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her came flesh nor wine in my mouth. or 2, Wholly, as D. Luke 5. 33. The Disciples of John fast often, but thine eat and drink. And these, 3, Wholly, an Artificial or civil Day, as 2 Sam. J. 12. They mourned and wept and fasted

untill even. or 4, A natural Day.. as 2 Sam. 12. 16. Dazid fasted, and went in and lay all night upon the earth. or 5, Divers daies, as esh. 4 16. Fast for me, and neither eai nor drink three days, night or day. Cornelius four days, Act. 10. 30. The men of Habesh Gilead, in part, seven days, I Sam. 31. 13. Those in the ship with s. Paul fourteen days, A&t. 27. 33. Daniel three weeks , Dan, 10. 2. Moses , Elijah, and our Savior wholly, forty days. Exod. 34. 28. i Kings 19. 8. S. Mat. 4. 2. Of these the three first only concern this Subject, and of the first and second that is to be chosen which, according to my present Tenper and Constitution, will really best tend to, and most effcctually accomplish the true end of this Day's Abstinence, as ch. 2, $. 14, and ch. 4, S. 2. which I must now again peruse for my regulation.

§. 2, THERE arc Five forts of whole Fasts, 1, Religious, publick, Neb. 9. 1. and private 2 Sam. 12.16. 2dly, Natural, A&. 10.30. 3dly, Supernatural or Miraculous, Exod 34. 28. i Kings 19. S. S. Mat. 4. 2. 4thly Hypocriticall S. Mat. 6. 16. and sly,Devilish, 1 Kings 21. 12. A&t. 23. 12. From the two last forts Good Lord deliver me.

BEFORE NOON. $ 3. It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not confumed, because his compasions fail not, Lam. 3. 22.

l'acknowledge donc. as ch. 2. §. 15. 9. 4. A Penitential Confession, & Prayer

for Pardon. O Blessed Lamb of God, who haft Redeemed me with the Bloud, I am utterly ashamed to look Thee in the face, considering all the cruel Ulage which I have brought upon Thee, I scarce know how to think of Feasting on thy most preciç us Bloud, now, [when] I am most carnestly invited to it, lince mine own Sins have shed it. I am, alas! a most polluted creature, who have daily offended both in Thought, Word, and Deed against thy Divinc Majesty.

My

My * Pride and Contempt of God, and my Sensual lurts, and Coverous defires, and Uncha. * Here I menricable practices have cried alcud to Thee for tion particu

lar for Vengeance on-me; and that Cry would not be filenced , unleis Thou, my dearest Savior, wou'llë Dy inn stead of me. Of all these offences I am guiley, and the hor. ror of That would fright me from Thee, were it not that Thou freely calleft me to accept of Mercy. I come, Lord, in obedience to thy Word, with an humble and penitent heart, I earnestly intrear Thee to have pity on me. I am Jer fiole of these and other Errors of my life, and am utter. ly alhamed that ever I committed them, and fully purpo: jed, by thy Grace, to become a New Man, or else I durft ñoc' ask to be forgiven. My heart shull never more joyn with them, nor will I ever hereafter yield to live in such Ungrateful and wicked ways again. They nail'a thy tender Hands and Feet, O Blessed usu! to th' accursed Tree, and thrust the spear into thy lide, and can I theo indure to fee, or any longer side with 'em ? They made God, who is th’Author of all I have and hope t'injoy, to become my utter Enemy; and shall I then be ftill a fiiend to 'em. They would bring me t'eternal Destruction both of Body and soul; and whilft I conlider l'is, is it pollible that I shou'd have any more to do wish 'em? No, Blef. fed Lord, I hate 'em, and am utterly resolv'd from this time forth for ever to abandon 'em. They have been the shame of my Life, and are now the Sorrow of my Heart, as, alas! when Thou induredst such Anguilh for 'em on the Cross, once they were of thine. I loath my self by reason of 'em, and will never consent any more to live in 'cm'; and with an humble and contrite heart, I molt humbly beseech Thee, my heavenly Father, that, thro' the Merits of hy Son's Bloud, I may be forgiven. And wilt riot Thou, 'O God, who fenteft to seek after me whilft I was an open Rebel, now mzet me graciously, as Thou dieft the Prodigal fon, when I return again to oy Duty? Wilt nor Thou, my sweetest Savior, who Diedit for me whilft I was thine unrelenting Foe, now intercede forme, when I come to serve Thee?

o speak Peace to my poor heart, and let me know and feel that Thou forgivest me! fend thy, Holy Spirit to take poffeffion of it, to keep it true unto thy self, that it may never more start back from Thee. Thou hast promised ihy Grace to thofe that askit,

and'

and indeavor in expectation thereof; o!I defire it, and will do what I can, in hopes to be thereby affifted in tl'amende ment of all my Misdoings; and therefore 1 humbly hope that this promise fhall be made good unto thy Servant, Whatsoever Thou dost in other things, deny me not this Grace, O Heavenly Father, for Jesus 's fake, who is infinitely dear to Thee, and who Died for me. Amen.

S. s. Come, let us worship and fall down: and kneet before the Lord our naker. Plal. 95. 6.

Let us repent and turn from our wickednessianid our fons shall be forgiven. A&t. 3. 19.

§. 11. PROPÉK Psalms, the'13, 43 and 54.

s. 12. NOTE that the Order of our Church how the Psalter (which follows the Division of the Hebrews) is appointed to be sead', is (as in the beginning of the Book of Common Prayer, before the Kalendar, ) #t the End of

every

Plalm, and of every part of the 119 Pfalm, shall be repeated this Hyma , Glory be to the Father, and to the Son : and to the Holy Ghost; As it was in the beginning, is tion, and ever shall be : world without end. Amen.

S. 13. Che first Lefon. Fonah 3 chapter. And the &c.
S. 14. PSALIN 61. Hear my crying O God, &c.
S. 15. THE fecond Leffon. S.Luke.2 2 Now the Feast &c.
g. 16. PSAL: 120. When I was in trouble &c.

most mighty God, and merciful Father, who hast compassion upon all men, and hatest nothing tha: Thou' haft made, who wouldelt not the death of a Sinner, but that he should rather turn from his sin, and be Saved; Mercifully forgive me my trespalles, receive and comfort me, who am grieved and wearied with the burden of my fins. Thy property is always to have mercy; to Thee only it appertainerh to forgive sins; Spare me therefore, good Lord, and enter not into judgment with thy servant, who am vile earth, and a miserable finner : but so turn thine anger from me, who meekly acknowledge my vileness , and truly repent of my faults, and so make hafte to help me in this world, that I may ever live with Thee in the world to come, througb Fefus Christ our Lord, Amen.

& Litany on the X Commandments, Creed, both Sacraments, and the Lord's Prayer.

$. 18. THE word Litany is of greater antiquiry than is commonly obferu'd: for the ancient Greek writers, as well Poets

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as Historians; use it for an earnest Supplication to the Gods, especially in adverse fortune ;. in which sense it is found in Livy; and in Suidas it is expounded by Words fignifying to Beleech earnestly. Nor did it al:er its primitive signification when it was adopted by the Christian Church, being ftell ufeil for Solemn Requelts appointed for th intreating the favor, and obtaining the Mercies of God in some great Exigence, so an old Council defines it; and Şimeon Bishop of Thessalonica agrees thereunto, A Litany (faies he) is a Supplication and common Interceflion, unto God, when his wrath lies upon us; finally a Modern, but Indicious Critick of our own says, it is A publick kind of Supplication whereby the Mercy of God is more ardently and folemnly inplored. Spelman Gloffar.

$. 19. NOW thoʻthe Name be not exprefly to be found in Scripture, yet if we consider the Thing, we have very mauý Precedents of such kind of earnest Supplications there, both Private (in imitation whereof I have interted, this). as David's in the 51. Pfalm ; and Daniel's, th, 9;, and our Lord's most earnest Supplication in his Agory, Si Luke. 22. had all the properties of Litany which could agree to Him, the Posture, Kneeling, v. 41. the Companions, strong Crying and Tears, Heb. 5. 7. The Form,repeating the Jame wortels, S. Mat. 26 44. And a Publick and Solemn Litany was instituted and appointed by God Himself in a time of general Calamily, Joel. 2. and when our Lord Jesus gave a molt perfect Pattern for all our Prayers, He laid the foundation of Litanies among the Christians in those latter Petiłions. Forgive us our Trespasses. and Lead us not into Temptation / but Delibee us trom Evil. Afterwards S. Paul does manifestly injoyn several kinds of Publick Prayers, the first of which is Supplications, I Tim.

2. I.

. 20. THE Primitite Churches had their Litanies, af il' antiquity whereof many Proofs might be here given, would my designed brevity admit of it ; And Gregory tbe Great Anno 600. Finding it available to avert Fudgments both in th' East and West and living in a time of universal Calamity, by Sickness, Inundation, and the Sword, did review all th' ancient Forms, and compose that so famous sevenfold Litany out of 'em all. (Paulus Diacon. lib. 18. Balæus in vita Gregor. &c.) which all the Westem Churches have principally imitated ever Since, as being the most full and regulur Office of this kind that had been compiled; and it is affirmed that our Church Litany comes

nearer

WAS.

mearer torbi!, than that of the present Roman Church, to which Pope Honorius added th' invocation of all the Saints, which was not in ihat of S. Gregory, and is expunged by our Reformers. The Lutherans in Germany have a Litar.y

almost in the same words with ours; and the Danish Litany differs very little from Ollts of the Church of England, which is an Extract of the marrow of all the ancient Forms, with an addition of some useful Peo titions; so we mayjustly esteem it the best in this kind ihat ever

S. 21. O.Eternal Lord God, I have in a grievous manner finned against Thee, and transgressed against all thy holy Laws : for I have not always see Thee b-fore mine eyes ; and have been prone to misbe, ieve and distrust thy Promises; and have loy'd, defir'd, and delighted in other things more than Thee; and fear's Man more than God.

O God be merciful to me a Sinner. I Have been guilty offraming to my selfdivers vain and false imaginations of shee; and have often drawn near to Thee with my Lips when my Heart has been far from Thec;I have, designedly, or carelesly abfented my self sometimes from the Lord's Supper, or broken the Vows and Promises I there made, and neglected the Festivals and Fafts of the Church, & my Private Devotions.

O God be mercifol to me a Sinner. I Have abused thy Sacred Name, by which only I can expeat Salvation, by flightly and irreverently mentioning it;end broken my Baptismal and other Vows.

O Godbe merciful to me a Sinner. I Havcoften neglected to attend upon thy Holy Word, and the divine Service; and vainly mispent those Days which are hallowed to th'honor of thy great Name:

O God be mercifulto me a finner. I Have not given that due obedience and respect which I ought to those whom Thou hast placed over me; nor been focarefulas I thou'd to instruct and incourage in Well doing, and to reprove and chastise for Ill-doing those under my

nor admonish'd all others as I had opportunity.

O God be mercifulto me a Sinner. I Have envied at others health, ease, and Welfare; and havélet loose my Paffion to anger, malice, hatred, or contention; and many ways prejudiced my own health, and indanger'd my life; or other mens.

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