and after each Decade. In order to say the Rosary well, we must not be satisfied with merely pronouncing the words of the prayers, or with a vague and general reflection on the mysteries; but endeavour to acquire the habit of reciting them with great attention and reverence, at the same time dwelling in a vivid manner upon the different mysteries. In order to do this the better, it is sometimes the custom, in addition to the short meditation on the mystery, which is usually read before the recital of each Decade, and which contains, either expressed or understood, a prayer for the particular virtue to which it has relation, to subjoin a short ejaculation in reference to the subject of the mystery, which may be inserted after the holy name of Jesus in the "Hail Mary's;" or to divide the


meditation into ten points, one for each " Ave." Both these methods will be found in this book.

Before beginning the Rosary, it is customary to make the sign of the cross, and say:

In nomine Patris et Fflii et In the name of the Father, and Spiritus Sancti. Amen. of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.


Credo in Deum, &c. I believe in God the Father Al

mighty, &c.

Gloria Patri, Sec. Glory be to the Father, &c.

After the fifth mystery, in each of the three divisions, is said the " Salve Regina."

And at the end of the whole, this prayer:

Hear, O merciful God, the prayer of thy servants; that we who meet together in the society of the most holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin, Mother of God, may, through her intercession, be delivered by thee from the dangers that continually hang over us; through the merits of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen.

Three methods of saying the Rosary are here given:

1. With a meditation and prayer on each mystery, which is that commonly used in England.

2. With a meditation and an ejaculation to be inserted after the holy name of Jesus in each "Ave;" and a prayer, which may be taken from those given at p. 150.

3. By adding before each "Ave" one of the ten points into which the meditation is broken up. These, or something of a like kind, may also be advantageously used with the meditation and prayer in the First Method.

Lastly, we may observe that the reading of the meditation, ejaculation, or prayer, are only pious practices to assist in the more devout recitation of the Rosary, which consists essentially in the recitation of the vocal prayers while the mind dwells upon the subject of the mystery. The whole Rosary may even be recited in the contemplation of any one of the mysteries in which we may feel more devotion; and in such case the indulgences attached to the Rosary would be gained; always, of course, in proportion to the greater devotion and perfection with which the office was recited.

N.B. The " Pater," " Credo," " Ave," " Gloria Patri," and "Salve Regina," will be found in Latin and English at pp. 21, 22.


I. The Annunciation.

Let us contemplate, in this mystery, how the angel Gabriel saluted our Blessed Lady with the title, "Full of grace," and declared unto her the Incarnation of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.

Our Father. Ten Hail Mary's. Glory be to the Father, &c.

Let us pray.

O Holy Mary, Queen of Virgins; through the most high mystery of the Incarnation of thy beloved Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, wherein our salvation was begun, obtain for us, through thy most holy intercession, light to understand the greatness of the benefit he hath bestowed upon us, in vouchsafing to become our Brother, and giving thee, his own beloved Mother, to be our Mother also. Amen.

II. The Visitation.

Let us contemplate, in this mystery, how the Blessed Virgin Mary, understanding from the angel that her cousin St. Elisabeth had conceived, went with haste into the mountains of Judea to visit her, bearing her Divine Son within her womb, and remained with her three months.

Our Father. Ten Hail Mary's. Glory be, &c.

Let us pray.

O Holy "Virgin, most spotless mirror of humility; by that exceeding charity which moved thee to visit thy holy cousin St. Elisabeth, obtain for us, through thine intercession, that our hearts being visited by thy Divine Son, and freed from all_ sin, we may praise and give thanks to him for ever. Amen.

III. The Birth of our Saviour Christ in Bethlehem.

Let us contemplate, in this mystery, how the Blessed Virgin Mary, when the time of her delivery was come, brought forth our Redeemer, Jesus Christ, at midnight, and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for him in the inns at Bethlehem.

Our Father. Ten Hail Mary's. Glory, &c.

Let us pray.

O most pure Mother of God; through thy virginal and most joyful delivery, whereby thou gavest to the world thy only Son, our Saviour, we beseech thee obtain for us, through thine intercession, the grace to lead such pure and holy lives in this world, that we may become worthy to sing, without ceasing, the mercies of thy Son, and his benefits to us by thee. Amen.

IV. The Presentation of our Blessed Lord in the Temple.

Let us contemplate, in this mystery, how the Blessed Virgin Mary, on the day of her purification, presented the child Jesus in the Temple, where holy Simeon, giving thanks to God, with great devotion received him into his arms.

Our Father. Ten Hail Mary's. Glory, &c.

Let us pray.

O Holy Virgin, most admirable mistress and pattern of obedience, who didst present the Lord of the Temple in the Temple of God; obtain for us, of thy blessed Son, that, with holy Simeon and devout Anna, we may praise and glorify him for ever. Amen.

V. The Finding of the Child Jesus in the Temple.

Let us contemplate, in this mystery, how the Blessed Virgin Mary, after having lost (through no fault of hers) her beloved Son in Jerusalem, sought him for the space of three days; and at length found him in the Temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions, being of the age of twelve years. Our Father. Ten Hail Mary's. Glory, &c.

Let us pray.

O most Blessed Virgin, more than martyr in thy sufferings, and yet the comfort of such as are afflicted; by that unspeakable joy wherewith thy soul was filled, when at length thou didst find thy well-beloved Son in the Temple, teaching in the midst of the doctors; obtain of him that we may so seek him and find him in his holy Catholic Church, as never more to be separated from him. Amen.

Salve Regina, &c., Hail, holy Queen, &c.; with V. and R.; and prayer, " Hear, O merciful God," &c., as given p. 134; or else, "O God, whose only-begotten Son," &c., p. 153.

SJe jFtbt Sorrotoful JStistrrfea.

I. The Prayer and Bloody Sweat of our Blessed Saviour in the Garden,

Let us contemplate, in this mystery, how our Lord Jesus was so afflicted for us in the garden of Gethsemane, that his body was bathed in a bloody sweat, which ran down in great drops to the ground.

Our Father. Ten Hail Mary's. Glory, &c.

Let us pray.

O most holy Virgin, more than martyr; by that ardent prayer which our beloved Saviour poured forth to his Heavenly Father in the garden, vouchsafe to intercede for us, that, our passions being reduced to the obedience of reason, we may always, and in all things, conform and subject ourselves to the holy will of God. Amen.

II. The Scourging of our Blessed Lord at the Pillar.

Let us contemplate, in this mystery, how our Lord Jesus Christ was most cruelly scourged in Pilate's house,

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